Federated States of Micronesia’s Collaboration in  Micronesia Challenge
 
Ecological Context
Socio-economic Context
“ Ridge to Reef”
“ Ridge to Reef” – version 1
“ Ridge to Reef” version 2
 
 
Photo by Eugene Joseph
 
 
 
 
 
Chuuk Marine Rapid Ecological Assessment - 2008  FSM Forestry Sector’s State-wide Assessment & Resource Strategies (June 2...
Marxan Analysis: Decision support tool to help guide the selection of efficient reserve systems Protected Areas Network Pr...
Scale of Problem
 
 
 
<ul><li>KOSRAE STATE </li></ul><ul><li>FLOODING HOME IN TAFUNSAK </li></ul>
<ul><li>KOSRAE STATE </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN ROAD FLOODING </li></ul>
YAP YAP POHNPEI YAP
SAMPLE ROTTEN TARO ETTAL, MORTLOCKS REGION & FANANU, NORTHWEST REGION
 
 
 
Water Security Water Accessibility
 
 
 
y Challenge:  Adaptation and Relocation/Migration
Mitigate?  Adapt?  Or Surrender?
Shared commitment of the governments of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micrones...
Support Team Pacific Islands  Forum Secretariat
Multi-sectoral Coordination USDA Programs (NRCS, Forestry, etc.) SPC Micronesia Programs (DSAP, Plant & Animal Protection,...
FSM local partners & cooperators  <ul><li>YELA </li></ul><ul><li>Kosrae Conservation & Safety Organization  </li></ul><ul>...
 
 
Thank you/Kamagar/Kilisou/Kalahnga/Kulo
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2010-Nov_Stanford-CS_FSM-MC

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  • COUNTRY PROFILE: Pacific Island Country, Small Island Developing State (SIDS) 607 islands ranging from high volcanic to low lying islands EEZ of 1.6 km ² (~3 million miles²)
  • FSM is isolated from continental landmasses. As a result, the total number of species decreases from west to east, but the proportion of endemic species increases.
  • FSM people dependent significantly on subsistence livelihoods and ecosystem services provided
  • High Island “Ridge-to-Reef” Management Perspective
  • Low-lying island “ridge-to-reef” management perspective
  • Terrestrial natural heritage
  • Marine natural heritage
  • Local capacity
  • Bridging the gap between technical and local experts
  • Conservation education in action
  • Traditional management in a modern world…
  • Not reinventing the wheel…existing processes and collaboration/networks and utilizing local experts
  • New technology (e.g. GIS/spatial modeling tools) revalidating traditional knowledge
  • Eco-regional planning to achieve local natural resource management objectives
  • Climatic change exacerbates the scale of recurring seasonal storm events faced in the FSM outlying islands
  • Non-climatic stressors which are contributors to the accumulating affects on the natural resources
  • Late 2008 – early 2009 tidal surge impact in Kosrae
  • Kosrae tidal surge impact cont’d
  • Yap &amp; Pohnpei tidal surge impacts
  • Chuuk State tidal surge impacts
  • Food Security in Atolls (taro/breadfruit) Non-climatic causes play big role (population/diet) Geology/Size (fractures) Nutrients replenishment decreased (taro) Replaced by exotic plants (breadfruit) Interventions with mix success (concrete taro patch) Salt tolerant varieties still at infant stage Potential Adaptation Response Address non-climatic causes Nutrients enhancement by Mulching Process Replanting
  • Fruiting/flowering seasonal cycle out of synch
  • Water Security Geology/Size influence groundwater resource Groundwater impacts food resources Rainwater not fully utilized (roof/gutters/storage) Poor O&amp;M on existing systems (leaks/protection) Potential Adaptation Response Develop groundwater where feasible Fully utilize rainwater sources Develop other sources (desalination/renewable energy)
  • Coastal Erosion Complex system Possible non-climatic factors (But…) Some erode, some accretion??? Potential Adaptation Response In depth studies at specific sites Decrease non-climatic stress Beach nourishment where feasible Replanting of appropriate plants
  • CHALLENGE – SYNERGIES BETWEEN CONTEMPORARY &amp; TRADITIONAL MANAGEMENT SCHEMES &amp; BRIDGING THE GAPS BETWEEN EXPERT AND TRADITIONAL CAPACITIES
  • CHALLENGE - SUSTAINABLE FINANCING &amp; DIVERSE TENURE SYSTEMS UNDER ONE FRAMEWORK - FSM PROTECTED AREAS NETWORK PROJECT DELIVERABLES
  • Micronesia Challenge Commitment’s objectives
  • MC Support assist the MC Regional Office, 3 staff (Coordinator, Communication Specialist &amp; Admin. Asst.) and the working groups – communications, measures (marine &amp; terrestrial) and steering committee – to achieve milestones
  • Success/lessons learned (cont’d): Multi-sectoral coordination within the federation
  • Sustaining the country’s rich ethnobiological traditions
  • Why we do the work? To improve our people’s quality of life and ensuring their sustainable future….
  • 2010-Nov_Stanford-CS_FSM-MC

