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Semantic Density and Time

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An original exploratory presentation about Semantic Density and Time.

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Semantic Density and Time

1. 1. Semantic Density and TimeAn exploratory and original presentation about time and meaning inlanguage: a biosemiotic perspective.Franklin de la Cruz2013
2. 2. Universidad de ChileA presentation about “Reality and mind.”In partial fulfillment of theSeminar in Language and Learning: A Biosemiotics perspective.PhD. Saeid Atoofi2013
3. 3. DensityDo you remember this?
4. 4. Properties● Density is embodied● Embodiment takes place in time through time
5. 5. Example 2
6. 6. Main hypothesisThe more the time a embodied density interacts in its immediatesurrounding, the denser becomes the interaction between theminimum particles embodied, thus:the denser the body, the more time units interrelate
7. 7. Logical inference from Main hypothesis+time = +density of interactions in timethus:-density = - viscosity of meaning+density = + viscosity of meaning
8. 8. Example of interaction
9. 9. The denser the unit...The more units of time will relate at the samemomentumi.e ongoing time
10. 10. Viscosity
11. 11. Time hypothesisAnd each particle takes its own period of units of time in thisongoing momentum, thus:What we think is time, is just but a metaphor of a much morecomplex symbiotic system of units of time embodied in a majorframe: the momentum, or universal time: the ongoing time.
12. 12. PropertiesIt never stopsIt embodies all matterIt cannot be studied directly only indirectly
13. 13. Density and time
14. 14. Semiotic relationIt is constrained by the nature of embodiment (i.e. matter)It occupies its own particular part and place in thismomentum.It cannot perceive the momentum because it is embodiedin it.
15. 15. What are four minutes ofconversation...In 20 seconds?
16. 16. Recursivity
17. 17. PropertiesDiscrete infinity . Hauser et al (2002)Human embodimentOn going time embodimentDensityChronesthesical units (e.g. words to index time relations)
18. 18. Phonological system and semanticdensityPiraha3 vowel sounds and 11 consonantal soundsIt seems to be a low density language, thus:Is it easier to acquire than English?
19. 19. Null hypothesisAbout phonological acquisition:languages with less phonemes are not acquired earlier than thosewith more phonemes
20. 20. Further researchTo study the acquisition of the phonological system of the nativepiraha speakers
21. 21. Relaciones de tamaño y velocidad.Maturana, Varela (2009).
22. 22. The more the time, the more thedensity of meaning:Peter
23. 23. Peter arrived
24. 24. Peter arrived today
25. 25. Peter arrived today in the morning
26. 26. Peter arrived today in the early morning
27. 27. Peter, my neighbor, arrived today in the early morning
28. 28. Peter Glass, my neighbor, arrived today in the earlymorning
29. 29. Peter Glass, my mad neighbor, arrived today in the earlymorning
30. 30. Peter Glass, my mad, but nonetheless very good neighbor,arrived today in the early morning
31. 31. *Peter Glass, the son of famous Ann Glass, mymad, but nonetheless very good neighbor, arrivedtoday in the early morning
32. 32. *Peter Glass, the son of world wide famous singer AnnGlass, my mad, but nonetheless very good neighbor,arrived today in the early morning by train
33. 33. *Peter Glass, the son of world wide famous singer AnnGlass, my mad, but nonetheless very good neighbor,arrived today in the early morning by train to hisdestination
34. 34. *Peter Glass, the elder son of world wide famous Brit popsinger Ann Glass, my mad, but nonetheless very goodneighbor, arrived today in the early morning by train to hisfinal destination
35. 35. *Peter Glass, the elder son of world wide famousBrit pop singer Ann Glass, my mad, butnonetheless very good and sexy neighbor, finallymanaged to arrive today in the early morning bytrain to his last, but not least, destination in Spain:a very colorless green idea sleeping furiously.
36. 36. Implications in discourseThe more the time, the denser becomes the interchange ofmeanings between participants.At a conversation speakers must take turns because theembodiment people have does not allow them to work withmultiple parallels unit of time or dense ongoing time.
37. 37. Conclusions● Everything in nature is bound to a universal “ongoing” time that neverstops.● It is believed that this “ongoing” time is the frame that supports ourperception of time.● This perception of time is nothing but a fraction of this ongoing time anddepends upon the quality of the matter that builds up the body.● Semantic density is a relation between this embodied time and thenumber of possible tokens that this embodiment may support in aspecific area of time.● If null hypothesis is false, the study of the relationship hold betweensemantic density and time becomes of paramount importance toprovide with a new view to understand the nature of language, itsrelation to nature, to language change and language acquisition.
38. 38. Bibliography● Everett, D. 2012. “Cultural Constraints on Grammar andCognition in Piraha”.Current Anthropology. Volume 46● Eyal Sagy et al. 2009 “Semantic Density Analysis:Comparing word meaning across time and phonetic space”EACL.● Hauser, M. 2002. “The Faculty of Language: What Is It, WhoHas It, and How Did It Evolve?”. Science 298● Maturana. A, Varela F. 2007. “El Árbol del Conocimiento”.● Mialcea, R. Word Sense D i s a m b i g u a t i o n based on Se m a n t i c D e n s i t y. Department of Computer Scienceand Engineering Southern Methodist University