What is Heutagogy?


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A curated conversation of the book Self-Determined Learning edited by Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon featuring 50 words on every chapter trying to answer the question "What is Heutagogy?" for World Heutagogy Day 26 September 2013

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  • Ute, I am Fred. Well there are two ways of looking at this. If you are asking is their heutagogic content, then I would say no. Heutagogy is a process of developing self-determined learning skills in learners. It would be more of a co-creation process (see slides on 'co-creating open scholarship') and involving changes in the role of the teacher (See the slides on Craft of e-Teaching). You can use participant design to develop content, look at the Ecology of Resources Toolkit http://www.ld-grid.org/resources/methods-and-methodologies/eor, but the process is about, perhaps, learners developed Personal Learning Networks and the 'teacher' evaluating them. You can use a tool like xtlearn.net to create this; http://xtlearn.net/Welcome I will blog on this on my heutagogy blog, or maybe on WikiQuals. Hope this helps - Fred
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  • Hi Dennis. We've just attended the Learning Landscape conference in Cape Town and the term Heutology came up time and again... are you possibly looking at developing a course that will show-case how to develop learning materials in line with heutological principles?
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  • Wow Denis, great comment, and insights into your own self-directed pathway, thanks! My Beatles chapter comes both from a free novel about learning (my own - you can have the Kindle if you want) 63/68 A Visceral History http://www.scribd.com/collections/2454050/63-68-A-Visceral-History AND a blog that came from it - Beatles YouTube Album http://jpgringo2.wordpress.com/2010/05/01/beatles-live-1957-1963/
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  • I grew up in the suburbs of Liverpool and went to school with boys who had their own groups ... I never actually saw the Beatles but jumped for joy when the BBC programme Juke Box Jury gave 'Please Please me' a 'Hit'. I was revising for my finals at Loughborough University in Cybernetics and Ergonomics when Sgt Pepper came out ... it was so fantastic a real piece of inspirational music. But to see it a the result of Heutagogic learning is very insightful. When I spent 3 years conducting my own investigations into Creativity in the late 70's I was following my own self-directed pathway and boy was it great fun. Mine was a Personal curicula. My subsequent experimentations paved the way to a fantastic career. I used to call myself a Barn Dance caller because I designed every lesson my MBA student cohort experienced as if it was an experiment in Explore:Represent:Share. They were full of solo, pair, trio enquiry, presentation and reflection loops and the students got great marks in the exams. There was something in the Liverpool air that inspired radical ideas. Stewart I will ask my daughter to get me a copy of your book for Christmas. So pleased you had the World Heutagogy Day and I am a member of the LinkedIn group. Well done to all who contributed to the slideshare.
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  • What is Heutagogy?

    1. 1. What is Heutagogy? a curated conversation #whday13
    2. 2. What is Heutagogy? Find out in; • Self-Determined Learning • Edited by Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon • Published by Bloomsbury Academic Self-Determined Learning; Edited by Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon; http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/self-determined-learning-9781441142771/
    3. 3. The fundamentals of heutagogy Part 1 - Self-Determined Learning; Edited by Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon; http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/self-determined-learning-9781441142771/
    4. 4. Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon Heutagogy Fundamentals; • Self-determined learning has a focus on what the learner wants to learn & how they might learn it • 7 elements; Approval, facilitators, choice, agreement, review, assessment, feedback • Benefits; empowerment, capabilities, open-ended • Challenges; facilitation, time, culture, assessment From Andragogy to Heutagogy - Hase & Kenyon; http://www.psy.gla.ac.uk/~steve/pr/Heutagogy.html
    5. 5. Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon What is the Nature of Learning? • Andragogy & heutagogy underpinned by humanism and constructivism; Andragogy with motivation - heutagogy with double-loop learning. This also challenges our deepest values, beliefs and ways of knowing. • Learning is a complex interaction of myriad influences including; genes, neurophysiology, physical state, social experiences, and psychological factors. • The learner may end up making a whole bunch of cognitive leaps and end up seeing the world in completely different ways… Heutagogy and developing capable people – Hase & Kenyon; http://works.bepress.com/stewart_hase/80/
    6. 6. Fred Emery in 1965 Assessment in the education system; • “School pokes your eyes out. • University teaches you Braille • Postgraduate Education is speed reading in Braille” The causal texture of organizational environments – Fred Emery & E. Trist; http://www.moderntimesworkplace.com/archives/ericsess/sessvol3/GEMTRCAUp53.pdf
