NATION BUILDING IN  LATIN AMERICA     CH.6 SECTION 4
NATIONALIST REVOLTS• Creoles: descendants of Europeans born in Latin  America • Denounced the rule of Spanish and Portugue...
HISPANIOLA• Saint Domingue- a French colony on the island of  Hispaniola• 1804 over 1000,000 slaves revolted and siezed  c...
REVOLT IN MEXICO• Miguel Hidalgo led a mob of Native Americans and  mestizos to attack Spaniards- ultimately failed  • Mex...
REVOLTS IN SOUTH AMERICA• Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar led  revolutions throughout the continent  • Believed Spani...
CENTRAL AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE• Divided into 5 republics: Guatemala, El Salvador,  Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua• Con...
MONROE DOCTRINE• President James Monroe didn’t trust British motives• Monroe Doctrine: declared that American  continents ...
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Nation building in latin america6.4

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Nation building in latin america6.4

  1. 1. NATION BUILDING IN LATIN AMERICA CH.6 SECTION 4
  2. 2. NATIONALIST REVOLTS• Creoles: descendants of Europeans born in Latin America • Denounced the rule of Spanish and Portuguese• Napoleon overthrew Spanish and Portuguese monarchies allowing revolutionary movements to succeed • Between 1807-1825 most of Latin America became independent • They were influenced by revolutions in North America
  3. 3. HISPANIOLA• Saint Domingue- a French colony on the island of Hispaniola• 1804 over 1000,000 slaves revolted and siezed control over all of Hispaniola• Became the first independent state in Latin America • Now called Haiti
  4. 4. REVOLT IN MEXICO• Miguel Hidalgo led a mob of Native Americans and mestizos to attack Spaniards- ultimately failed • Mexico’s independence day• Creoles and officials decided to overthrow Spain to preserve their own power • Army led by Agustin de Iturbide who named himself emperor after Mexico declared its independence in 1822
  5. 5. REVOLTS IN SOUTH AMERICA• Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar led revolutions throughout the continent • Believed Spaniards must be removed in order for South America to be free• They were able to liberate all of Central America• Martin’s journey to Chile- Led troops over the Andes to attack Spanish • 2/3 of the pack mules and horses died and soldiers suffered from cold and lack of oxygen on mountains
  6. 6. CENTRAL AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE• Divided into 5 republics: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua• Concert of Europe wanted to restore Spanish power • Britain did not because of trade with South America • Proposed an alliance with the US to stop COE
  7. 7. MONROE DOCTRINE• President James Monroe didn’t trust British motives• Monroe Doctrine: declared that American continents were no longer up for colonization by other countries • US could not necessarily back it up• British Navy also protected South America

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