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Who were The Vikings?
What does “Viking” mean?
What does “Viking” mean?
• “Viking” appears on rune stones in Old Norse
• Used to describe an activity – going on a
commer...
How do we know about The Vikings?
• Viking era 793 CE-1066 CE
• About 300 years
• Very few Viking era documents exist
• So...
Who were the Vikings?
• Farmers first and foremost
• Craftsmen
• Raiders
• Religious people
• Traders
• Timber
• furs
• wa...
Where did Vikings live?
• Most Vikings lived in family groups on
farms
• How suitable was the land for farming?
• Climate ...
Viking geography
Viking geography
Viking geography
Viking geography
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Viking geography

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Yr 8 Introduction to the Vikings and Scandinavian Geography

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Viking geography

  1. 1. Who were The Vikings?
  2. 2. What does “Viking” mean?
  3. 3. What does “Viking” mean? • “Viking” appears on rune stones in Old Norse • Used to describe an activity – going on a commercial trip or raid. • You would go on a “viking” • The Vikings called themselves “Norraener menn” (Norse men)
  4. 4. How do we know about The Vikings? • Viking era 793 CE-1066 CE • About 300 years • Very few Viking era documents exist • So we rely on: • The accounts of the Vikings’ victims • Archaeological evidence • Later writers • Sagas • What are the problems with these sources?
  5. 5. Who were the Vikings? • Farmers first and foremost • Craftsmen • Raiders • Religious people • Traders • Timber • furs • walrus ivory • amber • slaves
  6. 6. Where did Vikings live? • Most Vikings lived in family groups on farms • How suitable was the land for farming? • Climate – seasons – very cold, long winter • Geography – see map • Soils • Why did most Vikings live in the south?

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