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Professional TEL 4.0
Performance Augmentation for Industry 4.0
Dr Fridolin Wild
Performance Augmentation Lab
OXFORD
BROOKE...
Overview
• The context: Work 4.0
• The solution: Human Performance Augmentation
• WEKIT
• Framework
• Reference Architectu...
Context (aka ‘the problem’)
OXFORD
BROOKES
UNIVERSITY
Source:
Siemens
Photo: BMW
DIGITAL MANUFACTURING
OXFORD
BROOKES
UNIVERSITY
12:15 maintenance needed
Overview of Digital Manufacturing
Initiatives across Europe
Germany
Industrie 4,0
Smart Service World
Autonomik fur Indust...
http://bit.ly/jobgone
GO WITH THE TIMES
OR GO WITH TIME
(Grace et al., 2017)
“Overall, we find that,
on average across
the 21 OECD countries,
9%...
THE SKILLS GAP
9
(CIPD, 2016; UKCESS, 2015)
SKILLS GAP: RISING DEMANDS
Solution: Performance Augmentation
OXFORD
BROOKES
UNIVERSITY
• Smart Assistance: Intelligent
Training and Guidance Systems
• Healthy workplaces: ergonomic,
safe, facilitating fitness
...
EXPERIENCE PERCEPTION GATEWAY
REAL VIRTUAL
MULTIPLEXER
SENSORS
COMPETENCE
PERFORMANC
E
OBSERVE
REALTIME
FEEDBACK
PLAN & CO...
PRESENTING DATA
IN CONTEXT: AR
“Augmented Reality refers to
enhancing human perception with
additional, artificially gener...
Wearable Experience for Knowledge Intensive Training
(WEKIT)
OXFORD
BROOKES
UNIVERSITY
capture expert
experience
trainees wear expert
experience
analysis and post
processing
OK
16
WEKIT FRAMEWORK: Task x Transfer Mechanisms
17
References
Task
Transfer Mechanisms Perceptual ability High Memory Collabor...
https://vimeo.com/channels/pal/226297643 (0:00 to 0:55)
ARCHITECTURE
ARLEM
21
ARLEM JSON BINDING
22
workplace modelactivity model
TDOC
CAD, CAE
EPC
PLM
CRM
DITA
DocBook MuMaSy
S1000D
Parts catalogue,
incl. 3D models of
parts
Customer
inventory,
modific...
WEARABLE
SOLUTION
https://vimeo.com/channels/pal/226297643 (0:55 to 2:15)
Findings
OXFORD
BROOKES
UNIVERSITY
EVALUATION (CYCLE 1)
– Technology Acceptance and Use
– Simulator Sickness
– Usability of the Software
– User Satisfaction ...
SYSTEM USABILITY
(Brooke, 2013)
66.4 (mean)
29
Transfer Mechanisms (All)
Strongly
Disagree
Disagree
Somewhat
Disagree
Neither agree
or disagree
Somewhat
agree
Agree
Stro...
OUTLOOK on CYCLE 2
– Effectiveness:
Higher rate of skill transferability
– Efficiency:
Increased efficiency in assembly ta...
THE END.
wild@brookes.ac.uk http://pal.cct.brookes.ac.uk
Professional TEL 4.0: Performance Augmentation for Industry 4.0
Professional TEL 4.0: Performance Augmentation for Industry 4.0
Professional TEL 4.0: Performance Augmentation for Industry 4.0
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Professional TEL 4.0: Performance Augmentation for Industry 4.0

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Industry 4.0 is on the rise and this coordinated push for automation, big data, and internet-of-things in the smart factory is already causing (and will continue to) disruption in the job market. New skills for 'new collar' jobs are needed and intelligent assistance systems with Augmented Reality, Smart Glasses, and other forms of wearable computing may help to deliver them.
In this talk, Dr. Wild will introduce to the concept of Performance Augmentation and illustrate how challenges for the future can be met at the hand of several examples of intelligent training and live guidance applications in aircraft maintenance, space assembly, and medical diagnostics.

Published in: Science
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Professional TEL 4.0: Performance Augmentation for Industry 4.0

