History Revisited - A Global Church Council

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History Revisited - A Global Church Council

  1. 1. History Revisited by Dr. Peter Hammond
  2. 2. “God is our refuge and strength, an ever present help in trouble.” Psalm 46:1 1:A mighty fortress is our God, a bulwark never failing; Our helper He amid the flood, of mortal ills prevailing. For still our ancient foe, doth seek to work us woe; his craft and pow’r are great, and armed with cruel hate, On earth is not his equal. A Mighty Fortress is our God
  3. 3. 2: Did we in our own strength confide; our striving would be losing; Were not the right man on our side, the man of God’s own choosing. Dost ask who that may be? Christ Jesus, it is He, Lord Sabaoth His Name, from age to age the same, And He must win the battle.
  4. 4. 3: And though this world with devils filled, should threaten to undo us, we will not fear, for God hath willed, His truth to triumph through us. The prince of darkness grim, we tremble not for him; his rage we can endure, for lo! his doom is sure; One little word shall fell him.
  5. 5. 4:That Word above all earthly pow’rs, no thanks to them abideth; The Spirit and the gifts are ours, through Him who with us sideth. Let goods and kindred go, this mortal life also; The body they may kill; God’s truth abideth still; His Kingdom is forever.
  6. 6. History Revisited by Dr. Peter Hammond
  7. 7. “Choose for yourselves this day Whom you will serve … but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.” Joshua 24:15
  8. 8. The Crossroad of Decision The Reformation was a defining moment ,when the Christian convictions and courage of Reformers met the crossroads of decision and engaged the battle fields of belief and behaviour.
  9. 9. “If I had a place to stand, I could move the world.” The Greek engineer Archimedes was referring to the wonders of the lever. In principle, the capacity of a lever was unlimited. Archimedes
  10. 10. An ordinary weakling could move a rock the size of a house. All that he would need would be a fulcrum, a pole strong enough so that it would not break, and long enough to multiply the force. That, and a place to stand.
  11. 11. The Fulcr um The force multiplying physics of the lever are a function of distance. The heavier the object, or the weaker the person trying to move it, the longer the pole would need to be, and the further away from it you would have to stand.
  12. 12. However, with the right fulcrum, the right bar and the right distance, all you would need to do would be to push the lever down, and the boulder, no matter how heavy it was, would move.
  13. 13. To Move the World Theoretically, Archimedes famously declared, with the right fulcrum, bar and distance, you could put a lever to planet Earth and move the world itself. As long as you had a place to stand!
  14. 14. On 18 April 1521, a 37-year old Professor from the University of Wittenberg found himself hauled in front of the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. A Defining Moment
  15. 15. Standing before the assembled political and spiritual authorities of his day, Luther was presented with a simple choice: Will you recant, and reject everything you have been teaching about the Gospel?
  16. 16. Or will you be cast out of the church as a heretic, and out of the state as a traitor, to be burned at the stake?
  17. 17. Courage and Conviction Martin Luther’s reply moved the world. He changed history. Because he had a place to stand. Dr. Martin Luther declared: “My conscience is captive to the Word of God. Here I stand!”
  18. 18. Our Lord Jesus declared that our Faith would be able to move mountains (Matthew 17:20). Martin Luther’s Faith moved the world because he had a place to stand.
  19. 19. He stood on the Word of God. The fulcrum he used was the Gospel. This was balanced on the bar of the Law of God.
  20. 20. To Move The World Dr. Martin Luther actually fulfilled what the Greek engineer Archimedes had hypothisized about.
  21. 21. Standing on the Word of God, using the bar of the Law of God and the fulcrum of the Gospel, Martin Luther’s Faith not only moved mountains, it changed the world.
  22. 22. It brought to an end the Middle Ages, and ushered in the modern world.
  23. 23. The Protestant Reformation, and the resultant Scientific Revolution and Industrial Revolution, produced the most productive, prosperous and free nations in the history of the world.
  24. 24. All this because Luther had a place to stand, and he made his stand on the unchangeable Word of Almighty God.
  25. 25. Decisive Action These decisive actions were blessed by God with an outpouring of the Holy Spirit, which made the Protestant Reformation one of the greatest movements for Faith and freedom in history.
  26. 26. Confronting Cor r uption Dr. Martin Luther’s actions were described as that of another Elijah – confronting the false prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel.
  27. 27. Indeed, there were many similarities between the religious superstition and corruption confronted by Martin Luther in the 16th Century and the national apostasy of Israel confronted by the prophet Elijah in 1 Kings 18.
