Caring for the least‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of thesebrothers and sisters of mine, you did for me.’ Matthew 25:40
Commercial Sexual Exploitation (CSE) orDomestic Minor Sex Trafficking (DMST)Is the Buying, Selling or Trading of any sexual service, including but notlimited to:▪ Prostitution of a minor by a pimp▪ Prostitution of a minor by a family member▪ Street, escort or internet aided prostitution▪ Pornography Any form of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children is considered human trafficking under U.S. Law.
DMST in the United States▪ The Polaris Project estimates that there are between 100,000 and 300,000 children currently being prostituted in the US.▪ An additional 200,000 American children are at risk of being lured into sex trafficking each year.▪ The average age of entry into prostitution is 12-14 years of age.• 1 out of every 3 children who run away is lured into sex trafficking within 48 hours of leaving home.
Texas is a HUB for International & Domestic Human Trafficking▪ 3 of the top 10 largest cities in the US are in Texas▪ I-10 Corridor▪ Major International Airports▪ Major sporting events▪ Texas accounts for 14% of all calls received by the National Human Trafficking Resource Center. Dallas Women’s Foundation 2010 Study: Over 30 day period 740 girlswere marketed for commercial sex through escort or online ads. The study further estimates that on any given weekend in Texas there are close to 200 girls being sexually exploited through these ads.
Who are these children?All races, nationalities, gender, and socioeconomic classes of society.▪ Young▪ Female▪ Broken Families▪ Runaways▪ #1 decisive factor indicating the likelihood of becoming a human trafficking victim is Child Sexual Abuse
Incest is boot camp for prostitution.For girls who have experience incest, sexual abuse, or rape, theboundaries between love, sex, and pain become blurred.70- 90% of women in sex industry state they were sexually abuse priorto recruitment.Sexual abuse lays the groundwork. The pimp, the trafficker, doesn’t needto do much training. It’s already been done – by her father, her uncle, hermother’s boyfriend, her teacher. She is well prepared for what’s to come. Rachel Lloyd, Girls Like Us
Sex Trafficking victims need protective shelter where theirphysical, medical, emotional, and educational needs can be met; however, fewexist.As the awareness grows so does the number of those individuals, non-profits, churches, and donors who want to help. The “will to do good” isnot enough. National Colloquium: Shelter and Services Evaluation for Action (Shared Hope International, John’s Hopkins University, and ECPAT USA) George Sheldon for the Administration for Children and Families under HHS1. Identifying Sustainable Resources for Shelter and Restorative Care for Victims and Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking.2. Licensing and Maintaining Residential Facilities3. Therapeutic and Programmatic Responses
#2: Licensing & Maintaining ResidentialFacilitiesPanel discussion focused on the challenges experienced in obtaining and operating underparticular licensing, difficulties establishing and sustaining independent initiatives, andbenefits of integration into existing infrastructure and the formal child welfare system.Chapter 42 of the Texas Human Resources Code requires the TexasDepartment of Family & Protective Services (DFPS) to regulate child care andchild-placing activities in Texas, to investigate alleged abuse/neglect in child-care facilities, and to create and enforce minimum standards.This entity is referred to as Residential Child Care Licensing (RCCL)http://www.dfps.state.tx.us/child_care/* Exception: Boarding School For more information “Hope House NC”
Types of Licensure▪ General Residential Operation: Provides residential care for 13 or more children (Shelter, Child Care Only, Residential Treatment Facility) ; Minimum Standards Chapter 748▪ Child Placing Agency: A CPA verifies its foster homes and/or approves adoptive homes. The agency is responsible for regulating its homes for compliance with minimum standards. Licensing inspects the CPA to ensure the CPA is meeting minimum standards. Minimum Standards: Chapter 749 ▪ Foster Home (DFPS/ Private Agency): No more than 6 children ▪ Foster Group Home (DFPS/Private Agency: 7-12 Children▪ Independent Foster Home: Minimum Standards: Chapter 750 ▪ Independent Foster Home – A single independent home that is the primary residence of the foster parents and provides care for six or fewer children or young adults. ▪ Independent Foster Group Home: The Primary residence of the foster parent(s) and provides care for seven to 12 children or young adults;
Comparison:▪ General Residential Operation: 13 or more children; Board, Full Time Child Care Administrator, Treatment Director if providing treatment services, Policies , Procedures, Budget, Cash Reserves of 3 months of operation.▪ Child Placing Agency: A CPA recruits and verifies foster homes and places children in foster homes; Board, Full Time Child Placement Administrator, Treatment Director if providing treatment services; Policies , Procedures, Budget, Cash Reserves of 3 months of operation. ▪ Foster Home (DFPS/ Private Agency): No more than 6 children (no board/ no administrator/ no policies/procedures); does not place children only receives children. ▪ Foster Group Home (DFPS/Private Agency: 7-12 (no board/ no administrator/no polices/procedures) does not place children only receives children.▪ Independent Foster Home: Board, Executive Director, Treatment Director if providing treatment services; Policies , Procedures, Budget, Cash Reserves of 3 months of operation. A single independent home that is the primary residence of the foster parents and provides care for six or fewer children or young adults.▪ Independent Foster Group Home: Board, Executive Director, Treatment Director if providing treatment services; Policies , Procedures, Budget, Cash Reserves of 3 months of operation. The Primary residence of the foster parent(s) and provides care for seven to 12 children or young adults;
SimilaritiesIncorporationGoverning BodyPolicies & ProceduresBudgetCash ReservesModel of CareAdmission Criteria (& Capacity)StaffLicensed by RCCLFire InspectionHealth Department InspectionWell InspectionMedical CarePsychological CareEducation
Being licensed does not guarantee that you willget children. RCCL = LicensureCPS = Placement (but must have DFPS contract)Juvenile Probation= Contract if charging rateAttorney General, Law Enforcement, FBI (but parent or guardian must consent to placement)
#3 Therapeutic and Programmatic ResponsesThe panel explored/debated promising practices and how/if they arebeing measured? What does successful completion of a program meanand how are exit strategies developed.In other words what are the CORE COMPONENTS of safe houses thatwork with DMST Victims.Licensed, Victims centered and Strength based, Traumainformed, Non punitive, Vocational & Life Skills TrainingStill being debated: location, survivor led vs. survivorinformed, residential vs. foster home
Experts Agree:This population is different than any other Child Welfare or JuvenileProbation Groups.Much research is still needed.Success needs to be redefined: How many positive relationships thechild has, has the length of time since last running episode increase,while on run away did the child call to say where he/she was, did theycome back on their own. “Our most successful kids that we have now are the ones that have ran an average of 7 or 8 times”. Dennis Morrow, Janus Youth Programs, Oregon
Resources▪ Girls Like Us, Rachel Lloyd▪ Renting Lacy, Linda Smith▪ The White Umbrella, Mary Frances Bowley▪ Shared Hope International▪ Children at Risk▪ Free the Captives Kellie Armstrong, MSW, LCCA, Independent Consultant Kellie.R.Armstong@Gmail.com