    7. 7. Applying Heutagogy in Formal Education Part 2 - Self-Determined Learning; Edited by Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon; http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/self-determined-learning-9781441142771/
    8. 8. Bob Dick Crafting The Context… • Crafting learner-centred processes requires 7 elements; group formation, community building, meeting previous cohort, contact with practitioners, life and career planning, experiential learning, course design • To elicit constructive learning behaviours and rules • Assessment needs to negotiated and the organisation managed. • Learner-centred activities have universal aspects; challenge, autonomy, support Democracy for Learners – Bob Dick; http://www.aral.com.au/DLitt/DLitt04educ.pdf
    9. 9. Lisa-Marie Blashke Self-Determined Learning Skills (and e-learning) • New technology features; connectivity & social rapport, content discovery & sharing, content creation, knowledge & information aggregation & content modification • Heutagogy is; double-loop learning, capability development, learner-directed learning, non-linear design & learning approach, group collaboration • Heutagogy & new technology needs; #digital literacy skills, co-creating communities of learning, online reflective journals, scaffolded learning process, formative and negotiated assessment, exploration & experimentation, open learning environments. Lisa Marie Blaschke publications; http://lisamarieblaschke.pbworks.com/w/page/62874740/Publications
    10. 10. Trevor Kerry Principles of Heutagogy & Post-Grad Distance Learning; • Tutorials need; speed, tone, student expertise, learning alongside, encouraging independence, pastoral concern. • Heutagogical Principles; a) Learning when the learner is ready, b) Learning is a complex process, c) Learning triggered by the learner, d) Student-centred >producing> • Heutagogigical Capabilities; self-sufficiency in learning, reflexivity, applicability of what is learnt, positive learning values • In e-contexts learners need; a) ability to learn for themselves, b) belief in their power to learn c) exercise powers of judgement Professor Trevor Kerry publications; http://staff.lincoln.ac.uk/tkerry
    11. 11. Mike Ramsay, John Hurley, Gavin Neilson Workplace Learning for Nurses; • Nursing as an emergent profession learning from professional practice needs a progressive student based capability hierarchy moving onwards from being pedagogy-capable to heutagogy-capable • Increasingly complex set of learning capabilities; knowledge, practice, skills, attitudes. • Transforming clinical practice-based learning; needs mentors who keep learning cyclical & enable student reflection. Students who question theory, are also critical of practice, explore their own values – even when this is discomforting for mentors… John Hurley research publications; http://works.bepress.com/john_hurley/doctype.html
    12. 12. Barbara Brandt The Learners Perspective; • Heutagogy as alter-ego. Using Stewart Hase, Edward Taylor, Ian Baptiste as learning alter-egos • “I learnt to do school at a very young age” > Find out what the teacher wants/do it/reap rewards of good grades. Learning that I wanted to do I did in my own time… • …“Enjoying this bit of informal e-learning” • In self-determined learning I could trust the negotiation process of reading and assessment. I trusted other students and remembered the considerable personal growth from stepping out of my comfort zone Barbara A Brandt Honors Student Minnesota; http://www.d.umn.edu/math/news/index.html
    13. 13. Heutagogy in the wider Educational World Part 3 – Self-Determined Learning; Edited by Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon; http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/self-determined-learning-9781441142771/
    14. 14. Fred Garnett Learning Creativity - All You Need is Heutagogy; • The Beatles “pedagogic” period 62/64 produced Mersey Beat pop hit singles schooled by producer George Martin > Hard Days Night • Andragogic Beatles 64/66 absorbed peer influences (Dylan etc), inventing the self-contained rock group, and the rock album, with Rubber Soul • Heutagogic experimental period Beatles 66/67 played the studio crafting unique song soundscapes, donned the metaphor Sgt Pepper to free them up to transform musical events into cultural artefacts > Day in the Life… All you Need is Heutagogy; http://fred6368.wordpress.com/2009/10/31/all-you-need-is-heutagogy/
    15. 15. Ronan O’Beirne, Fred Garnett Putting Heutagogy into informal e-learning • Making learning fit for context • In developing informal e-learning we had seen the value of putting andragogy into learning design. • The interdisciplinary learner-generated contexts research group argued for treating the world as an “ecology of resources” and built the open context model of learning based on the development framework the Pedagogy Andragogy Heutagogy PAH Continuum – enabling agency & structure across all sectors of learning. Open Context Model of Learning; http://www.slideshare.net/fredgarnett/nefg-opencontextmodelcraftteachingoutlinev4
    16. 16. Pedagogy, Andragogy, Heutagogy Continuum Knowledge Creation Process negotiation Subject Understanding Knowledge Production Context EpistemicMetacognitiveCognitiveCognition Level doctoral research adult educationschoolsEducation sector learnerteacher/learnerteacherLocus of Control HeutagogyAndragogyPedagogy Question; What? Why? Why Not?
