The Five Points of Calvinism in the Teachings of Christ

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The Five Points of Calvinism in the Teachings of Christ

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The Five Points of Calvinism in the Teachings of Christ

  1. 1. The Five points of Calvinism in the Teachings of Christ By Dr. Peter Hammond
  2. 2. All the leaders of the Protestant Reformation of the 16th Century were united in proclaiming the sovereignty of God, the total depravity of man and unconditional election. On other issues, they may have had their differences, but on this point, that it is God alone who saves sinners, they spoke with one voice
  3. 3. Salvation is all of God. God, the Triune Jehovah, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, does everything, from first to last, that is involved in bringing man from death and sin to life and glory. God completely saves guilty, vile, totally depraved sinners. Salvation is a work of grace from beginning to end. All men are by nature spiritually dead and their wills are in bondage to sin and satan
  4. 4. The ability to repent and to place one’s faith in Christ is itself a gift from God. It takes regeneration by the Holy Spirit to make the sinner alive and given a new nature. Faith is not something man contributes to salvation, but it is itself a part of God’s gift of salvation, it is not the sinner’s gift to God.
  5. 5. The Arminian Heresy Calvinism stands in sharp opposition to Arminianism, which is based upon the two philosophical principles: 1. That divine sovereignty is not compatible with human freedom, nor with human responsibility; 2. That lack of ability limits obligation.
  6. 6. The Arminian position maintained that: 1. Man is never so completely corrupted by sin that he cannot savingly believe the Gospel when it is put before him; 2. Man is never so completely controlled by God that He cannot reject His grace; 3. God’s election of those who shall be saved is prompted by His foreseeing what they of their own accord do; 4. Christ’s death did not ensure the salvation of anyone, but what it did was create the possibility of salvation for everyone if they believe; 5. It depends on the believers to keep themselves in a state of grace by keeping up their faith. Those who fail, fall away and are lost.
  7. 7. The Synod of Dort It was in response to the five points of Arminianism formulated in 1610 (1. Free Will or human ability, 2. Conditional Election, 3. Universal Redemption or general atonement, 4. The Holy Spirit can be effectually resisted, 5. Believers can fall from grace) that the Synod of Dort was convened in Holland in 1618.
  8. 8. The great Protestant Synod of Dort, which convened from 13 November 1618 to 9 May 1619, consisting of 84 learned church leaders and 18 secular commissioners, included 27 delegates from Germany, Switzerland and England. There were 154 sessions held during the 7 months. In response to The Remonstrance of the Arminians, the Synod defined The Five Points of Calvinism: (1. Total depravity, 2. Unconditional election, 3. Limited atonement, 4. Irresistible grace, 5. Perseverance of the saints.) as the standard of Protestant orthodoxy. The Arminian theories were rejected as unBiblical.
  9. 9. The Synod rejected the concept of a God who enables man to save himself and proclaimed a God who saves. The position that God only built the machinery of salvation, but that man, by believing, operates it, was completely rejected. Our salvation depends upon the work of God alone and to Him belongs all the glory. God, the Creator, is the source, the means and the end, both in nature and in grace.
