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Speck&Tech 3 - The Right to be Forgotten

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The slides from my talk at Speck&Tech 3 - "Security & Privacy" about the "Right to be Forgotten", which we might describe as "the right to silence past events in life that are no longer occurring”.

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Speck&Tech 3 - The Right to be Forgotten

  1. 1. Our sponsors
  2. 2. The Right to be Forgotten Speck&Tech 3 “Security & Privacy”
  3. 3. Who I am Francesco Bonadiman ▶ Marketing & Communications Officer @ EIT Digital Alumni ▶ Trento Node Local Representative 2
  4. 4. Who I am Francesco Bonadiman ▶ Marketing & Communications Officer @ EIT Digital Alumni ▶ Trento Node Local Representative ▶ Co-founder @ Speck&Tech ▶ francescobonadiman.com 2
  5. 5. Have you ever googled yourself? 3
  6. 6. 4
  7. 7. Example Cases Stacy Snyder 5
  8. 8. Example Cases Stacy Snyder Virginia Da Cunha 5
  9. 9. Mario Costeja González 6
  10. 10. Mario’s argument ‘Default = forgetting’ 7
  11. 11. Mario’s argument ‘Default = forgetting’ ‘Default = remembering’ 7
  12. 12. There should be a way to... 8
  13. 13. What did the Court say? 9
  14. 14. 10
  15. 15. ...and here comes the “Right to be forgotten” 11
  16. 16. “The right to silence past events in life that are no longer occurring” 12
  17. 17. Definition Have ● information ● personal data ● photos/videos ● ... deleted / removed (de-indexed) 13
  18. 18. Definition Have ● information ● personal data ● photos/videos ● ... deleted / removed (de-indexed) if these are ● inadequate ● irrelevant ● excessive ● not up-to-date 13
  19. 19. Definition Have ● information ● personal data ● photos/videos ● ... deleted / removed (de-indexed) if these are ● inadequate ● irrelevant ● excessive ● not up-to-date (based on the purpose for which they were collected) 13
  20. 20. ...but let’s get back to our story! 14
  21. 21. May 2014 15
  22. 22. May 2014 “suppress search- results for privacy- related reasons” 15
  23. 23. vs right to be forgotten de-indexed 16
  24. 24. vs right to be forgotten de-indexed person’s name ≠ keyword 16
  25. 25. vs “relevant” for our past life? 17
  26. 26. vs “relevant” for our past life? “inadequate” or of no public interest 17
  27. 27. vs “relevant” for our past life? no control → robot! “inadequate” or of no public interest 17
  28. 28. vs legal responsibility for results? 18
  29. 29. vs legal responsibility for results? economic interests = secondary 18
  30. 30. vs Are these moral dues my business? legal responsibility for results? economic interests = secondary 18
  31. 31. vs Are these moral dues my business? legal responsibility for results? economic interests = secondary ...of a private firm? 18
  32. 32. And what did the Court say? 19
  33. 33. 20
  34. 34. November 2014 Ruling applied only to European national domains 21
  35. 35. November 2014 Ruling applied only to European national domains → detour via .com 21
  36. 36. November 2014 Ruling applied only to European national domains → detour via .com → ‘Balkanization’ 21
  37. 37. February 2016 Search results removals → applied to all domains 22
  38. 38. February 2016 Search results removals → applied to all domains BUT using geolocation signals 22
  39. 39. February 2016 Search results removals → applied to all domains BUT using geolocation signals if IP address of the browser is located in the European Union 22
  40. 40. 23
  41. 41. ● CNIL rejected this approach 24
  42. 42. ● CNIL rejected this approach ● French Data Protection authority fined Google 100K€ 24
  43. 43. ● CNIL rejected this approach ● French Data Protection authority fined Google 100K€ “a person's right to privacy cannot depend on the geographic origin of those viewing the search results" 24
  44. 44. Google said this new law could “prevent citizens from seeing content that is perfectly legal in that certain country” 25
  45. 45. “Philosophical” Discussion 26
  46. 46. Once online, data should stay online US / Free Speech / Media 27
  47. 47. Once online, data should stay online US / Free Speech / Media Remove information “just because” Europe / CNIL 27
  48. 48. KEEP ● subtle censorship 28
  49. 49. KEEP ● subtle censorship ● information incomplete 28
  50. 50. KEEP ● subtle censorship ● information incomplete ● “rewrite the history” 28
  51. 51. KEEP ● subtle censorship ● information incomplete ● “rewrite the history” ● memory = culture 28
  52. 52. KEEP REMOVE ● regret once we post?● subtle censorship ● information incomplete ● “rewrite the history” ● memory = culture 28
  53. 53. KEEP REMOVE ● regret once we post? ● teenagers’ judgement ● subtle censorship ● information incomplete ● “rewrite the history” ● memory = culture 28
  54. 54. KEEP REMOVE ● regret once we post? ● teenagers’ judgement ● revenge-porn ● subtle censorship ● information incomplete ● “rewrite the history” ● memory = culture 28