  28. 28. A Call for Commitment It was a defining moment when conviction and courage confronted corruption and cowardice.
  29. 29. “And Elijah came to all the people, and said, ‘how long will you falter between two opinions? If the Lord is God follow Him, but if Baal is god, follow him’. But the people answered him not a word.” 1 Kings 18:21
  30. 30. Against All Odds Elijah stood alone against the 450 prophets of Baal and the 400 prophets of Asherah. Elijah challenged them to a contest.
  31. 31. Those 850 false prophets were to build their altar, and Elijah would build his altar. Each would pray. The one who answered with fire, he would be recognised as the one true God.
  32. 32. Cowardice “But the people answered him not a word.” Sometimes silence is golden, other times it is just plain yellow.
  33. 33. A Deafening Silence The people of Israel were so backslidden and apostate that they just nailed their colours to the fence. They didn’t say a word.
  34. 34. They remained uncommitted, waiting to see how things turned out. They would surely back the winner. They are waiting to see which way the wind blew… and on which altar the fire fell.
  35. 35. The Futility of False Religions As there were far more prophets of Baal and Asherah, they started first. From morning until noon the false prophets called out to the name of Baal. They leapt about.
  36. 36. There was much shouting and screaming, songs and dances, even cutting themselves with knives. They worked themselves into a frenzy, but there was no answer. No fire. After several hours of futility the false prophets had exhausted themselves.
  37. 37. Repairing the Altar “Then Elijah said to all the people, ‘Come near to me’. So all the people came near to him and he repaired the altar of the Lord that was broken down.” 1 Kings 18:30
  38. 38. Solid Foundations Elijah first laid down the stones. This is symbolic of the foundational doctrines which we must all know. However, the stones were not enough.
  39. 39. The Wood of Faith It is not enough to know the great truths of the Scripture, we must believe them. This is symbolised by the wood that was laid on the altar.
  40. 40. For, to lay the wood indicated faith that the fire would fall. We must not only know the truth in our head, we must believe the truth in our hearts.
  41. 41. Putting Flesh to our Faith On top of the stones and wood, Elijah placed the meat of the sacrifice. We need to put flesh to our Faith. We need to put feet to our Faith.
  42. 42. It is not enough to know the truth in our head, and to believe the truth in our heart, we need to live the truth in our life.
  43. 43. Living Water Over the sacrifice, the wood and the stones, Elijah had water poured until it saturated the sacrifice, the wood and filled the trench around the altar. This symbolises the prayer with which we should soak our lives, faith and doctrines.
  44. 44. The Fire of God “And it came to pass, at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near and said, ‘Lord God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, let it be known this day that You are God in Israel and I am Your servant, and that I have done all these things at Your Word.
  45. 45. Hear me, O Lord, hear me, that this people may know that You are the Lord God, and that You have turned their hearts back to You again’.
  46. 46. Then the fire of the Lord fell and consumed the burnt sacrifice and the wood and the stones and the dust and it licked up the water that was in the trench.
  47. 47. Now when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces; and they said, ‘The Lord, He is God! The Lord, He is God!’.” 1 Kings 18:36-39
  48. 48. Boldness There is a time to stand up, a time to step out, and a time to speak up. This is what Elijah did at Mount Carmel when he confronted the false prophets of Baal.
  49. 49. Although heavily outnumbered, and opposed by the wicked King Ahab and Queen Jezebel, Elijah had the conviction and courage to fight the good fight of Faith.
  50. 50. Two Foundations There were two altars, but only one had the fire. Jesus spoke of two men who built two houses on two different foundations.
  51. 51. But the one house was built upon the sand and when the rain fell and the winds blew and the floods rose, that house built on the sand collapsed. However, the house built upon the solid rock stood firm.
  52. 52. Two Ways There are two ways, the broad way that leads to destruction, and the narrow way that leads to life.
  53. 53. The broad way is smooth, easy, downhill and popular. The narrow way that leads to life is steep, difficult, often rough and lonely.
  54. 54. However, we should not choose a road by how comfortable and easy it is, but by whether it is going in the right direction to get us where we need to go.
  55. 55. Which road are you on?
  56. 56. On what foundation are you building your life?
