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Missions in the Old Testament

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Missions in the Old Testament

  1. 1. Missions in the Old Testament By Dr. Peter Hammond
  2. 2. All Nations in God’s Purpose By Dr. Peter Hammond
  3. 3. After our Lord Jesus Christ rose from the dead He revealed God’s eternal purpose to His disciples. ( Luke 24 : 27, 44-47 )
  4. 4. “And beginning with MOSES and ALL the prophets, He explained to them what was said in ALL the Scriptures concerning Himself ... He said to them, ‘This is what I told you while I was still with you : Luke 24 : 27
  5. 5. Everything must be fulfilled that is written about Me in the LAW OF MOSES, the Prophets and the Psalms.’ Then He opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures.
  6. 6. He told them, THIS IS WHAT IS WRITTEN: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in His Name TO ALL NATIONS.’” Luke 24 : 27, 44-47
  7. 7. Most of us have closed minds and we need Jesus to open our eyes to see Him in all the books of the Old Testament, in the Law of Moses, in the writings of the Prophets and in the Psalms. Jesus broadened the vision of His disciples to see all nations in God’s purpose
  8. 8. The Protoevangetium
  9. 9. The Protoevangetium : Genesis 3:15 1. Salvation is initiated by and achieved by God - “I will ...”
  10. 10. 2. Salvation will come through a Mediator who is related to mankind - “The Seed.”
  11. 11. 3. Salvation will involve the suffering of the Redeemer - “The enemy will bruise His heel.”
  12. 12. 4. Salvation will destroy Satan - “He will crush your head.”
  13. 13. The first eleven chapters of Genesis are sweepingly universal.
  14. 14. God created the whole world.
  15. 15. He created all mankind.
  16. 16. All mankind fell into sin and rebellion against God.
  17. 17. God judged the sin of mankind.
  18. 18. God deals with all the world as a whole.
  19. 19. Then in Genesis chapter 12:
  20. 20. “The Lord said to Abram, ‘Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and GO to the land I will show you. Genesis 12 : 1-3
  21. 21. I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you, I will make your name great and YOU WILL BE A BLESSING ... and ALL PEOPLES ON EARTH WILL BE BLESSED THROUGH YOU.’ ” Genesis 12 : 1-3
  22. 22. This principle of Divine election for universal service is stated and re-stated time and again in Genesis.
  23. 23. “Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation and ALL NATIONS ON EARTH will be blessed through him.” Genesis 18 : 18
  24. 24. “And through your offspring ALL NATIONS ON EARTH will be blessed,
  25. 25. because you have obeyed Me.” Genesis 22 :18
  26. 26. God re-stated this Divine call and commission to Abraham’s son, Isaac: “through your offspring ALL NATIONS ON EARTH will be blessed.” Genesis 26:4
  27. 27. God also re- confirmed this missionary call to Isaac’s son, Jacob : “ALL PEOPLES ON EARTH will be blessed through you and your offspring.” Genesis 28:14
  28. 28. The Missionary Call of Israel “Then Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain and said, ‘This is what you are to say to the house of Jacob and what you are to tell the people of Israel: You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt, and how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself... Exodus 19 : 3-6
  29. 29. NOW, if you obey Me fully and keep My Covenant, then out of all nations you will be My treasured possession. Although THE WHOLE EARTH IS MINE, you will be for Me a KINGDOM OF PRIESTS and a HOLY NATION. These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites.’ ” Exodus 19 : 3-6
  30. 30. Israel was being constituted as a nation of unique position among the nations. All the earth belongs to God. What made Israel unique was its missionary call, its priestly position, its mediatorial mission as God’s bridge to the nations.
  31. 31. God’s bridge to the nations. The Queen of Sheba
  32. 32. Israel was not meant to be a storehouse of God’s blessings but a channel.
