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The State of the Net
in India
From 2012 to 2014…
What have we
learned in
2014?
© F-Secure Confidential2
Executive Summary
 The top malware infection in India is still Botnet related
 Hackers own your PC’s and use them for sp...
© F-Secure Confidential4
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
1/1/2014
1/6/2014
1/11/2014
1/16/2014
1/21/2014
1/26/2014
1/31/2014
2/5...
© F-Secure Confidential5
Malware
Trends in India
2012-2014
© F-Secure Confidential6
© F-Secure Confidential7
2012 2013 2014
%
Cities
breakdown in
India
© F-Secure Confidential8
© F-Secure Confidential9
Delhi
20%
Hyderabad
9%
Chennai
7%
Chandigarh
9%
All other cities (536)
55%
Top 5 Cities in India,...
© F-Secure Confidential10 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
Stealth_file
Win32.Virtob.Gen
Trojan.LNK.Gen
Ramnit
Sality
Trojan-Spy:...
Highlights
 Cities of interest topping the chart
 Delhi (20%)
 Hyderabad (9%)
 Chandigarh (9%)
 Chennai (7%)
© F-Secu...
The Mobile
Threat
Landscape
© F-Secure Confidential12
© F-Secure Confidential13
Mainmotivation for hacking
your mobiledevicesinIndia:
Android/SMSSend & Android/FakeInst
 Premium rate SMS is still the N...
Android/SMSreg
The application also collects the following information:
 API key
 Application ID
 Carrier
 Device manu...
Cities in India
breakdown in
mobile
infection
© F-Secure Confidential16
© F-Secure Confidential17
© F-Secure Confidential18 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50%
Hack-tool:Android/Kiser
Riskware:Android/PremiumSMS
Tr...
Public Wi-Fi
Demo
© F-Secure Confidential19
The State of the Net in India
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The State of the Net in India

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Online Threats and Malware Trends in India 2012-2014.

Summary:
- The top malware infection in India is still Botnet related.
- Hackers own your PC’s and use them for spamming, DDOS or other malicious activity to make money.
- Banking related malware has been consistently topping the chart in India.
- Ramnit malware steals bank user names and passwords.
- The malware spreads through USB removable drives.
- PC’s in India are moving away from Windows XP.
- We have also observed the decline in Downadup/Conficker infection over the past 3 years in India.

Published in: Technology
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The State of the Net in India

  1. 1. The State of the Net in India From 2012 to 2014…
  2. 2. What have we learned in 2014? © F-Secure Confidential2
  3. 3. Executive Summary  The top malware infection in India is still Botnet related  Hackers own your PC’s and use them for spamming, DDOS or other malicious activity to make $$  Banking related malware has been consistently topping the chart in India  Ramnit malware steals bank user names and passwords  Spreads through – USB removable drives  PC’s in India are moving away from Windows XP  We have also observed the decline in Downadup/Conficker infection over the past 3 years in India © F-Secure Confidential3
  4. 4. © F-Secure Confidential4 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 1/1/2014 1/6/2014 1/11/2014 1/16/2014 1/21/2014 1/26/2014 1/31/2014 2/5/2014 2/10/2014 2/15/2014 2/20/2014 2/25/2014 3/2/2014 3/7/2014 3/12/2014 3/17/2014 3/22/2014 3/27/2014 4/1/2014 4/6/2014 4/11/2014 4/16/2014 4/21/2014 4/26/2014 5/1/2014 5/6/2014 5/11/2014 5/16/2014 5/21/2014 5/26/2014 5/31/2014 6/5/2014 6/10/2014 6/15/2014 6/20/2014 6/25/2014 6/30/2014 7/5/2014 7/10/2014 7/15/2014 7/20/2014 7/25/2014 7/30/2014 8/4/2014 8/9/2014 8/14/2014 8/19/2014 8/24/2014 8/29/2014 9/3/2014 9/8/2014 9/13/2014 9/18/2014 9/23/2014 9/28/2014 10/3/2014 10/8/2014 10/13/2014 10/18/2014 10/23/2014 10/28/2014 11/2/2014 11/7/2014 11/12/2014 11/17/2014 11/22/2014 11/27/2014 12/2/2014 12/7/2014 12/12/2014 12/17/2014 12/22/2014 12/27/2014 (blank) Timeline 2014 : total count of detections in India
  5. 5. © F-Secure Confidential5
  6. 6. Malware Trends in India 2012-2014 © F-Secure Confidential6
  7. 7. © F-Secure Confidential7 2012 2013 2014 %
  8. 8. Cities breakdown in India © F-Secure Confidential8
  9. 9. © F-Secure Confidential9 Delhi 20% Hyderabad 9% Chennai 7% Chandigarh 9% All other cities (536) 55% Top 5 Cities in India, by % of total detections (2014)
  10. 10. © F-Secure Confidential10 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 Stealth_file Win32.Virtob.Gen Trojan.LNK.Gen Ramnit Sality Trojan-Spy:W32/Zbot.AVTF Ramnit Trojan.Script Trojan.LNK.Gen Sality JS:Exploit.BlackHole.QY Trojan.LNK.Gen Ramnit Trojan.Script Sality Trojan.LNK.Gen Win32.Virtob.Gen Trojan.Script Ramnit Sality Win32.Virtob.Gen Ramnit Trojan.LNK.Gen Trojan.Script Sality ChandigarhChennaiDelhiHyderabadNewDelhi ChandigarhChennaiDelhiHyderabadNewDelhi Top 5 Families in Top 5 Cities, by % of total detections per city
  11. 11. Highlights  Cities of interest topping the chart  Delhi (20%)  Hyderabad (9%)  Chandigarh (9%)  Chennai (7%) © F-Secure Confidential11
  12. 12. The Mobile Threat Landscape © F-Secure Confidential12
  13. 13. © F-Secure Confidential13
  14. 14. Mainmotivation for hacking your mobiledevicesinIndia: Android/SMSSend & Android/FakeInst  Premium rate SMS is still the No.1 reason behind a high number of SMS-related malware in the Android platform in India  In line with what the CERT-In (Computer Emergency Response Team of India) found in December of 2014 © F-Secure Confidential14
  15. 15. Android/SMSreg The application also collects the following information:  API key  Application ID  Carrier  Device manufacturer  Device model  GPS location  International Mobile Equipment Identity(IMEI) number  Network operator  Package name  SDK version © F-Secure Confidential15
  16. 16. Cities in India breakdown in mobile infection © F-Secure Confidential16
  17. 17. © F-Secure Confidential17
  18. 18. © F-Secure Confidential18 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Hack-tool:Android/Kiser Riskware:Android/PremiumSMS Trojan:Android/FakeInst Monitoring-tool:Android/Sheridroid Riskware:Android/Smsreg Monitoring-tool:Android/Sheridroid Trojan:Android/Iconosys Trojan:Android/FakeInst Hack-tool:Android/Kiser Riskware:Android/Smsreg Spyware:Android/Counterclank Trojan:Android/GinMaster Trojan:Android/Qdplugin Riskware:Android/Minimob Trojan:Android/Smssend Trojan:Android/GinMaster Riskware:Android/Minimob Riskware:Android/Smsreg Spyware:Android/Counterclank Trojan:Android/Smssend Riskware:Android/Minimob Trojan:Android/Boqx Spyware:Android/Counterclank Riskware:Android/Smsreg Trojan:Android/Smssend GurgaonChennaiChandraDelhiMumbai Top 5 Families in Top 5 Cities, by % of total detections per city
  19. 19. Public Wi-Fi Demo © F-Secure Confidential19

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