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Frce research on problems of pakistani children reported through media

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Frce research on problems of pakistani children reported through media

  1. 1. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through Media FRCE Research On Problems of Pakistani Children Reported through MediaFoundation for Research & Community EmpowermentB-26 Midland Bungalow near Sonhari book landNear Naseem Nagar Qasimabad Hyderabad Sindh PakistanFacebook..http://www.facebook.com/frce.ngo.5, Twitter https://twitter.com/All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.
  2. 2. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through MediaIntroductionFRCE always believes children are the flowers of heaven. They are the most beautiful and purestcreation of God. They are innocent both inwardly and outwardly. No doubt, they are the beautyof this world. But children in Pakistan face a variety of serious challenges ranging frommalnutrition and poor access to education and health facilities to exploitation in the form of childlabor. Their low status in society can leave them victim to daily violence at home and in schoolas well as to organized trafficking and sexual exploitation, and many problems related withchildren in the country were observed through media coverages since last year by FRCEResearchers team in leading newspapers of the country.Objectives of FRCE Research 1. Scrutinize children problems in Pakistan 2. Analyze in which fields child labour is deputed 3. Know how many children issues reported by media in the country 4. Identify how many forms of violence regarding children are highlighted in media 5. Listing of children problems which are coveraged by media in PakistanMethodologyThe secondary data was reviewed in this study which was taken from different newspapers(including English, Urdu & Sindhi) articles and Journals from January 2012 to November 2012All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.
  3. 3. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through MediaResults & FindingsChild labourThe socio-economic situation of the country is disastrous and forces families to make theirchildren work and children working in Pakistan in following fields as Child labour. 1. Agriculture 2. Homes 3. Carpet industry 4. Construction 5. Auto mobile industry 6. Textile industry 7. Bricks kilns 8. Hotels & restaurants 9. Shops & cigrate cabins 10. Bangles glass 11. Electrical & mechanical shops 12. Donkey carts 13. Tailoring & Barber 14. . Carpet waving 15. All scavenging including hospital waste 16. tobacco process ( including Niswar) and Manufacturing 17. fishing 18. Sheep casing, cattle grazing and wool industry 19. Ship breaking 20. Work at the sites where Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) are filled in cylindersAll rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.
  4. 4. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through MediaStreet ChildrenPoverty, physical and mental abuse, negligence, and family problems are the major factors thatlead children to take refuge in the streets.Sexual exploitation of childrenAround 90% of the street children in Pakistan are subjected to the sex trade. Pakistan is also oneof the only countries in the world where boys are almost more vulnerable to sexual abuse thangirls.Violence and AbuseThere is a troubling increase in the cases of abuse, kidnapping, and violence towards children inPakistan, following violence and abuse were found 1. Domestic violence, 2. Rape, 3. Pedophilia, 4. forced marriage 5. Corporal punishment that represents the most common form of abuse.Child traffickingThe reports show that children are sold, rented, or even kidnapped in order to force them to beg,serve, and even to prostitute.Displaced & Refugee childrenAll rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.
  5. 5. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through MediaIn Pakistan, armed conflicts are not the only factor pushing families to flee. The country alsosees recurring natural disasters. Children who flee their homes need food, care, shelter, anddrinkable water. In these precarious living conditions, many displaced children suffer fromillnesses not only caused by poor hygiene, but also by anxiety, stress, and depression.Children and tribal Conflicts, clashesPakistan is the theatre for numerous conflicts and confrontations (the tribal conflicts in northernSindh and Taliban conflicts in KPK). Victims of suicide attacks, explosions and anti-personnelmines, and children pay heavy consequences with their health from these conflicts and clashes.Furthermore, these children are also deprived of their right to education because many schoolsare destroyed and some regions are subject to curfewsChild marriagesIt was observed that through media that some parents believe it is better to marry off theirdaughters as early as possible. Some marry their daughters with men as old as their fathersbecause no match could be found in their tribes or caste. Their ‘traditions’ don’t allow them tomarry their daughters outside their caste or tribe.Despite the “Child Marriage Restraint Act”,which forbids marriages of children these marriages still take place in Pakistan? This lawestablishes the legal age of marriage as 18 years for men and 16 years for women, and failure torespect it could lead to sanctions. In practice, this law is not respected at all, and there are stillmany cases of forced marriage in particular tribal areas of the country.In rural areas, in media a practice called “Vani Marriages” was observed which involves givingyour daughter in marriage to settle a dispute or a debt between two parties. “The aggressor”offers one of his family’s daughters in compensation for a wrong caused. These marriages arevery dangerous for the Health of young girls who, as a result, run the risk of domestic violence,servitude, and rapes.All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.
