P resident Roosevelt was a gifted communicator. On January 6, 1941, he addressed Congress, delivering the historic "F...
From my view the picture represents the Freedom … because, since, as evidenced by…
From my view the picture represents the Freedom … because, since, as evidenced by…
From my view the picture represents the Freedom … because, since, as evidenced by…
From my view the picture represents the Freedom … because, since, as evidenced by…
<ul><li>No territorial gains were to be sought by the United States or the United Kingdom.  </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial ...
<ul><li>The basic things expected by our people of their political and economic systems are simple. They are: </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human fre...
<ul><li>From January 14 to January 24, 1943, the first war conference between the Allied Powers, was held in Casablanca, M...
<ul><li>The  Cairo and Teheran Conferences  was on November 22 - November 26, 1943 in Egypt and Iran  and addressed the Al...
<ul><li>In February 1945, Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met at the Soviet city of Yalta on the Black Sea.  </li></ul><ul...
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Task 6.8 Ppt World War Ii

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  • Task 6.8 Ppt World War Ii

    1. 1. P resident Roosevelt was a gifted communicator. On January 6, 1941, he addressed Congress, delivering the historic &quot;Four Freedoms&quot; speech. At a time when Western Europe lay under Nazi domination, Roosevelt presented a vision in which the American ideals of individual liberties were extended throughout the world. Alerting Congress and the nation to the necessity of war, Roosevelt articulated the ideological aims of the conflict. Eloquently, he appealed to Americans` most profound beliefs about freedom. The speech so inspired illustrator Norman Rockwell that he created a series of paintings on the &quot;Four Freedoms&quot; theme. In the series, he translated abstract concepts of freedom into four scenes of everyday American life. Although the Government initially rejected Rockwell’s offer to create paintings on the &quot;Four Freedoms&quot; theme, the images were publicly circulated when The Saturday Evening Post, one of the nation’s most popular magazines, commissioned and reproduced the paintings. After winning public approval, the paintings served as the centerpiece of a massive U.S. war bond drive and were put into service to help explain the war’s aims.
    2. 2. From my view the picture represents the Freedom … because, since, as evidenced by…
    3. 3. From my view the picture represents the Freedom … because, since, as evidenced by…
    4. 4. From my view the picture represents the Freedom … because, since, as evidenced by…
    5. 5. From my view the picture represents the Freedom … because, since, as evidenced by…
    6. 6. <ul><li>No territorial gains were to be sought by the United States or the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial adjustments must be in accord with the wishes of the peoples concerned. </li></ul><ul><li>All peoples had a right to self-determination. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade barriers were to be lowered. </li></ul><ul><li>There was to be global economic cooperation and advancement of social welfare. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom from want and fear; </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of the seas; </li></ul><ul><li>Disarmament of aggressor nations, postwar common disarmament </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>The basic things expected by our people of their political and economic systems are simple. They are: </li></ul><ul><li>Equality of opportunity for youth and for others. </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs for those who can work. </li></ul><ul><li>Security for those who need it. </li></ul><ul><li>The ending of special privilege for the few. </li></ul><ul><li>The preservation of civil liberties for all. </li></ul><ul><li>The enjoyment of the fruits of scientific progress in a wider and constantly rising standard of living. These are the simple, the basic things that must never be lost sight of in the turmoil and unbelievable complexity of our modern world. The inner and abiding strength of our economic and political systems is dependent upon the degree to which they fulfill these expectations. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms. </li></ul><ul><li>The first is freedom of speech and expression everywhere in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way everywhere in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The third is freedom from want, which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants everywhere in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The fourth is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a worldwide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor anywhere in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation. That kind of world is the very antithesis (opposite) of the so called “new order” of tyranny which the dictators seek to create with the crash of a bomb. </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>From January 14 to January 24, 1943, the first war conference between the Allied Powers, was held in Casablanca, Morocco. The purpose of the Casablanca Conference was to plan the allied strategy and the end of the war. Initially, it was to be a Big Three meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin. It became a Big Two meeting when Stalin declined the invitation. With his country besieged by both Hitler and the harsh winter, Stalin didn't feel that he could leave. Even without Stalin, the Casablanca Conference was successful: </li></ul><ul><li>-It set basis and direction for the rest of the war. </li></ul><ul><li>-It established terms of unconditional surrender. </li></ul><ul><li>-It showed both the British and American desire to permanently eliminate the threat of Germany. This assured the Soviets that the U.S. and Britain were in the fight to the end, thus encouraging the Soviets to keep fighting on the western front, even while a cross-channel attack was being delayed. </li></ul><ul><li>-It crushed any hope Hitler may have had of a peace negotiation It was believed that this declaration left Hitler without any options, leaving him to face his foreseeable defeat. This Conference helped to pave the way for the final Allied victory in Europe </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>The Cairo and Teheran Conferences was on November 22 - November 26, 1943 in Egypt and Iran and addressed the Allies position against Japan during World War II and made decisions about postwar Asia and Europe. The meeting at Cairo was attended by President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China, Stalin of the Soviet Union had refused to attend the conference on the grounds that since Chiang Kai-Shek was attending, it would cause a provocation between Russia and Japan who were not at war at the time with each other. </li></ul><ul><li>The two main results of the Cairo Conference were: </li></ul><ul><li>-Japan would stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which it had seized or occupied since the beginning of the First World War in 1914, so all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria and Formosa, shall be restored to the Republic of China </li></ul><ul><li>-After the war Korea shall become a free and independent country. </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin did meet two days later with Roosevelt and Churchill in Tehran for the Tehran Conference . </li></ul><ul><li>At Tehran, the Big Three Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill decided: </li></ul><ul><li>-On the opening a second front in Normandy </li></ul><ul><li>-The month of May was set as the date for these operations. </li></ul><ul><li>- Stalin agreed to coordinate and attack from the East </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>In February 1945, Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met at the Soviet city of Yalta on the Black Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>At this Yalta Conference , the three leaders made a number of important decisions about the future: </li></ul><ul><li>-They agreed to move ahead in creating a new international peacemaking body, the UN, based on the principles of Atlantic Charter. </li></ul><ul><li>-Stalin promised to enter the war against Japan after the surrender of Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>-Stalin promised free elections in Poland and in other Soviet occupied Eastern European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>-The Big Three agreed on establishing a UN charter. The charter created a general assembly, which was made up of all member nations and was expected to function as a town meeting of the world. The charter also set up administrative, judicial, and economic governing bodies. </li></ul>

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