  57. 57. The Fr uit of the Spirit Jesus said that we would know a tree by its fruit. What is the fruit of your life? Is it the fruit of the Spirit: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control? (Galatians 5:22-23)
  58. 58. The Fr uit of the Flesh Or is it the fruit of the flesh: “adultery, fornication, uncleanness, licentiousness, idolatry, sorcery, hatred, contentions, jealousies,
  59. 59. outbursts of wrath, selfish ambitions, dissensions, heresies, envy, murders, drunkenness, revelries and the like; of which … those who practice such things will not inherit the Kingdom of God.” Galatians 5:19-21
  60. 60. Are You For Christ or Against Him? Jesus said: “You are either with Me, or against Me. You are either gathering, or scattering.
  61. 61. If you confess Me before men, I will confess you before My Father, who is in Heaven, but if you deny Me before men, I will deny you before the Father and the Holy Angels.”
  62. 62. Making a Stand Despite the social pressures, the political dangers and ecclesiastical pressure Elijah stood up, stepped out and spoke out for Almighty God.
  63. 63. He confessed the Lord before men, and God most powerfully answered his prayer.
  64. 64. We were then informed that it was 31 October, Reformation Day. The village was celebrating the Reformation. School children had made out posters with sketches of the great Reformers: Dr. Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, William Tyndale, John Knox and John Calvin.
  65. 65. John Wycliffe In the Reformation, bold believers made a courageous stand for righteousness and truth. Professor John Wycliffe, of Oxford University, spoke out against the superstitions and corruptions of the Roman Catholic church.
  66. 66. Wycliffe proclaimed: Christ alone is the Head of the Church ; Scripture contains everything necessary for our Salvation, and all authorities must be tested by the Scripture.
  67. 67. Jan Hus Professor Jan Hus gave his life standing up for the truth of God’s Word against papal idolatry.
  68. 68. Savonarola Jerome Savonarola was burned at the stake in Florence for his brave attempts at Reform.
  69. 69. Martin Luther Dr. Martin Luther boldly confessed his faith before the assembled might of the papacy and the Holy Roman Empire.
  70. 70. “Unless I am convinced by Scripture, or by clear reasoning, that I am in error – for popes and councils have often erred and contradicted themselves – I cannot recant, for I am subject to the Scriptures I have quoted; my conscience is captive to the Word of God.
  71. 71. It is unsafe and dangerous to do anything against one’s conscience. Here I stand. I cannot do otherwise. So help me God. Amen.”
  72. 72. Vision The Reformation was inspired by a great vision. “Without a vision a people perish.” What is your vision?
  73. 73. Purpose What are you living for? Reformers, like Dr. Martin Luther, were living for a vision far bigger than themselves, far bigger than their times and their nations.
  74. 74. Their vision continues to impact and bless the world, even hundreds of years after their life.
  75. 75. Who Will Rise Up? The Word of God declares: “Who will rise up for Me against the wicked? Who will make a stand up for Me against the workers of iniquity?” Psalm 94:16
  76. 76. “If I profess with the loudest voice and clearest exposition every portion of the truth of God,
  77. 77. except precisely that point which the world and the devil are at that moment attacking, then I am not confessing Christ, however boldly I may be professing Him.
  78. 78. Where the battle rages, there the loyalty of the soldier is proved;
  79. 79. and to be steady on all the battle front besides is mere flight and disgrace if he flinches at that point.” Martin Luther
  80. 80. David against Goliath The young shepherd boy, David, although he was the youngest and the least, he rose up and made a stand against the blaspheming Philistine giant Goliath:
  81. 81. “You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin, but I come to you in the Name of the Lord of Hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, Whom you have defied.” 1 Samuel 17:45
  82. 82. Christian Courage In many ways the Reformation was a David against Goliath campaign. Courageous Reformers challenged the political and ecclesiastical authorities who had abused their powers and distorted the Scriptures.
  83. 83. Martin Luther nailed his 95 arguments against papal indulgences to the door of the Castle Church. He burned the papal bull publically in Wittenberg. He stood firm before the emperor and refused to back down from his Scriptural position.
  84. 84. Nathan before the King Nathan the prophet had the courage to confront the King: “You are the man!” 2 Samuel 12:7
  85. 85. John Knox Scottish Reformer, John Knox, confronted the wicked Mary, Queen of Scots, in the same spirit as the prophet Nathan.
  86. 86. John Knox described Mary, Queen of Scots, as “a traitoress and rebel against God.” The Queen declared, trembling and in tears, that she was more afraid of the Prayers of John Knox than of an army of 10,000.