  1. 1. Professional TEL 4.0 Performance Augmentation for Industry 4.0 Dr Fridolin Wild Performance Augmentation Lab OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY +
  2. 2. Overview • The context: Work 4.0 • The solution: Human Performance Augmentation • WEKIT • Framework • Reference Architecture • Standards • Garment • Film • Findings
  3. 3. Context (aka ‘the problem’) OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY
  4. 4. Source: Siemens
  5. 5. Photo: BMW DIGITAL MANUFACTURING OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY 12:15 maintenance needed
  6. 6. Overview of Digital Manufacturing Initiatives across Europe Germany Industrie 4,0 Smart Service World Autonomik fur Industrie 4.0 It's OWL (Ostwestfalen-Lippe) Allianz Industrie 4.0 (Baden- Württemberg) Netherlands Smart Industry France Usine du Futur FoF Ile-de-France United Kingdom High Value Manufacturing Innovate UK Action Plan for Manufacturing (Scotland) Spain Estrategia Fabricacion Avanzada (Basque region) Italy Fabbrica Intelligente Ass. Fabbr. Intell. Lombardia Sweden Produktion 2030 Belgium Made Different Flanders Make/iMinds (Flanders) EU-level Initiatives Application PPPs: FoF, SPIRE I4MS Smart Anything Everywhere ICT PPPs Multi-region Initiatives Vanguard Austria Produktion der Zukunft Portugal Produtech European Commission DG CONNECT, Unit A3, ML European initiatives are in red National initiatives are in blue Regional initiatives are in green Finland FIMECC PPP Programmes (MANU, S-STEP, SIMP, S4FLeet) Industrial Internet Business Revolution IoT pilot Factory (IoT PFF) Greece Operational Programme in Region Western Greece Poland INNOMOTO INNOLOT Digital manufacturing for the SME (Mazovia) DIGITAL MANUFACTURING INITIATIVES ACROSS EUROPE
  7. 7. http://bit.ly/jobgone
  8. 8. GO WITH THE TIMES OR GO WITH TIME (Grace et al., 2017) “Overall, we find that, on average across the 21 OECD countries, 9% of jobs are automatable.“ (Arntz, Gregory, & Zieran, 2016)
  9. 9. THE SKILLS GAP 9 (CIPD, 2016; UKCESS, 2015)
  10. 10. SKILLS GAP: RISING DEMANDS
  11. 11. Solution: Performance Augmentation OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY
  12. 12. • Smart Assistance: Intelligent Training and Guidance Systems • Healthy workplaces: ergonomic, safe, facilitating fitness • New work models HUMAN PERFORMANCE AUGMENTATION
  13. 13. EXPERIENCE PERCEPTION GATEWAY REAL VIRTUAL MULTIPLEXER SENSORS COMPETENCE PERFORMANC E OBSERVE REALTIME FEEDBACK PLAN & CONTROL ACTION E-, SS-, M- MEMORY MONITOR PERFORMANCE AUGMENTATION KSAOs 13
  14. 14. PRESENTING DATA IN CONTEXT: AR “Augmented Reality refers to enhancing human perception with additional, artificially generated sensory input to create a new experience including, but not restricted to, enhancing human vision by combining natural with digital offers.” (Wild et al., 2016, ARLEM spec)
  15. 15. Wearable Experience for Knowledge Intensive Training (WEKIT) OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY
  16. 16. capture expert experience trainees wear expert experience analysis and post processing OK 16
  17. 17. WEKIT FRAMEWORK: Task x Transfer Mechanisms 17 References Task Transfer Mechanisms Perceptual ability High Memory Collaborative ability Decision making High speed Motor performance High precision Interactive virtual objects Seichter, H., (2004) Nilsson et al (2011) Lahanas V et. al. (2014) Quarles et. al. (2008) a Rhienmora et al. (2010) Evans et al. (2014) Haptic feedback Rozenblit et al. (2014) Lahanas V et. al. (2014) Matassa & Morreale (2016) Khademi et al. (2012) Highlight object of Interest Roads et. al (2016) Hahn et al. (2015) Kotranza et al. (2009) Directed Focus Jarodzka et al. (2013) Henderson & Fernier (2011) Biocca et al. (2006)
  18. 18. https://vimeo.com/channels/pal/226297643 (0:00 to 0:55)
  19. 19. ARCHITECTURE
  20. 20. ARLEM 21
  21. 21. ARLEM JSON BINDING 22 workplace modelactivity model
  22. 22. TDOC CAD, CAE EPC PLM CRM DITA DocBook MuMaSy S1000D Parts catalogue, incl. 3D models of parts Customer inventory, modifications, machines plans, 3D models Part numbers, machine numbers, modifications 001010 Reduction, scrambling, adaptation LMS Learning and training content KB
  23. 23. WEARABLE SOLUTION
  24. 24. https://vimeo.com/channels/pal/226297643 (0:55 to 2:15)
  25. 25. Findings OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY
  26. 26. EVALUATION (CYCLE 1) – Technology Acceptance and Use – Simulator Sickness – Usability of the Software – User Satisfaction with the Hardware – User Interaction Satisfaction – Use of Transfer Mechanisms 27
  27. 27. SYSTEM USABILITY (Brooke, 2013) 66.4 (mean)
  28. 28. 29
  29. 29. Transfer Mechanisms (All) Strongly Disagree Disagree Somewhat Disagree Neither agree or disagree Somewhat agree Agree Strongly Agree DF1 DF2 AP2 AP1 AM2 AP2. AM3 GT2 AM1 HL1 IVO1 POV1 CUE1ANN1 OE1 ANI1 CI1 TA2 TA1 FB1
  30. 30. OUTLOOK on CYCLE 2 – Effectiveness: Higher rate of skill transferability – Efficiency: Increased efficiency in assembly task – Memorability: Better percentage of long term memory recall – Cognitive Load: Simulations of phenomena overlaid reduce cognitive load 33
  31. 31. THE END. wild@brookes.ac.uk http://pal.cct.brookes.ac.uk

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