  33. 33. God did not choose Israel so that she could be selfish. Israel was saved to serve. She had received God’s Word in order to proclaim it. The descendants of Abraham had been blessed only so that they could be a blessing to “all the families of the earth.” Genesis 12:1-3
  34. 34. Israel was never meant to live for herself alone. Israel’s call was to be God’s chosen instrument to bring God’s Word to the nations. “I will also make you a light for THE GENTILES, that you may bring My salvation TO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH.” Isaiah 49 : 6
  35. 35. Called to be God’s witnesses to the nations, Israel’s commission was both prophetic and missionary. They were to receive God’s Word and to proclaim that Word as God’s priests to the nations.
  36. 36. The recorded messages of the prophets of Israel and the recorded history of the people of Israel continue to speak as God’s Word to us today.
  37. 37. In this way the descendants of Abraham have been a “blessing to all nations on earth” – through the Bible.
  38. 38. But, God has used Israel in an even greater way, for not only did God’s Word come through Israel but God Himself. He not only sent His prophets through Israel, but He also sent His Son. Israel was the channel for God’s Word, God’s Son and God’s Salvation for the world!
  39. 39. Now, God’s Word comes to all God’s people everywhere : “But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His wonderful light.” 1 Peter 2 : 9
  40. 40. While Israel as a whole generally failed to fulfill this missionary calling, she did produce some excellent missionaries, including : Abraham, Joseph, Moses, Daniel, Esther, Jonah and many others.
  41. 41. More than this, through Israel, God spoke. He spoke through the prophets, He spoke through Israel’s history and ultimately, He spoke in and through His Son – Jesus the Messiah.
  42. 42. “Now these things occurred as examples…” 1 Corinthians 10:6
  43. 43. God’s Missionary Purpose Revealed in the Psalms The Whole World Belongs to God “The earth is the Lord’s and all its fullness, the world, and those who dwell therein.” Psalm 24:1
  44. 44. The first reason why we should Evangelise the world is the sovereignty of God. “He reigns over the nations” (47:8), and the fullness of the earth belongs by right to the Almighty Creator, who reigns over all. Mankind is in rebellion to God.
  45. 45. As the Psalms so clearly proclaim, the Lord is worthy of all worship, honour, glory and praise. God’s people must go throughout God’s earth and lead God’s creatures to give unto God the reverence and worship He so clearly deserves. Yet Psalm 2 states that the nations are in rebellion to God. The leaders of the world conspire against God.
  46. 46. The Nations are the Inheritance of the Messiah “I will declare the decree: The Lord has said to Me, ‘you are My Son, today I have begotten You.’ Ask of Me, and I will give You the nations for Your inheritance, and the ends of the earth for Your possession.” Psalm 2:7-8
  47. 47. The Messiah Died for all the Families of the Nations “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Psalm 22:1
  48. 48. In Psalm 22 we have a graphic portrayal of the sufferings of Christ during the crucifixion.
  49. 49. As Christ quoted part (and possibly all) of the Psalm on the Cross, we should give attention to the prophecy at the end: “All the ends of the world shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the nations shall worship before You…
  50. 50. It will be recounted of the Lord to the next generation, they will come and declare His righteousness to a people who will be born, that He has done this” Psalm 22:27,30-31
  51. 51. As a direct result of the sacrificial death of the Messiah, the Kingdom of God will be extended to the ends of the earth. Already we can see this prophecy being fulfilled.
  52. 52. The Gospel has been proclaimed and is rooted in every part of the world and many generations have thrilled to hear the Good News of the Messiah’s sacrificial death and resurrection for our sins.
  53. 53. Yet the complete fulfilment of this prophecy that “all the families of the nations” will submit to Him, will only come about as the Church faithfully carries out the responsibility of world Missions.
  54. 54. In the Book of Revelation the final victory is gloriously confirmed: “You are worthy… for You were slain, and have redeemed us to God by Your Blood out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation.” Revelation 5:9
  55. 55. The Only Hope for the World is in the Lord “O God of our salvation, You who are the confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of the far-off seas.” Psalm 65:5
  56. 56. God is the only Saviour there is. He alone is God, the Creator, the all-powerful, wonderful Lord.
