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ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN THE SPS WORK

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by Dr. Raphael COLY Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design

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ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN THE SPS WORK

  1. 1. REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON INFORMATION/SENSITIZATION OF PRIVATE SECTOR ON SPS (Standards and Regulation) – THEIR INVOLVEMENT IN SPS WORK ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN THE SPS WORK by Dr. Raphael COLY Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  2. 2. OUTLINE I. What is SPS? What is an SPS measure? II. What is its importance for the actors and the country? III. How to ensure its application? IV. What is the role of the private sector in SPS activities • Production • Processing • Trade/commerce V. Participation and application VI. Communication of SPS standards Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  3. 3. I. What is SPS? What is an SPS measure? • SPS – Sanitary and Phytosanitary Sanitary = animal health & food safety Phytosanitary = plant health • An SPS measure is a measure taken to protect Human or animal health Human life Animal or plant life A country Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  4. 4. II. What is its importance for the actors and the country?  Implementation of an SPS measure will ensure: Ability to produce safe food Consumer right protection Safe trade Enable the government to negotiate with trading partners the application of SPS measures (private sector participation) Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  5. 5. III. How to ensure its application? • Participate in its formulation up to its adoption in order to understand the standard • Participate in its domestication – national regulation • Private sector training/sensitization and involvement • Enforcement of the SPS measure with private sector understanding and participation • Publication and dissemination of the SPS measures Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  6. 6. IV. What is the role of the private sector in SPS activities  Private sector: producers/growers, processors, traders, etc. Key actors and at the heart of the SPS work: express their ideas Key members of the national SPS committees: ensure their concerns are taken on board Implementers of the SPS Agreement of the WTO: Animal health OIE standards livestock operators Plant health IPPC standards agribusiness operators Food safety CODEX standards agri/livestock processors Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  7. 7. V. Participation and application Participation Shall participate in the inter-sectoral dialogue of the national SPS committee and play a key role in the compliance with the adopted standards Participate in the dissemination of the standards and in the trade negotiations Application Regulators and private sector actors (implementers) should work together to apply the standards and find solutions in case of any technical and practical implementation issue Regulators to follow up on the compliance process Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  8. 8. VI. Communication of SPS standards • Most African producers/operators are not aware that there are standards to follow in the production/processing value chains • In most African countries there are Bureaus of Standards • Adopted national standards are not known or not disseminated to the public • Internationally adopted standards, in most cases, are not domesticated and therefore not known by the producers/operators and subsequently no compliance with Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  9. 9. CONCLUSIONS  Private sector actors are the producers, growers, processors, importers, exporters, traders, etc.: they create wealth and they play an important role in the national economy; They play a central role in national SPS committees in providing their views on the draft SPS standards They, in most cases, influence the decision-makers on the direction to take  They are key actors in the implementation of the SPS Agreement.  They are good negotiators in the trading system Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  10. 10. RECOMMENDATIONS  Private sector operators being key actors in the implementation of the SPS Agreement should be well informed in SPS standards and trained in their application;  They should participate in all SPS activities at national, regional and international levels  The governments should involve them in the trading system negotiations  The private sector should play fully their role in national SPS committees Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design
  11. 11. THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION Agriculture Livestock Development & Interior Design

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