Information Literacy - Module 2


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Information Literacy - Module 2

  1. 1. MODULE 2
  2. 2. <ul><li>identify the types and range of information sources needed </li></ul><ul><li>define a search strategy </li></ul><ul><li>choose appropriate information sources for the research assignment </li></ul><ul><li>execute search </li></ul><ul><li>evaluate results </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>PRIMARY INFORMATION SOURCES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal correspondence (including emails) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manuscripts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works of art and literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speeches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral histories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Company Annual Reports and Records </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper ads and stories </li></ul><ul><li>Census or demographic records </li></ul><ul><li>Specimens (Plant, animal, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Laws and legislative hearings </li></ul><ul><li>Audio and video recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs and posters </li></ul>A primary source provides direct or firsthand evidence about an event, object, person or work of art. They are generally real time and may be written and/or non-written. Examples include:
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>SECONDARY INFORMATION SOURCES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A secondary source contains information that has been interpreted, commented upon and/or analyzed. Examples include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text books, Handbooks, Directories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book Reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encyclopedias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serial articles (journals, newspapers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference proceedings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maps, Plans, Charts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDs, DVDs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Television and radio </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Scholarly sources are written by scholars in an academic or professional field and geared toward the researcher, scholar or professional: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Textbooks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed journals in all disciplines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Popular sources cover current events or diverse topics of popular interest: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Magazines such as Newsweek </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs such as Caribbean Week </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade materials are written and published by professional and/or commercial organizations and contain practical articles and product information </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Week and Space Technology (magazine) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>T &T Chamber of Industry and Commerce (website) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Books, journals and multimedia resources at the Campus Libraries - Online Catalogue (OPAC), </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly journals articles, conference papers, e-books, theses, patents, standards – Online Databases, </li></ul><ul><li>Internet – search engines, blogs, wikis, Google Scholar, Google Books, Google Code Search </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Once you have completed planning your search strategy, you are ready to proceed to actually searching the electronic databases, OPAC and Internet </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Step One: Research Question </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate your research topic into a focused research question. Be as concise and specific as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Example Discuss the student enrollment challenges faced by tertiary level institutions in the English speaking Caribbean? </li></ul><ul><li>Step Two: Identify Search Concepts Concepts are different elements which make up your research question: </li></ul><ul><li>Enrollment challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary level institutions </li></ul><ul><li>English speaking Caribbean </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Step Three: Brainstorm synonyms or related keywords </li></ul>Concept A Concept B Concept C Enrollment challenges Tertiary level institutions English speaking Caribbean SYNONYMS Admission Universities West Indies Colleges Caribbean Region
  10. 11. <ul><li>Strategies to retrieve relevant information which discuss your research question specifically. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phrase Searches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keywords </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boolean Operators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Truncation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Using complete phrases return better results than using isolated words </li></ul><ul><li>Uses quotation marks </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used on two or more search terms. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ English Speaking Caribbean’ </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Admission </li></ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><li>West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Caribbean Region </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Boolean searching allows keywords to be connected by using AND, OR, NOT </li></ul><ul><li>Universities AND Colleges AND Caribbean region– the results of your search will include all terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Universities OR Colleges AND Caribbean region – the results of your search will include the term Caribbean Region and either University or College </li></ul><ul><li>Universities NOT Colleges AND Caribbean region – the results of your search will exclude term Colleges </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>If you use truncation (or wildcards) on a search term, your search results will contain documents including variations of that term. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Universit* </li></ul><ul><li>will retrieve, University, Universities. </li></ul><ul><li>Note that the truncation symbol will vary depending on where you search. The most common symbols are the asterisk (*) and question mark (?). </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Results should be examined using criteria such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Authority – is the author an expert in this area </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Credibility - is the source objective or biased </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relevance – is it pertinent to the research being conducted </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Timeliness – is it current or dated </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy – is the information correct and can you find cited references </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>