SlideShare a Scribd company logo
NYC’s Startup SceneWhat Makes It Special? http://www.flickr.com/photos/djmidway/2360717501/
Some History http://www.flickr.com/photos/28978275@N06/2871963642/
What Is Driving This Behavior?
Factor Number OneDiversity Of Industry http://www.flickr.com/photos/nicoatridge/375822904/
Factor NumberTwoNYC Is Application Focused
Factor Number ThreeNYC Is MediaObsessed http://www.flickr.com/photos/guatemalaholla/205391310/
Factor NumberFourNYC Is Creative Minded http://www.flickr.com/photos/goldworld/461641624/
Factor Number FiveNYC Is Entrepreneurial and Always Has Been http://www.thebeadsite.com/FRO-MANG.html
Factor NumberSixThe NYC Lifestyle http://www.flickr.com/photos/delusionproductions/3218229223/
Factor Number SevenDensity of People and Things
Factor Number EightInternational Trade Hub http://www.flickr.com/photos/11606523@N06/2708685733/
Factor Number NineBright Ambitious Young Adults http://www.flickr.com/photos/mischiru/489556007/
Factor Number TenA Commercial Mindset http://www.flickr.com/photos/jameshannan/2205883082/
Factor Number ElevenImmigrants http://housecallsinthegardenstate.com/images/EllisIslandProcessing.jpg
Factor Number TwelveThe World’s Biggest Stage http://www.flickr.com/photos/joncronin/99303860/
So What? Why Are These Factors Important?
The NY School Of Web Design Taxi, Ted Croner, 1947
Where Is NYC Leading?
New Commerce Models
Jobs 2.0
Ad Tech
SEM & SEO
Getting People Off The Web
Publishing 2.0
Email
Other Areas? http://www.flickr.com/photos/crystaljingsr/3914729343/
In Conclusion
In Conclusion Taxi, Ted Croner, 1947
In Conclusion
In Conclusion http://www.flickr.com/photos/pfala/2402698820/
What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (revised draft)

More Related Content

Similar to What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (revised draft)

What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (draft)
What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (draft)What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (draft)
What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (draft)
fredwilson
 
Introduction
IntroductionIntroduction
Introduction
f1679765x
 
Why Use Technology in the Classroom
Why Use Technology in the ClassroomWhy Use Technology in the Classroom
Why Use Technology in the Classroom
Bethany Smith
 
The Impact of Technology on Dementia Care Services
The Impact of Technology on Dementia Care ServicesThe Impact of Technology on Dementia Care Services
The Impact of Technology on Dementia Care Services
JJ Lassberg
 
The Tipping Point of the Global Internet Economy
The Tipping Point of the Global Internet EconomyThe Tipping Point of the Global Internet Economy
The Tipping Point of the Global Internet Economy
Paul Papadimitriou
 
Library 2.0: Melbourne Workshop #6
Library 2.0: Melbourne Workshop #6Library 2.0: Melbourne Workshop #6
Library 2.0: Melbourne Workshop #6
hblowers
 
Innovation Starts with "I"
Innovation Starts with "I"Innovation Starts with "I"
Innovation Starts with "I"
hblowers
 
Ascd slides 2012
Ascd slides 2012Ascd slides 2012
Ascd slides 2012
Jeff Piontek
 
Freak Out, Geek Out, or Seek Out: Dealing with Tech Change and Customer Engag...
Freak Out, Geek Out, or Seek Out: Dealing with Tech Change and Customer Engag...Freak Out, Geek Out, or Seek Out: Dealing with Tech Change and Customer Engag...
Freak Out, Geek Out, or Seek Out: Dealing with Tech Change and Customer Engag...
David King
 
Can The Third Sector Use Second Life Roo Reynolds
Can The Third Sector Use Second Life   Roo ReynoldsCan The Third Sector Use Second Life   Roo Reynolds
Can The Third Sector Use Second Life Roo Reynolds
Roo Reynolds
 
Product Management
Product ManagementProduct Management
Product Management
Vanina Delobelle
 
Innovation Master Class
Innovation Master ClassInnovation Master Class
Innovation Master Class
hblowers
 
"Ferramentas Sociais, Gestão do Conhecimento e Inovação" - Ana Neves
"Ferramentas Sociais, Gestão do Conhecimento e Inovação" - Ana Neves"Ferramentas Sociais, Gestão do Conhecimento e Inovação" - Ana Neves
"Ferramentas Sociais, Gestão do Conhecimento e Inovação" - Ana Neves
Sociedade Brasileira de Gestão do Conhecimento
 
Product Management
Product ManagementProduct Management
Product Management
gueste6ef41
 
Inspiration, Innovation & Lessons Learned from Soap Bubbles
Inspiration, Innovation & Lessons Learned from Soap BubblesInspiration, Innovation & Lessons Learned from Soap Bubbles
Inspiration, Innovation & Lessons Learned from Soap Bubbles
hblowers
 
