How Capitalists Saved Communism in the Soviet Union
How Capitalists Saved Communism
in the Soviet Union
On 22 June 1941
- more than 4 million
4,000 aircraft across
the Soviet border
Operation Barbarossa was the largest military operation
ever launched to that date.
At the beginning of Operation Barbarossa, 22 June 1941, Germany
faced a Soviet Army of 5, 774,000. The Soviet Union had 316 divisions,
117,600 artillery pieces, 25,700 tanks and 18,700 combat air craft.
The Largest Conflict
The German Wehrmacht at this
time had 5,200 tanks of which
only 3,350 were committed
to the Eastern front.
This gave the Soviets more than
7 to 1 advantage in armour.
The Luftwaffe had just over 4,000 aircraft to oppose the 18,700 aircraft
in the Soviet Air Force.
It was fought over a 2,900 km front
and involved 600,000 motor vehicles
and 750,000 horses for the German
and European volunteers of this
operation to liberate Russia
from communism and
end the Soviet threat to Europe.
In the first day, one quarter of the
Soviet Union's Air Force was destroyed.
The German Blitzkrieg tactics devastated the Red Army and
made stupendous progress.
However the further the Wehrmacht advanced into Russia,
the more their logistical complications were compounded.
The Russian infrastructure was primitive. Their dirt roads turned to mud.
To supply the frontline troops became an almost impossible assignment.
By the end of
of the Soviet
including about 75 million inhabitants (a little more than a third
of the pre-invasion population), and 30 percent of its productive capacity.
On top of that, by the end of the year the USSR
had lost in combat well over 3 million men
along with about 20,000 tanks,
18,000 military aircraft
and more than
60,000 artillery pieces.
What no one had
anticipated was the
vast amount of aid
which the United
States of America
would give to the
Even before America entered WWII officially, vast quantities of military
hardware began being flown, shipped and trucked into Russia via Alaska,
Persia and Murmansk.
On 24 June 1941,
Six months before the Pearl Harbour attack,
President Roosevelt held a press conference
in which he announced that America would give
all possible help to Stalin’s Soviet Union.
That idea was at ﬁrst not well received within the USA.
An opinion poll conducted in July, for example,
found 54 percent of the respondents were
opposed to aiding the USSR.
Roosevelt persisted, however
and vast quantities of aid continued to ﬂow….
10 May 1940 - British Invasion of
Neutral Iceland - a base for supplying the
Soviet Union with Allied Weapons of War
There were three main routes by which military aid to Russia /USSR was
delivered. The Arctic convoys to Murmansk and Archangel were by far
the most dangerous, but more than 50 percent of the supplies went by
ship via the Paciﬁc. American cargo ships ﬂying the ﬂag of the Soviet
Union steamed to Vladivostok and unloaded supplies to be transported
along the Trans-Siberian Railroad to Soviet assembly plants in the Urals
or directly to the front line. Despite German protests, Tokyo allowed the
shipments to the Soviets to continue unhampered throughout the war.
In 1941 the Allies also opened a corridor through Iran into Russia. That
route was made possible by the completion in 1939 of the Trans-Iranian
Railroad, which linked the Persian Gulf with points all over Iran including
the Russian border
the British and Soviets engaged in a joint operation to overthrow Shah
Reza Pahlavi and seized control of Iran & it’s strategic railroad.
Thereafter Allied convoys from the US would sail around the Cape of
Good Hope and unload their cargoes at ports in both Iraq and Iran. That
route was responsible for deliveries of approximately 25 percent of the
total supplies sent to Russia.
Also part of the Paciﬁc passage was the Alaska-Siberian aircraft route
(known by the acronym ALSIB), which was used primarily for the direct
transfer of aircraft to Russia.
An official list of military hardware supplied by the USA
to the USSR from 1941, includes:
Gifts To Stalin
the US provided over 2 million tons of
as well as mobile bridges, railroad equipment,
aircraft radio equipment and many other items.
US also delivered about 470,000 tons of explosives,
1.4 billion rounds of small arms ammunition,
and 21 million rounds of ammunition of 37mm and larger
sizes. The raw explosives delivered were enough for the
Soviets to load more than 60 million artillery shells.
The US sent about 270,000 tons of rolled steel,
enough to manufacture about 15,000 T-34 Tanks
All of the US effort resulted in an immense quantity
of war materials delivered to the Soviet Union.
The American aid can be broken down into three categories:
weapons, support items and raw materials.
In terms of major weapon systems, the US delivered
11,400 aircraft, 7,165 tanks, 5,500 40mm antiaircraft guns,
1,000 quad-mounted 50 caliber anti-aircraft guns,
2,500 81mm mortars
and 137,000 .45 caliber submachineguns.
The American provision of 1,981 locomotives,
some 11,000 freight cars
and 3,600 miles of railway track
helped the USSR expand its rail capacity
American factories also sent
106 million yards
of cotton cloth,
62 million yards
of woolen cloth,
and over 15 million
pairs of boots.
of shoe polish,
50,000 hair clippers
and 257 million buttons
This does not include the very generous aid
given by Great Britain to the Soviet Union.
British and Canadian Aid
to the USSR
Great Britain sent the USSR:
5,511 Bofors anti-aircraft guns,
along with approximately 3,300 Hurricane
and 1,000 Spitﬁre fighter aircraft.
The British sent over 1.7 billion dollars worth
of supplies to Stalin’s Soviet Union.
the Soviet Union
with 2,788 Tanks &
Canada also supplied Stalin over a million artillary shells
and 208,000 tonnes of wheat and flour.
There is no doubt that without the Western aid the Soviet Union
wouldn’t have been able to survive a year.
Russian historian Boris Sokolov wrote in 1998:
“Lend Lease was the decisive factor
in the Soviet ability to continue the war.”
The British also formed a unit that fought directly for the
Soviets in 1941. The ﬁrst British deliveries included the
personnel and all 40 Hurricanes of 151 Wing of the RAF.
From 11 September through 18 October,1941
those British pilots ﬂew missions over Murmansk.
After training Soviets to ﬂy their planes, the RAF personnel
returned to England where their commander was awarded
the Order of Lenin by the Soviet ambassador.
A series of increasingly ﬁerce
battles were fought over
successive convoys to
PQ-17 convoy in mid-1942 saw
24 merchantmen sunk
out of 35 dispatched
along with the loss of
153 seamen, 210 aircraft,
and 100,000 tons of munitions.
The battle over that convoy was so intense that, as the merchantman
Olopana approached survivors of the sunken Washington, those sailors
refused rescue, ﬁguring their odds of survival were greater in lifeboats
on the open sea than on a fresh target for the Germans !
The colossal American military aid shipped to Stalin's Soviet Union was
neither morally defensible, nor wise.
Capitalist America effectively salvaged the Communist dictatorship in
Russia from collapse and helped fund, fuel and arm
the greatest military threat to Western civilization:
the Soviet Union.
"…Should you help the wicked
and love those who hate the Lord?
Therefore the wrath of the Lord
is upon you.”
2 Chronicles 19:2
help the wicked
and love those
of the Lord
is upon you.”
2 Chronicles 19:2
Dr Peter Hammond
P.O. Box 74
Cape Town, South Africa
Tel: (021) 689 4480
Fax: (021) 685 5884
We need to understand the context of our history
and rediscover the real facts, the real people and the real history
- so that we might counter satan's deceptions of the nations.
Facts are Stubborn Things