  87. 87. D a n i e l ’s S t e a d f a s t n e s s Daniel courageously stood firm under 3 pagan kings. Exiled from his own land in childhood, Daniel is an example of steadfast integrity. He served in the governments of Nebuchadnezzar and Belshazzar in Babylon and under King Darius of the Medo-Persian Empire.
  88. 88. Yet, without compromise. He refused the meat offered to idols, from the king’s table. He courageously confronted Belshazzar over his blasphemous abuse of the elements, from the Temple in Jerusalem at a Babylonian banquet: “You have been weighed in the balances, and found wanting!” Daniel 5:27.
  89. 89. When commanded to only pray to the king, Daniel continued to faithfully pray to the Lord God Almighty. For this he was thrown into the lions’ den.
  90. 90. Luther and Zwingli Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli stand out as courageous and principled Daniel’s standing firm and faithfully expounding the Scriptures amidst many threats and dangers.
  91. 91. John the Ba ptist a nd Ja n Hus As John the Baptist courageously preached against sin and confronted corruption and hypocrisy, even losing his own head for opposing and exposing the wickedness of King Herod, Professor Jan Hus stands out in the same spirit, and with the same courage.
  92. 92. Standing in the Gap The Word of the Lord declares: “So I sought for a man among them who would make a wall, and stand in the gap before Me, on behalf of the land, that I should not destroy it …” Ezekiel 22:30
  93. 93. Are you standing in the gap and interceding on behalf of the land?
  94. 94. A r e y o u h e l p i n g t o r e b u i l d t h e w a l l ?
  95. 95. Are you impacting your world for Christ?
  96. 96. Reformation Day 31 October 1517
  97. 97. Ecclesia Reformata Reformanda Est (The Church, having been Reformed, is still to be Reformed).
  98. 98. The Church is called to be "a house of prayer for all nations."
  99. 99. Repentance God now commands all men everywhere to repent(Acts 17:30).
  100. 100. “If My people who are called by My Name will humble themselves and pray and seek My face and turn from their wicked ways then I will hear from Heaven and will forgive their sin and heal their land.” 2 Chronicles 7:14
  101. 101. Have you humbled yourself?
  102. 102. Are you praying?
  103. 103. Are you seeking His face?
  104. 104. Are you turning from your wicked ways?
  105. 105. I heard the voice of the Lord saying: “Whom shall I send and who will go for us?’ Then I said: ‘Here I am! Send Me!’ Isaiah 6:8
  106. 106. The Great Commission “And Jesus came and spoke to them saying: ‘All authority has been given to Me on Heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptising them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age. Amen’.” Matthew 28:18-20
  107. 107. What does God want you to do ? Today? This week? This month? Next year?
  108. 108. Decisions Every day there are decisions we need to make, temptations we need to resist, challenges to face, opportunities to seize, battles to win,
  109. 109. Scriptural commands we need to obey. Every decision we make makes us more a creature of Heaven, or hell.
  110. 110. Choices Every choice we make sets us further down the broad way to destruction, or the narrow way to life.
  111. 111. There are many defining moments which we need to respond to with courage and conviction, determination and decisiveness.
  112. 112. However, we sometimes come across major defining moments on which far more than even our own eternal destinies depend.
  113. 113. On such occasions we need to respond with the vision, courage, dedication and determination of the prophets and Reformers of old.
  114. 114. W h e n t h e t i m e c o m e s f o r y o u t o s t a n d u p , s t a n d u p b o l d l y.
  115. 115. When the time comes for you to step out, step out in Faith.
  116. 116. When the time co mes when you must speak up, spe ak courage ously
  117. 117. and with Christian conv iction the truths o f the Ho ly Scriptures.
  118. 118. Is your conscience captive to the Word of God?
  119. 119. Is your desire to obey God promptly and sincerely with your whole heart aflame in the hand of God?
  120. 120. We need doctrinal steel in our backbones and Holy Spirit fire in our hearts.
  121. 121. May the Lord fill us, and empower us, with His Holy Spirit - to be faithful to His Word and effective in His service.
  122. 122. May God find us faithful to His Word and effective in His service as we work for Biblical Reformation and pray for Spiritual Revival.
  123. 123. “Know therefore that the Lord your God is God; He is the Faithful God, keeping His Covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love Him and keep His commands.” Deuteronomy 7:9
  124. 124. “Choose for yourselves this day Whom you will serve … but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.” Joshua 24:15
  125. 125. REFORMATION SOCIETY PO Box 74 Newlands, 7725 Cape Town South Africa E-mail: info@ReformationSA.org Web: www.ReformationSA.org

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