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Participatory Design With Proxies


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Participatory Design With Proxies

  1. 1. Participatory Design with Proxies: Developing a Desktop-PDA System to Support People with Aphasia Presenter :徐欣佑
  2. 2. References <ul><li>Boyd-Graber, J., Nikolova, S., Moffatt, K., Kin, K., Lee, J., Mackey, L.,Tremaine, M. and Klawe, M. Participatory, “Design with Proxies: Developing a Desktop-PDA System to Support People with Aphasia,” in Proc. ACM CHI 2006 . ACM Press, 151-160. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Hybrid desktop-handheld system developed to support individuals with aphasia </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory design approach </li></ul><ul><li>Speech-language pathologists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with aphasic </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is aphasia? <ul><li>Acquired language disorder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impairs the ability to speak, read, write, or understand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Caused by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to the language centers of the brain through injury or stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aphasia is a lost of words - not intelligence </li></ul>
  5. 5. Lingraphica <ul><li>Uses a semantic hierarchy of icons, text, and sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Storyboard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>collection of visual symbols arranged to approximate English syntax </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Lingraphica
  7. 7. ESI Planner <ul><li>The enhanced with sound and images planner </li></ul><ul><li>Allows aphasic to manage appointments using a PDA </li></ul><ul><li>Images, sound, and text </li></ul>
  8. 8. ESI Planner II <ul><li>Desktop-PDA system for people with aphasia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop Component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large, flexible system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create appointments and phrases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use system for phrase playback </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Designing for People with Aphasia <ul><li>Main Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating with the user population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designing for varying degrees of the disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inaccessible user population </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Participatory Design with Proxies <ul><li>Proxies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative and augmentative communication devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hundreds of cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family situations and patient needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication strategies </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. User Interface Design <ul><li>Icons </li></ul><ul><li>Sound clip with visual </li></ul><ul><li>Phrase level and words level </li></ul><ul><li>Center of the screen </li></ul>
  12. 12. Storyboard Display Component <ul><li>collections of phrases of image-sound-text triplets </li></ul>
  13. 13. Appointments Component <ul><li>maximize visual cues </li></ul><ul><li>the hours of the day and analog clocks </li></ul>
  14. 14. Storyboard display of an appointment
  15. 15. Development of LgLite <ul><li>Minimize the complexity of Lingraphica </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate personal photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Personalization of system </li></ul><ul><li>Information describe appointments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>who, where, and when </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The who category in LgLite
  17. 17. Process of scheduling an appointment
  18. 18. Conclusion <ul><li>Give people with aphasia more independence and confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging the strengths of Lingraphica to provide an easy to use </li></ul>