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Getting your Super Powers with Watson and IA


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presented at Escape Velocity Conference on 9/1/17. How AI and IA solutions will enable you to have Super Powers only imagined in Sci Fi.

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Getting your Super Powers with Watson and IA

  1. 1. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation1 IBM © 20015 IBM Corporation September 2017 Frank Stein Director of Analytics Solution Center IBM Leveraging Information for Smarter Organizational Outcomes Getting your Super Powers with Watson and IA Solutions 0818
  2. 2. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation2 IBM Introduction ▪"Write me a creature that thinks as well as a man, or better than a man, but not like a man.“ ▪John Campbell, Editor, Astounding Science Fiction, 1930’s
  3. 3. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation4 IBM Augmenting our human brains to become Super Powerful !
  4. 4. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation5 IBM Watson answers a grand challenge Can we design a computing system that rivals a human’s ability to answer questions posed in natural language, interpreting meaning and context and retrieving, analyzing and understanding vast amounts of information in real-time? video
  5. 5. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation7 IBM Imagine your own custom “Tricorder”
  6. 6. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation8 IBM Super-Human Vision Performance Possible with ML
  7. 7. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation9 IBM Performance is a function of Data 1K training examples 10k training examples Facebook BABI Reading Comprehension
  8. 8. Super-human Vision Applications Melanoma Detection Depression Detection HyperImaging
  9. 9. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation11 IBM Speech Reco Performance over Time 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 1995 2001 2004 2011 2014 2015 2016 2017 Machine Human Deep learning techniques Word error rate on Switchboard dataset (ibm results) Worderrorrate%
  10. 10. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation12 IBM Super-Human Speech Reco Applications Psychosis Prediction Disease Prediction Brain injury Prediction
  11. 11. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation13 IBM Making Super Athletes 50% fewer soft tissue injuries afflicting a Major League Baseball (MLB) team using the platform to personalize training regimes 53% fewer lost training days experienced by an MLB team using evidence-based recovery strategies Helps optimize performance and recovery of athletes by recommending individualized training and nutrition regimes
  12. 12. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation14 IBM Becoming a Super Oncologist Business problem: Need better individualized cancer treatment plans Solution: • Suggestions to help inform oncologists’ decisions based on 600K+ pieces of evidence and 2M pages of text from 42 publications • Analyzes patient data against thousands of historical cases and trained through 5000+ Memorial Sloan- Kettering MD and analyst hours • Evolves with the fast-changing field Attacking the cause of one in four deaths Watson for Oncology Built with Memorial Sloan Kettering
  13. 13. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation15 IBM Becoming a Super Lawyer
  14. 14. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation16 IBM Route Optimization Optimize On-shelf Availability Asset Placement Predict Demand Spikes Optimize Product Mix Maximize Occupancy Personalize Engagement Promotion Optimization Out-of-Stock Prediction Dynamic Pricing 16 © 2017 IBM Corporation Super Power: Omnipresence Real-time product assortment prediction for an entire city Provided by Jesus Mantas,IBM Managing Partner, Cognitive Process Transformation From: Jesus Mantas
  15. 15. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation17 IBM 80% analytics forecast accuracy increased to 99% accuracy $115 million incremental profit over 2 years vs. current product launch plan 180 million choices are evaluated by the AI engine in < 10 seconds © 2017 IBM Corporation 17 Super Power: Precognition (Prescience)
  16. 16. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation18 IBM Auto-GCAS Saves Unconscious F-16 Pilot—Declassified USAF Footage Super Power to Save Pilot’s Lives
  17. 17. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation19 IBM Cognitive Assistant for M&A Analysis Concept Video
  18. 18. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation20 IBM The Augmented Intelligence Assumption behind Super Powers ▪Humans + Computers can achieve better performance than either alone ▪When might this be true? When they complement each other ▪ Gaps in computer capabilities are covered by human capabilities ▪ Gaps in human capabilities are covered by computer capabilities Computer Capabilities Gaps: Creativity, goal setting, commonsense reasoning, rare cases, … Human Capabilities Gaps: Memory, attention, large scale search, … Augmented Intelligence Gaps are covered
  19. 19. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation21 IBM Augmented Intelligence: Chess Playing Computers • Human Performance • Computer Performance • Human + Computer Team
  20. 20. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation22 IBM Areas where People can give Computers Super Powers ▪True Conversation ▪Video understanding (beyond reco) ▪Common Sense Reasoning ▪ Strategic Thinking ▪ Forward looking ▪Episodic Memory ▪Understanding Diagrams, Scientific articles ▪Ethics
  21. 21. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation23 IBM 23 “Where there is great power, there is great responsibility”
  22. 22. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation24 IBM The hope is that, in not too many years, human brains and computing machines will be coupled together very tightly, and that the resulting partnership will think as no human brain has ever thought and process data in a way not approached by the information-handling machines we know today” JCR Licklider, 1960, Professor at MIT The computer is incredibly fast, accurate, and stupid. Man is unbelievably slow, inaccurate, and brilliant. The marriage of the two is a force beyond calculation. LEO CHERNE, attributed, The World of Work: Careers and the Future
  23. 23. © 2015 International Business Machines Corporation25 IBM