Published on

Published in: Travel
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Romania

    1. 3. Romania
    2. 5. The Carpathian Mountains divide Romania's upper half from north to south and connect near the center of the country with the Transylvanian Alps, running east and west
    3. 6. Regions
    4. 7. <ul><li>The capital city of Romania is Bucharest the official language of the country is Romanian and it is the only Latin language in the Slavic area </li></ul>
    5. 8. <ul><li>Today Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic and became part of The European Union in 2007 and is also a member of the United Nations, the Latin Union, of the Francophone countries and NATO </li></ul>
    6. 9. HISTORY <ul><li>Archaeological findings trace the very early history of habitation on Romanian territory to some one or two million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>In 2002, the oldest modern (Homo sapiens sapiens) remains in Europe, have been discovered in the “Cave With Bones” in Romania. Nicknamd “John of Anina”, his remains are aproximately 42,000 years old </li></ul>
    7. 10. <ul><li>Vestiges of Neolithic cultures (between ca. 5500 BC and 2300 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>The earliest written evidence of people living in the territory of the present-day Romania comes from “Herodotus” in book IV of his Histories written 440 years BC where he writes about the Dacians </li></ul>
    8. 11. <ul><li>The Geto-Dacians 6th century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Collonies: Histria, Callatis,Tomis </li></ul><ul><li>Dacian capital : Sarmizegetusa (1st century) </li></ul><ul><li>Roman conquest of Dacia stands at the base of the origins of Romanians </li></ul>
    9. 12. <ul><li>Early middle ages (Dark ages) 271-1241 </li></ul><ul><li>In the year 275 the Roman army and administration left Dacia and other Different people from other kingdoms(Goths, Huns, Gepids, Avars, Slavs) migrated and lived with the Romanians for over 1000 years </li></ul>
    10. 13. <ul><li>Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Romania = 3 principalities : Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania (part of the Kingdom of Hungary between the 11th and 16th century) </li></ul><ul><li>Early Modern Period </li></ul><ul><li>16th century – Moldavia, Wallachia and Transylvania came under the suzerainty) of the Ottoman Empire(they had to pay tribute but had fully internal autonomy) </li></ul><ul><li>In 1600 Michael the Brave was the Prince of Wallachia,Transylvania and Moldova proclaimed himself prince of the three regions and united the three principalities for the first time under a single rule. After he was killed the principalities were again split </li></ul>
    11. 14. <ul><li>National awakening </li></ul><ul><li>Transylvania was ruled by the Austro Hungarian Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Moldavia and Wallachia were under Ottoman suzerainty </li></ul><ul><li>Romanians were second class citizens on their own territory, and they were the majority of the population too </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of a national state apperared: nationalist Romanians looked for models of nationality in the other Latin countries, especially France </li></ul>
    12. 15. <ul><li>Romanian war of independence </li></ul><ul><li>1859 Alexandru Ioan Cuza unites Moldavia and Wallachia under his personal rule. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romanian War of Independence was fought in 1877 against the Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>1878- Romania was recognized as an independent state by the Great Powers in the Treaty of Berlin making it the first independent national state in the eastern half of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Prince Carol I was proclaimed the first King of Romania on March 26, 1881. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1878-1914 period was one of stability and progress for Romania </li></ul>
    13. 16. <ul><li>World War I </li></ul><ul><li>After a two years' period of neutrality, in 1916, Romania joined France, Britain, Russia and Italy in war (the Allies), with a view to liberating the Romanians (from Transylvania) from under Austria-Hungary's rule </li></ul><ul><li>In May 1918, Romania was in no position to continue the war, and negotiated a peace treaty with Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Romania reenters the war, November 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>On the 1st of December, 1918, the great national assembly in Alba Iulia proclaimed the unification of all Romanians. This became the national day and gave birth to “Greater Romania”, that refers to the state in the interwar period. Romania achieved at that time its greatest territorial extent managing to unite all the historic Romanian lands </li></ul>
    14. 17. <ul><li>World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Romania tried again to be neutral but was threatened by the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>In 1940, Romania underwent severe territorial losses Bessarabia and the northern part of Bukovina were snatched by the Soviet Union, northern Transylvania was annexed by Hungary, while Bulgaria seized the southern part of Dobrudja. </li></ul><ul><li>his was mainly due to the fact that Romania had strained relations with both the Soviet Union and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>The Paris Peace Treaty (1947) made Romania re-establish its sovereign rights over Transylvania. But Bessarabia, northern Bukovina and the Herta area passed under Soviet occupation </li></ul>
    15. 18. <ul><li>Communism </li></ul><ul><li>In 1947, King Michael I was forced by the Communists to abdicate and leave the country, Romania was proclaimed a republic , and remained under direct military and economic control of the Soviet Union until the late 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>The leader of Romania from 1948 to his death in 1965 was Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, the First Secretary of the Romanian Worker’s Party, who first sowed the seeds of greater independence from the Soviet Union by persuading Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev to withdraw troops from Romania in April 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>After the negotiated retreat of Soviet troops, Romania, under the new leadership of Nicolae Ceausescu, started to pursue independent policies </li></ul>
    16. 19. BUCHAREST
    17. 23. Palace of Parliament
    18. 26. CONSTANTA
    19. 27. Iasi
    20. 28. Suceava
    21. 29. SIBIU
    22. 31. Timisoara
    23. 33. BRASOV
    25. 35. Sighisoara
    26. 36. Traditions Customs
    27. 39. The Danube Delta
    28. 41. The Carpathians
    29. 45. Retezat National Park
    30. 46. Castles and Fortresses
    31. 47. The Bran Castle (Dracula Castle)
    32. 49. The Peles Castle
    33. 53. Huniad Castle
    34. 55. The Cave of the Bears
    35. 56. The Monasteries
    36. 58. The Black Sea
    37. 59. Lifestyle
    38. 60. Sports <ul><li>Nadia Comaneci was the first person in Gymnastics History to score a perfect 10 at the Montreal Olympics in 1976 </li></ul>