Published on

  • Be the first to comment


  1. 1. Basic Shooting Techniques Presented by and
  2. 2. Basic Camera Techniques Session presenter: Jennifer O’Rourke, Managing Editor Videomaker Mic and Audio Techniques Session presenter: Charles Fulton, Technical Editor Videomaker Session presenter: Tom Skowronski, Associate Editor Videomaker Lighting Techniques
  3. 3. Question Procedure <ul><li>Throughout this session, you can ask questions on the Google Moderator . </li></ul><ul><li>The Videomaker team will answer the most popular questions during the last 15 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>If we are not able to answer your question during the webinar, we will post the answers in our Creator’s Corner blog . </li></ul>
  4. 4. So let’s get started...
  5. 5. Basic Camera Techniques
  6. 6. Tripods <ul><li>Size and Type do Matter </li></ul>
  7. 8. The Seven Deadly Camera Sins <ul><li>Backlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Fire-hosing </li></ul><ul><li>Snap-shooting </li></ul><ul><li>Head-hunting </li></ul>Backlighting Good Lighting
  8. 9. The Seven Deadly Camera Sins <ul><li>Upstanding </li></ul><ul><li>Constant Zooming </li></ul><ul><li>Jogging </li></ul>Upstanding: Bad Angle Good Angle
  9. 10. Framing Your Shots <ul><li>Head room </li></ul><ul><li>Look/Lead room </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of thirds </li></ul>
  10. 11. Head Room <ul><li>Don’t cut off chin </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t have too much empty space above head </li></ul>Bad Framing Good Framing
  11. 12. Lead Room <ul><li>Give the subject room to move within the frame of video. </li></ul>Bad Framing Good Framing
  12. 14. Movement <ul><li>Dolly </li></ul><ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Truck </li></ul><ul><li>Tilt </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestal </li></ul>Make it smooth, make it deliberate Dolly - Camera moves in or out
  13. 15. Movement Truck - Camera moves side-to-side Pan - Camera lens moves across scene
  14. 16. Movement <ul><li>Pedestal - Camera moves </li></ul><ul><li>up to down </li></ul>Tilt - Camera Lens tilts up to down
  15. 18. Handheld Shooting Tips <ul><li>Tuck your elbows into your sides </li></ul><ul><li>Cup your elbow or support the bottom of the camera with the other hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Tuck the camera into your hip. </li></ul>
  16. 19. Handheld Shooting Tips <ul><li>Lean against a tree, pole or wall </li></ul><ul><li>Use a small support device </li></ul>
  17. 20. Handheld Shooting Tips <ul><li>Bad Balance </li></ul>No!
  18. 21. Handheld Shooting Tips <ul><li>Good Balance </li></ul>Yes!
  19. 23. Glossary <ul><li>Backlighting: Positioning a strong light source behind the talent. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire-hosing: Irrational and jerky camera movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Snap-shooting: Excessive cutting without rhythm or specific purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Head-hunting: A close-up shot, showing only the talent’s head. </li></ul>
  20. 24. Glossary Continued <ul><li>Upstanding: An extreme high angle shot of the talent. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant Zooming: Excessive zooming in and out. </li></ul><ul><li>Jogging: Excessive camera shaking while moving. </li></ul>
  21. 25. Resources <ul><li>Videomaker Presents: Basic Shooting DVD </li></ul><ul><li>The Videomaker Guide to Video Production </li></ul><ul><li> Production Techniques Forum </li></ul><ul><li>www. YouTube .com/videomaker </li></ul>
  22. 26. Mic and Audio Techniques
  23. 27. Introduction <ul><li>Audio as afterthought? </li></ul>
  24. 28. Overview <ul><li>Being a good listener </li></ul><ul><li>Mic considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Mic qualities </li></ul>
  25. 29. Being a Good Listener <ul><li>Use the right headphone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circum-aural (around-ear) </li></ul></ul>
  26. 30. Mic Considerations <ul><li>Built-in or External </li></ul><ul><li>Balance and Impedance (signal considerations) </li></ul>
  27. 31. Qualities: Design <ul><li>Shotgun </li></ul><ul><li>Lavalier </li></ul>
  28. 32. Qualities: Pickup Pattern <ul><li>Omni </li></ul><ul><li>Cardioid </li></ul><ul><li>Hyper-cardioid </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-Directional </li></ul>
