most common joint disorders caused by aging & “wear and tear” on a joint (breakdown of cartilage). According to the Arthritis Foundation, the disease is most prevalent among individuals 45 years of age and older.
Cushion the joints Breakdown of cartilage cause the bone to rub each other Ligaments and muscles around the joint becomes weak and stiffer due to bony spurs
Being overweight , (obesity) Getting older ( aging ) Joint injury , mostly occurs on younger people Joints that are not properly formed A genetic defect in joint cartilage Stresses on the joints from certain jobs and playing sports
An individual must seek the diagnosis of a physician. After a physical examination and full detailing of symptoms have been discussed, the physician may also recommend X-rays to confirm presence of the disease.
Methods : - Medical history - Physical exam - X-rays Other tests such as blood tests or exams of the fluid in the joints are carried out to identify type of OA.
Joint movement may cause a cracking (grating) sound, called crepitation Joint swelling (bones around the joints may feel larger than normal) Limited range of motion Tenderness when the joint is pressed Normal movement is often painful
OA treatment plans can involved : Exercise Weight control Rest and joint care Nondrug pain relief techniques to control pain Complementary and alternative therapies
Decreased ability to perform everyday activities, such as personal hygiene, household chores, or cooking Decreased ability to walk
Trynot to use a painful joint at work or during activities over its limit!