Why Teach Digital Citizenship• It is the law - The Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act is sec.201. of the Broadband Data Improvement ActSchools and districts must become compliant with the Broadband DataImprovement Act which was signed into law in October 2008. This actmandates that any school or school district which receives E-rate funding isrequired to teach students about appropriate behavior on social networkingand chat room web sites, as well as the dangers of cyber bullying.• Failure to comply with CIPA results in ineligibility for the funding program.• In general, where it is found that a funded school or library is not in compliance, the funding agency shall cease funding and give notice to the school or library indicating it should be brought into compliance. Libraries under Museum and Libraries Act 20 U.S.C. 9134(f)(5); Education Act Sec. 3601(a)(4)• With e-rate only, where it is found that a funded school or library is not in compliance § 254(h) (not § 254(l) 47 USC 254(h)(5)(F)(ii); 254(h)(6)(F)(ii)), the school or library can be liable to reimburse the FCC for the funds for that funding year. E-rate 47 USC 254(h)(5)(F); 254(h)(6)(F)
Why Teach Digital Citizenship• We know we should…
Digital Citizenship Initiative• New Board Policy – IFABB• Rollout of resources to administrators, counselors, media specialists, TAA committee• Next step -School Plans
Topics would include:• Staying safe online• Protecting personal and private information• Preventing and dealing with cyberbullying• Demonstrating personal responsibility in the use of technologies• Analyzing valid resources, search techniques and evaluating websites• Avoiding plagiarism and citing sources properly• Following copyright and fair use laws
Myths!Students Today……. • Internet super-sleuths • Respect for authority on the Web is dead • No “experts” on the Internet • Impatient, incapable of waiting, demand instant gratification
• Prefers interactive Research systems to passive ones Findings• Competent with technology• NOT expert at searching• There has been no movement (either good or bad) in information skills over the last several decades.
• Likes to cut-and-paste making plagiarism a serious issue• Prefers visual information over text•Multitasks all the time…. “good parallel processing skills.”
Our students often….. Do not search strategically Assume search engines understand natural language style Continually repeat failed search terms and strategies Show a lack of concern for the quality of their sources or the accuracy of the information found
**.gov: usually reliable*.edu: typically reliable, but be careful…many student pages are hosted on this domain.*.org: evaluate critically and do not assume these are always reliable. Many have bias or a particular “agenda.”*.com: these are usually commercial sites and not regarded as scholarly.
Strategies for Evaluating a Website• Who wrote the pages and is the author an expert?• What does the author say is the purpose of the site?• When was the site created and last updated?• Where does the information come from?• Why is the information useful for my purpose?
How well do WE search? Let’s use GOOGLE to answer this question: How was Edgar Allan Poe related to Virginia Clem?
ONE Search Path is:“Edgar Allan Poe” “Virginia Clem” site:edu 9!
How well do WE search? Let’s use GOOGLE to answer this question: What did F. Scott Fitzgerald believe makes a good story?
ONE Search Path is:“F. Scott Fitzgerald” “makes a good story” site:edu 134
Good searchers….Search the free Internet and subscription databases Make use of advanced search screens Use search strategies Use peripheral vision--they mine theirresults for additional keywords to use as search terms
Pre-search….then Research • Knowing something about a topic helps you generate possible keywords for searching. • Wikipedia………… Utilize keywords/links at bottom of article… The power of an “uncited” source!!!
Let’s update an old proverb:Chinese Proverb: 21st Century Precept : • Give a man a • Give a student the fish and you answer to a feed him for a question and he day. can finish his homework. • Teach a man to fish and you • Teach a student feed him for a how to search lifetime. effectively and create a lifelong learner.
