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GNOSEOLOGY<br />and the <br />RITICAL PROBLEM<br />
EXTREME  CRITICAL POSITION<br />Submit everything to a relentless examination based exclusively on judgment<br />
EXTREME  CRITICAL POSITION<br />Submit everything to a relentless examination based exclusively on judgment<br />INCONSIST...
All knowledge necessarily has certain basic   assumptions.<br />It is necessary to recognize and examine these basic assum...
The ability to choose, to elect, and therefore to judge, to judge the value of a thing in function of a rule or an ideal.<...
GENUINE CRITICAL POSITION<br />
ORIGINS AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE CRITICAL PROBLEM<br />William of Ockham<br />Cartesian Criticism<br />Kant’s Cri...
WILLIAM OF OCKHAM<br />Nihilcognoscitur nisi cognoscatur intuitive<br />Only valid knowledge is direct and immediate knowl...
CARTESIAN CRITICISM<br />Critical examination of human knowledge<br />Radical doubt<br />Certainty of existence of the thi...
KANT’S CRITICAL PHILOSOPHY<br />Thinking about thought, not things<br />Reflection about the subjective conditions of the ...
RADICALIZATION OF CRITICISM<br />Neo-positivism<br />Marxism<br />Nietzsche<br />Historicism<br />Levi-Strauss<br />Foucau...
RESTORATION OF THE METAPHYSICS OF BEING<br />
THE ROLE OF GNOSEOLOGY WITHIN PHILOSOPHY<br />Primacy and Rejection of Gnoseology<br />The Function of Gnoseology<br />The...
PRIMACY AND REJECTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />
PRIMACY AND REJECTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />Contemporary Idealisms<br />Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, Prologue to t...
PRIMACY AND REJECTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />Heidegger’s critique of Philosophy of Consciousness<br />Substitution of certitud...
PRIMACY AND REJECTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />.Critique on Psychologism<br />
THE FUNCTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />To examine better our knowledge and correct errors<br />DISCERNMENT<br />
THE PLACE OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />Primacy of the ontological over the gnoseological<br />We know realities; upon this basis we ...
THE DEFENSE OF TRUTH IN CLASSICAL GNOSEOLOGY<br />
THE NOTION AND NATURE OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />Metaphysical <br />Theory of Knowledge<br />truth<br />
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Gnoseology and the Critical Problem

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1st part of Introductory Course on Theory of Knowledge

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Gnoseology and the Critical Problem

  1. 1. GNOSEOLOGY<br />and the <br />RITICAL PROBLEM<br />
  2. 2. EXTREME CRITICAL POSITION<br />Submit everything to a relentless examination based exclusively on judgment<br />
  3. 3. EXTREME CRITICAL POSITION<br />Submit everything to a relentless examination based exclusively on judgment<br />INCONSISTENT and NOT FEASIBLE <br />ALTHOUGH ATTRACTIVE AT FIRST GLANCE<br />Impossible to criticize everything<br />Must always be based on some assumptions.<br />
  4. 4. All knowledge necessarily has certain basic assumptions.<br />It is necessary to recognize and examine these basic assumptions.<br />See Truth and Method, trans. Weinheimer and Marshall (New York, 2004), pp. 272-276.<br />
  5. 5. The ability to choose, to elect, and therefore to judge, to judge the value of a thing in function of a rule or an ideal.<br />
  6. 6. GENUINE CRITICAL POSITION<br />
  7. 7. ORIGINS AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE CRITICAL PROBLEM<br />William of Ockham<br />Cartesian Criticism<br />Kant’s Critical Philosophy<br />Radicalization of Criticism<br />Restoration of the Metaphysics of Being<br />
  8. 8. WILLIAM OF OCKHAM<br />Nihilcognoscitur nisi cognoscatur intuitive<br />Only valid knowledge is direct and immediate knowledge of individual things.<br />Via modernapaving the way for empiricism and rationalism. <br />
  9. 9. CARTESIAN CRITICISM<br />Critical examination of human knowledge<br />Radical doubt<br />Certainty of existence of the thinking subject<br />Certainty of existence of others in geometrical mode<br />
  10. 10. KANT’S CRITICAL PHILOSOPHY<br />Thinking about thought, not things<br />Reflection about the subjective conditions of the knowledge of objects (things in themselves being declared unknowable).<br />
  11. 11. RADICALIZATION OF CRITICISM<br />Neo-positivism<br />Marxism<br />Nietzsche<br />Historicism<br />Levi-Strauss<br />Foucault<br />Althusser<br />Vitalism and Existentialism<br />
  12. 12. RESTORATION OF THE METAPHYSICS OF BEING<br />
  13. 13. THE ROLE OF GNOSEOLOGY WITHIN PHILOSOPHY<br />Primacy and Rejection of Gnoseology<br />The Function of Gnoseology<br />The Defense of Truth in Classical Gnoseology<br />The Notion and Nature of Gnoseology<br />
  14. 14. PRIMACY AND REJECTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />
  15. 15. PRIMACY AND REJECTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />Contemporary Idealisms<br />Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, Prologue to the 1st edition , A. XI-XII<br />
  16. 16. PRIMACY AND REJECTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />Heidegger’s critique of Philosophy of Consciousness<br />Substitution of certitude for truth<br />Interdependence of reality and its depiction<br />
  17. 17. PRIMACY AND REJECTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />.Critique on Psychologism<br />
  18. 18. THE FUNCTION OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />To examine better our knowledge and correct errors<br />DISCERNMENT<br />
  19. 19. THE PLACE OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />Primacy of the ontological over the gnoseological<br />We know realities; upon this basis we know that we know.<br />
  20. 20. THE DEFENSE OF TRUTH IN CLASSICAL GNOSEOLOGY<br />
  21. 21. THE NOTION AND NATURE OF GNOSEOLOGY<br />Metaphysical <br />Theory of Knowledge<br />truth<br />

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