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THE KGB
Disinformation and Subversion
Active Measures
By Dr. Peter Hammond
Cheka
A term of terror in the Soviet Union,
the KGB was the
Committee for State Security
of the Soviet Union.
Initially it was named the Cheka
(Emergency Committee)
and founded 20 December 1917,
by the instruction of
Vladimir Lenin.
The Cheka was established by Felix Dzerzhinsky.
The Cheka was tasked by the Soviet Politburo with arresting, torturing
and executing many tens-of-thousands of dissidents,
deserters, reactionaries and counter revolutionaries.
OFFICERS (NKVD)
NKVD and the GULAG
In 1922 the Cheka was renamed the NKVD
(People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs).
The NKVD included border guards.
The NKVD is most notorious for running the GULAG
forced labour camps,
GULAG was the acronym for Main Administration of
Corrective Labour Camps.
NKVD Purgeconducting mass extra-judicial
executions,
Nikolai Yezhov , Head of NKVD from 1936-1938
was Yagoda's NKVD successor. Yezhov presided
over the Great Terror and Purges of 1937-1938
The chief executioner of the NKVD, Vasili
Blokhin, carried out some of the high profile
executions during the purges
espionage,
political assassinations
and enforcing Stalinist policy
within communist movements
in other countries.
The Reign of Terror
The NKVD was officially responsible to protect the State Security
of the Soviet Union through massive political repression,
including kidnappings, murders and assassinations,
both locally and internationally.
Those designated "enemies of the people" were sent to GULAG camps
and many hundreds-of-thousands were executed by the NKVD.
The families of those designated "enemies of the people",
including their children, were automatically repressed according to
NKVD order number 00486. The NKVD organised the Show Trials and
Great Purge of order 00447.
NKVD Order No. 00447
Active Measures
Active Measures was a Soviet term for the actions of
political warfare conducted by the Soviet Security services
(Cheka, NKVD and KGB), to influence the course of world events
Under the leadership of the great Stalin - forward to Communism!
(in addition to
collecting intelligence
and producing politically
correct assessment of it).
Active Measures included: media manipulations through
disinformation, propaganda, counterfeiting official documents,
infiltrating churches, intimidating dissidents, character assassinations,
fines, imprisonments and assassinations.
Active Measure included the establishment and
support of international front organisations such as
the World Peace Council,
The Heart and Soul
of Soviet Communism
setting up terrorist groups
or Wars of National Liberation, in Third World countries,
infiltrating the World Council of Churches,
educational institutions,
the
entertainment
industries
and the news media.
KGB General Oleg Kalugin described Active Measures as
"the heart and soul of Soviet Intelligence".
Infiltration And Subversion
Kalugin described Active Measures as: "Subversion: active measures to
weaken the West, to drive wedges in the Western community alliances
of all sorts, particularly NATO, to sow discord amongst allies,
to weaken the United States alliance to the people of Europe, Asia,
Africa, Latin America, and thus to prepare ground for Revolution."
Yuri Andropov chairman of KGB
The
Andropov
Institute
The Andropov Institute
of the KGB
in Yasenevo,
near Moscow,
taught
Active Measures
as a system of special courses.
(right)
The head of the Active Measures department was Yuri Modin,
the former controller of the Cambridge Five Spy Ring, which
effectively undermined British intelligence for decades.
Disinformation Campaigns
Some of the famous Active Measures conducted by the KGB that are
documented by now declassified archives, include: stirring up
racial tensions in the United States by staging incidents
and mailing bogus letters reported to come from the Ku Klux Klan,
Ku-Klux-Klan-rally
placing explosive packages in Negro sections of the American
population (under operation PANDORA)
and fabricating the story that the AIDS virus was manufactured
by US scientists.
KGB Officers
Exploiting Peace Movements
One Soviet department, the GRU, alone, spent more than US$1 Billion,
to fund the peace movements in America, protesting the Vietnam War.
They described these movements as
"A hugely successful campaign and well worth the cost."
Stanislav Lunev claimed that the GRU and KGB helped to
fund just about every anti-war movement & organisation in
America, Great Britain, throughout Europe and South Africa.
