U.S History @ the “turn of the century Industrialization/Robber Barons City Boss System Populism Immigration Progressivism
Industrialization Cheap Labor No restrictive Immigration Laws Senate/State Legislatures Political Bosses System $ Elected ...
Political Machines I don't care who does the electing, so long as I get to do the nominating. Boss Tweed  The Brains Polit...
Political Machines Basics: <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties that controlled local ...
Political Machines Basics: <ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>Most large cities </li></ul><ul><li>Pol...
Political Machines Basics: <ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>= Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Traded favors for votes </li></ul...
<ul><li>Not really - Tweed brought down when public opinion went against him </li></ul><ul><li>Things changed when the NY ...
 
 
Immigration To the US Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Chinese Latin Americans Poles ...
Why did the __________ immigrate? English Scandinavians Germans Irish Chinese Germans Italians Russians Study Guide:  Use ...
First, the English came to the United States.- Second, Africans were brought to the United States.- Third, Scandinavians c...
The __________ were _________ into the United States by….. The  English  were  pushed  into the United States by  the nece...
Immigration Laws 1660 -Africans 1840 -potato famine 1849 -Gold Rush 1943 -Bracero Program 1986 -gives amnesty to workers h...
Immigration Laws Which category has the  least  number of laws? Which category has the  fewer  number of laws? Which categ...
Immigration Statistics IMMIGRATION STATISTICS The bottom graph clearly demonstrates the sharp decrease in the total immigr...
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Turn Of The Century Immigration

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Turn Of The Century Immigration

  1. 1. U.S History @ the “turn of the century Industrialization/Robber Barons City Boss System Populism Immigration Progressivism
  2. 2. Industrialization Cheap Labor No restrictive Immigration Laws Senate/State Legislatures Political Bosses System $ Elected Officials
  3. 3. Political Machines I don't care who does the electing, so long as I get to do the nominating. Boss Tweed The Brains Political Cartoon by Thomas Nast A Harper's Weekly political cartoon lampoons the corrupt New York administration led by &quot;Boss&quot; Tweed and the Tammany Society. Image: © CORBIS Creator Name: Thomas Nast Date Created: 1871
  4. 4. Political Machines Basics: <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties that controlled local and state government in late 1800s </li></ul><ul><li>Cities were growing fast! </li></ul><ul><li>City government disorganized with few reliable services (police, fire, welfare) </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants wanted protection, help </li></ul>A political cartoon lampoons the corrupt administration in New York, New York, led by &quot;Boss&quot; Tweed and the &quot;Tammany Society.&quot; Ca. 1871. Image: © CORBIS Creator Name: Thomas Nast Date Created: ca. 1871
  5. 5. Political Machines Basics: <ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>Most large cities </li></ul><ul><li>Political bosses helped their people get elected in return for jobs, city contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. NY (Tammany Hall) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Boss Tweed (Tammany Hall) pocked around $200 million of public funds </li></ul>Can The Law Reach Him? The Dwarf and the Thief by Thomas Nast (Corbis.com)
  6. 6. Political Machines Basics: <ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>= Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Traded favors for votes </li></ul><ul><li>Voting fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Bribes </li></ul><ul><li>Kickbacks </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Immigrants were met at Ellis Island, shown where to get housing, jobs, and helped to become naturalized citizens (who could vote!) </li></ul>Political Button Image: © William Whitehurst/CORBIS Photographer: William Whitehurst Date Photographed: June 30, 2003
  7. 7. <ul><li>Not really - Tweed brought down when public opinion went against him </li></ul><ul><li>Things changed when the NY Times published expose & the public got interested in reforming politics </li></ul>Warrant for William M. Tweed Original caption: Warrant for the apprehension of William M. Tweed after his escape from N.Y. City jail, December 4, 1875. Image: © Bettmann/CORBIS Date Photographed: December 4, 1875
  8. 10. Immigration To the US Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Push Pull Chinese Latin Americans Poles Italians Russians Chinese Germans Irish Scandinavians Africans English
  9. 11. Why did the __________ immigrate? English Scandinavians Germans Irish Chinese Germans Italians Russians Study Guide: Use Slide 10 to answer the questions for slides 11-15
  10. 12. First, the English came to the United States.- Second, Africans were brought to the United States.- Third, Scandinavians came to the United States.- Fourth, Germans and Irish came to the United States.- Fifth, Chinese came to the United States.- Sixth, Poles, Italians, Russians came to the United States.- Seventh, Chinese and Latin Americans came to the United States.-
  11. 13. The __________ were _________ into the United States by….. The English were pushed into the United States by the necessity to find jobs. The English were pulled into the United States by the promise of cheap land.
  12. 14. Immigration Laws 1660 -Africans 1840 -potato famine 1849 -Gold Rush 1943 -Bracero Program 1986 -gives amnesty to workers her and punishes employers who hire undocumented workers 1996 -increases skilled workers coming into the US 1848 -Treat of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1901 -limits people based on their political opinions 1950 -prohibits people who would be dangerous in the US 1980 -gives refugees from Vietnam entrance into the US 1996 -increased border control 1917 -literacy test 1921 -limits European immigrants coming from Europe 1948 -no quotas for displaced persons 1952 - restates the quota system 1965 -repeals the quota system replaces it with family reunification 1990 -increases the number of people into the US 1795 -free white persons 1870-free whites persons and African-Americans 1882 -leaves out Chinese people 1943 -abolishes Chinese exclusion 1954 -returns undocumented persons to Mexico Jobs Security Literacy Quota Race
  13. 15. Immigration Laws Which category has the least number of laws? Which category has the fewer number of laws? Which category has the most number of laws? The _________ that has the _________ number of ________is _______________ Jobs Security Literacy Quota Race
  14. 16. Immigration Statistics IMMIGRATION STATISTICS The bottom graph clearly demonstrates the sharp decrease in the total immigration figures after the legislation of the various acts that aimed to restrict it. As the above chart shows, much of the immigrants came from Eastern European countries. For this reason, both the 1921 and 1924 Acts aimed to restrict the number of immigrants from such destinations

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