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Economic changes

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Part # 1: Changes in gross domestic product.
Part # 2: Changes in stock market index.
Part # 3: Changes in interest rates.
Part # 4: Changes in food prices.
Part # 5: Changes in commodity prices.
Part # 6: Changes in government debt.
Part # 7: Changes inwork people do.
Part # 8: Changes in wages.
Part # 9: Changes in savings.
Part # 10: Changes in inflation.

Published in: Economy & Finance
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Economic changes

  1. 1. Economic changes
  2. 2. Part # 1 Changes in gross domestic product
  3. 3. http://www.ted.com/talks/andrew_mcafee_are_droids_taking_our_jobs.html minute 2.
  4. 4. https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/5498252/Global+Economic+Outlook+2015-2020-- Beyond+the+New+Mediocre.pdf/5c5c8945-00cc-4a4f-a04f-adef094e90b8 Real annual GDP growth rate
  5. 5. https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/5498252/Global+Economic+Outlook+2015-2020--Beyond+the+New+Mediocre.pdf/5c5c8945-00cc-4a4f-a04f-adef094e90b8 Asian and South American markets are among the 2020 growth markets
  6. 6. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/China-1491238 https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Poland-1870224
  7. 7. Part # 2 Changes in stock market index
  8. 8. Dow Jones industrial average https://www.google.com/finance?q=INDEXDJX:.DJI
  9. 9. NASDAQComposite http://finance.yahoo.com/echarts?s=%5EIXIC+Interactive#symbol=%5EIXIC;range=my
  10. 10. Ibovespa Brazil http://www.bloomberg.com/quote/IBOV:IND
  11. 11. FTSE 100 https://www.google.com/finance?q=INDEXFTSE:UKX
  12. 12. NIKKEI225 http://indexes.nikkei.co.jp/en/nkave/index/profile
  13. 13. Hong Kong Hang Seng Index HSI:IND http://www.bloomberg.com/quote/HSI:IND
  14. 14. Part # 3 Changes in interest rates
  15. 15. http://media.swissre.com/documents/sigma_3_12_en.pdf Long-term interest rates
  16. 16. Part # 4 Changes in food prices
  17. 17. Food price index http://www.thegatesnotes.com/Personal/2012-Annual-Letter
  18. 18. http://www.thegatesnotes.com/Personal/2012-Annual-Letter The poorer the country, the larger percentage of expenditure is spent on food
  19. 19. Part # 5 Changes in commodity prices
  20. 20. Commodityprices http://www.mckinsey.com/Insights/Energy_Resources_Materials/Resource_revolution p. 25.
  21. 21. In the 20th century, average commodity prices declined almost 50% ttp://www.mckinsey.com/Insights/Energy_Resources_Materials/Resource_revolution p. 22.
  22. 22. In the first decade of the 21st century, commodity prices increased sharply http://www.mckinsey.com/Insights/Energy_Resources_Materials/Resource_revolution p. 30.
  23. 23. The oil price is partly determined by actual supply and demand, and partly by expectation. Demand for energy is closely related to economic activity. It also spikes in the winter in the northern hemisphere, and during summers in countries which use air conditioning. Supply can be affected by weather (which prevents tankers loading) and by geopolitical upsets. If producers think the price is staying high, they invest, which after a lag boosts supply. Similarly, low prices lead to an investment drought. OPEC’s decisions shape expectations: if it curbs supply sharply, it can send prices spiking. Saudi Arabia produces nearly 10m barrels a day - a third of the OPEC total. http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2014/12/economist-explains-4
  24. 24. Part # 6 Changes in government debt
  25. 25. http://reports.weforum.org/global-risks-2011/#fig-4-21 Averagegovernmentdebt ratiosinG7economies
  26. 26. Part # 7 Changes in work people do
  27. 27. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/01/20/business/the-iphone-economy.html The percentage of people working in service sector in the USA is increasing
  28. 28. http://www.mckinsey.com/mgi/publications/great_transformer/pdfs/McKinsey_the_great_transformer.pdf Survey shows that for every job that the Internet destroys, 2.6 new jobs are created.
  29. 29. Youth unemployment in Europe is alarming. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalRisks_Report_2014.pdf
  30. 30. Part # 8 Changes in wages
  31. 31. Sources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_minimum_wages_by_country http://www.strategy-business.com/enews/enewsarticle/enews072909?pg=all http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/09/business/global/wary-of-events-in-china-foreign-investors-head-to-cambodia.html Country Minimum hourly wages Uganda USD 0.12 per hour China USD 0.67 per hour Russia USD 0.91 per hour Turkey USD 3.38 per hour USA USD 7.25 per hour UK USD 9.98 per hour France USD 13.10 per hour Australia USD 16.45 per hour Minimum hourly wages – selected economies
  32. 32. Part # 9 Changes in savings
  33. 33. Savings in % of household disposable income http://youtu.be/OugorkKkxXM Country Savings rate China 50% Japan 25% Europe 20% USA -0.6%
  34. 34. As countries grow wealthier, their household saving rates decline Source Development from 1960 to 2008. http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/files/article/PDF/EMC_decathlon.pdf p. 160.
  35. 35. Part # 10 Changes in inflation
  36. 36. http://www.economist.com/node/18070386Coreconsumerprices, %increaseonayearearlier

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