The purpose of music

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Research about the purpose of music.

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The purpose of music

  1. 1. The purpose of music
  2. 2. What is the purpose of music? 1. To help people feel happy. 2. To help people feel excited. 3. To help people reduce stress. 4. To help people listen better. 5. To help people speak better. 6. To help people remember better. 7. To help people think creatively. 8. To help people become more helpful.
  3. 3. Question # 1 How can music help people feel happy?
  4. 4. People get a little more energy when they listen to ”happy music” http://ezinearticles.com/?Music-And-Its-Influence-On-Behavior&id=733185
  5. 5. http://hmi.ewi.utwente.nl/verslagen/capita-selecta/CS-Zimmerman-Jurrit.pdf High energy Low energy Alert Excited Happy Nervous Stressed Sad Depressed Tired Calm Relaxed Satisfied Angry
  6. 6. Listening to happy music can make us perceive others as being happy. https://medium.com/the-mission/how-music-affects-your-brain-plus-11-artists-to-listen-to-at-work-4f0a5081d9e9#.p93hlz83f
  7. 7. Question # 2 How can music help people feel excited?
  8. 8. Listening to songs with high tempos motivates us to run faster. http://www.newyorker.com/tech/elements/walking-helps-us-think
  9. 9. Research shows that when a task is clearly defined and repetitive in nature, music is useful. Example An assembly line worker’s mood may increase when he/she listens to his/her favourite music – and thereby increase his/her productivity doing the repetitive task. http://www.fastcompany.com/3032868/work-smart/how-music-affects-your-productivity
  10. 10. Study shows what music can positively influence performance by improving endurance and exercise intensity. http://www.bases.org.uk/Music-in-Exercise
  11. 11. http://hmi.ewi.utwente.nl/verslagen/capita-selecta/CS-Zimmerman-Jurrit.pdf High energy Low energy Alert Excited Happy Nervous Stressed Sad Depressed Tired Calm Relaxed Satisfied Angry
  12. 12. http://youtu.be/aCFVhq6DFhE Music makes people feel powerful. Li Huang
  13. 13. Question # 3 How can music help people reduce stress?
  14. 14. Music can  relieve pain,  calm our nerves, and  promote blood circulation. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(15)60169-6/fulltext http://www.helium.com/items/820665-musics-influence-on-behavior
  15. 15. Research with a group taking music lessons and a group studying natural sciences found that the young musicians were less likely to respond to provocation with aggression as they grew older. https://psmag.com/heres-evidence-that-music-training-dampens-young-kids-aggressive-behavior-b4f853502cc4#.moesikt2c
  16. 16. A review of 23 studies covering almost 1,500 patients found that listening to music reduced heart rate, blood pressure and anxiety in heart disease patients. http://www.spring.org.uk/2013/09/10-magical-effects-music-has-on-the-mind.php
  17. 17. Research shows that when a child trained on an instrument, it accelerated cortical organization in attention skill, anxiety management and emotional control. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2015/01/07/music-lessons-spur-emotional-and-behavioral-growth-in-children-new-study-says/
  18. 18. http://youtu.be/tzwWskM4hN8 Tchaikovsky flashwaltz at Hadassah hospital
  19. 19. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/How-do-you-handle-stress-1496360
  20. 20. Question # 4 How can music help people listen better?
  21. 21. When children learn to play music, their brains begin to hear and process sounds that they couldn't otherwise hear. http://www.news-medical.net/news/20160616/Music-instruction-improves-cognitive-socio-emotional-development-in-young-children.aspx http://time.com/3634995/study-kids-engaged-music-class-for-benefits-northwestern/
  22. 22. Learning to play an instrument helps people to better perceive speech and understand emotions in the voice. http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/07/unpacking-the-science-how-playing-music-changes-the-learning-brain/
  23. 23. Sylvain Moreno has demonstrated links between children’s experiences in music and their auditory skills. https://www.goodreads.com/review/show/769046140 location 4900.
  24. 24. Question # 5 How can music help people speak better?
  25. 25. Musicians have shown enhanced language skills compared to non-musicians. http://www.spring.org.uk/2014/06/musical-training-increases-executive-brain-function-in-children-and-adults.php
  26. 26. In Nigeria, there are 250 languages. This means that advertising has to move beyond words to emotion, music, images, and other nonverbal messages. In meeting this challenge, remember that youth everywhere speak one tongue: the language of music. Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 131.
  27. 27. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Languages-2449951
  28. 28. Question # 6 How can music help people remember better?
  29. 29. Musicians have better memory http://scienceblogs.com/cognitivedaily/2009/05/musicians_have_better_memory_-.php
  30. 30. http://www.cbc.ca/news/arts/story/2012/12/28/music-as-therapy.html Music therapy helps Alzheimer patients remember
  31. 31. https://youtu.be/T8wzQJxrPgw 6 months of piano training significantly improved the cognitive performance in adults aged 60 – 85 years.
  32. 32. A study shows that in the parietal lobes - which are associated with the senses, memory and attention - the neural response of musicians are faster than that of non- musicians. The study adds to a growing body of evidence showing that musical training has a wonderful positive effect on cognitive abilities. http://www.spring.org.uk/2014/11/musics-amazing-effect-on-long-term-memory-and-mental-abilities-in-general.php
  33. 33. A study found that adults learned a new language more effectively when they sang the words instead of spoke them. http://www.creativitypost.com/education/music_helps_memory http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23860945
  34. 34. A study of 8 to 11-year-olds found that those who had extra-curricular music classes developed higher verbal IQ and visual abilities than those with no musical training. http://www.spring.org.uk/2013/09/10-magical-effects-music-has-on-the-mind.php http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0003566
  35. 35. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Listening-tips-1485898
  36. 36. Question # 7 How can music help people think creatively?
  37. 37. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/13/opinion/sunday/is-music-the-key-to-success.html Music reinforces your confidence in the ability to create. Paul Allen Co-founder of Microsoft
  38. 38. Musicians use more parts of their brain more frequently than the average people. http://www.physorg.com/news142185056.html
  39. 39. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Creativity-exercises-2378829
  40. 40. Question # 8 How can music help people become more helpful?
  41. 41. When people sing together or listen to happy music together, they become more cooperative and less self-interested. https://hbr.org/2016/08/upbeat-music-can-make-employees-more-cooperative https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160823125215.htm
  42. 42. Singing together appears to inspire spontaneous cooperative and helpful behavior among 4-year-olds. http://www.psmag.com/blogs/news-blog/the-sounds-that-bind-new-evidence-of-why-we-love-music-63907
  43. 43. Intense music experiences cause long-term changes to occur in values people have. http://m.pom.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/07/10/0305735613482024
  44. 44. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Questions-to-discover-your-values-1329394

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