• Lisbon is the capital and largest city of Portugal. The city, besides being the capital, is also
capital of the district of Lisbon, the Lisbon region, the metropolitan area of Lisbon, and is still
the main focus of statistical sub-region of Greater Lisbon. Ecclesiastically, is headquarters of
the diocese and the Patriarchate of Lisbon.
• In 1837, in Bethlehem, near the Monastery of Jerónimos in an attempt to support the clergy of the
monastery have for sale in a shop just a few pastel cream.
At that time, the area of Bethlehem was far from the city of Lisbon, and access was provided by
steamboats. The presence of Jerónimos Monastery and Belem Tower attracted many tourists who are
accustomed to fast pastel de Belém The revenue of these, given and known only by pastry master
craftsmen in the manufacturing workshop of the Secret, is equal to the days today. The Office of the secret
factory of the Pastel de Belém, the old guard's secret recipe dressing and preparation of real Pastel cream -
the Pastel de Belém
The Office of the master pastry secrecy, are the few holders of income, sign a statement of responsibility
and make an oath on how not to divulge the recipe.
Today, in any cafe in Lisbon you can buy cream pastries from the baking industry, but the originals remain
the Bethlehem of the pastry (these can only be called Pastel de Belém) in Lisbon, to preserve its secular
there and know the secret of its making.
As a Portuguese sweet, the cream pie is also quite common in Brazil.
• The Lisbon Oceanarium is a museum of marine biology located at Nations Park in Lisbon, Portugal, built in
the framework of Expo 98.
This flag, written by the American architect Peter Chermayeff, recalls an aircraft carrier and is installed on
a pier surrounded by water. It is the second largest oceanarium in the world and contains an impressive
collection of species - birds, mammals, fish and other marine inhabitants.
The habitats chosen by its natural wealth in terms of fauna and flora, were: Antarctic ocean, coral reef in
the Indian Ocean coast of the Pacific Ocean and rocky coast of the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean.
The main attraction for most visitors is the large central tank, where there several species of fish as
sharks, barracudas, rays, tuna and small tropical fish. Although she wants to be a representation of the
open ocean, has been criticized by many scientists because it added little related species in the same
The chosen mascot of the Oceanarium in Lisbon  is the Vasco doll (with the motto: Vasco is a good
wave!), In reference to the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama. The Vasco is in two places to welcome
the visitors and tourists, opposite the main entrance and the bay in front of the oceanarium (port of Rio
• The Lisbon Zoo was opened in 1884. The first facilities are located on the Parque São Sebastião da
Pedreira, and in 1894 moved immediately to the north, to the land of straw where today is the Calouste
Gulbenkian Foundation. In 1905, the zoo was moved to current location in Quinta das Laranjeiras, in Sete
The zoo encompasses a number of animal specimens from around the world, with around 2,000 animals
of 332 different species, divided as follows:
• Monument to the wealth of discoveries, the Jerónimos Monastery is located in Belém, Lisbon, into the Rio
Tejo. Is the highest point of the architecture and the most remarkable set Manueline monastic XVI century
in Portugal and a major church-hall in Europe.
It is the cloister, completed in 1544, and the southern gate of complex geometric design, facing the river
Tejo. The decorative elements are filled with symbols of the art of navigation and sculptures of plants and
exotic animals. The monument is considered World Heritage by UNESCO, and on 7 July 2007 was elected
as one of the seven wonders of Portugal.