Oleg Kalugin
The Battle for Hearts and Minds
According to Oleg Kalugin:
"Soviet Intelligence was really unparalleled…
a KGB programme which would run all sorts of congresses, peace
congresses, youth congresses, festivals, women's movements, trade
union movements, campaigns against the US in Europe…
allegations that AIDS was invented by the CIA, all sorts of forgeries
and fake materials were targeted at politicians, the academic
community and at the public at large."
Toppling Governments and Setting up
Puppet Regimes
The KGB was involved in undermining and installing governments.
The KGB played a key role in installing puppet communist regimes
throughout Eastern Europe,
the Peoples Republic of China,
North Korea and Afghanistan.
The KGB coordinated mass political
repressions and the establishment
of subordinate secret services
in all occupied territories.
The last attempted coup organised by the KGB in the uprising against
Boris Yeltsin during the Russian constitutional crises of 1993, led to the
abolition of the KGB and its replacement with the Federal Security
Service and the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation.
Agent Provocateurs
One of the tactics used by the KGB was an
Agent Provocateur (inciting agent).
indexAn Agent Provocateur is an undercover agent who acts to entice
another person to commit an illegal, or rash act, or falsely implicates
others in taking part in the illegal act.
The goal of the Agent Provocateur is to discredit, or harm, another
group by provoking them to commit a crime, or implicating them in a
crime to undermine the group, protest, or movement, as a whole.
In the Trust Operation
(1921-1926) the Soviets
set up fake anti-Bolshevik
underground organisations,
including the Monarchist Union
of Central Russia,
to control and neutralise
monarchists
and other
counter-revolutionaries.
Ku Klux Klan march
The KGB used Provocateurs to entrap and discredit anti-communist
groups, which they described as reactionaries and counter-
revolutionaries.
Soviet guerrilla partisans in the forest near Polotsk, Byelorussian SSR
September 1943.
Betrayal of Resistance Fighters
After the Second World War, many NKVD agents were sent to join and
penetrate independence movements and to create puppet rebel
forces,
who were even permitted to attack local Soviet authorities, to gain
credibility and exfiltrate senior NKVD agents to the West and to
neutralise and betray true resistance movements and partisans.
Promoting
and
Directing
Global
Terrorism
KGB General Alexsandr
Sakharovsky declared:
"In today's world,
when nuclear arms
have made worldwide
force obsolete,
terrorism should
become our main
weapon."
Ion Miha Pacepa--KGB
Ion Mihai Pacepa declared
that the KGB was the
primary instructor of
guerrillas worldwide.
General Sakharovsky
claimed that:
"Aeroplane hijacking
is my own invention”.
In 1969 alone, 82 aircraft were hijacked worldwide
by the KGB financed PLO.
The KGB established the PLO,
the National Liberation Army of Bolivia
(in 1964 with the help of Ernesto Che Guevara),
SWAPO,
ZANU-PF,
Frelimo,
MPLA,
ANC in Southern Africa.
and PAC in Southern Africa.
Assassination Attempt
The KGB was also implicated in Mehmet Ali Agca's 1981 assassination
attempt against pope John Paul II because of his strong links
with the anti-Communist Solidarity Movement in Poland.
Solidarity Movement Poland
America
Under FDR
The GRU (Military Intelligence
of the Soviet Union)
recruited Alger Hiss,
an American lawyer
and State Department official,
who later was
the first General Secretary
of the United Nations.
Alger Hiss was identified by
Whittaker Chambers,
a former Communist
Party member.
Chambers also identified Laurence Duggan and Michael Straight in the
State Department and Harry Dexter White in the Treasury
Department, as Soviet Agents.
The Profumo Scandal
The Profumo scandal which brought down Harold McMillan's
Conservative government in Great Britain
and brought the Labour Party to power in the 1964 general election,
was a masterful example of KGB Active Measures,
including entrapment, propaganda and assassination.
John Profumo was
the Secretary of State for War in Britain.
He was involved
for a short time in an affair
with Christine Keeller,
a 19 year old model,
who was also the
girlfriend of Captain
Yevgeny Ivanhov,
the Soviet Naval Attaché.
