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New york city


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New york city

  1. 1. New York City: The Crossroad of World Trade By, Victoria Herrera History 141 Online
  2. 2. The Country and the City Episode 1 <ul><li>Hudson sailed upon the Harbor of New York </li></ul><ul><li>New York was a experiment to see if all people of the world could live in one place </li></ul><ul><li>New York was founded by the Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>More languages were spoken in New York than in any other city in the world </li></ul><ul><li>New York had the finest harbor in the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>1624 the first boat load of colonists arrived to N.Y. </li></ul><ul><li>1626 the first African slaves arrived </li></ul><ul><li>New Amsterdam is where Modern Capitalism was invented </li></ul><ul><li>1643 Willem Kieft wanted to tax the local Indians and launched a year long was against them when they resisted </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Country and the City <ul><li>The English took over New Amsterdam and renamed it New York </li></ul><ul><li>1689 a local merchant named Jacob Leisler lead a up rising against the government </li></ul><ul><li>1763 the city fell into a depression </li></ul><ul><li>The merchants and the public were going to be taxed by English rule thus the road to revolution </li></ul><ul><li>The people revolted and the tax act was repealed </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton excited entire crowds to revolt against the crown </li></ul><ul><li>1775 the American Revolution started </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton soon became Washington’s closest aide </li></ul><ul><li>New York was the first capital of the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>1789 Washington was sworn in as the first president of the U.S. in New York City </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Country and the City <ul><li>As the capital moved out of New York it was the beginning of Civil War (City against Country) </li></ul><ul><li>N.Y. had the most debt due to the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>The government took on all the debt of the war (Hamilton’s idea) </li></ul><ul><li>1792 was the beginning of the New York Stock Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton single handedly started the most powerful economical engine on earth </li></ul><ul><li>Aster bought all undeveloped land he could get his hands on in Manhattan making him the wealthiest man in America </li></ul><ul><li>New York was to become the most man made artificial space in the history of the planet </li></ul><ul><li>Clinton wanted to build the Erie Canal </li></ul><ul><li>The Erie Canal paid for itself before it was even completed </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sunshine and Shadow Episode 3 <ul><li>Central Park would become the great democratic meeting ground </li></ul><ul><li>1870 everyone fought over control of Central Park </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1865-98 New York would become home to the greatest concentration of wealth in human history </li></ul><ul><li>Also the greatest division of wealth and poor </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty was conceived as a personal problem </li></ul><ul><li>The East River was the busiest stretch of water in the world </li></ul><ul><li>John Augustus Roebling drew up plans for the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, he died, leaving his son in charge </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sunshine and Shadow <ul><li>Boss William M. Tweed was the most corrupt urban Politician in American History </li></ul><ul><li>Al Smith became one of the most powerful politicians in the city </li></ul><ul><li>1873 the worst financial crises struck New York </li></ul><ul><li>John Morgan wanted to bring order to Wall Street </li></ul><ul><li>J P Morgan financially backed Thomas Edison’s projects (switching to electricity) </li></ul><ul><li>The Brooklyn Bridge was the beginning of the “vertical city” </li></ul><ul><li>1883 The People’s Day- The Brooklyn Bridge opened </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sunshine and Shadow <ul><li>1890 nearly half the millionaires in America had flocked into the city </li></ul><ul><li>Henry George was committed to closing the gap between rich and poor </li></ul><ul><li>1890, How the Other Half Lives went on sale, it would change forever the way people thought about the city </li></ul><ul><li>1892 Whitman died, he was the most celebrated poet in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Many people in New York realized they needed to do more than just stand by and watch </li></ul><ul><li>1898 there was a consolidation of New York but Brooklyn didn’t want in </li></ul><ul><li>After the consolidation there was a massive flow of immigrants into New York </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Merger That Puts New York on Top <ul><li>America Online decided to buy Time Warner </li></ul><ul><li>It’s success will depend in West Coast rivals and how they respond to the challenge </li></ul><ul><li>AOL will control 55% of the new company </li></ul><ul><li>New York’s most remarkable qualities is its ability to capture economic gains that started from other regions </li></ul><ul><li>AOL and Time Warner have not contributed to any technological innovation of the information age </li></ul><ul><li>Unless great Pacific metropolitan regions over come their rivalries and develop a common vision New York will never be the “capital of the next American century” </li></ul><ul><li>New York has faced a series of challenges to its status as the national metropolis </li></ul>
  9. 9. American Compared, Section IV: “Immigrants and Cities” Rybczynski, “The City in the Land of the Dollar” <ul><li>The Chicago Fair inspired the “City Beautiful” movement, a push to make over Chicago in the image of great European capitals </li></ul><ul><li>North American cities are without many of the conventional trappings of urbanity </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago is where the skyscraper was invented, where the idea of the American commercial downtown took root </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago was formed by the great commercial and industrial expansion of the late 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>The elevator was one of the most influential technologies (buildings could be as tall as they could build) </li></ul><ul><li>Steel-frame construction was pioneered in Chicago </li></ul>
  10. 10. American Compared, Section IV: “Immigrants and Cities” Rybczynski, “The City in the Land of the Dollar” <ul><li>What attracted people to Chicago was the promise of employment </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago had intended to build a great linear park </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago was missing an urban vision grand enough to encompass its growing and justifiable sense of importance </li></ul><ul><li>The Columbian Exposition was a spectacular naturalistic and formal landscaping combined with grand public buildings </li></ul><ul><li>The White City offered Americans a new urban model </li></ul><ul><li>The planning of the White City brought together a extraordinary group of talented creative individuals </li></ul>
  11. 11. American Compared, Section IV: “Immigrants and Cities” Rybczynski, “The City in the Land of the Dollar” <ul><li>The National Capital became a model for the rest of the country </li></ul><ul><li>“ City Beautiful” was a slogan for an urban improvement campaign </li></ul><ul><li>It was tall office buildings that set American cities apart from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial buildings were symbols of the entrepreneurial American city </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1920’s, North Michigan Ave became the site of some of the city’s tallest and most spectacular buildings </li></ul><ul><li>The city profitable replaced the city beautiful </li></ul>