  6. 6. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through MediaRight to educationObserved that the majority of children attend primary school in Pakistan and the attendance ratefor Education is higher among boys than girls. The government only allocates just 2% of itsnational budget to education, which is clearly insufficient considering the need. The difficultiesof public education are numerous: economic constraints, dilapidated or even dangerous schoolsbuildings, lack of toilets, chairs, tables, recurring humanitarian crises etc.Furthermore, teachers are very under-qualified, and it is not uncommon for children to leaveschool without knowing how to read or write.Right to IdentityBirths of the majority of children are not officially reported to the Pakistani public authorities,making these children invisible in the eyes of society. The absence of regulations on births, and alack of information about the necessity to register them, is the biggest obstacles to the realizationof a complete birth registry. There is a great necessity to inform the general public about theproblems that this could cause, such as the absence of official identity, nationality, or even thefailure to respect the rights and practical needs of children.PovertyAbout 26% of the Pakistani population lives below the poverty line. This problem mainly affectsrural areas. The state of the global markets is exacerbating an already very difficult economicreality. The first victims of poverty are children, the weakest and most vulnerable, who see acomplete deprivation of their rights, lack of education, health access and discrimination. Andpoverty is the greatest single cause behind child labour.All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.
  7. 7. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through MediaConclusion & Recommendations of FRCEFRCE believes that as we know that, the children are the citizens of future. They play significantrole in the society. A society cannot be humane without good provisions for the children to livelike children Joyful and carefree. Their fundamental rights have been guaranteed by ConstitutionTherefore, it shall be the duty of State to eliminate problems faced by children in the country.Government of Pakistan and NGOs so involved in the act of elimination of children issues thefollowing interventions shall be required to be taken.1. PoliciesComposite policies should be developed to address the issue of children and resources should beallocated proportionately. Awareness must be raised and the attention of parents ought to bediverted to the education of their children through media and mobilization.2. Reshaping educational system The free education be given up to tertiary level and every parent should be bound to send theirchildren to school for the education Because School education plays vital role in elimination ofchild labor. In one hand, school could be alternative place for children instead of being atworkplace. On the other hand, education brings awareness about human rights, child rights,gender equality and moral values making all concerned sensitive towards the issue of child labor.Besides, qualitative education helps children become more capable and productive adults makingchild labor necessary for future despite educational system of the country must be reshaped andrestructured according to national development goals.3. Creating economic opportunities:There is need to provide appropriate support for the poor families to come out of the viciousCircle of poverty-ignorance-child labor and more poverty. Such support should come in theForm of initiatives that promote local self-sustainability, local resource mobilization, and valueAll rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.
  8. 8. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through MediaAddition in "export of local products" to other areas, reforms in unproductive cultures andPractices, etc.4. The family and the child:Family members and the home environment is also the most important for every child such asparental love and care and the most important aspects to avoid child labor and exploitation ofchildren. Therefore, parents must be made part of the endeavor to eliminate child issues. Theyshould be central in the rehabilitation endeavors. In cases the family is non-existent or the childhas a very negative feeling towards parents, foster parenting can help fill the gap.5. Media:Media is considered to be the fourth organ of the state in democratic society. Media plays a vitalrole in awareness raising, advocacy and sensitization by collection and dissemination ofinformation. Often times, it is media that reports about the incidence of child labor first, to befollowed up by other players, especially when the activity is illegal, e.g. Child trafficking forlabor and other exploitations. Media could also play a key role in reporting best practices andsuccess stories.7. Information dissemination regarding the Convention of children rightsThere is a need for disseminating information regarding the Convention, constitutional provisionsand other related legislation pertaining to the rights of children. Thus, the local governmentinstitutions, social/cultural/educational/religious institutions, NGOs and mass media, etc. should beassociated in the task of mobilising support for the rights and welfare of the children.8. Ban on hazardous occupations: Government should enforce a ban on hazardous occupationsunder the Employment of Children Act 1991.All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.
  9. 9. FRCE Research on Problems of Pakistani Children reported through MediaReferencesNewspapers which were used during researchDaily News www.jang.com.pkNews Time Pakistan www.newstimepakistan.comDaily Times www.dailytimes.com.pkDawn www.dawn.comThe Financial Daily www.thefinancialdaily.comThe Nation www.nation.com.pkNational Herald Tribune www.dailynht.comJangUMATExpressKawishIbratShamAwami Awaz ThanksAppeal of FRCEAs you know that FRCE running following programs meanwhile without any funding, 1. FRCE Youth Career Counseling Program, 2. FRCE Free Educational Program, 3. FRCE Research Program 4. FRCE Free Health Program 5. FRCE Advocacy & Campaign Program 6. FRCE community capacity building Program 7. FRCE celebration with legend figures of the countryTherefore requested to you help FRCE through your donation so that FRCE may contribute inbuilding Peaceful & Prosperous Pakistan.Account Detail:Account title: Foundation of Research and Community Empowerment (FRCE)Account no: 0105020104661211Khushali Bank Ltd Defense PlazaThandi Sarak Hyderabad Sindh PakistanAll rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of FRCE.

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