Dog BreedsTop 15 breeds by registrationnumbers with the American KennelClub 200853 million dogs in U.S. (textbook); approximately1.1 million registered by AKC each year.Assuming the average registered dog lives tobe 10 years of age, it means that about 20% ofdogs are registered.
Tallest dogGibson, a Great Dane, was the worlds tallest dog, measuring 107.18centimeters from floor to shoulder. In this photo, Gibson is playing withwith his friend, Zoie a 19.05 centimeter Chihuahua.
The Labrador Retriever originated in the19th century in Newfoundland (notLabrador), where it was used by fishermento pull in fish-filled nets by retrieving theattached cork floats.Labrador Retrievers are among the mostappealing dogs. They are very trainable,always ready to work and to please theirowners. They are also kind, outgoing,intelligent, adaptable, and friendly to humansand to other animals. All breed information from Petsmart website.
The German Shepherd originated in the 19thcentury in Germany as a sheepherding dog.Today this breed is better known for its skillsin search-and-rescue, police, military, bomb-detection, tracking, and protection work.These highly trainable animals are alsooutstanding family dogs. Because of theirpopularity, however, they have beenindiscriminately bred, and many undesirabletraits have entered the shepherd gene pool.
Beagles are an ancient breed with a clouded history. Small hounds used to hunt hare existed in the British Isles for centuries, probably arriving with the Celts. Breedings to French scent hounds gave us the dogs we know as beagles today.The beagle is one of the most popular breedsbecause it is friendly with people and otheranimals, loves children, does well withmoderate exercise.
Developed in England and Scotland in the 19th century, the Golden Retriever resulted from the breeding of a Newfoundland-derived yellow retriever with the Tweed water spaniel and the occasional out-crossing of this new dog with the Irish setter, bloodhound, and other water spanielsThere are few breeds asgentle, affectionate,playful, eager to please,and devoted as theGolden Retriever.
The Yorkshire Terrier originated in19th-century England, where it wasused for ratting.Yorkshire Terriers are energetic,assertive, demanding toy dogs withlarge-dog attitudes.
Sylvia, a matchbox-size Yorkshireterrier owned by Arthur Marples ofBlackburn, England, was the smallestdog in recorded history. The dog diedin 1945 when she was two years old,at which point she stood 2.5 inchestall at the shoulder, measured 3.5inches from nose tip to tail, andweighed 4 ounces.
6The Bulldog had its origin in the British Isles . The name "bull"was applied because of the dogs use in the sport of bull baiting,which was extremely cruel. The original Bulldog had to be veryferocious and so savage and courageous as to be almostinsensitive to pain.In 1835 dog fighting as a sport became illegal in England.
The Boxer was probably developed inthe 19th century for bull baiting and dogfighting. Today it is often used for policeand guard work.Boxers generally get along with otherdogs, but some females may beaggressive and some males inclined tofight for dominance. Early obediencetraining is therefore very important.
The standard poodle originated in Germany duringthe Middle Ages and was used as a water retriever.Even then the coat was clipped (as it is today) toreduce water resistance and to enhance buoyancy.In 19th-century France the standard poodle wasused often as a water retriever and circus dog.Miniature and toy poodles were developed inEngland in the 18th century (during the reign ofQueen Anne) and served as truffle hunters,performers, and companions."Poodle" comes from the German pudelin, whichmeans "to splash in the water." Poodles of all sizesare sometimes erroneously referred to as Frenchpoodles.
The modern Dachshund (däksʹhoond) isrelated to a thirty-five-pound dynamo thatwas used to hunt badgers in medievalEurope. It was bred to be smaller about onehundred years ago in Germany to huntrabbits and foxes. (Dachs is the Germanword for badger; hund means dog.)Dachshunds are clever, lively, playful, andlove to be involved in all family activities.
Used by Romans to herd cattle tomarket and protect proceeds on wayhome. Can be aggressive unlesswell trained. The Roman armytraveled through the small markettown of Rottweil, Germany where thebreed was developed.
Over the centuries, depictions of thisbreed have appeared on Chinesecarvings, embroideries, and other artobjects. They were valued companionsin Imperial China.Shih Tzus are outgoing, happy, andaffectionate companions that respondwell to gentle obedience training. Thesesmall lapdogs are well suited toapartment living.
The bushy-muzzled Miniature Schnauzer,named after the German word for nose ormuzzle, was developed from Affenpinscher,Giant Schnauzer, and Miniature Pinscherbloodlines in the 19th century in Germany forits ratting ability.Miniature Schnauzers are spirited yetobedient family dogs.
The Doberman Pinscher originated in Germanyaround 1900, taking its name from tax collectorLouis Dobermann of Apolda, crossed the oldshorthaired shepherd, Rottweiler, Black and TanTerrier and the German Pinscher.13
The Chihuahua may have developedin the 9th century from the Techichi,a toy breed of the Toltec Indians ofCentral America. Or it may havebeen brought to Central America bythe Chinese or Spanish.The Chihuahua is the smallest of alldog breeds.
German Shorthaired Pointer came about bycrossing the German Bird Dog, local Germanscent hounds, track and trail dogs, and EnglishPointers. Breed recognized by AKC in 1930.15
The Pomeranian is probably descendedfrom a large German spitz dog of the16th century. Bred to its current size inthe 19th century, the Pomeranian stillthinks of itself as a big dog.
221889 Boston Terrier breed was established inBoston. The breed originated by crossing a anEnglish Bulldog and a white English Terrier
Belongs to the toy breed group. Originally from China.26 Pug
The pug is a "toy" (very small) breedof dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzledface, and curled tail. References topug-like dogs have been documentedas early as 551 BCE by Confucius,who described a type of "shortmouthed dog".
The breed was imported toEurope in the 16th centuryby the Dutch East IndiaCompany. English painter and his Pug in 1745