  57. 57. This sinful world is doomed without the grace and mercy of the Lord. That is why we are commanded to: “Declare His deeds among the people.” Psalm 9:11
  58. 58. His Commands are for All the World “Oh, give thanks to the Lord! …Make known His deeds among the peoples!” Psalm 105:1
  59. 59. The Lord and His commands were not for Israel alone but for all the world. God’s people were to proclaim God’s greatness to the nations. It is thrilling to see how many nations have already embraced Christianity as the true Faith.
  60. 60. Today Christianity is the leading religion of many third world nations. No longer are God’s commands for Israel alone, we all may share the joy of obeying the Lord.
  61. 61. The Lord is Worthy of All Praise, Worship and Honour “Give to the Lord, O families of the peoples, give to the Lord glory and strength.” Psalm 96:7
  62. 62. The Lord is Great (8:1), His Majesty is in all the earth (8:9). We must sing of His glorious acts (96:3) and praise His Holy Name (145:21). His dominion and Kingdom must be proclaimed (22:28). We must worship His awesome greatness (47:2), and praise Him for His saving power (98:2). Let us speak of His unfailing love (33:5), and announce His victory (98:2).
  63. 63. God is worthy of all praise, honour and worship and, just as we must love God with all our heart, soul, strength and mind, so too must the whole world. Our worship is insufficient and inadequate unless it is done by every part of our whole being.
  64. 64. In the same way God is not adequately worshipped unless every creature, everywhere, throughout the entire world exults and praises His glory with every breath (150:6).
  65. 65. The Prophecies Must Be Fulfilled “Yes, all kings shall fall down before Him; All nations shall serve Him… All nations shall call Him blessed.” Psalm 72:11,17
  66. 66. The Scriptures do not speak of “some”, or “many”, or even “most”. God says that all nations will one day serve Him.
  67. 67. The Commands Must Be Obeyed “Sing to the Lord, bless His Name; proclaim the good news of His salvation from day to day. Declare His glory among the nations, His wonders among all peoples.” Psalm 96:2-3
  68. 68. Time and time again the Psalms record God’s clear command to “tell the nations what He has done” (105:1). God’s concern for a lost world is seen throughout the Holy Scriptures.
  69. 69. It is, however, the sad fact that God’s people have seldom taken these commands seriously and even today billions live in bondage and deception to false religions. “How can they hear without a preacher?”
  70. 70. Yet the Psalms do look forward to a great mobilisation of missionaries: “The Lord gave the Word; Great was the company of those who proclaimed it.” Psalm 68:11
  71. 71. The Blessings of Abraham Must Be Shared “God be merciful to us and bless us, and cause His face to shine upon us.” Psalm 67:1
  72. 72. This Missionary Psalm (67) is derived from the prayer of Aaron found in Numbers 6:24-26.
  73. 73. However, the Psalmist substitutes “Elohim” (= God, the Name used of God in His relationship to all men, nations and creation) in the place of “Yahweh” (= Lord, the personal Name of God used in terms of Israel and the covenant).
  74. 74. It is significant that this Psalm has applied what God gave through Aaron and the priests to “all peoples.” “Let the peoples praise You, O God; let all the peoples praise You.” Psalm 67:3
  75. 75. The purpose for the Aaronic blessing is clearly seen in verse 2: “That Your way may be known on earth, Your salvation among all nations.” Psalm 67:2.
  76. 76. The prayer was: May God bless us – so that we can be a blessing to “the peoples”, to “all the peoples” throughout “the nations” to “the ends of the earth”.
  77. 77. In this way Psalm 67 (often called the “Pater Noster” or Our Father of the Old Testament) links the Aaronic benediction of Numbers 6 with God’s Covenant with Abraham as recorded in Genesis 12:1-3.
  78. 78. In fact, the structure is a very close replica of Genesis 12:2-3. Bless us… Bless us… Bless us… so that all the ends of the earth might know the Lord. God clearly intended Israel to be a channel of His blessings to the world.
  79. 79. The tragic fact of history is that all too often the blessings were selfishly hoarded, and jealously guarded.
  80. 80. Psalm 67 was regularly sung at the Feast of Pentecost. This would make it even more significant as that was the event when God poured out His Spirit in Jerusalem, gentiles from “every nation under heaven” heard and 3,000 were converted. (Acts 2:41).
