Learning strategies


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15 learning strategies. How do you like to learn?

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Learning strategies

  1. 1. Learning strategies
  2. 2. Learning strategy # 1 Recognize that old knowledge is irrelevant
  3. 3. One good reason to dive head first into self-initiated learning is that much of what you were taught is already obsolete. https://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/201607/the-golden-age-teaching-yourself-anything
  4. 4. Example Recognize that people want to more than only consumers / buyers. In other words, recognize that people would like to be involved, to help out, to co-create. https://hbr.org/2016/11/why-the-problem-with-learning-is-unlearning
  5. 5. Learning strategy # 2 Watch / observe
  6. 6. People, who learn well by observing, like to, for example,  watch photos on www.instagram.com,  watch videos on www.youtube.com. http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning/
  7. 7. Learning strategy # 3 Read
  8. 8. What do you like to read?  A newspaper app?  Blogs you subscribe to?  Postings from people you follow on www.linkedin.com?  Tweets from people you follow on www.twitter.com? https://hbr.org/2016/08/using-social-media-to-build-professional-skills
  9. 9. Instead of saying to yourself that you want to “read more” or “learn new things”, be much more specific. Example “Spend 2 hours every Thursday afternoon reading all the articles I saved during the week.” https://hbr.org/2016/01/how-to-make-learning-more-automatic
  10. 10. Learning strategy # 4 Write
  11. 11. Chat with people Write about and discuss topicsInformal education Search for information on the internet Prepare, watch, listen to presentations Formal education Unexpected education Deliberate education
  12. 12. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/11-advantages-of-using-a-blog-for-teaching
  13. 13. Learning strategy # 5 Listen
  14. 14. Sense. Feel. Try things out. Do things. Think. Reflect. Listen. Observe. Adapted from Kolb.
  15. 15. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Listening-tips-1485898
  16. 16. Learning strategy # 6 Try things out
  17. 17. Sense. Feel. Try things out. Do things. Practice. Think. Reflect. Listen. Observe. Adapted from Kolb.
  18. 18. Kolb showed that adults can’t learn merely by listening to instructions. They must also absorb the new information, use it experimentally, and integrate it with their existing knowledge. https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Organization/Change_Management/The_psychology_of_change_management_1316
  19. 19. If you practice a slightly modified version of a task you want to master, you actually learn more and faster than if you just keep practicing the exact same thing multiple times in a row. Example If you want to get better at writing / blogging, try to use different blogging software, for example www.blogger.com, www.wordpress.com, and www.medium.com https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/02/12/how-to-learn-new-skills-twice-as-fast/
  20. 20. Some learn best by looking at graphics or reading. Others would rather watch demonstrations or listen to things being explained. Others need a “hands-on” experience. https://hbr.org/2012/11/how-to-master-a-new-skill.html
  21. 21. Further inspiration http://www.businessballs.com/kolblearningstyles.htm http://catl.typepad.com/student_learning/2009/08/when-students-learn-or-dont-learn-from-active-learning-experiences.html http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.ch/2012/06/recycling-kolb.html
  22. 22. Learning strategy # 7 Talk
  23. 23. To learn well, some people like to talk about their thoughts and / or about material they have studied. http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning/
  24. 24. The best way to learn is to teach. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/11/opinion/sunday/why-we-should-stop-grading-students-on-a-curve.html
  25. 25. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Hello-speaker-how-will-you-prepare-1449028
  26. 26. Learning strategy # 8 Ask for feedback
  27. 27. https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/How-do-we-receive-feedback-2367203
  28. 28. Learning strategy # 9 Follow a structure or follow no structure