    17. 17. Jane Eberle Lifelong Learning; • Heutagogy, with its feature of double-loop learning, is not just for adult learners. It allows for freedom of thought, original ideas and the opportunity to enrich learning by active participation. • Combined with Universal Design for Learning a template that can be developed to allow instructors and students alike to be creative and enjoy a mutual respect of ideas Heutagogy: It Isn’t Your Mother’s Pedagogy Any More –Jane Eberle & M Childress; http://www.nssa.us/journals/2007-28-1/2007-28-1-04.htm
    18. 18. Stewart Hase Learner-defined learning • Combined with systems thinking and the “search conference technique” heutagogy can provide potentially exciting training programmes allowing context to be determined by and application to be driven by the learner. • The facilitator needs to develop skills in managing groups using a Socratic rather than a directive technique and allow a dynamic environment to be quickly created. Learner-defined Curriculum – Dr Stewart Hase; http://sitjar.sit.ac.nz/Pages/Publication.aspx?ID=61
    19. 19. Natalie Canning Practitioner Development in early years education • Participants recognised the significance of engaging with heutagogic strategies to support their reflective practice as they developed their professional identity & personal empowerment by investing emotional energy in learning; • Building knowledge and understanding, Changing & influencing others, Improving quality provision, Identifying where practice could develop, & Enabling their personal & professional transition. Reflective Practice in the Early Years – Natalie Canning & Michael Reed; http://philpapers.org/rec/REERPI
    20. 20. Boon Hou Tay Transitioning from Pedagogy to Heutagogy; • A three stage learning process from pedagogy to andragogy to heutagogy through aesthetic appreciation that affords keen pleasure to the senses and charms the intellectual faculties. • The process emphasizes a holistic development in the learner of an independent capability, the capacity for questioning ones values & assumptions and to make unknowns known. Role of action research in workplace PhDs – Boon Hou Tuy & Stewart Hase; http://works.bepress.com/stewart_hase/57/
    21. 21. Roslyn Foskey Innovations in Community Education; • Aligning the concept of adult learning with heutagogy provides insights on reflexivity that occurs when interactive theatre is used in community learning. • Interactive theatre is emergent, self-organised, adaptive & dynamic moving from scripted scenes to improvised performance through audience engagement with actors. We see the benefits of adopting a creative learner-determined process of engagement & the importance of the learning environment. Reflections of a lifelong learner on learning and community resilience – Roslyn Foskey; https://ala.asn.au/professional-development/2012-conference/
    22. 22. Stewart Hase Heutagogy in Action; where to next? • Game-changers in education; the rapid rise of information technology; “experience does not exist until it has been communicated through #socialmedia” • Individual curricula NOT national curricula • Mastery of competencies – demonstrating capability • Changing educational policy from fixed assumptions about teacher-centric education – double-loop thinking for policy makers? From learning environments and implementation to activity systems – Yrjo Engestrom; http://www.chat.kansai-u.ac.jp/publications/actio/pdf/no2-2.pdf
    23. 23. Fred Garnett 2 Heutagogic lessons from curating the book • 1. Moving from subject-discipline to professional practice is heutagogic; subject–based learning can be presented as a linear process. Real-life presents itself as a set of problems to be solved creatively by the learner • 2. Learning online is best done as a self-determined learner. Creating personal learning networks that work for you… • More at Heutagogy Community of Practice Blog • http://heutagogycop.wordpress.com/ Heutagogy Community of Practice Blog; http://heutagogycop.wordpress.com/
    24. 24. Creativity in Learning (with Heutagogy) World #Heutagogy Day 2016 #oer New Heutagogy Resource Heutagogy Workshop resource; “Creativity in Learning” https://www.slideshare.net/fredgarnett/creativity-in-learning
    25. 25. What is Heutagogy? Find out in full • Self-Determined Learning • Edited by Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon • Published by Bloomsbury Academic Self-Determined Learning; Heutagogy in Action Ed by Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon; http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/self-determined-learning-9781441142771/
    26. 26. What is Heutagogy? Curated conversation @fredgarnett