    1. 1. Federated States of Micronesia’s Collaboration in Micronesia Challenge
    2. 3. Ecological Context
    3. 4. Socio-economic Context
    4. 5. “ Ridge to Reef”
    5. 6. “ Ridge to Reef” – version 1
    6. 7. “ Ridge to Reef” version 2
    7. 10. Photo by Eugene Joseph
    8. 16. Chuuk Marine Rapid Ecological Assessment - 2008 FSM Forestry Sector’s State-wide Assessment & Resource Strategies (June 2010) – Chuuk State Chapter “Coastal Stabilization”
    9. 17. Marxan Analysis: Decision support tool to help guide the selection of efficient reserve systems Protected Areas Network Project’s Gap Analysis
    10. 18. Scale of Problem
    11. 22. <ul><li>KOSRAE STATE </li></ul><ul><li>FLOODING HOME IN TAFUNSAK </li></ul>
    12. 23. <ul><li>KOSRAE STATE </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN ROAD FLOODING </li></ul>
    13. 24. YAP YAP POHNPEI YAP
    14. 25. SAMPLE ROTTEN TARO ETTAL, MORTLOCKS REGION & FANANU, NORTHWEST REGION
    15. 29. Water Security Water Accessibility
    16. 33. y Challenge: Adaptation and Relocation/Migration
    17. 34. Mitigate? Adapt? Or Surrender?
    18. 35. Shared commitment of the governments of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Republic of Palau, and the Territory of Guam to: “ effectively conserve at least 30% of near-shore marine resources and 20% of terrestrial resources across Micronesia by the year 2020.”
    19. 36. Support Team Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat
    20. 37. Multi-sectoral Coordination USDA Programs (NRCS, Forestry, etc.) SPC Micronesia Programs (DSAP, Plant & Animal Protection, etc.) GEF-Small Grants Programme Micronesians in Island Conservation Network Pacific Islands MPA Community Local Marine Managed Areas Network Pacific Invasive Learning Network Others Kosrae Conservation & Safety Organization Conservation Society of Pohnpei Chuuk Conservation Society Yap Institute of Natural Science Yap Community Action Program College of Micronesia-FSM & 4 State Campuses Micronesia Conservation Trust The Nature Conservancy NGOs KIRMA Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Protection Agency Office of Environment and Emergency Management Environmental Quality Dept. of Marine Marine <ul><li>Dept. of Land, Agriculture & Fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Kosrae Island Resource Management Authority (KIRMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Land & Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau of Economic Affairs </li></ul>Dept. of Agriculture Dept. of Resources & Development Dept. of Resources & Development Terrestrial Resource Management Committee Resource Management Committee Environmental Stewardship Consortium President’s Sustainable Development Council Council and Committees KOSRAE State POHNPEI State CHUUK State YAP State NATIONAL Level
    21. 38. FSM local partners & cooperators <ul><li>YELA </li></ul><ul><li>Kosrae Conservation & Safety Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation Society of Pohnpei </li></ul><ul><li>Chuuk Conservation Society </li></ul><ul><li>Yap Community Action Program </li></ul><ul><li>Yap Institute of Natural Science </li></ul><ul><li>Micronesia Conservation Trust </li></ul><ul><li>College of Micronesia – FSM </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional/local leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Local communities </li></ul><ul><li>Kosrae State Government </li></ul><ul><li>Pohnpei State Government </li></ul><ul><li>Chuuk State Government </li></ul><ul><li>Yap State Government </li></ul><ul><li>US Federal Agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NOAA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USDA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forest Service </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Resource Conservation Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish & Wildlife </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Council of Regional Organizations of the Pacific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SPC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPREP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOPAC </li></ul></ul>
    22. 41. Thank you/Kamagar/Kilisou/Kalahnga/Kulo

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