Dog Training Fundamentals


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Dog Training Fundamentals

  1. 1. ==== ====For Dog Training tips Check This out ====Whether you already have experience of dog ownership, are a new dog owner or are about to bea dog owner, then training your dog is one of the most important aspects you need toconsider. Likewise if you currently have a dog with behaviour problems, then dog training isessential.However, knowing you need to train your dog and actually training your dog are two entirelydifferent things. Just where do you start?To successfully train your dog, you need to consider and understand some key facets of dogbehaviour. Knowing and understanding these 5 facets will greatly improve your dog training.1. The origins of dogs. Dogs are in essence descended from modern day wolves. Whiledomestication has dampened or eliminated many traits, some key natural instincts still remain.Like wolves, dogs are pack animals. What does this mean?Well, there are several traits that derive from being a pack animal. The important ones when itcomes to training are dogs are naturally sociable, they are used to routine and they are used to asocial structure (i.e. the famed alpha male).As sociable animals dogs thrive on the interaction with other dogs. A dog does not consider you asa human but rather a funny looking dog. Therefore, dogs thrive on the interaction with you. Justlike a wild wolf, rejected by the pack, if you starve a dog of this interaction, they will becomeunhappy and very agitated.When it comes to training, you can use this to reward or punish your dog. Interacting with your dog(e.g. patting, encouraging/excited talk, etc) can be as much of a reward as treats of food. Similarly,ignoring your dog (e.g. turning your back, stern talk, putting them in another room, etc) can be aharsh punishment for a dog. Its definitely better than smacking them.As with all animals (including humans), dogs thrive on routine. If they know what and when theyare likely to be doing certain things, then they are relaxed and comfortable. They know what toexpect and are not confused by ever changing circumstances.Training should also stick to a routine. Decide when the best time of the day is best for you to trainyour dog and stick by that time as rigidly as possible. Your dog will soon get into a routine ofexpecting to be trained at say 3pm every day and will be prepared for when training time comes. Ifyour dog is ready and expecting to be trained, then it goes without saying that they will actuallytrain better.
  2. 2. Within a pack there is always the alpha male. The dog that leads the pack, protects the pack andultimately ensures the pack is fed and survives. As mentioned, a dog sees you as a funny lookingdog and not a human. To be a good dog owner you absolutely need to be the alpha male. Howmany nature programs have you seen where the alpha male is being challenged by one of theother would be alpha males? Likewise, your dog will be challenging you to be the alpha male - thisis a natural instinct for them.You must establish yourself as the alpha male from the beginning. Providing food, interaction,punishing bad behaviour, body and vocal language all go towards asserting yourself as the alphamale. If your dog does not consider you as the alpha male, then they will not listen or act on yourtraining instructions.2. A dogs memory. We all know that goldfish have short memories. However, you may besurprised to know that dogs also have short retention memories. If you could tell your dogsomething, it is likely that by the next day or a few hours later, they will have forgotten. On theother had (or paw) dogs do have incredibly good associated memory. This basically means that ifyour dog can associated something with what you tell it then it will likely remember what you told itfor years to come.For example if you told your dog (assuming you could speak doggy language) that the chocolatebiscuits were in the cupboard your dog would probably forget this within a few hours. However, ifyou showed your dog where the chocolate biscuits were, repeating the words chocolate biscuits,every time you said chocolate biscuits it would probably go straight to the cupboard. It may alsosearch the cupboard every few hours for the rest of its life looking for the chocolate biscuits butthats not the point.Therefore, when training your dog you need to associate the training topic with something. Forexample: if you are teaching your dog to sit. If you associate the word sit by getting your dog tophysically sit and then giving them a reward. Repeat this a few times and soon your dog willassociate your command sit with it physically sitting and then getting a reward. The difficult bit isdisassociating the reward - ask yourself why almost every dog will naturally sit when you havefood in your hand?3. Doggy language. Despite comments above, we cannot speak doggy language and dogs cannotspeak our language. This is important when it comes to training. You have to choose words forcommands that both you and your dog will remember. Be careful not to choose very commonwords or else your dog will be easily confused when this word keeps appearing within the middleof a sentence. A common word often used in training dogs is come. For this example, it may bebetter to use a slang version or combine come here into a single short word.The important thing is that when you decide on a word for a command to stick with it and beconsistent, otherwise your dog will become confused.I know it can be difficult, especially if you come home to your new TV pulled off the cabinet, toalways use pre-selected words when talking to your dog. Your dog does not speak humanlanguage and will only know what those few words you have trained it with are (and the tone youhave used). So if you start using other words or different tones your dog will not understand.
  3. 3. For example: imagine someone speaking to you in a foreign language asking for directions to thecity hall. You cant understand a word they are saying yet they get more and more frustrated,talking in a louder and quicker language. Is it your fault you cant understand them? Why are theygetting angrier when you have no idea what they are saying? What is their problem? What will Ido? Similarly, if you havent trained your dog to understand what sit is and you startshouting sit, down on back legs, down, etc is it your dogs fault it is looking at you confused andincreasingly scared.4. Puppy behaviour. Just like babies, puppies do not know how the world works or how they aresupposed to behave within that world. They need to be taught and learn what is good, bad, right orwrong.A healthy and happy puppy will be a bundle of energy, desperate to explore as much as they canas quickly as they can. Dogs do not have good eyes that can see things or hands that can feel theintricacies of objects. Instead they have noses that can smell things and mouths that can chewobjects.While this can come through training and general maturing, the importance of this is that you mustbe patient and understand where your dog is coming from and why it does what it does.5. Structure and enjoyment. While I have in a round about way touched on these two above, nodog training information would be complete without mentioning these two aspects on their own.However you decide to train your dog, as with routine, you must have a structure to your training.If you have never trained a dog before, how do you know when your dog can start learning to sit,stay, etc and when it can run down to the local shop and pick the paper up for you? You need to know what it is you actually want to train your dog to ultimately be able to do andwhat steps you need to take to get to that point. Personnel dog trainers, dog training classes anddog training guides can all do this. Personally, I prefer to train my own dogs and believe that in theend you develop a much stronger bond with your dog. Also, your dog is more obedient to yourather than the trainer. However, at the very least, and particularly if you have never trained a dogbefore, I would recommend purchasing a dog training guide.The small amount of money for a dog training guide, compared to the time you would wastesearching for free online tips that will be a mix match of training and will not provide the structure,is just not worth it. More than that, the time saved in training and the end result of a properlytrained dog for the rest of its life (around 15 years) is worth many times more than the cost of eventhe most basic training guide.If you, and more importantly your dog, do not enjoy training then you will never properly train yourdog. Training will take longer and be much harder. When you start training your dog rememberthey are most likely to be a puppy and at that age all they want to do is run and explore their newworld. Be flexible with the time you plan to spend training. Try and keep training short but if yourdog appears to be really enjoying it then be prepared to train for longer. Likewise if your dog willjust not focus, then maybe leave it for a bit before going back to it. With a routine and structure toyour training, your dog will soon learn that when it comes to training they need to focus for a shortlength of time and will be better able to do so.
  4. 4. I hope the above has been helpful in your desire to train your dog. By knowing why and how yourdog does what it does, you should be able to understand its behaviour much better. By using thisunderstanding you can better bond with your dog and train your dog. A good training routine andstructure as well as plenty of patience and eventually you will have a well trained dog. Alwaysalways always make sure training is enjoyable for both you and especially your dog.==== ====For Dog Training tips Check This out ====