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Ghana

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Part # 1: People living in Ghana.
Part # 2: Economy of Ghana.
Part # 3: Political aspects in Ghana.

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Ghana

  1. 1. Ghana
  2. 2. Part # 1 People living in Ghana
  3. 3. Ghana Switzerland Population 26 million people 8 million people Internet users 1.3 million 6.15 million Life expectancy 66 years 82 years GDP per capita USD 3,500 USD 55,000 Sources https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html
  4. 4. http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052970204528204577009922309104512 Ghana Germany United Kingdom The population of Ghana is growing
  5. 5. Official language English. Major foreign languages French and Hausa. Ghanian dialects 56 Ghanaian dialects of which Akwapim Twi, Asante Twi, Fante, Dangbe, Ewe, Kasem, Gonja, Dagare, Ga Dagbani and Nzema are the major languages. http://www.proudlyafrican.info/Ghana/Top-Sustainable-Companies-in-Best-of-Ghana.aspx
  6. 6. http://geert-hofstede.com/ghana.html Ghana culture
  7. 7. There are few women in the Ghana parliament http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2013.pdf
  8. 8. Most of these issues are morally unacceptable in Ghana http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/04/15/global-morality/country/ghana/
  9. 9. http://www.gallup.com/poll/114211/Alabamians-Iranians-Common.aspx Many people in Ghana – and Africa in general – are religious
  10. 10. Part # 2 Economy of Ghana
  11. 11. Natural resources
  12. 12. Gold Timber Diamonds Bauxite Manganese Fish Rubber Hydropower Oil Silver Salt Limestone Natural resources in Ghana https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html Cocoa
  13. 13. Gold and cocoa account for 2/3 of exports. http://media.ft.com/cms/e70a60ce-dee3-11de-adff-00144feab49a.pdf
  14. 14. Agriculture
  15. 15. Ghana Switzerland 238,000 km2 18% is arable land 41,000 km2 10% is arable land Sources https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html Country size and arable land
  16. 16. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html Agriculture accounts for about 35% of GDP and employs about 55% of the work force - mainly small landholders.
  17. 17. About 50% of the population in Ghana lack adequate water supplies. 70% of all illnesses in Ghana are related to waterborne contaminants. Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 176.
  18. 18. Harvard University and MIT provide lending support to establish an agribusiness training center at the Afram Plains on the shoreline of the Lake Volta in Ghana. The agribusiness knowledge center will facilitate research and industry training of farmers as entrepreneurs as well as assist the innovation in sustainable economic, environmental and social impact designs. http://www.ventures-africa.com/2013/03/harvard-university-mit-to-support-agribusiness-training-centre-setup-in-ghana/
  19. 19. http://www.chocosuisse.ch/web/chocosuisse/en/documentation/facts_figures.html 24% of the total cocoa harvest 2010 / 2011 was in Ghana
  20. 20. Energy and transportation
  21. 21. Road transport accounts for 96% of passenger and freight traffic in Ghana. Buses account for 60% and taxis for 15% of passenger movement. The remaining 25% is accounted for by private cars. http://www.gipcghana.com/invest-in-ghana/why-ghana/infrastructure/transportation-infrastructure.html
  22. 22. The Adome bridge crosses the Volta river http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_Ghana
  23. 23. The 1,000 km. railway network in Ghana has improvement potential http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_Ghana http://www.gipcghana.com/invest-in-ghana/why-ghana/infrastructure/transportation-infrastructure.html
  24. 24. Most of Ghana’s chief export, cacao, is shipped from Tema, the busiest port in Ghana. http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/geography/tema.php
  25. 25. The Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) is responsible for the distribution of electricity within all but northern Ghana. The Volta River Authority (VRA) is, through its distribution agency “the Northern Electricity Department (NED)” the sole distributor of electricity in the Brong-Ahafo, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, and parts of Ashanti and Volta Regions of Ghana. http://www.gipcghana.com/invest-in-ghana/doing-business-in-ghana/cost-of-doing-business/utilities.html
  26. 26. Telecommuniations
  27. 27. Vodafone Purchased 70% of formerly state-owned Ghana Telecom in 2008. MTN Market leader in Ghana as in the rest of Africa. Bharti Airtel Took over mobile operations from Zain in Africa. Millicom Emerging markets telecoms specialist. Operates as Tigo. Globacom From Nigeria. Sources http://media.ft.com/cms/e70a60ce-dee3-11de-adff-00144feab49a.pdf http://www.balancingact-africa.com/news/en/issue-no-263/telecoms/two-of-ghana-s-mobile-operators-set-to-offer-gprs-and-kasapa-launches- http://www.theghanaianjournal.com/2010/07/05/bharti-airtel-to-pump-200-million-into-zain-operations/
  28. 28. Finance
  29. 29. Few households in Ghana have access to financial services http://www.weforum.org/pdf/AFCR09/AFCR09_full_report.pdf Ghana
  30. 30. The 5 most problematic factors for doing business in Ghana http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Africa_Competitiveness_Report_2013.pdf
  31. 31. Education
  32. 32. The need for education in Ghana is relatively large. About ¼ of the people over 15 years of age living in Ghana cannot read and write. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2103.html
  33. 33. Health
  34. 34. Ghana was the first country to roll out pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines at the same time. http://www.one.org/us/2014/04/23/world-immunization-week-joan-awunyo-akaba-the-ghanaian-voice-no-one-could-stifle/
  35. 35. Supermarkets and open-air markets
  36. 36. https://www.facebook.com/AccraMallLimited/
  37. 37. LizMart in Ashanti is owned by Albert Quagrine. http://www.modernghana.com/news/32739/1/obuasi-hosts-ashantis-biggest-supermarket.html
  38. 38. Sources http://www.shoprite.co.za/Pages/Ghana.aspx https://www.msu.edu/course/aec/841/Discussion/DPR_Weatherspoon-Reardon-Rise_African_Supermarkets.pdf Shoprite has stores in Accra and Tema.
  39. 39. http://www.ifama.org/files/IFAMR/Vol%2017/(7)%20Meng_20130041.pdf Open-air markets still dominate the food retail system in Ghana and are preferred by non college-educated households.
  40. 40. 3 examples of open-air markets  Techiman’s food market.  Market circle in Takoradi.  Makola market outside Accra. http://www.ifama.org/files/IFAMR/Vol%2017/(7)%20Meng_20130041.pdf
  41. 41. Part # 3 Political aspects
  42. 42. After more than 50 years of colonisation by Britain, Ghana achieved independence on March 6th, 1957, becoming the first African country to free itself from a colonial power. http://www.cet.uct.ac.za/files/file/ghana.pdf
  43. 43. http://www.eiu.com/index.asp?layout=infographics&info_name=infographic_democracy Democracy around the world Democracy in Ghana
  44. 44. http://www.freedomhouse.org/report-types/freedom-press Free press in Ghana Green = free Purple = Not free Ghana
  45. 45. http://www.transparency.org/cpi Degree of corruption in Ghana Ghana
  46. 46. http://www.visionofhumanity.org/ Ghana is a relatively peaceful country
  47. 47. Further inspiration https://twitter.com/ghanadecides https://twitter.com/JDMahama https://twitter.com/KBAmissahArthur

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