Celebration of Scholarship Presentation - April, 2011

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Powerpoint of oral presentation given at UW Oshkosh\'s Annual Celebration of Scholarship

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Celebration of Scholarship Presentation - April, 2011

  1. 1. Empathy, Helping Behavior, and Psychopathy among Right-wing Authoritarians<br />Special thanks to:<br />Office of Grants and Faculty Development<br />Benn Mills<br />Contact: franks98@uwosh.edu<br />Scott D. Frankowski, & David A. Lishner<br />University of Wisconsin Oshkosh<br />Department of Psychology<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Right-wing Authoritarianism (RWA; Altemeyer, 1981, 1996)<br />Submit to authorities who are perceived as legitimate<br />Aggress towards those who challenge one's authorities or values espoused by authorities<br />Conventional – adhere to traditional values espoused by one's authorities<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />RWA – no association between RWA and dispositional empathy, r = .05 (McFarland, 2010)<br />Research questions<br />Will RWA be associated with state-empathy depending on the group identity of the target?<br />Will RWA individuals differ in their helping behavior based upon whether the target in need is perceived as an ingroup or outgroup member?<br />
  4. 4. Methods<br />Participants presented with a news article about a person in need<br />Katie Banks – Recently lost parents in car accident<br />Now needed to care for siblings while trying to finish college<br />
  5. 5. Methods<br />Person in need is presented as high authoritarian (authoritarian ingroup), low authoritarian (outgroup), or is presented neutrally<br />High Authoritarian target – handed out religious pamphlets on campus, volunteered with Republican Party, internship in Arizona to promote anti-immigrant legislation<br />Low Authoritarian target – participated in peace and anti-war rallies on campus, volunteered for Democratic Party, internship in Arizona with immigrant advocacy group to protest anti-immigrant legislation<br />Control – No information given to indicate authoritarian orientation<br />
  6. 6. Methods<br />Helping Opportunity<br />Participants given opportunity to help target by donating time to help stuff envelopes to aid organizations<br />Expected to see less helping by RWA individuals if person in need was outgroup member<br />
  7. 7. Results<br />Manipulation check<br />Operationalized by indicating how liberal or conservative participants saw Katie (1 = Extremely Liberal, 9 = Extremely Conservative)<br />F (2, 93) = 6.93, p = .002<br />Contrast Tests<br />Low authoritarian Katie (M = 4.16, SD = 2.36) vs. high authoritarian Katie (M = 5.75, SD = 1.41), t(93) = 3.72, p < .001<br />Low authoritarian Katie versus control condition Katie (M = 4.88, SD = 1.13), t(93) = 1.68, p = .097<br />High authoritarian Katie versus control Katie, t(93) = 2.04, p = .044<br />
  8. 8. Results<br />Helpers (n = 31), Non-helpers (n = 65)<br />RWA individuals help equally regardless of target's group identification <br />However, compared to an ingroupperson in need, if person in need is an outgroup member, RWA individuals feel:<br />Less distressed, R2 = .15, F(1, 30) = 5.45, p = .026<br />Less upset, R2 = .16, F(1, 30) = 5.68, p = .024<br />Less sorrowful, R2 = .12, F(1, 30) = 4.18, p = .05<br />Getting what she deserves (near significant), R2 = .11, F(1, 30) = 3.67, p = .067<br />
  9. 9. Results – Distressed<br />High-RWA Target in Need<br />Low-RWA Target in Need<br />R2 = .15<br />
  10. 10. Results - Upset<br />High-RWA Target in Need<br />Low-RWA Target in Need<br />R2 = .16<br />
  11. 11. Results - Sorrowful<br />High-RWA Target in Need<br />Low-RWA Target in Need<br />R2 = .12<br />
  12. 12. Results – Getting what she deserves<br />High-RWA Target in Need<br />R2= .03, ns<br />Low-RWA Target in Need<br />R2= .11, p = .067<br />
  13. 13. Results – Across all conditions<br />RWA – Positive Correlations<br />Happy: r = .21, p = .041<br />Humored: r = .20, p = .047<br />Person in need is to blame:<br />r = .19, p = .06<br />How fair is person’s situation?<br />r = .19, p = .059<br />RWA – Negative Correlations<br />Sympathetic: r = -.23, p = .023<br />Distressed: r = -.22, p = .047<br />Upset: r = -.25, p = .016<br />Sorrowful: r = -.21, p = .045<br />Concern for person in need:<br />r = -.23, p = .027<br />
  14. 14. Results – Correlations to other personality traits<br />RWA – Positive Correlations<br />Social Dominance Orientation:<br />r = .47, p < .001<br />Political Conservatism<br />r = .40, p < .001<br />RWA - Negative Correlations<br />Perspective Taking:<br />r = -.23, p = .022<br />Need for Cognition: <br />r = -.34, p = .001<br />
  15. 15. Results – Helpers versus non-helpers<br />Among helpers, RWA associated with primary psychopathy<br />
  16. 16. Discussion<br />If RWA individuals have these negative feelings towards outgroup member, and, overall to a person in need:<br />Why do they help?<br />Batson (2008), Motivational aspects of helping. <br />Empathic Concern<br />May help for altruistic reasons where benefits of helping are unintended consequences<br />Or, may help for egoistic reasons – protecting self-esteem, avoiding guilt, help to feel good about self<br />
  17. 17. Discussion<br />Why do they help (continued)<br />Association between RWA and interpersonal manipulation component of psychopathy?<br />Seeking out closeness to others in order to manipulate them?<br />
  18. 18. Discussion<br />Follow-up Studies<br />Look into motivational aspects of helping among right-wing authoritarians<br />Reliability of RWA/psychopathy association among helpers<br />Will these results be replicated? <br />If so, what is the motivation to help among those who score high on RWA and psychopathy?<br />
  19. 19. References<br />Altemeyer, B. (1981). Right-wing authoritarianism. University of Manitoba Press, Winnipeg. <br />Altemeyer, B. (1996). The authoritarian specter. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.<br />Batson, C.D. (2008). Empathy-induced altruistic motivation. In Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P.R. (Eds.), Prosocial motives, emotions, and behavior: The better angels of our nature. (pp. 15-34)Washington D.C.: APA<br />McFarland, S. (2010). Authoritarianism, social dominance, and other roots of generalized prejudice. Political Psychology, 31, 425-449.<br />

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