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Greek independence day and Greek Easter


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Greek Independence and Greek Easter

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Greek independence day and Greek Easter

  1. 1. Greek Independence Day and Greek Easter Ελληνική ημέρα της ανεξαρτησίας και ελληνικό Πάσχα
  2. 2. Short History of Modern Greece• Greece was controlled by the Ottoman Empire for 400 years, beginning in 1453. The Greek people were controlled and oppressed by the Turks until 1821, when there was a successful rebellion. The war of Independence began on March 25, 1821 and lasted until 1829. Greece became an independent country in 1832 and then over the years the islands, such as Corfu and Crete, became part of the country.
  3. 3. Short History of Modern Greece The Greek Flag was created in 1821. The white cross is for the importance of the Greek Orthodox Church in the creation of the country and the stripes are for the Aegean Sea. Also, there are nine stripes for each letter of the Greek word for freedom, Eleftheria.
  4. 4. Zito H Ellas! Eleftheria H Thanatos!What is March 25?Today it is a double holiday forthe Greeks.March 25 is the Annunciation ofthe Theotokos in the GreekOrthodox Church. This is theday that the Archangel Gabrieltold Mary that she would have ababy.On this day in 1821, BishopGermanos of Patras raised theflag for revolution against theTurks, marking the beginning ofthe War of Independence.
  5. 5. Krypta Sxoleia Kryfa Sxoleia This song refers to secret schools boys would attend in Greece, under the Ottoman occupation between the 15th through the 19th centuries. They werent allowed to learn the Greek language and about Christianity - so they had to learn about them in secret at night.
  6. 6. Krypta SxoleiaFEGGARAKI MOU LAMBRO MY LITTLE SHINING MOONFeggaraki mou lambro My Little Shining MoonFegge mou na perpato Shine for me so I can walkna pigeno sto scholio So I can go to schoolna matheno grammata, to learn my lessons (letters),grammata, spouthagmata reading and writingtou Theou ta pragmata. God´s lessons
  7. 7. How do Greeks and Greek-Americanscelebrate Greek Independence Day?Boston Parade Video
  8. 8. Greek EasterEaster is the most important holiday celebrated by the Greekpeople.Greek Orthodox Easter is based on the Julian calender, while theWestern Easter (Catholic, Protestant, etc..) is based on theGregorian calender. So, usually, the Easters do not happen onthe same day. For instance in 2010, it was!
  9. 9. Greek Lent• Carnival or Apokria is celebrated for three weeks before Clean Monday or Ash Monday (Kathara Deftera), which marks the beginning of Greek Orthodox Lent. Apokria (apo-kreo) literally means to say goodbye to the period of meat eating. On Clean Monday, people eat fish, vegetables and bread called Lagana/λαγάνα-• During Lent, Greek Orthodox people are not supposed to eat meat and on some days it is forbidden to eat dairy and oil.
  10. 10. Greek LentClean Monday FoodsDolmades - grape leaves stuffed withriceOctopus, calamari, squid, “soupies”(cuttlefish)Taramosalata - fish dip
  11. 11. Holy Thursday/Megali Pempti Eggs are dyed the color bright red as a symbol of Greek Easter. The tradition says that the Virgin Mary dyed eggs this color to celebrate the blood of Christ, the Resurrection of Christ, and to celebrate life. Also, a traditional bread called tsoureki is made. In the two islands of Corfu and Zakynthos, water pitchers are thrown into the street to bring good luck.
  12. 12. Tsoureki www.teachingenglishbyfran.blogspot.compascua.html?utm_source=BP_recent
  13. 13. Holy Friday / Megali Paraskebi Flags are brought to half mast to mark the sadness of the day There is a Procession of the Epitaphios of Christ around the outside of the church. Epitaphios is coffin, so it is a ritual lamentation or mourning of the death of Christ.
  14. 14. Holy Saturday / Megalo Sabbato People go to church around 11 p.m. and at 12, the church bells ring and the people turn on candles called lampadas and say a traditional chant, "Christos Anesti" -- Christ is Risen.
  15. 15. Holy Saturday / Megalo SabbatoAfter church, some people bringthe candles lit to their home tobless it or go directly to afamily member s house to eat.The main foods right afterchurch are a soup called"Magirista", which is made oflamb intestines, eggs and lemon,and tsoureki. This is also the time to place a traditional Egg Breaking Game. Each person takes a red egg and challenges other people. The breaking of the eggs symbolizes Christ breaking from the Tomb. The winner has good luck for the year.
  16. 16. Easter Sunday / Paskha• We say "Kalo Pas`kha"...Happy Easter.• The main dish is a lamb that is roasted on a spit. It is served in honor of the Lamb of God, who was sacrificed and rose again.
  17. 17. • Thanks to Sophia Grammenos for sharing this presentation, for being Greek-American, and a real friend.