  10. 10. The essentials of The Five Points of Calvinism were upheld and taught by the church fathers, such as Augustine, and the Reformers: John Wycliffe, Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, Heinrich Bullinger, Martin Bucer, John Calvin; and prominent church leaders: George Whitefield, Johnathan Edwards, John Bunyan, John Newton, William Carey, Charles Spurgeon, David Livingstone, Abraham Kuyper,
  11. 11. Calvinistic soteriology is commonly summarised by the acronym TULIP: Total depravity Unconditional election Limited atonement Irresistible grace Perseverance of the saints
  12. 12. The Five points of Calvinism in the Teachings of Christ
  13. 13. 1. Total Depravity "For the hearts of this people have grown dull. Their ears are hard of hearing, And their eyes they have closed..." Matthew 13:15
  14. 14. “For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.” Matthew 15:19
  15. 15. "Unless one is born again, he cannot see the Kingdom of God” John 3:3
  16. 16. "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.“ John 6:44
  17. 17. “Nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.” Matthew 11:27 2. Unconditional Election
  18. 18. "And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect's sake those days will be shortened.“ Matthew 24:22
  19. 19. “For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom He will." John 5:21
  20. 20. "The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit." John 3:8
  21. 21. "All that the Father gives Me will come to Me... This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise them up at the last day." John 6:37-39
  22. 22. “… no one can come to Me unless it has been granted to him by My Father.” John 6:65
  23. 23. 3. Limited Atonement “… just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.” Matthew 20:28
  24. 24. "I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep... I lay down My life for the sheep... My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me. And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand.” John 10:10-11,15,27-28
  25. 25. "I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.... For those who will believe in Me' John 17:9,20
  26. 26. 4. Irresistible Grace 4. IRESISTABLE GRACE “ That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.”John 3: 6-8
  27. 27. "All that the Father gives Me will come to Me... No, one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day." John 6:37,44
  28. 28. "...I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly.. I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand." John 10: 10,28
  29. 29. “... whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life." John 3:16 5. Perseverance of the Saints
  30. 30. "He who believes in the Son has everlasting life“ John 3:36
  31. 31. "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me has everlasting life." John 6:47
  32. 32. "My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me. And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand." John 10:27-28
  33. 33. CONCLUSION Man by nature is corrupt, perverse and sinful throughout. The whole of man’s being has been affected by sin. This corruption extends to every part of man, his body and soul, his mind and will. As a result of this inborn corruption and our sinful choices, the natural man is enslaved to sin, a child of satan, rebellious towards God, blind to truth, corrupt and dead in sin. Consequently, men have cut themselves off from the God of Heaven and have forfeited all rights to His love and favour.
  34. 34. God was under no obligation whatsoever to provide salvation for anyone. However, by His grace and mercy, God has chosen to save many, by the Father’s act of election, by the redeeming work of the Son and by the renewing work of the Holy Spirit.
  35. 35. While Christ’s saving work was limited in that it was designed to save some, and not others, it was not limited in value, for His redemption was of infinite worth and is completely effective in securing salvation for all whom the Lord chooses.
  36. 36. The Holy Spirit never fails to bring to salvation those sinners whom He personally calls to Christ. The work of the Holy Spirit, which is accomplished through regeneration, renews the will so that the sinner spontaneously comes to Christ of his own free choice because of the new nature he has been given. As his mind is enlightened by the effectual call of the Holy Spirit, the renewed sinner freely and willingly turns to Christ as Lord and Saviour.
  37. 37. In this way, the one who had been dead in his trespasses and sins is drawn to Christ by the inward supernatural call of the Holy Spirit who through regeneration makes him alive and creates within him faith and repentance. The irresistible call of the Holy Spirit is invincible, in that, it can never be thwarted or refused, and it never fails to bring those whom God has predestined unto life and to true faith in Christ.
  38. 38. The elect are not only redeemed by Christ and renewed by the Holy Spirit, but they are kept in faith by the power of Almighty God. Nothing can separate God’s people from His eternal and unchangeable love. Those who have been predestined unto eternal glory are assured of Heaven.
  39. 39. “They whom God hath accepted in His beloved, effectually called and sanctified by His Spirit, can neither totally nor finally fall away from the state of grace: but shall certainly persevere there, unto the end, and be eternally saved.” The Westminster Confession of Faith
  40. 40. True believers will always persevere to the end. Those who fall away do not fall from grace, for they were never in grace.