Lebron Edwin: Technology Zombies
Lebron Edwin: Technology ZombiesLebron Edwin: Technology Zombies
Lebron Edwin: Technology Zombies
emlebron
 
The Hard Truth About Social Media
The Hard Truth About Social MediaThe Hard Truth About Social Media
The Hard Truth About Social Media
Anthology Marketing Group
 
Hat mLearning an Universitäten Zukunft?
Hat mLearning an Universitäten Zukunft?Hat mLearning an Universitäten Zukunft?
Hat mLearning an Universitäten Zukunft?
Martin Ebner
 
Innovation : Fresh Practice
Innovation : Fresh PracticeInnovation : Fresh Practice
Innovation : Fresh Practice
hblowers
 
Innovation Start with "I"
Innovation Start with "I"Innovation Start with "I"
Innovation Start with "I"
hblowers
 

Similar to What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (revised draft) (20)

What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (draft)
What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (draft)What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (draft)
What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (draft)
 
Introduction
IntroductionIntroduction
Introduction
 
Why Use Technology in the Classroom
Why Use Technology in the ClassroomWhy Use Technology in the Classroom
Why Use Technology in the Classroom
 
The Impact of Technology on Dementia Care Services
The Impact of Technology on Dementia Care ServicesThe Impact of Technology on Dementia Care Services
The Impact of Technology on Dementia Care Services
 
The Tipping Point of the Global Internet Economy
The Tipping Point of the Global Internet EconomyThe Tipping Point of the Global Internet Economy
The Tipping Point of the Global Internet Economy
 
Library 2.0: Melbourne Workshop #6
Library 2.0: Melbourne Workshop #6Library 2.0: Melbourne Workshop #6
Library 2.0: Melbourne Workshop #6
 
Innovation Starts with "I"
Innovation Starts with "I"Innovation Starts with "I"
Innovation Starts with "I"
 
Ascd slides 2012
Ascd slides 2012Ascd slides 2012
Ascd slides 2012
 
Freak Out, Geek Out, or Seek Out: Dealing with Tech Change and Customer Engag...
Freak Out, Geek Out, or Seek Out: Dealing with Tech Change and Customer Engag...Freak Out, Geek Out, or Seek Out: Dealing with Tech Change and Customer Engag...
Freak Out, Geek Out, or Seek Out: Dealing with Tech Change and Customer Engag...
 
Can The Third Sector Use Second Life Roo Reynolds
Can The Third Sector Use Second Life   Roo ReynoldsCan The Third Sector Use Second Life   Roo Reynolds
Can The Third Sector Use Second Life Roo Reynolds
 
Product Management
Product ManagementProduct Management
Product Management
 
Innovation Master Class
Innovation Master ClassInnovation Master Class
Innovation Master Class
 
"Ferramentas Sociais, Gestão do Conhecimento e Inovação" - Ana Neves
"Ferramentas Sociais, Gestão do Conhecimento e Inovação" - Ana Neves"Ferramentas Sociais, Gestão do Conhecimento e Inovação" - Ana Neves
"Ferramentas Sociais, Gestão do Conhecimento e Inovação" - Ana Neves
 
Product Management
Product ManagementProduct Management
Product Management
 
Inspiration, Innovation & Lessons Learned from Soap Bubbles
Inspiration, Innovation & Lessons Learned from Soap BubblesInspiration, Innovation & Lessons Learned from Soap Bubbles
Inspiration, Innovation & Lessons Learned from Soap Bubbles
 
Lebron Edwin: Technology Zombies
Lebron Edwin: Technology ZombiesLebron Edwin: Technology Zombies
Lebron Edwin: Technology Zombies
 
The Hard Truth About Social Media
The Hard Truth About Social MediaThe Hard Truth About Social Media
The Hard Truth About Social Media
 
Hat mLearning an Universitäten Zukunft?
Hat mLearning an Universitäten Zukunft?Hat mLearning an Universitäten Zukunft?
Hat mLearning an Universitäten Zukunft?
 
Innovation : Fresh Practice
Innovation : Fresh PracticeInnovation : Fresh Practice
Innovation : Fresh Practice
 
Innovation Start with "I"
Innovation Start with "I"Innovation Start with "I"
Innovation Start with "I"
 

More from fredwilson

Carlota Perez at Triple Helix Conference Stanford 2011
Carlota Perez at Triple Helix Conference Stanford 2011Carlota Perez at Triple Helix Conference Stanford 2011
Carlota Perez at Triple Helix Conference Stanford 2011
fredwilson
 
Ten Ways To Be Your Own Boss
Ten Ways To Be Your Own BossTen Ways To Be Your Own Boss
Ten Ways To Be Your Own Boss
fredwilson
 