Timing and Assassination
Although this affair had ended in 1961,
the KGB Active Measures timed the publication of the scandal
for 1963, just before the general elections.
With the Conservative government disgraced by this public scandal,
the way was clear for Hugh Todd Gaitskell, the leader of the Labour
Party to become the next prime minister of Great Britain.
The abrupt and strange death of Gaitskell, at age 56, left an opening
for Harold Wilson to exploit and seize control of the Labour Party and
therefore become the next Prime Minister of Great Britain.
Peter Wright's 1987 book, Spycatcher and Soviet defector, Anatoliy
Golitsyn, claimed that Gaitskell was assassinated by the KGB in order
to place their agent of influence, Harold Wilson, (codename: Oldman)
into the key position of Prime Minister of Great Britain.
Wilson oversaw the disastrous betrayal of Rhodesia and other key
aspects of the British Common-wealth, as well as the implosion of the
British economy and escalation of the war in Northern Ireland.
Neutralizing British Military Intelligence
A spate of Soviet agents infiltrated British Intelligence agencies during,
and after, the Second World War and throughout much of the Cold
War.
Donald MacleanDonald Maclean,
Guy Burgess,Guy Burgess
Antony Blunt,Anthony Blunt
John Cairncross, John Cairncross
Kim Philby
Kim Philby
Sir Roger Hollis
and Sir Roger Hollis, are some of
the better known names of
highly placed Soviet Agents that
caused incalculable damage to
Great Britain and the Free World.
Anthony Blunt and the Cambridge
Spies
The Most Destructive Force in Modern
History
It is unlikely that any other Intelligence agency in history has been
responsible for as many arrests, tortures, imprisonments, murders,
massacres, assassinations, launching of foreign wars, sponsoring and
training of foreign terrorist movements, toppling of governments and
funding of so many revolutionary movements worldwide.
Mass Murder
The Black Book of Communism
catalogues over 100 Million
deaths between 1917 and 1991
alone, caused by communist
governments, most of them
controlled by the Soviet Union,
or its agents.
If one was to add the
casualties of the
Wars of Liberation, and
revolutions sponsored
worldwide by the
Soviet Union and
carried out by its KGB,
the body count
could double.
"While they promised them liberty,
they themselves are slaves of corruption."
2 Peter 2:19
The Vision of Daniel
"But there is a God in heaven who reveals secrets… This great image,
whose splendour was excellent, stood… a Stone was cut out without
hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay,
and broke them in pieces…
And the Stone that struck
the image became
a great mountain
and filled the whole earth…
And in the days of these kings the
God of Heaven will set up a
Kingdom which shall never be
destroyed;
and the Kingdom shall not be
left to other people;
it shall break in pieces and
consume all these kingdoms,
and it shall stand forever."
Daniel 2:28-44
The Lord Jesus Christ
declared:
"The Stone which the
builders rejected has
become the chief
Cornerstone. Whoever falls
on that Stone will be broken;
but on whomever it falls, it
will grind him to powder.“
Luke 20:17-18
In Moscow, about 900m North East of Red Square,
Lubyanka building with statue of Felix Dzerzhinsky – KGB
headquarters
In Lubyanka Square, a huge statue of Felix Dzerzhinsky,
the founder of the Cheka, which later became the KGB,
was erected in 1958.
The Statue and the Stone
This statue was directly in front of the Lubyanka, the notorious
Headquarters of the KGB, wherein many Christians were interrogated,
tortured and murdered.
In 1991, the statue of Dzerzhinsky was removed
and a simple stone
from the Solovki Monastery from Solovetski Island,
which had been the first prototype Concentration Camp
of the Soviet Union,
The symbolism of the Victory of Christ over Communism is striking.
"And whoever falls on that Stone will be broken; but
on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder."
Matthew 21:44
Dr Peter Hammond
Reformation Society
P.O. Box 74
Newlands, 7725
Cape Town, South Africa
Tel: (021) 689 4480
Fax: (021) 685 5884
Email: info@ReformationSA.org
Website: www.ReformationSA.org
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion
KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion

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KGB, Active Measures, Disinformation and Subversion

  • 1. THE KGB Disinformation and Subversion Active Measures By Dr. Peter Hammond
  • 2.
