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Exploration and conservation of crop wild relatives

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Filip Vandelook, Meise Botanic Garden
African Diaspora Agro Food Forum 2018
25th April 2018
Bouchout Castle, Botanic Garden Meise Belgium

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Exploration and conservation of crop wild relatives

  1. 1. Exploration and conservation of Crop Wild Relatives in Meise Botanic Garden Filip Vandelook Meise, April 2018
  2. 2. • Wild plant species that are genetically related to cultivated crops • Important source of ‘new’ genes for crop improvement and pest resistance • Local food provisioning (wild cowpea, yam, coffee...) • Potentially new crops Crop wild relatives
  3. 3. Crop wild relatives at the Botanic Garden Meise: Banana, beans and coffee
  4. 4. Ex-situ conservation of crop wild relatives at the Botanic Garden Meise World Musa Seed Bank • K.U. Leuven (ITC collection) • Bioversity International • Royal Botanic Garden, Kew • Partners in country of origin
  5. 5. Ex-situ conservation of crop wild relatives at the Botanic Garden Meise Phaseolinae (cowpea, common bean, adzuki bean, mung bean...) • Initiated by Le Marchand and Maréchal in 1965 in Gembloux • Over 2000 accessions of wild and cultivated beans • Phaseo database (online)
  6. 6. Ex-situ conservation of crop wild relatives at the Botanic Garden Meise Coffea • >100 accessions and >20 species • Seeds not desiccation tolerant • Collaboration with partners in country of origin
  7. 7. Ex-situ conservation of crop wild relatives at the Botanic Garden Meise Yangambi/Kisangani (INERA) • Robusta coffee collection Lwiro/Bukavu • Highland coffee collection
  8. 8. Exploration of crop wild relative diversity: Coffea in central Africa
  9. 9. Exploration of crop wild relative diversity: Musa in South-East Asia
  10. 10. Identifying and comparing species by looking at morphology and DNA Research on crop wild relatives Janssens et al. 2016 New Phytologist 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Cultivated cow pea Wild cow pea Seedsurfacearea(mm²)
  11. 11. Evolution and adaptation of plants to their environment Research on crop wild relatives Student taking pictures of stomata of Robusta coffee Growing wild beans for studying leaf traits
  12. 12. Knowledge and resources at the service of the community
  13. 13. Knowledge and resources at the service of the community © Bioversity International
  14. 14. Knowledge and resources at the service of the community • Access to genetic resources and data • Free access to scientific output • Collaboration with local partners and experts • Capacity building • Complying with national and internal laws

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