Copyright - Copyright infringement threatens iconic industries of American culture: Music Media Software - Copying everything is possible - Not going to put the genie back in the bottle! - Must develop character, sense of truth and fair play in students - This ethical sense in students is what’s needed against the erosion of Intellectual Propertyhttp://www.jeremiahblatz.com/personal/pics/Las_Vegas_2007_Photos/day0/10_White_Lion.html Rights
Copyright – What’s Not Protected? Ideas Procedures Process Method of Operation Concept Principle Discovery
Rights of Copyright HolderCreator has rights of: - Reproduction Copy, Duplicate, Digitize - Adaptation Modify or Create a New Work - Distribution Lend, Rent, Sell, Lease - Public Performance Perform the Original Work
Two Common Beliefs: Published material – whether software, books or music – if it is intended for educational purposes, it is OK to use as needed. Published material freely available on the Internet is NOT owned by anyone. Both are FALSE. Carol Simpson (Univ. of Texas)
Copyright in Education What Can Be Done?- Educate educators on Copyright- Have District Copyright Policy- Implement a Curriculum (iSAFE, NetSmartz, CyberSafety)- Educators must be Role Models for their Students- Districts must have Consequences for Staff/Student violation of ethical behavior
Cherokee County School District Board PolicyBoard Policy IFABSupplementary Materials Selection & AdoptionVI. Copyright Compliance The Cherokee County School System shall adhere to the Federal Copyright Law. (P.L. 94-553) The Assistant Superintendent for Educational Programs, Student Support and Professional Development will be responsible for keeping abreast of copyright law interpretations and changes. This person shall disseminate this information to educators within the school system so that school materials, employees and equipment will not be involved in infringement of this law.
Copyright- Is a legal issue (Consequences) $250 - $10,000 per infringement Software infringement - now a felony Up to $250,000 per infringement- Is a moral/ethical issue- As educators, we are role models for our studentsInformation Literacy Standards for Students (NETS) “Advocatesand practices safe, legal and responsible use of information andtechnology”
Copyright Tips: - Anytime you use anything that you didn’t create, you have an ethical obligation to cite the source. - You may never change the format of a medium unless you have the express permission of the copyright holder. - You can NOT make archival copies of any medium except computer software (NOT music, audio, video)….
More Copyright TipsLink whenever possible Instead of making copies, provide students links to article, movie, etc. Use CCSD online services Ask/E-mail for permission Follow Fair Use Guidelines for Educators (Within the classroom, face-to- face, not posted on the Internet) Public Domain materials Creative Commons Licensing Create a brochure/FAQs then post in classroom/media center
New form of “self” copyright Provides free tools that let authors, scientists, artists, and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry You can use CC to change your copyright terms from "All Rights Reserved" to "Some Rights Reserved"
You Make the Call! Do I need permission to place links to web sites/pages on my web site/SharePoint page?Answer: NO Links are an excellent way to direct students/others to material.
You Make the Call!There’s a great video on You Tube that will make an effective point in my Social Studies class. Can I use it?Answer: YES - Provided you don’t download it and post on your web page or SharePoint site. - Give credit where video was found.
You Make the Call! The school has leased 2 buses to take my students on a field trip to South Georgia. Students are bringing High School Musical 3 and Twilight to watch as we travel. Can we watch these DVDs?Answer: NO! NO! NO! Use is entertainment – not allowed
You Make the Call!• Can a teacher put worksheets online for students who are absent?Answer: NO! These are consumables and according to Copyright Law, you can NOT digitize materials that are consumables.
You Make the Call!• I’ve been asked to copy our VHS tapes to DVD format. Is this legal?Answer: NO! You can NOT change the format of a material for your convenience. If a DVD version of the work is available, it must be purchased. Only the copyright holder can set the versions.
You Make the Call!• Everything is created the moment it is created (except ideas) and no copyright notice/symbol is required. Is this correct?Answer: YES!!
Informationfluentstudents won’tmiss a turn or get lost in theirtravels forinformation.
Resources Provided• District website – Parent Information• Technology Intranet – School Resources
Suggestions for School Plan• Use Teacher As Advisor period (TAA) model to drive the initiative• Digital Citizenship Week• Counseling program• Media Center focus• School announcements – News shows – Use Student Groups (Student Council, Beta Club, ROTC,…) to participate in promoting activities. ( i.e. posters, announcements) – Create standard videos that play at all locales delivering the same message.
What’s working for you?• Suggestions you would like to share• Questions you would like to ask