Ap language rhetorical analysis test strategy

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Ap language rhetorical analysis test strategy

  1. 1. AP Language RHETORICAL ANALYSIS Test Strategy Olson and Bailey
  2. 2. What it is …What it is not <ul><li>The analysis question asks the writer to analyze the methods that author employs in his or her writing to convey the author’s attitude, opinion, or conviction about some topic. </li></ul><ul><li>The analysis question does NOT ask the writer to agree, disagree, or qualify. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Some things NOT to do <ul><li>Tell the reader the essay was well written </li></ul><ul><li>Tell the reader the essay held your interest </li></ul><ul><li>Reference the author by first name only or a nickname, “Honest Abe” – “Uncle Walt” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole name on 1st reference, last name after </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bulk up a sentence with jargon, complexity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think and write clearly with appropriately controlled diction and syntax. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Discussion of Rhetorical Strategies <ul><li>Diction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify key words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative or Positive Connotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DO NOT say “author uses diction to create meaning” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Syntax </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short sentences are always abrupt, intense, and confrontational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long Sentences are more thoughtful and permit reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel Syntax functions like a train gathering steam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhetorical Questions manipulate the reader to provide the answer he or she wants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition provides emphasis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Figures of Speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be versed in the main figures of speech (schemes & tropes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know what they do to the reader, for the writer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rhetoric </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use PELIDS to identify and remember basic rhetorical strategies </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. PELIDS <ul><li>P pathos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most ads are emotional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speeches use imagery and high connotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot say author uses pathos alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to discuss purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E Ethos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Credibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to discuss purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>L Logos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rational and reasonable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is evidence valid? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PELIDS part 2 <ul><li>I Inductive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses examples to convince reader of logical validity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask if examples are valid, then the validity of the claim </li></ul></ul><ul><li>D Deductive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes claims then builds an argument based you accepting those claims are true </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask if claims are valid, then the validity of conclusions made by those claims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>S Syllogism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides two premises and then offers a conclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God Created mankind, all of God’s creations are good, mankind is good </li></ul></ul></ul>

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