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Medicinal plants (sem 2)


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Medicinal plants (sem 2)

  1. 1. MEDICINAL PLANTS OF GOA GROUP 4 (4431—4440)
  2. 2. Introduction1) Goa is a state extensively rich in flora including medicinalplants.2) Forest department is having more than 50 species ofmedicinal plants in its various nurseries .3) Many awareness programmes are conducted by theforest department to make students and people aware.4) Farmers are being encouraged and motivated to growmedicinal plants and the result has been quite encouraging.
  3. 3. TYPES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS Adki Aloevera Amla Tulsi Blue berry Neem Periwinkle Bhui amla Bamboo Drumstick
  4. 4. Adki ….( Rauvolfia Serpentina)
  5. 5. Distribution : It is distributed throughout India up to analtitude of 1300 m . Found in Goa in open forest areas,agricultural fields of Codal, Cuncolim, Canacona.Parts used: roots ,leaves.Uses: 1) juice of leaves is used in opthalmia and to clear cornealopacity. 2) used in fever, giddiness 3) extract of root is valued for intestinal troubles. 4) roots constitute the drug reserpine which has been usedfor relief from nervous disorders including anxiety, maniacalbehavior associated with psychosis, Insanity, insomnia ....etc. ADKHI
  6. 6. Aloevera…(Aloe barbadensis)
  7. 7. Distribution : Found in Goa along the coastal belt in sandy andlateritic soil at Anjuna, Candolim , Arambol.Parts used: leavesUses: 1) It is bitter , cooling, anthelmintic , purgative. it hasexcellent effect on skin diseases and hair fall 2) Leaf pulp is cathartic and refrigerant, used in liver andspleen ailments and for eye troubles. 3) Also found useful in x-ray burns, skin disorders, inburns and fresh cuts. 4) It is widely used in cosmetics and in anti-aging creams. 5) A fibre and a dye is prepared from the leaves ALOEVERA
  8. 8. Amla…Phyllanthus emblica
  9. 9. Distribution: In Goa, it is found in Mollem , Keri, Ponda,Sanguem, Netorlim, Poinguinim, Maina.Parts used: fruitUses: 1) it is a good source of vitamin c,improves intelligenceand memory power 2) It also cures thirst , burning sensation, vomiting,diabities , fever, Impurity of blood and hemorrhage. 3) It is also used in cough, inflammation of eyes, jaundice,leucoderma. 4) Also effective in the treatment of peptic ulcer, asthma,bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery, cardiac and liver disorders,leprosy and skin disorders. 5) The fruit also has anti-cancerous properties. AMLA
  10. 10. Tulsi… (ocimum sanctum)
  11. 11. Distribution: Distributed throughout the country. Found almost everywhere in Goa and cultivated in the gardens.Parts used: leaves , seeds and roots.Uses: 1) Juice of leaves is used in cough, hiccups, respiratorytract disorders and leprosy 2) Also used to check malaria and expel worms from thebody. 3) Juice of leaves is applied externally for ringworm andother skin diseases. 4) Grounded fresh roots applied for stings of bees and waspsand problems caused by worms and leeches. TULSI
  12. 12. Blue berry…(Eugenia jambolana)
  13. 13. Distribution: in Goa it is found in Valpoi, Ponda, Keri,Margao, Balli, Poinguinim, in evergreen and moist deciduousforestsParts used: seed and barkUses: 1) it is traditional medicine for diabetes and sore throat. 2)Seed powder and juice is used for diabetes 3) Bark of the tree is used for dysentery, hemorrhages andleucorrhea. BLUE BERRY
  14. 14. Neem… (Azadirachta indica)
  15. 15. Distribution: found throughout India in deciduous forests, inareas with low rainfall. Sparsely distributed in Goa.Parts used: seeds, leaves, bark and twig.Uses: 1)the powder of the leaves is a tonic and also used in skindiseases. 2)Flowers used as tonic and stomachache. Berries are usedto expel worms, treating urinary problems, tumors andtoothache. 3)Seed oil used for skin infection. Fresh tender twigs areused to clean teeth, particularly to cure pyorrhea. 4) bark is used in fever, cough and bronchitis, inflammationof liver, leprosy. 5)Leaves are used as insecticide, as antiseptic , deodorant ,in diabetes,jaundice,blood diseases and contraceptive. NEEM
  16. 16. Periwinkle …(Catharanthus roseus)
  17. 17. Distribution: found all over Goa, mainly in Margao,Quepem, Canacona, Ponda, Valpoi and also cultivated ingardens.Parts used: leaves, roots.Uses: 1) infusion of leaves is used in diabetes, menorrhagiaand diarrhea. 2) Juice of leaves locally applied for pain due to waspstings. 3) Decoction of roots is used for hypertension, sedationas tranquilizer, for deworming, toothache and as a purgative. 4) Extract of leaves is anti-carcinogenic. PERIWINKLE
  18. 18. Bhui amla …(Phyllanthus niruri)
  19. 19. Distribution: found in goa in Dona Paula, Valpoi, Sat pal,extensively found as undergrowth in open mixed moistdeciduous forests.Parts used: whole plant.Uses: 1) decoction of plant mainly used for jaundice. 2) Decoction of leaves and seeds is used for diabetes. 3) Milky latex used externally for offensive sores. 4) Infusion of the entire plant is used for promotingmenstrual flow and flow of urine, kidney and gall stones. 5) used in dropsy, prostrate problems, uro-genitaldiseases, indigestion, dysentry, gonorrhea and fevers. BHUI AMLA
  20. 20. Bamboo …(Bambusa bamboos)
  21. 21. Distribution: It is found in Old Goa , Banastarim , Valpoi,Quepem, Sanguem, Bhati , Kurdi , Nandrem in Mollem,Tambdi surla , Gavnem in moist and mixed deciduous forests.Parts used: whole plant.Uses: 1) Bamboo manna is used to treat fever, cough, leprosy,jaundice, anaemia and strangurdy. 2) Stem and leaves are used in the treatment of blood,biliousness, leucoderma, inflammation, piles. 3) Juice of flower is applied for ringworms, bleeding gums. 4) Poultice of tender shoots is applied to swollen joints incase of arthritis. BAMBOO
  22. 22. Drumstick…(Moringa oleifera)
  23. 23. Distribution: In Goa, found at Barazan bhati in Sanguem,Valpoi, Mollem, Collem.Parts used: whole plant.Uses: 1) Tender pods utilized as vegetables, used for liverand spleen problems, articular pain, tetanus and paralysis. 2) All parts of the tree used for the treatment ofvenomous bites , rheumatism as cardiac and circulatorystimulants. 3) Leaf juice being rich in vitamin a and c, used inscurvy and catarrhal affections. 4) Bark of root promotes flow of urine. DRUMSTICK
  24. 24. Frequently used medicinal plants. 10
  25. 25. References :1) Medicinal plants of Goa encyclopedia2) Important medicinal plants of Goa: Book by research and utilization division of forest departmentGoa.
  26. 26. THANK YOU!!