  • 3. Cheka A term of terror in the Soviet Union, the KGB was the Committee for State Security of the Soviet Union.
  • 4. Initially it was named the Cheka (Emergency Committee) and founded 20 December 1917, by the instruction of Vladimir Lenin.
  • 5. The Cheka was established by Felix Dzerzhinsky. The Cheka was tasked by the Soviet Politburo with arresting, torturing and executing many tens-of-thousands of dissidents,
  • 6. deserters, reactionaries and counter revolutionaries.
  • 7. OFFICERS (NKVD) NKVD and the GULAG In 1922 the Cheka was renamed the NKVD (People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs).
  • 8. The NKVD included border guards.
  • 9. The NKVD is most notorious for running the GULAG forced labour camps,
  • 10. GULAG was the acronym for Main Administration of Corrective Labour Camps.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17. NKVD Purgeconducting mass extra-judicial executions,
  • 18. Nikolai Yezhov , Head of NKVD from 1936-1938 was Yagoda's NKVD successor. Yezhov presided over the Great Terror and Purges of 1937-1938
  • 19. The chief executioner of the NKVD, Vasili Blokhin, carried out some of the high profile executions during the purges
  • 20.
  • 23. and enforcing Stalinist policy within communist movements in other countries.
  • 24. The Reign of Terror The NKVD was officially responsible to protect the State Security of the Soviet Union through massive political repression, including kidnappings, murders and assassinations, both locally and internationally.
  • 25. Those designated "enemies of the people" were sent to GULAG camps and many hundreds-of-thousands were executed by the NKVD.
  • 26. The families of those designated "enemies of the people", including their children, were automatically repressed according to NKVD order number 00486. The NKVD organised the Show Trials and Great Purge of order 00447.
  • 27. NKVD Order No. 00447
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30. Active Measures Active Measures was a Soviet term for the actions of political warfare conducted by the Soviet Security services (Cheka, NKVD and KGB), to influence the course of world events
  • 31. Under the leadership of the great Stalin - forward to Communism! (in addition to collecting intelligence and producing politically correct assessment of it).
  • 32. Active Measures included: media manipulations through disinformation, propaganda, counterfeiting official documents, infiltrating churches, intimidating dissidents, character assassinations, fines, imprisonments and assassinations.
  • 33. Active Measure included the establishment and support of international front organisations such as the World Peace Council, The Heart and Soul of Soviet Communism
  • 35. or Wars of National Liberation, in Third World countries,
  • 36. infiltrating the World Council of Churches,
  • 39. and the news media.
  • 40. KGB General Oleg Kalugin described Active Measures as "the heart and soul of Soviet Intelligence".
  • 41. Infiltration And Subversion Kalugin described Active Measures as: "Subversion: active measures to weaken the West, to drive wedges in the Western community alliances of all sorts, particularly NATO, to sow discord amongst allies,
  • 42. to weaken the United States alliance to the people of Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, and thus to prepare ground for Revolution."
  • 43. Yuri Andropov chairman of KGB The Andropov Institute The Andropov Institute of the KGB in Yasenevo, near Moscow, taught Active Measures as a system of special courses.
  • 44. (right) The head of the Active Measures department was Yuri Modin, the former controller of the Cambridge Five Spy Ring, which effectively undermined British intelligence for decades.
  • 45. Disinformation Campaigns Some of the famous Active Measures conducted by the KGB that are documented by now declassified archives, include: stirring up racial tensions in the United States by staging incidents
  • 46. and mailing bogus letters reported to come from the Ku Klux Klan, Ku-Klux-Klan-rally
  • 47. placing explosive packages in Negro sections of the American population (under operation PANDORA)
  • 48. and fabricating the story that the AIDS virus was manufactured by US scientists.
  • 50. Exploiting Peace Movements One Soviet department, the GRU, alone, spent more than US$1 Billion, to fund the peace movements in America, protesting the Vietnam War.
  • 51. They described these movements as "A hugely successful campaign and well worth the cost."