  81. 81. Deliberately the Psalmist makes a reference to “the land yielding its harvest”. No doubt this regards the agricultural harvest as a down payment, promise and symbol of the spiritual harvest of “first fruits” that was still to come in AD 30. Yet this challenge to Israel and now, to the Church also, contains a promise that “all the ends of the earth” will come to God.
  82. 82. The Word of God declares that: “And men shall be blessed in Him; all nations shall call Him blessed.” (Psalm 72:17) - that is all 12,000 ethnic linguistic people groups; “And all the families of the nations shall worship before You.” (Psalm 22:27)
  83. 83. There are over 12,000 distinct people groups/cultures 7,010 languages; and 17,000 dialects in the world. The time will most certainly come when every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord.
  84. 84. God’s Will Must Be Done “I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth!” Psalm 46:10
  85. 85. As we read these Psalms we can hear God’s call in Isaiah 6:8: “Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?” The Book of Psalms ends most appropriately with the climatic call: “Let everything that has breath praise the Lord.” Psalm 150:6
  86. 86. Through Israel, God’s royal priesthood, the world has received the Bible, which is God’s Word, and Jesus Christ, who is God’s Son. “May Your ways be known on earth, Your salvation among all nations . . . May all the peoples praise You . . . all the ends of the earth will fear Him.” Psalm 67
  87. 87. “All the ends of the world shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the nations shall worship before You. For the Kingdom is the Lord’s and He rules over the nations.” Psalm 22:27-28
  88. 88. “In His days the righteous shall flourish… He shall have dominion also from sea to sea and from the river to the ends of the earth. Those who dwell in the wilderness will bow before Him, and His enemies will lick the dust… Yes, all kings shall fall down before Him, all nations shall serve Him… All nations shall call Him blessed… let the whole earth be filled with His glory. Amen and Amen.” Psalm 72:7-19
  89. 89. Sermon Outlines in Psalms 1. What is Missions? Mission is: an act of Obedience (Psalm 96:1-3) an act of Thanksgiving (Psalm 57:9) an act of Love (Psalm 33:5) an act of Worship (Psalm 86:9) a fulfilment of Prophecy (Psalm 22:27) and obedience to God's Will (Psalm 46:10).
  90. 90. 2. An Act of Worship Worship involves: Thanking God among the nations (Psalm 57:9) Praising God among all peoples (Psalm 57:9) Singing God's praises throughout the earth (Psalm 96:2-3) Proclaiming His greatness to the nations (Psalm 105:1) Sermon Outlines in Psalms
  91. 91. 3. God’s Strategy for Missions This strategy includes: God’s Chosen Plan (Genesis 12:1-3) God’s Central Priesthood (Exodus 19:5-6) God’s Clear Purpose (Psalm 67) Sermon Outlines in Psalms
  92. 92. “For to us a Child is born, to us a Son is given, and the government will be on His shoulders . . . of the increase of His Government and peace there will be no end.” Isaiah 9:6-7
  93. 93. “In the time of those kings, the God of Heaven will set up a Kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end, but will itself endure for ever.” Daniel 2:44
  94. 94. “He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshipped Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and His Kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.” Daniel 7:14
  95. 95. “Then the sovereignty, power and greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven will be handed over to the saints, the people of the Most High. His Kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all rulers will worship and obey Him.” Daniel 7:27
  96. 96. “The Lord will be King over the whole earth. On that day there will be one Lord, His Name the only Name.” Zech. 14:9
  97. 97. “… the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the seas.” Habakkuk 2:14
  98. 98. “The Lord will be awesome to them, for He will reduce to nothing all the gods of the earth; people shall worship Him, each one from his place, indeed all the shores of the nations.” Zephaniah 2:11
  99. 99. www.FrontlineMissionSA.org
  100. 100. FRONTLINE FELLOWSHIP PO Box 74 Newlands, 7725 Cape Town South Africa Mission@Frontline.org.za www.FrontlineMissionSA.org

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