  29. 33. Qualities: Situation? <ul><li>Voiceover </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>On-stage production </li></ul>
  30. 34. Qualities: Wireless <ul><li>Pros: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobility, unobtrusive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Con: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost, loss of power, AC-RF interference </li></ul></ul>
  31. 35. Qualities: Frequency Response <ul><li>Flat as possible </li></ul>
  32. 36. Qualities: Signal-to-Noise Ratio <ul><li>Low as you can afford </li></ul><ul><li>– 60dB OK - 80 dB Great! </li></ul>
  33. 37. Golden Rules <ul><li>Get close </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t rely on “fixing it in post” </li></ul><ul><li>Always record sound </li></ul><ul><li>Plan sound like visuals </li></ul>
  34. 38. Resources <ul><li>Videomaker Presents: Sound Success DVD </li></ul><ul><li>The Videomaker Guide to Video Production </li></ul><ul><li> Online microphone buyer’s guide </li></ul><ul><li>www. YouTube .com/ videomaker </li></ul>
  35. 39. Lighting Techniques
  36. 40. Purpose of Lighting <ul><li>Illuminates subject and background </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a visual design </li></ul>
  37. 41. Good Lighting <ul><li>Defines subject shape/texture </li></ul><ul><li>Flatters subject </li></ul><ul><li>Matches locale </li></ul><ul><li>Sets mood </li></ul>
  38. 42. Light Source Size <ul><li>Spotlights vs. Floodlights </li></ul><ul><li>Umbrellas / Bounces </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent banks </li></ul><ul><li>Softboxes </li></ul><ul><li>Practicals </li></ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul>
  39. 44. Light Setups <ul><li>Classic 3 point lighting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back </li></ul></ul>
  40. 47. Guerrilla Lighting <ul><li>Quartz shop lights </li></ul><ul><li>Household lamps </li></ul><ul><li>Reflectors: poster board/tin foil/sun shields </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bed sheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant screening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any bulk fabric (rip-stop nylon the best) </li></ul></ul>
  41. 48. Real World Indoor Lighting <ul><li>Supplement existing light </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid windows as backgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for other backlight problems </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for mixed light </li></ul>
  42. 49. Indoor DIY Lighting <ul><li>An example of a shot using a professional softbox light kit. </li></ul><ul><li>Setting a similar shot using paper Chinese lanterns. To help the use of a paper lantern, bring the lantern in closer to the subject than you would a professional light. </li></ul>
  43. 50. Indoor DIY Lighting <ul><li>To decrease the harshness of a shop-light, use some diffusion in front of the light, or point the light at a white ceiling or wall and bounce the light from there onto the subject. </li></ul>
  44. 51. Reflectors and Diffusers <ul><li>Use reflector to fill dark areas </li></ul><ul><li>Use reflectors as bounce or rim light </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusers-soften & spread light as it passes through </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases light intensity </li></ul>
  45. 53. Outdoor Lighting: Use Reflectors <ul><li>Bouncing light into a dark area can give the darker detail more punch. We are making the viewer focus more on the basketball net by reflecting light to it. Compare the Reflector 2 close-up with the Reflector 3 close-up shot. The look is subtle, but the rim of the basketball net has more punch on it, and is pulled away from the background by the use of the reflector. The net in the Reflector 3 shot just blends into the background. </li></ul>With Reflector Without Reflector
  46. 54. Outdoor Lighting: Use Reflectors <ul><li>If you don't have a professional reflector, you can bounce light using a piece of firm white poster board, sheet metal, or a board wrapped in crinkled foil. </li></ul>Poster Board Sheet Metal
  47. 55. Resources <ul><li>Videomaker Presents: Light it Right </li></ul><ul><li>Placing Shadows </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Painting with Light, John Alton </li></ul><ul><li>www. YouTube .com/ videomaker </li></ul>