How can we rethink education?

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How can we rethink education? 9 questions for you.




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How can we rethink education?

  1. 1. How can we rethink education?
  2. 2. Question # 1 What if learning is happening anytime?
  3. 3. The digital generation is constantly exchanging messages, surfing the web, and openly participating in social networks. https://www.td.org/Publications/Newsletters/Links/2015/05/Challenge-Your-Assumptions-About-Learners
  4. 4. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/11-advantages-of-using-a-blog-for-teaching
  5. 5. Question # 2 What if learning is happening anywhere?
  6. 6. Model # 1 The teaching factory Model # 2 The learning environment The lecture hall / classroom are the primary physical environments for teaching. Learning takes place in many different environments. Adapted from Lars Kolind: The Second Cycle, p. 155-156.
  7. 7. Places where learning might happen  Where people live.  Where people work.  Where people eat.  Where people do sports.  Where people have a cup of coffee. Adapted from http://www.theawl.com/2013/02/how-to-save-college http://www.slideshare.net/moravec/toward-society-30-a-new-paradigm-for-21st-century-education-presentation
  8. 8. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Learning-strategies-1487708
  9. 9. Question # 3 What if education is individualized?
  10. 10. Model # 1 The teaching factory Model # 2 The learning environment Education is standardized. Ways of standardizing  Subjects.  Classes.  45-minute time slots. Education is individualized. Ways of individualizing  Choice of what to learn.  Choice of where to learn.  Choice of when to learn. Adapted from Lars Kolind: The Second Cycle, p. 155-156.
  11. 11. We actually find that our students personalize their education much more than it might seem. They quite selectively access specific content and quite selectively do background readings. http://blog.ted.com/2014/01/28/in-conversation-salman-khan-sebastian-thrun-talk-online-education/ Sebastian Thrun
  12. 12. Study shows that students given 1-on-1 attention reliably perform two standard deviations better than their peers who stay in a regular classroom. http://m.wired.com/magazine/2011/07/ff_khan/all/1
  13. 13. We need to enhance every child's strengths - not fix their deficits. http://youtu.be/Wk--J3E8yqc Minute 8:02 Yong Zhao
  14. 14. Question # 4 What if students lead?
  15. 15. High accountability Low accountability High creativity Low creativity http://www.joebower.org/2010/06/relationship-between-accountability-and.html Initiatives organized and led by students
  16. 16. The daily affairs of Sudbury Valley school are managed by the weekly school meeting, at which each student and staff member has one vote. Rules of behavior, use of facilities, expenditures, staff hiring, and all the routines of running an institution are determined by debate and vote at the school meeting. http://youtu.be/jg9lf7wyQRo
  17. 17. https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Strategy/Strategic_Thinking/Reshaping_business_education_in_a_new_era_2500 You’ve got to let the students run the school. Blair Sheppard
  18. 18. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/What-is-good-leadership-1489536
  19. 19. Question # 5 What if students are trusted?
  20. 20. http://www.joebower.org/2010/03/finlands-paradoxes.html
  21. 21. 1. Tests are timed, so students get nervous. 2. The point with tests is to make no mistakes – not learn from mistakes. 3. The results are neither used by students, nor by teachers. http://www.joebower.org/2010/04/sir-ken-robinson-takes-on-standardized.html#comments Some problems with standardized testing
  22. 22. Method A Reproduce knowledge at exams at the end of the year Working intensity Time Method B Create continuously, for example by using digital technologies.
  23. 23. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Trust-1957173
  24. 24. Question # 6 What if teachers spend more time asking questions than talking / lecturing?
  25. 25. Lectures originate from the Middle Ages when only 1 person had a book, and the rest could not read. Richard David Precht http://youtu.be/Gewb3-DUlJs 37:45
  26. 26. Research shows that lectures cannot be expected to lead to comprehension or application of knowledge and are inefficient in any combination with other teaching methods. http://www.brookes.ac.uk/services/ocsld/resources/20reasons.html
  27. 27. Research shows that lectures are very widely disliked and felt to be inefficient by students. http://www.brookes.ac.uk/services/ocsld/resources/20reasons.html
  28. 28. Results of a wide range of studies show that lectures are ineffective for 1. changing attitudes or values, 2. inspiring interest in a subject, 3. teaching behavioural skills. http://www.tonybates.ca/2014/07/27/why-lectures-are-dead-or-soon-will-be/
  29. 29. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/What-do-teachers-do-2178430
  30. 30. Question # 7 What if students are also teachers?
  31. 31. Have kids upload their writing, so that the entire class can read and comment on it. http://www.wired.com/magazine/2011/07/ff_khan/all/1 Salman Khan
  32. 32. http://youtu.be/RzkwtIMPkrs minute 18. Peer grading works
  33. 33. Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/How-do-we-give-and-receive-feedback-1761017
  34. 34. Question # 8 What if there are no grades, degrees, or diplomas?
  35. 35. When people are not there yet, i.e. when they do not have x competencies yet, try giving them the grade "not yet”. https://youtu.be/Yl9TVbAal5s Minute 8:45
  36. 36. The transcript coming out of an engineering school should be the things that you have created along with some feedback from professors and peers. http://youtu.be/cj1vGXWMMvs From 28:30. Sal Khan
  37. 37. Imagine a world where higher education doesn't end with a diploma, but starts at 18 and continues through life, as the world changes around us. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tara-lemmey/rethinking-higher-educati_b_387851.html
  38. 38. Question # 9 What if education = creating things?
  39. 39. Yong Zhao We need to engage students in making things – making books, movies etc. and using all kinds of technologies / media in that process. http://youtu.be/Wk--J3E8yqc
  40. 40. Start finding ways to engage students in understanding real-world problems, and then support them in solving those problems. http://www.edutopia.org/blog/stop-start-continue-conceptual-meets-applied-david-hawley
  41. 41. More and more people are being hired on their work samples, on the projects they’ve done, the type of portfolios they’ve developed. http://blog.ted.com/2014/01/28/in-conversation-salman-khan-sebastian-thrun-talk-online-education/ Sebastian Thrun
  42. 42. We recently hired two people and we didn’t even know what their degrees were, if they even had degrees. We hired them because of the work they did on the computer science platform on Khan Academy. http://blog.ted.com/2014/01/28/in-conversation-salman-khan-sebastian-thrun-talk-online-education/ Salman Khan
  43. 43. http://donaldclarkplanb.blogspot.ch/2015/03/finland-to-scrap-subject-teaching.html A real business problem, such as running a café, would be an opportunity to bring in maths, nutrition, and communications.
  44. 44. Thank you for your interest. For further inspiration and personalized services, please feel welcome to visit http://frankcalberg.com Have a great day.

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