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New imperialism intro6.1


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New imperialism intro6.1

  1. 1. New Imperialism
  2. 2. Europeans wanted direct control over vast territories
  3. 3. What countries controlled what parts of Southeast Asia?Who owned it What they owned When and how they got itSpain (until 1898)United States (after 1898)FranceGreat Britain
  4. 4. Who controlled what?
  5. 5. Great Britain Singapore: founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles and was a stopping point on the way to China Burma: wanted to use Burma to protect its possessions in India and gain a land route to China
  6. 6. France Vietnam: French forced them to accept French protection in order to keep British from monopolizing trade  Eventually controlled Saigon and Mekong River Delta and then slowly gained control over the rest of the country Indochina: Later gained control over Cambodia, Annam, Tonkin, and Loas which they combined into a new Union of French Indochina
  7. 7. The United States Inherited the Philippines from Spain after winning the Spanish-American War in 1898 President McKinely made it a colony because he wanted to “civilize” other countries. The Philippines also gave them a jumping off point for trade with china
  8. 8. Indirect Rule Local rulers maintained their authority by cooperating with their foreign rulers.  It made government cheaper because less officials had to be trained  Allowed local culture to continue; did not interfere with the customs of the people
  9. 9. Direct Rule When local elites are replaced with officials from the colonial power  Used only when colonial rule was strongly opposed
  10. 10. Colonial Economies Led to a plantation agriculture because colonial powers wanted to export more goods  Native people worked for low wages in bad conditions so that foreign investors could make more money Colonial rule did lead to the beginning of a modern economic system Colonial governments built railroads, highways and other structures
  11. 11. Thailand The only remaining free state from Southeast Asia Rulers promoted western learning and maintained friendly relations with major European powers
  12. 12. Resistance to colonial rule Eventually the generation raised with western style education in the new urban-middle class created by colonization began to revolt  Europeans created their own worst nightmare