Madagascar

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Madagascar - political, economic, cultural, and geographic aspects

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Madagascar

  1. 1. Madagascar
  2. 2. Political aspects
  3. 3. Independence from France in 1960. Source: http://www.indexmundi.com/madagascar/independence.html
  4. 4. The president of Madagascar, Mr. Andry Nirina Rajoelina (born in 1974), is the youngest president in Africa. Mr. Rajoelina became President in 2009. Source http://www.madagascar-presidency.gov.mg/president/ http://www.indexmundi.com/madagascar/executive_branch.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andry_Rajoelina
  5. 5. The government of Madagascar has more than 30 ministers. Source: http://www.madagascar-presidency.gov.mg/gouvernement/
  6. 6. Economic issues
  7. 7. Relatively stable real GDP growth of about 7% Source: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/13/11/40578194.pdf
  8. 8. GDP per capita world ranking: # 211 Source https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/rankorder/2004rank.html?countryName=Madagascar&countryCode=ma&regionCode=af&ran k=211#ma
  9. 9. Export products Coffee. Vanilla. Shellfish. Sugar. Cotton cloth. Chromite. Petroleum products. Sources https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ma.html http://www.ycsg.yale.edu/focus/papers/MDGMadagascar.pdf
  10. 10. Source: http://www.weforum.org/pdf/gcr/africa/investment/madagascar.pdf
  11. 11. Infrastructure
  12. 12. In 2005 an estimated 3.5 million school days were lost in Madagascar due to diarrhoea and other illnesses linked to poor sanitation. This absenteeism contributes to the high Malagasy school dropout rate, with six out of ten children never finishing primary school. Source http://www.wsscc.org/fileadmin/files/pdf/publication/WASH_Case_Studies_Series_-_Madagascar.pdf
  13. 13. Throughout Madagascar only 38% of the population has access to safe water and only 52% of houses are equipped with latrines. Source http://www.wsscc.org/fileadmin/files/pdf/publication/WASH_Case_Studies_Series_-_Madagascar.pdf
  14. 14. Agriculture
  15. 15. Coffee Cloves Sugarcane Cocoa Vanilla Agriculture Rice products Beans Peanuts Cassava Livestock (tapioca) Bananas products Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ma.html
  16. 16. Energy
  17. 17. Only 4% of the country’s communities are now served with electricity. Source: http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/2009/pdf/01.22.09_mad.pdf
  18. 18. We would like that in 2020, 70% of the energy in Madagascar should be renewable and 10% of transportation will use renewable energy. The capacity for solar energy is very good in Madagascar, as well as wind energy in the north and south and biomass. We are starting in those directions to [develop] renewable energy. Source: http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/2009/pdf/01.22.09_mad.pdf
  19. 19. Madagascar is home to the Bemolanga oil sands, one of the world’s largest undeveloped bitumen reserves at 16 billion barrels of oil. Total of France and Madagascar Oil of the U.S. are developing the site. Source: http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/2009/pdf/01.22.09_mad.pdf
  20. 20. Madagascar also has coal, estimated at 135 million tons Source: http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/2009/pdf/01.22.09_mad.pdf
  21. 21. Madagascar has the potential for 7,800 megawatts from hydropower, but uses only 150 megawatts . Source: http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/2009/pdf/01.22.09_mad.pdf
  22. 22. A cooperation deal between battery company Saft and energy management specialist Schneider Electric is to deliver a off-grid solar photovoltaic installation providing the village of Marovato on Madagascar’s east coast with energy for around six hours per day – mainly in the evenings – as an alternative to the kerosene and hand-gathered wood traditionally used by the 120 villagers. Source http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2009/09/off-grid-solar-for-madagascar
  23. 23. Source: http://www.ingenieurtram.ch/index.php/filmbeitraege/filmarchiv
  24. 24. Minerals
  25. 25. Nickel Chromium Copper Gold Cobalt Grapphite Petroleum Minerals Sappire Iron ore Ruby Titanium Emerald Zirconium Diamonds Cement Source: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2004/mamyb04.pdf
  26. 26. Madagascar holds half the world’s sapphires as well as semiprecious gems such as amethyst and beryl. It has iron, nickel, graphite, bauxite and uranium. It has lesser-known minerals essential to industry, such as vanadium, a metal used in high- strength steels and titanium alloys, and ilmenite, used in pigments and whiteners from toothpaste to paint. Source: http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/2009/pdf/01.22.09_mad.pdf
  27. 27. Mining companies in Madagascar http://www.riotintomadagascar.com/ Source: http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/2009/pdf/01.22.09_mad.pdf
  28. 28. Cultural issues
  29. 29. Population 20.6 million people Life expectancy 63 years Languages English (official) French (official) Malagasy (official) Religion Indigenous beliefs 52% Christian 41% Muslim 7% Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ma.html
  30. 30. Source: http://earthtrends.wri.org/pdf_library/country_profiles/pop_cou_450.pdf
  31. 31. Source: http://earthtrends.wri.org/pdf_library/country_profiles/pop_cou_450.pdf
  32. 32. Source: http://earthtrends.wri.org/pdf_library/country_profiles/pop_cou_450.pdf
  33. 33. Unlike much of the African mainland, Malagasy people share a common language which is spoken throughout the island, hence facilitating communication and trade. French is widely used in the administration and in high school instruction. Source: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.58.4437&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  34. 34. The various Malagasy dialects are all closely related, having diversified only in the last 2,000 years when Madagascar was settled by an Indonesian people. The languages contain some words of Bantu, Swahili, Arab, English, and French origin. Since 1820 the Merina dialect, written in the Roman alphabet, has been the official language of the island. Sources http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/359466/Malagasy-languages http://www.wildmadagascar.org/media/PDFs/handout.pdf
  35. 35. Although most Malagasy are from mixed Asian and African ancestry, people from coastal areas harbor a historical resentment against people from the central highlands who traditionally ruled the country. Source: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.58.4437&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  36. 36. Geographical aspects
  37. 37. Madagascar 587,041 km2. 14 times larger than Switzerland. World’s 4th largest island. Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/maps/ma_largelocator_template.html
  38. 38. Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/maps/maptemplate_ma.html
  39. 39. The island of Madagascar split away from the east coast of Africa more than 120 million years ago and evolved its own unique flora and fauna in quiet isolation from the rest of the world. Source http://worldmusic.nationalgeographic.com/view/page.basic/genre/content.genre/malagasy_pop_747/en_US
  40. 40. Isalo National Park Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madagascar
  41. 41. Source: http://www.wildmadagascar.org/media/PDFs/handout.pdf
  42. 42. 1 of 99 recognized species and subspecies of lemur found only in Madagascar Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Indri_Andasibe.JPG http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/rio_tintos_madagascar_mini_22102007.html

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