  55. 55. KEEP REMOVE ● regret once we post? ● teenagers’ judgement ● revenge-porn ● re-post / re-tweet? ● subtle censorship ● information incomplete ● “rewrite the history” ● memory = culture 28
  56. 56. Past political comments? (Private into) Public life 29
  57. 57. Past political comments? Transparency? High School poems? (Private into) Public life 29
  58. 58. Past political comments? Transparency? High School poems? Later retreat into anonymity? (Private into) Public life 29
  59. 59. Criminal records How relevant after time? 30
  60. 60. Criminal records How relevant after time? World War II 30
  61. 61. Criminal records How relevant after time? World War II Pedophiles? Serial Killers? 30
  62. 62. Once online, data should stay online US / Free Speech / Media Remove information “just because” Europe / CNIL 31
  63. 63. The Online Form 32
  64. 64. June 2016 google.com/transparencyreport/removals/europeprivacy/ 33
  65. 65. Some examples... 34
  66. 66. Some examples... 34
  67. 67. But most delinkings... Google accidentally revealed data on delinkings 35
  68. 68. But most delinkings... Google accidentally revealed data on delinkings 35
  69. 69. And the most delinked... 36
  70. 70. And the most delinked... 36
  71. 71. And the most delinked... support.google.com/legal/contact/lr_eudpa?product=websearch 36
  72. 72. And the most delinked... support.google.com/legal/contact/lr_eudpa?product=websearch Yahoo and Bing put up their own forms 36
  73. 73. “Without forgetting it is quite impossible to live at all” F. Nietzsche 37
  74. 74. Thanks for listening!
  75. 75. ...and like us on Facebook!
  76. 76. References 1. Bygrave L., A right to be forgotten?, Communications of the ACM, 2015 2. Ausloos J., The ‘Right to be Forgotten’ - Worth Remembering?, Forthcoming Computer Law & Security Review, 2012 3. de Terwangne. C, Internet Privacy and the Right to Be Forgotten/Right to Oblivion, Revista de los Estudios de Derecho y Ciencia Política de la UOC, 2012 4. Wagner M., Li-Reilly Y., The right to be forgotten, The Advocate, 2014 5. Weber R., The Right to Be Forgotten: More Than a Pandora’s Box?, JIPITEC, 2011 6. Bennett S., The "Right to Be Forgotten": Reconciling EU and US Perspectives, Berkeley Journal of International Law, 2012 7. Rosen J., The Right to Be Forgotten, Stanford Law Review, 2012 8. wsj.com/articles/eu-says-google-should-extend-right-to-be-forgotten-to-com-websites-1417006254 - The Wall Street Journal 9. wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_be_forgotten - Wikipedia 10. www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/feb/18/the-right-be-forgotten-google-search - The Guardian 11. www.google.com/transparencyreport/removals/europeprivacy/ - Google
  77. 77. Figures (page numbers) A. http://www.relatably.com/m/img/welcome-memes/63341322.jpg 5. http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2008/12/court-rejects-appeal-over-student-teacher-drunk-myspace-pics/ 5. http://www.informaticalegal.com.ar/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Virginia-Da-Cunha-Google.jpg 6. http://www.lejdd.fr/Medias/Internet/Mario-Costeja-Gonzalez-l-homme-qui-a-fait-plier-Google-674891 7. http://nytimes.com/2015/08/06/technology/personaltech/right-to-be-forgotten-online-is-poised-to-spread.html 8. http://www.indexoncensorship.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/shutterstock_RTBF_195176492.jpg 10. http://cdn.meme.am/instances/53943477.jpg 12. http://i.amz.mshcdn.com/h0IT6HhgTKdcYzrKyx8vSD3TunQ=/2014%2F05%2F13%2F95%2FForgottenQu.94cc5.jpg 13. http://webhostrequests.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/pc.gif.pagespeed.ce_.wSCNv13D7N.gif 14. http://www.dvdtalk.com/reviews/images/reviews/1/full/1370701576_7.jpg 15. http://www.dw.com/image/0,,16221871_303,00.jpg 16. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-1NtpxKeJf-o/VeXYLMr3NEI/AAAAAAAAkxo/KtOSQV0hFDQ/s1600/G-symbol.png 16. http://www.bvoed.de/assets/images/Icons_neu/eu-flag.jpg 20. http://www.quickmeme.com/meme/3qbtrb 21. http://www.youreuropemap.com/map_tld_europe.gif 22. http://thefreeinternetproject.org/blog/which-countries-have-right-be-forgotten 23. http://i.imgflip.com/16urft.jpg 24. http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/feb/18/the-right-be-forgotten-google-search 25. http://media.guim.co.uk/8da49288dcfd71fb668a7cbd634ece4da689804a/0_0_3831_2301/master/3831.jpg 29. http://jerrymabbott.files.wordpress.com/2014/05/wpid-2014-05-23-15-47-411.png 30. http://lacriticacritica.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/500px-adolf_hitler.png 36. http://highline.huffingtonpost.com/articles/en/how-to-give-away-45-billion/media/images/infographics/face/zuckerberg-profile-1x.png 37. http://jrbenjamin.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/nietz.jpg
  78. 78. Further Discussion Might forgetting be a good thing? And if yes, after how long? What about expiration dates? Who deletes the information?

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