Introduction• The country covers an area of 3.28 million sq kilometer.• The mainland of India extends between 8° 4 N and 37° 6 North Latitude and 68° 7 and 97° 25 East s Longitudes.• Indian peninsula tapers southward resulting in the division of the Indian Ocean into two water bodies - the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.• There is a great diversity of landforms such as lofty mountains, deep valleys, extensive plains, and a number of islands. Broadly the physical features of India can be divided into five physical units - The Great Mountains of the North, The North Indian Plain, The Peninsular Plateau, The Coastal Plains, and The Islands.
The mountain ranges• The Himalayans Mountain Ranges• The Aravalli Mountain Ranges• The Vindhya Mountain Ranges• The Satpura Mountain Ranges• The Karakoram Mountain Ranges• The Patkai or the Purvanchal Mountain Ranges• The Eastern Ghats• The Western Ghats
The Himalayas• Covering numerous outlaying, small ranges, the Himalayan ranges cover 6 nations namely, Tibet (China), India, Nepal, Afghanistan, Bhutan and Pakistan
CLIMATEName of climatic region States or territoriesTropical Rainforest Assam and parts of the Sahyadri Mountain RangeTropical Savannah Sahyadri Mountain Range and parts of MaharashtraTropical and subtropical steppe Parts of Punjab and GujaratTropical Desert Most parts of RajasthanMoist subtropical with winter Parts of Punjab, Assam, and RajasthanMountain climate Parts of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and UttaranchalDrought Rajasthan, Gujarat, and HaryanaTropical semi-arid steppe Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, and other parts of South India
RELIGIONS• Hindu 80.5%,• Muslim 13.4%,• Christian 2.3%,• Sikh 1.9%,• other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1%
POPULATION• Total 1,205,073,612 (July 2012 est.) country comparison to the world: 2• NEW DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million (2009)
Rashtrapati Bhavan is the residence of thePresident of India The India Gate is a war memorial commemorating the Indian dead of the First World War. It is almost 138 feet tall