Question # 1
How well do you know the
people you speak with?
The audience is
the heart of
The audience is interested in their problems.
Make your talk about them.
Show the listeners that you
truly care about them.
2 questions for you:
1. What do people already know?
2. What do people need to hear?
Keep your talk focused on the 1 or 2 things
you want people to remember.
State the most important
recommendations at the start.
Then move on to supporting data.
Cut out everything
that is not essential.
If you had only 1 sentence, what would you say?
Question # 3
What questions will
you ask people?
How many of you have....?
What about asking an event participant to
1. read a quote written on a slide, and / or
2. comment on a / the quote?
What do you think?
When you ask a question,
pause and count to 3 or 4.
The average adult reads 300 words per
minute, but people can only listen well
to 150 words per minute.
Therefore, slow down.
Take a breath before you begin
speaking to avoid rushing and mumbling.
Communicate with a clear, strong voice.
Question # 6
How will you
make your talk personal?
Include some stories – preferably about real
people or even yourself.
The personal touch can really help to give the
talk authenticity and interest.
Tip # 5.
People will better follow and remember stories.
Stories create emotional connections.
Have you thought about
why you should be telling
this story? What is unique
Talk about things
you believe in.
If you should mention a person by
name and connect him or her to the story
you are telling, who would that person be?
How can you bring
informal style into
I don’t see it that way.
I don’t understand.
Question # 8
How will you use
Keep it simple. The human brain likes easy things.
Question # 9
How often will you
repeat during your talk?
We shall fight on the beaches.
We shall fight on the landing grounds.
We shall fight in the fields and in the streets.
3 ways to repeat
1. “To repeat,………….….“
2. “In other words:……......…"
3. “To put it more simply:..…........”
When someone asks you a question, repeat it.
There are 2 reasons for this:
Reason # 1
Some people in the audience may not have heard
Reason # 2
It gives you more time to think of your answer.
Question # 10
How will you use your
Sometimes the most powerful points
can be delivered in a very quiet voice.
Question # 12
How much will you practice
before you speak?
Know your material extremely well.
Practice your talk 3 times
1. When you finished preparing it.
2. The day before the event.
3. A few hours before you go “on.”
That can be counterproductive.
When practicing, expect that your actual
talk will take at least 25% longer.