  • 52. Stanislav Lunev claimed that the GRU and KGB helped to fund just about every anti-war movement & organisation in America, Great Britain, throughout Europe and South Africa.
  • 53. Oleg Kalugin The Battle for Hearts and Minds According to Oleg Kalugin: "Soviet Intelligence was really unparalleled…
  • 54. a KGB programme which would run all sorts of congresses, peace congresses, youth congresses, festivals, women's movements, trade union movements, campaigns against the US in Europe…
  • 55. allegations that AIDS was invented by the CIA, all sorts of forgeries and fake materials were targeted at politicians, the academic community and at the public at large."
  • 56. Toppling Governments and Setting up Puppet Regimes The KGB was involved in undermining and installing governments.
  • 57. The KGB played a key role in installing puppet communist regimes throughout Eastern Europe,
  • 58. the Peoples Republic of China,
  • 59. North Korea and Afghanistan.
  • 60. The KGB coordinated mass political repressions and the establishment of subordinate secret services in all occupied territories.
  • 61. The last attempted coup organised by the KGB in the uprising against Boris Yeltsin during the Russian constitutional crises of 1993, led to the abolition of the KGB and its replacement with the Federal Security Service and the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation.
  • 62. Agent Provocateurs One of the tactics used by the KGB was an Agent Provocateur (inciting agent).
  • 63. indexAn Agent Provocateur is an undercover agent who acts to entice another person to commit an illegal, or rash act, or falsely implicates others in taking part in the illegal act.
  • 64. The goal of the Agent Provocateur is to discredit, or harm, another group by provoking them to commit a crime, or implicating them in a crime to undermine the group, protest, or movement, as a whole.
  • 65. In the Trust Operation (1921-1926) the Soviets set up fake anti-Bolshevik underground organisations, including the Monarchist Union of Central Russia, to control and neutralise monarchists and other counter-revolutionaries.
  • 66. Ku Klux Klan march The KGB used Provocateurs to entrap and discredit anti-communist groups, which they described as reactionaries and counter- revolutionaries.
  • 67. Soviet guerrilla partisans in the forest near Polotsk, Byelorussian SSR September 1943. Betrayal of Resistance Fighters After the Second World War, many NKVD agents were sent to join and penetrate independence movements and to create puppet rebel forces,
  • 68. who were even permitted to attack local Soviet authorities, to gain credibility and exfiltrate senior NKVD agents to the West and to neutralise and betray true resistance movements and partisans.
  • 69. Promoting and Directing Global Terrorism KGB General Alexsandr Sakharovsky declared: "In today's world, when nuclear arms have made worldwide force obsolete, terrorism should become our main weapon."
  • 70. Ion Miha Pacepa--KGB Ion Mihai Pacepa declared that the KGB was the primary instructor of guerrillas worldwide. General Sakharovsky claimed that: "Aeroplane hijacking is my own invention”.
  • 71. In 1969 alone, 82 aircraft were hijacked worldwide by the KGB financed PLO.
  • 73. the National Liberation Army of Bolivia (in 1964 with the help of Ernesto Che Guevara),
  • 74.
  • 75.
  • 76.
  • 77.
  • 78.
  • 79.
  • 80.
  • 84. MPLA,
  • 85. ANC in Southern Africa.
  • 86. and PAC in Southern Africa.
  • 87. Assassination Attempt The KGB was also implicated in Mehmet Ali Agca's 1981 assassination attempt against pope John Paul II because of his strong links with the anti-Communist Solidarity Movement in Poland.
  • 89. America Under FDR The GRU (Military Intelligence of the Soviet Union) recruited Alger Hiss, an American lawyer and State Department official, who later was the first General Secretary of the United Nations.
  • 90. Alger Hiss was identified by Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist Party member.
  • 91.
  • 92. Chambers also identified Laurence Duggan and Michael Straight in the State Department and Harry Dexter White in the Treasury Department, as Soviet Agents.
  • 93. The Profumo Scandal The Profumo scandal which brought down Harold McMillan's Conservative government in Great Britain
  • 94. and brought the Labour Party to power in the 1964 general election,
  • 95. was a masterful example of KGB Active Measures, including entrapment, propaganda and assassination.