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web AppsThe 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
fredwilson
 
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web AppsThe 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
fredwilson
 
The Ten Golden Principals For Successful Web Apps
The Ten Golden Principals For Successful Web AppsThe Ten Golden Principals For Successful Web Apps
The Ten Golden Principals For Successful Web Apps
fredwilson
 
Social Recruiting Summit
Social Recruiting SummitSocial Recruiting Summit
Social Recruiting Summit
fredwilson
 
Social Recruiting Summit Keynote
Social Recruiting Summit KeynoteSocial Recruiting Summit Keynote
Social Recruiting Summit Keynote
fredwilson
 
Disruption - Final Version
Disruption - Final VersionDisruption - Final Version
Disruption - Final Version
fredwilson
 
Disruption
DisruptionDisruption
Disruption
fredwilson
 
Ad Age Keynote
Ad Age KeynoteAd Age Keynote
Ad Age Keynote
fredwilson
 
Ad Age Keynote - First Draft
Ad Age Keynote - First DraftAd Age Keynote - First Draft
Ad Age Keynote - First Draft
fredwilson
 
There's No Such Thing As A Crystal Ball
There's No Such Thing As A Crystal BallThere's No Such Thing As A Crystal Ball
There's No Such Thing As A Crystal Ball
fredwilson
 
Startup culture, the Internet, and Television
Startup culture, the Internet, and TelevisionStartup culture, the Internet, and Television
Startup culture, the Internet, and Television
fredwilson
 
Soccomm Presentation
Soccomm PresentationSoccomm Presentation
Soccomm Presentation
fredwilson
 
Widget Web Deck
Widget Web DeckWidget Web Deck
Widget Web Deck
fredwilson
 
Media 2020 Deck
Media 2020 DeckMedia 2020 Deck
Media 2020 Deck
fredwilson
 

More from fredwilson (16)

Carlota Perez at Triple Helix Conference Stanford 2011
Carlota Perez at Triple Helix Conference Stanford 2011Carlota Perez at Triple Helix Conference Stanford 2011
Carlota Perez at Triple Helix Conference Stanford 2011
 
Ten Ways To Be Your Own Boss
Ten Ways To Be Your Own BossTen Ways To Be Your Own Boss
Ten Ways To Be Your Own Boss
 
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web AppsThe 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
 
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web AppsThe 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
The 10 Golden Principles for Successful Web Apps
 
The Ten Golden Principals For Successful Web Apps
The Ten Golden Principals For Successful Web AppsThe Ten Golden Principals For Successful Web Apps
The Ten Golden Principals For Successful Web Apps
 
Social Recruiting Summit
Social Recruiting SummitSocial Recruiting Summit
Social Recruiting Summit
 
Social Recruiting Summit Keynote
Social Recruiting Summit KeynoteSocial Recruiting Summit Keynote
Social Recruiting Summit Keynote
 
Disruption - Final Version
Disruption - Final VersionDisruption - Final Version
Disruption - Final Version
 
Disruption
DisruptionDisruption
Disruption
 
Ad Age Keynote
Ad Age KeynoteAd Age Keynote
Ad Age Keynote
 
Ad Age Keynote - First Draft
Ad Age Keynote - First DraftAd Age Keynote - First Draft
Ad Age Keynote - First Draft
 
There's No Such Thing As A Crystal Ball
There's No Such Thing As A Crystal BallThere's No Such Thing As A Crystal Ball
There's No Such Thing As A Crystal Ball
 
Startup culture, the Internet, and Television
Startup culture, the Internet, and TelevisionStartup culture, the Internet, and Television
Startup culture, the Internet, and Television
 
Soccomm Presentation
Soccomm PresentationSoccomm Presentation
Soccomm Presentation
 
Widget Web Deck
Widget Web DeckWidget Web Deck
Widget Web Deck
 
Media 2020 Deck
Media 2020 DeckMedia 2020 Deck
Media 2020 Deck
 

Recently uploaded

Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeckPoznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
FilipTomaszewski5
 
inQuba Webinar Mastering Customer Journey Management with Dr Graham Hill
inQuba Webinar Mastering Customer Journey Management with Dr Graham HillinQuba Webinar Mastering Customer Journey Management with Dr Graham Hill
inQuba Webinar Mastering Customer Journey Management with Dr Graham Hill
LizaNolte
 
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w..."What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
Fwdays
 
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdfSession 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
UiPathCommunity
 
What is an RPA CoE? Session 1 – CoE Vision
What is an RPA CoE?  Session 1 – CoE VisionWhat is an RPA CoE?  Session 1 – CoE Vision
What is an RPA CoE? Session 1 – CoE Vision
DianaGray10
 
Demystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Demystifying Knowledge Management through StorytellingDemystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Demystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Enterprise Knowledge
 
