Population 26 million people 8 million people
Internet users 1.3 million 6.15 million
Life expectancy 66 years 82 years
GDP per capita USD 3,500 USD 55,000
Official language English.
Major foreign languages French and Hausa.
Ghanian dialects 56 Ghanaian dialects of which
Akwapim Twi, Asante Twi, Fante,
Dangbe, Ewe, Kasem, Gonja, Dagare,
Ga Dagbani and Nzema are the major
18% is arable land
10% is arable land
Country size and arable land
Agriculture accounts for about 35% of GDP and
employs about 55% of the work force - mainly
About 50% of the population in Ghana lack
adequate water supplies.
70% of all illnesses in Ghana are related to
Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 176.
Harvard University and MIT provide lending support to
establish an agribusiness training center at the Afram Plains on
the shoreline of the Lake Volta in Ghana.
The agribusiness knowledge center will facilitate research and
industry training of farmers as entrepreneurs as well as assist
the innovation in sustainable economic, environmental and
social impact designs.
24% of the total cocoa harvest 2010 / 2011 was in Ghana
Road transport accounts for 96% of passenger and
freight traffic in Ghana.
Buses account for 60% and taxis for 15% of passenger
movement. The remaining 25% is accounted for by
The Adome bridge crosses the Volta river
The 1,000 km. railway network in Ghana
has improvement potential
Most of Ghana’s chief
export, cacao, is shipped
from Tema, the busiest
port in Ghana.
The Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) is responsible for
the distribution of electricity within all but northern Ghana.
The Volta River Authority (VRA) is, through its distribution
agency “the Northern Electricity Department (NED)” the
sole distributor of electricity in the Brong-Ahafo, Northern,
Upper East, Upper West, and parts of Ashanti and Volta
Regions of Ghana.
Purchased 70% of formerly state-owned Ghana Telecom in 2008.
Market leader in Ghana as in the rest of Africa.
Took over mobile operations from Zain in Africa.
Emerging markets telecoms specialist. Operates as Tigo.
The need for education in Ghana is relatively
large. About ¼ of the people over 15 years of
age living in Ghana cannot read and write.
Ghana was the first country to roll out pneumococcal
and rotavirus vaccines at the same time.
After more than 50 years of colonisation by Britain,
Ghana achieved independence on March 6th,
1957, becoming the first African country to free
itself from a colonial power.
Democracy around the world
Democracy in Ghana
Free press in Ghana
Green = free
Purple = Not free
Degree of corruption in Ghana
Ghana is a relatively peaceful country