  • 96. John Profumo was the Secretary of State for War in Britain.
  • 97. He was involved for a short time in an affair with Christine Keeller, a 19 year old model,
  • 98. who was also the girlfriend of Captain Yevgeny Ivanhov, the Soviet Naval Attaché.
  • 99. Timing and Assassination Although this affair had ended in 1961, the KGB Active Measures timed the publication of the scandal for 1963, just before the general elections.
  • 100. With the Conservative government disgraced by this public scandal, the way was clear for Hugh Todd Gaitskell, the leader of the Labour Party to become the next prime minister of Great Britain.
  • 101. The abrupt and strange death of Gaitskell, at age 56, left an opening for Harold Wilson to exploit and seize control of the Labour Party and therefore become the next Prime Minister of Great Britain.
  • 102. Peter Wright's 1987 book, Spycatcher and Soviet defector, Anatoliy Golitsyn, claimed that Gaitskell was assassinated by the KGB in order to place their agent of influence, Harold Wilson, (codename: Oldman) into the key position of Prime Minister of Great Britain.
  • 103. Wilson oversaw the disastrous betrayal of Rhodesia and other key aspects of the British Common-wealth, as well as the implosion of the British economy and escalation of the war in Northern Ireland.
  • 104. Neutralizing British Military Intelligence A spate of Soviet agents infiltrated British Intelligence agencies during, and after, the Second World War and throughout much of the Cold War.
  • 108. John Cairncross, John Cairncross
  • 110. Sir Roger Hollis and Sir Roger Hollis, are some of the better known names of highly placed Soviet Agents that caused incalculable damage to Great Britain and the Free World. Anthony Blunt and the Cambridge Spies
  • 111.
  • 112. The Most Destructive Force in Modern History It is unlikely that any other Intelligence agency in history has been responsible for as many arrests, tortures, imprisonments, murders, massacres, assassinations, launching of foreign wars, sponsoring and training of foreign terrorist movements, toppling of governments and funding of so many revolutionary movements worldwide.
  • 113. Mass Murder The Black Book of Communism catalogues over 100 Million deaths between 1917 and 1991 alone, caused by communist governments, most of them controlled by the Soviet Union, or its agents.
  • 114. If one was to add the casualties of the Wars of Liberation, and revolutions sponsored worldwide by the Soviet Union and carried out by its KGB, the body count could double.
  • 115. "While they promised them liberty, they themselves are slaves of corruption." 2 Peter 2:19
  • 116. The Vision of Daniel "But there is a God in heaven who reveals secrets… This great image, whose splendour was excellent, stood… a Stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces…
  • 117. And the Stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth… And in the days of these kings the God of Heaven will set up a Kingdom which shall never be destroyed;
  • 118. and the Kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever." Daniel 2:28-44
  • 119. The Lord Jesus Christ declared: "The Stone which the builders rejected has become the chief Cornerstone. Whoever falls on that Stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.“ Luke 20:17-18
  • 120. In Moscow, about 900m North East of Red Square,
  • 121. Lubyanka building with statue of Felix Dzerzhinsky – KGB headquarters In Lubyanka Square, a huge statue of Felix Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the Cheka, which later became the KGB, was erected in 1958. The Statue and the Stone
  • 122. This statue was directly in front of the Lubyanka, the notorious Headquarters of the KGB, wherein many Christians were interrogated, tortured and murdered.
  • 123. In 1991, the statue of Dzerzhinsky was removed
  • 124.
  • 125. and a simple stone
  • 126. from the Solovki Monastery from Solovetski Island,
  • 127. which had been the first prototype Concentration Camp of the Soviet Union,
  • 128. The symbolism of the Victory of Christ over Communism is striking.
  • 129. "And whoever falls on that Stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder." Matthew 21:44
  • 130.
  • 131. Dr Peter Hammond Reformation Society P.O. Box 74 Newlands, 7725 Cape Town, South Africa Tel: (021) 689 4480 Fax: (021) 685 5884 Email: info@ReformationSA.org Website: www.ReformationSA.org