  41. 41. Postmillennialism in the Teachings of Christ “From that time Jesus began to preach and to say, 'Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand.’” Matthew 4:17
  42. 42. "Blessed are the meek, For they shall inherit the earth." Matthew 5:5
  43. 43. "Your Kingdom come. Your will be done on earth as it is in Heaven." Matthew 6: 10
  44. 44. "But seek first the Kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you.“ Matthew 6:33
  45. 45. "...the Kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force." Matthew 11: 12
  46. 46. "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed ... which indeed is the least of all the seeds; but when it is grown it is greater than the herbs and becomes a tree ... The Kingdom of Heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till it was all leavened." Matthew 13:31-33
  47. 47. "... I will build My church, and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it ... whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven" Matthew 16:18-19
  48. 48. “… but with God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26
  49. 49. “Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool” Matthew 22:44
  50. 50. “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you” Matthew 28:18-20
  51. 51. Theonomy in the Teachings of Christ “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every Word that proceeds from the mouth of God.” Matthew 4:4
  52. 52. “...Your will be done on earth as it is in Heaven.” Matthew 6: 10
  53. 53. "Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the Law till all is fulfilled. Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven." Matthew 5:17-19
  54. 54. “... and the Scripture cannot be broken" John 10:35
  55. 55. "If you love Me, keep My commandments ... He who has My commandments and keeps them, it is he who loves Me.“ John 14:15,21
  56. 56. "Jesus answered and said to him, If anyone loves Me, he will keep My Word...“ John 14:23
  57. 57. The prince of preachers, Charles Spurgeon declared: “It is no novelty, then, that I am preaching; no new doctrine. I love to proclaim the strong old doctrines, that are called by the nickname Calvinism, but which are surely and verily the revealed truth of God as it is in Christ Jesus. By this truth I make a pilgrimage into the past and as I go, I see father after father, confessor after confessor, martyr after martyr, standing up to shake hands with me… taking these things to be the standard of my Faith, I see the land of the ancients peopled with my brethren; I behold multitudes confess the same as I do, and acknowledge that this is the religion of God’s own Church.”
  58. 58. Spurgeon wrote: “The longer I live, the cleared does it appear that John Calvin’s system is the nearest to perfection.”
  59. 59. Dr. Peter Hammond Reformation Society P.O. Box 74 Newlands, 7725 Cape Town, South Africa Tel: (021) 689-4480 Fax: (021) 685-5884 Email: info@ReformationSA.org Website: www.ReformationSA.org
  60. 60. “Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to present you faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy, to God our Saviour, who alone is wise, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and forever. Amen.” Jude 24 – 25
  61. 61. REFORMATION SOCIETY PO Box 74 Newlands, 7725 Cape Town South Africa E-mail: info@ReformationSA.org Web: www.ReformationSA.org
  62. 62. The Church’s One Foundation
  63. 63. 1: The Church’s one foundation, is Jesus Christ, her Lord, she is His new creation, by water and the Word, from Heaven He came and sought her, to be His Holy bride, with His own blood He bought her, and for her life He died.
  64. 64. 2: Elect from every nation, yet one o’er all the earth, her charter of salvation, one Lord, one faith, one birth, one Holy Name she blesses, partakes one Holy food, and to one hope she presses, with ev’ry grace endued.
  65. 65. 3: Though with a scornful wonder, men see her sore oppressed, By schisms rent assunder, by heresies distressed, yet saints their watch are keeping, their cry goes up: “ How long?” and soon the night of weeping shall be the morn of song.
  66. 66. 4: The Church shall never perish! Her dear Lord to defend, To guide, sustain and cherish, is with her to the end, though there be those that hate her, and false sons in her pale, against both foe or traitor she ever shall prevail.
  67. 67. 5: ‘Mid toil and tribulation, and tumult of her war, she waits the consummation, of peace forevermore, till with the vision glorious, her longing eyes are blest, and the great Church victorious, shall be the Church at rest.
  68. 68. 6: Yet she on earth hath union, with God the Three in One, and mystic sweet communion, with those whose rest is won, O happy ones and holy! Lord, give us grace that we, like them, the meek and lowly, on high may dwell with Thee.

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