QR Secure: A Hybrid Approach Using Machine Learning and Security Validation F...
QR Secure: A Hybrid Approach Using Machine Learning and Security Validation F...QR Secure: A Hybrid Approach Using Machine Learning and Security Validation F...
QR Secure: A Hybrid Approach Using Machine Learning and Security Validation F...
AlexanderRichford
 
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin..."$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
Fwdays
 
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptxThe Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
operationspcvita
 
Mutation Testing for Task-Oriented Chatbots
Mutation Testing for Task-Oriented ChatbotsMutation Testing for Task-Oriented Chatbots
Mutation Testing for Task-Oriented Chatbots
Pablo Gómez Abajo
 
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking ReplicationScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB
 
AI in the Workplace Reskilling, Upskilling, and Future Work.pptx
AI in the Workplace Reskilling, Upskilling, and Future Work.pptxAI in the Workplace Reskilling, Upskilling, and Future Work.pptx
AI in the Workplace Reskilling, Upskilling, and Future Work.pptx
Sunil Jagani
 
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance PanelsNorthern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving
 
Connector Corner: Seamlessly power UiPath Apps, GenAI with prebuilt connectors
Connector Corner: Seamlessly power UiPath Apps, GenAI with prebuilt connectorsConnector Corner: Seamlessly power UiPath Apps, GenAI with prebuilt connectors
Connector Corner: Seamlessly power UiPath Apps, GenAI with prebuilt connectors
DianaGray10
 
Must Know Postgres Extension for DBA and Developer during Migration
Must Know Postgres Extension for DBA and Developer during MigrationMust Know Postgres Extension for DBA and Developer during Migration
Must Know Postgres Extension for DBA and Developer during Migration
Mydbops
 
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PPY-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
c5vrf27qcz
 
AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C03)
AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C03)AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C03)
AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C03)
HarpalGohil4
 
A Deep Dive into ScyllaDB's Architecture
A Deep Dive into ScyllaDB's ArchitectureA Deep Dive into ScyllaDB's Architecture
A Deep Dive into ScyllaDB's Architecture
ScyllaDB
 
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
zjhamm304
 
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation ParametersEssentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Safe Software
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeckPoznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
 
inQuba Webinar Mastering Customer Journey Management with Dr Graham Hill
inQuba Webinar Mastering Customer Journey Management with Dr Graham HillinQuba Webinar Mastering Customer Journey Management with Dr Graham Hill
inQuba Webinar Mastering Customer Journey Management with Dr Graham Hill
 
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w..."What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
 
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdfSession 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
 
What is an RPA CoE? Session 1 – CoE Vision
What is an RPA CoE?  Session 1 – CoE VisionWhat is an RPA CoE?  Session 1 – CoE Vision
What is an RPA CoE? Session 1 – CoE Vision
 
Demystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Demystifying Knowledge Management through StorytellingDemystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Demystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
 
QR Secure: A Hybrid Approach Using Machine Learning and Security Validation F...
QR Secure: A Hybrid Approach Using Machine Learning and Security Validation F...QR Secure: A Hybrid Approach Using Machine Learning and Security Validation F...
QR Secure: A Hybrid Approach Using Machine Learning and Security Validation F...
 
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin..."$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
 
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptxThe Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
 
Mutation Testing for Task-Oriented Chatbots
Mutation Testing for Task-Oriented ChatbotsMutation Testing for Task-Oriented Chatbots
Mutation Testing for Task-Oriented Chatbots
 
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking ReplicationScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
 
AI in the Workplace Reskilling, Upskilling, and Future Work.pptx
AI in the Workplace Reskilling, Upskilling, and Future Work.pptxAI in the Workplace Reskilling, Upskilling, and Future Work.pptx
AI in the Workplace Reskilling, Upskilling, and Future Work.pptx
 
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance PanelsNorthern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
 
Connector Corner: Seamlessly power UiPath Apps, GenAI with prebuilt connectors
Connector Corner: Seamlessly power UiPath Apps, GenAI with prebuilt connectorsConnector Corner: Seamlessly power UiPath Apps, GenAI with prebuilt connectors
Connector Corner: Seamlessly power UiPath Apps, GenAI with prebuilt connectors
 
Must Know Postgres Extension for DBA and Developer during Migration
Must Know Postgres Extension for DBA and Developer during MigrationMust Know Postgres Extension for DBA and Developer during Migration
Must Know Postgres Extension for DBA and Developer during Migration
 
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PPY-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
 
AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C03)
AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C03)AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C03)
AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C03)
 
A Deep Dive into ScyllaDB's Architecture
A Deep Dive into ScyllaDB's ArchitectureA Deep Dive into ScyllaDB's Architecture
A Deep Dive into ScyllaDB's Architecture
 
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
 
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation ParametersEssentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
 

What Makes NYC's Startup Scene Special? (revised draft)