How can we organize better?


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Questions about ways to organize to get things done. Research included.


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  • How can we organize better?

    1. 1. How can we organize better?
    2. 2. # Topic 1 Problems with hierarchies. 2 Combine hierarchies with use of social media. 3 People vote regularly. 4 Create small, independent teams. 5 People work independently and use social media to get things done. 6 How can markets help create win-win solutions?
    3. 3. Question # 1 What are some problems with hierarchies?
    4. 4.
    5. 5. Question # 2 How can we combine hierarchies with the use of social media?
    6. 6. and are among the tools that can help get information flowing across functions and hierarchies. Adapted from
    7. 7. # 1: Role clarity and # 4: free flow of information are among most effective traits for creating good results.
    8. 8. In the collaborative model, the executive elite drive strategy and operations. They also engage in an on-going and extensive process of consensus building.
    9. 9.
    10. 10. Further inspiration
    11. 11. Question # 3 What if everyone votes regularly?
    12. 12. 2 strengths of democracies  Individuals can participate in decision making, for example by voting.  Group decisions can force individuals to do things for the overall good. Malone, Thomas W.: The Future of Work, p. 70.
    13. 13. Weaknesses of democracies  Much communication is needed.  Everyone’s opinions count equally - even when some people may be more competent than others. Malone, Thomas W.: The Future of Work, p. 70.
    14. 14. Question # 4 How can we create small, independent teams?
    15. 15.
    16. 16. Question # 5 What if people work independently and use social media to get things done?
    17. 17. What if many tasks currently done by large companies were done instead by temporary combinations of small companies and independent contractors? Taking this idea further, what if most businesses consisted of 1 single person? Malone, Thomas W.: The Future of Work, p. 74.
    18. 18. IT is critical to creating organizations where  ideas are shared in an open marketplace.  people get real-time feedback from customers and peers.  relevant information from everyone gets integrated into peer-based compensation decisions.
    19. 19. Temporary, flash communities can be formed to solve a problem or to tackle an opportunity more easily, more cheaply and faster than ever before.
    20. 20. The Web is an opt-in economy. Whether contributing to a blog, working on an open source project, or sharing advice in a forum, people choose to work on the things that interest them. Everyone is an independent contractor.
    21. 21. People, who do work for and, are encouraged to work on whatever they want — to find the projects that engage them. To be done well, this self organizing and open allocation model requires that people 1. trust each other to make all their own decisions, and 2. communicate openly with everyone.
    22. 22. Method to working without a boss
    23. 23. The best kind of platform invites people to get involved. Some of these people build their own offerings, tools, and applications on top of the platform. In practice, platforms typically take the form of a website, app, or other digital tool that connects different types of users.
    24. 24.
    25. 25. Consider the uses of workplace platforms in hospital systems. Nurses must constantly be matched to departments and cases, taking into consideration their specialized training, availability, doctors’ preferences, and technical requirements. Sophisticated software can better deploy the substantial float pool of nurses and per-diem physicians, and the platform’s real-time communication tools can help frontline medical personnel access specialists immediately.
    26. 26. Sources
    27. 27. Social actors Rational actors Open systemClosed system Platforms Adapted from W. Richard Scott, 1981.
    28. 28.
    29. 29.
    30. 30.
    31. 31. In any Web forum there are some individuals who command more respect and attention than others - and have more influence as a consequence. Critically, though, these individuals haven’t been appointed by some superior authority. Instead, their clout reflects the freely given approbation of their peers.
    32. 32. Question # 6 How can markets help create win-win solutions?
    33. 33.
    34. 34. Sources
    35. 35. Social actors Rational actors Open systemClosed system Adapted from: W. Richard Scott, 1981. Markets
    36. 36. Adapted from Malone, Thomas W.: The Future of Work, p. 106. # 1: Autonomy People have the power to decide things individually. # 2: Freedom and flexibility Anyone is free to work on any aspect of a problem. # 3: Efficiency People move to assignments where they can generate value. 3 strengths of markets
    37. 37. Self controlMarket Few controlling layers Mature Bureaucracy Unmature Bureaucracy Many controlling layers High degree of controlling detail Low degree of controlling detail
    38. 38.
    39. 39. As economists like Ronald Coase and Oliver Williamson have noted, markets work well when the needs of each party are simple, stable, and easy to specify, but they’re less effective when interactions are complex.
    40. 40. Markets are very good at doing something where hierarchies typically underperform. Over the last 50 years, the New York Stock Exchange has outperformed every company on the New York Stock Exchange.
    41. 41. # 1: Incentive problems Agreements that would be good overall often don’t happen because they are not in the self interests of the parties involved. # 2: Communication needs A lot of communication is usually needed. Malone, Thomas W.: The Future of Work, p. 106. Weaknesses of markets
    42. 42. Further inspiration