  29. 29. http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning/ http://sxills.nl/lerenlerennu/bronnen/Learning%20styles%20by%20Coffield%20e.a..pdf p. 22. Student A Student B Needs structure, for example  specific directions,  a series of steps,  a specific order to follow. Wants to do things in his / her own way.
  30. 30. Step # 1 Define the problem. Step # 2 Identify criteria. Step # 3 Gather and evaluate data. Step # 4 List and evaluate alternatives. Step # 5 Select the best alternative. Step # 6 Implement and follow up. http://www.strategy-business.com/article/10405?pg=all Example of structure: A series of steps.
  31. 31. High accountability Low accountability High creativity Low creativity http://www.joebower.org/2010/06/relationship-between-accountability-and.html Initiatives organized and led by students
  32. 32. Learning strategy # 10 Learn individually or learn with others
  33. 33. Student A Student B Prefers to mostly learn individually. Prefers to mostly learn with other people. http://sxills.nl/lerenlerennu/bronnen/Learning%20styles%20by%20Coffield%20e.a..pdf p. 22.
  34. 34. Explicit Social practice Learn together. Share knowledge. Tacit CollectiveIndividual http://ridwanattaufiq.wordpress.com/2012/04/24/theorizing-knowledge-in-organization-2/
  35. 35. The clearer you are about what you want to learn, and the types of people you want to learn from, the more likely you are to find the right community for you. https://hbr.org/2016/08/using-social-media-to-build-professional-skills
  36. 36. http://www.imagebase.net/People/p4241788
  37. 37. Tacit knowledge Tacit knowledge Tacit knowledge Socialize Share knowledge. Externalize Make and communicate presentations, concepts, models, diagrams, sketches. Explicit knowledge Tacit knowledge Internalize Try out things. Test. Experiment. Learn and acquire new knowledge. Combine Create connections among knowledge, for example by editing and systemizing knowledge. Explicit knowledge Explicit knowledge Explicit knowledge Adapted from Nonaka and Takeuchi.
  38. 38. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/What-do-teachers-do-2178430
  39. 39. Learning strategy # 11 Mix up your routine
  40. 40. Try using a different device / tool when you work tomorrow. Also, try sitting / standing somewhere else than you normally do. Adapted from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/02/12/how-to-learn-new-skills-twice-as-fast/
  41. 41. Learning strategy # 12 Think / reflect
  42. 42. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2414478 To get the most out of learning experiences, reflect on them immediately following an activity.
  43. 43. What have you learned from the experience? https://hbr.org/2015/12/4-ways-to-become-a-better-learner
  44. 44. https://hbr.org/2016/03/dont-let-your-mistakes-go-to-waste What were the reasons for that mistake you made along the way?
  45. 45. What could you have done better? https://hbr.org/2015/06/improve-your-ability-to-learn
  46. 46. http://www.imagebase.net/People/thinking
  47. 47. Research participants who did an arithmetic brain-teaser and then reflected on their strategies for solving it went on to do 18% better in a second round than their peers who hadn’t set aside time to reflect. https://hbr.org/2014/04/to-enhance-your-learning-take-a-few-minutes-to-think-about-what-youve-learned/
  48. 48. Learning strategy # 13 Laugh – for example at yourself
  49. 49. https://www.fastcompany.com/3059651/the-surprising-link-between-laughter-and-learning When we laugh, we relax. As anxiety decreases, our capacity to retain information expands.
  50. 50. The heightened emotion that humour evokes doesn't just make it easier for us to hit upon insights we otherwise wouldn’t - it also helps us remember them. https://www.fastcompany.com/3059651/the-surprising-link-between-laughter-and-learning
  51. 51. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/How-can-we-manage-our-emotions-1678947
  52. 52. Learning strategy # 14 Discover your values
  53. 53. If learning is to persist, managers and employees need to also reflect on their own behaviour. http://hbr.org/1991/05/teaching-smart-people-how-to-learn/ar/1
  54. 54. ResultsBehaviourValues Adapted from Chris Argyris. Single-loop learning Double-loop learning: Ask why.
  55. 55. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Questions-to-discover-your-values-1329394
  56. 56. Learning strategy # 15 Create the right learning environments
  57. 57. https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Learning-environments-2902222