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Tanzania - information about people and business.

Published in: Business


  1. 1. Tanzania
  2. 2. People ofTanzania
  3. 3. Population 47 million people. 45% are younger than 15.Life expectancy 43 years.Languages Kiswahili or Swahili. English. Many local languages.Source
  4. 4. Tanzania has a young populationSource
  5. 5. The population of Tanzania is growing Tanzania Brazil RussiaSource
  6. 6. Tanzania has a relatively strong group culture Power Uncertainty distance Individualism Masculinity avoidanceSource:
  7. 7. Politicalaspects
  8. 8. Democracy around the world TanzaniaSource:
  9. 9. Corruption perceptions index 2012 TanzaniaSource:
  10. 10. The 3 most problematic factors for doing business in Tanzania 1. Corruption. 2. Access to financing. 3. Inadequate supply of infrastructure.Source, p. 184.
  11. 11. Economic aspects
  12. 12. Large GDP growth in TanzaniaSource
  13. 13. Since 2003, real GDP growth in Tanzania has been above 6% every yearSource
  14. 14. Privatization in TanzaniaSource
  15. 15. Agriculture
  16. 16. Agriculture is the leading economic sector in Tanzania, providing a livelihood to 80% of the population.Source
  17. 17. Only a little more than 4% of the land in Tanzania is arable.Source
  18. 18. About 70% of Tanzania’s crop area is cultivated by hand hoe, 20% by ox plough and only 10% by tractor.Source
  19. 19. Production of organic coffee in Tanzania are among the success stories in agriculture in Africa.Source, p. 19.
  20. 20. Founded in the 1930s, the Kagera Co-operative Union (KCU) currently comprises some 90,000 small-scale coffee farmers organized in 124 village co-operatives. Fairtrade organizations started buying from KCU in 1988.Source
  21. 21. Housing
  22. 22. Between 2000 and 2010, the share of the population living in urban areas increased from around 22% to around 26% - meaning a decrease of the share of rural population from around 78% to 74%.Source p. 39.
  23. 23. Tanzania is facing a growing urban housing shortage, fuelled by the increasing rural-urban migration trend. In 1995, it was estimated that about 70% of the urban population was living in temporary shelters of squatter/slum areas. There is no significant improvement to date.Source p. 30.
  24. 24. Health
  25. 25. Malaria is a major public health problem inTanzania. Annual malaria deaths in Tanzaniaare estimated to be 60,000, with 80% of thesedeaths among children under five years of age.Source
  26. 26. Ownership of mosquito nets has risen sharply from less than 15% of households in 1999 to nearly 64% in 2010.Source p. 42.
  27. 27. A to Z textile mills makes anti-malaria bed netsand employs several thousand peopleSource
  28. 28. Energy
  29. 29. Only about 14% of households in mainlandTanzania are connected to electricity, with alarge disparity in coverage between urbanareas (45.4%) and rural areas (3.4%).Source
  30. 30. Around 90% of the total energy consumption in Tanzania comes from biomass fuel. More than 80% of the energy derived from biomass (mainly charcoal and firewood) is consumed in rural areas. There have been few private sector projects aimed at bio fuel production.Source p. 27.
  31. 31. Solar and wind energy account for less than 1% of total energy production in Tanzania. Solar energy has been exploited at a very limited scale due to the lack of awareness and availability of solar energy equipment. Other renewable sources (like wind and geothermal energy) have not yet been utilized on any significant scale due to limited know- how of technology and lack of finance.Source p. 27.
  32. 32. Only 12% of Tanzania’s proven hydro- power potential has been developed.Source p. 27.
  33. 33. With numerous rivers and lakes, Tanzania has enormous water resource potential.Source
  34. 34. During the past 30 years, Tanzania has experienced 6 major droughts. The most recent, in 2006, is estimated to have cut GDP growth by 1%.Source , p. 98.
  35. 35. Natural resources
  36. 36. Gold Diamonds Iron ore Gemstones Tin Natural resourcesNickel Hydropower Phosphates Natural gas CoalSource
  37. 37. Transportation
  38. 38. Dar es Salaam, the capitalcity of Tanzania, is one ofEast Africa’s mostimportant ports, and itcontinues to improve itsefficiency.Source
  39. 39. Media
  40. 40. Large growth in mobile phone subscribersin TanzaniaSource
  41. 41.
  42. 42. TV stations in Tanzania 1 state-owned TV station. Multiple privately-owned TV stations.Radio stations in Tanzania 1 state-owned radio station. More than 40 privately-owned radio stations.Source
  43. 43. TanzaniaSource:
  44. 44. Wild life
  45. 45. A clear indicator of Tanzania’s commitment to its natural resources is the designation of more than 25% of its land as Wildlife National Parks and protected areas.Source, p. 109.
  46. 46. Tanzania national parksSource:
  47. 47. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is a clear example of how well-managed natural resources can generate benefits to the local community. Apart from the economic benefits brought by tourism, the region has some of the highest school enrolments (100%), life expectancies (59 years), and adult literacy rates (85%) in Tanzania. In the coming years, continued balancing of economic productivity and environmental sustainability will be the goal of residents and visitors alike.Source, p. 109.
  48. 48. Mount Kilimanjaro. 5,895 meters. The tallest mountain in Africa.Source:
  49. 49. Crane in front of a herd of zebras at Arusha National Park.Source