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Accelerating Ending Hunger through implementation of Malabo compliant National Agriculture Investment Plans and Biennial Review Mechanism

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Mr Ernest Ruzindaza, CAADP Team Leader, African Union Commission

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Accelerating Ending Hunger through implementation of Malabo compliant National Agriculture Investment Plans and Biennial Review Mechanism

  1. 1. Accelerating Ending Hunger through implementation of Malabo compliant National Agriculture Investment Plans and Biennial Review Mechanism IFPRI-FAO ending hunger conference, Bangkok November 30, 2018
  2. 2. Background • In June 2014, African Heads of State and Government adopted the Malabo Declaration on “Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods”. • The Malabo declaration builds on the successes and lessons learnt from 10 years of implementing the Maputo declaration (2003-2013)
  3. 3. I. Recommitment to the Principles and Values of CAADP; II. Enhancing Investment Finance in Agriculture; III. Ending Hunger by 2025, IV. Reduce Poverty by half, by 2025, through Inclusive Agricultural Growth and Transformation; V. Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agricultural commodities and services; VI. Enhancing Resilience of Livelihoods and production Systems to Climate Variability and other related Risks; VII. Mutual Accountability to Actions and Results. Malabo Declaration Commitments
  4. 4. AU Leaders Call for Action by AUC and NEPAD Agency • Enhance Africa’s capacity for knowledge and data generation and management to strengthen evidence based planning and implementation; • Institutionalize a system for peer review that encourages good performance on achievement of progress made and recognize biennially exemplary performance through awards; • Conduct on a biennial basis, beginning from year 2017, Agricultural Review Process, and start reporting on progress to the Assembly from its January 2018 Ordinary Session
  5. 5. National Agriculture Investment Plans, foundation for Malabo Implementation 5 1. Domestication of the MD • Country Profile • MD Country Roadmap 4. Mutual Accountability and Reporting • Country Malabo M&E Mechanism • Country report to Biennial Review3. NAIP Implementation + NAIP Progress & Budget Reviews + Analyses private investment trends 2. NAIP Appraisal & Formulation + NAIP Appraisal + Regular Public Private platforms + Constructive Stakeholder dialogue TheGuidelines
  6. 6. Outcomes of the NAIP domestication process • Reviewed National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plans (NAFSIP) and identified priority programmes in line with Malabo commitments • Optimized in-country coordination and driving an inclusive implementation process at country level • Advanced policy architecture and reforms needed to develop an inclusive agriculture systems and private sector investment • Presence of a multi-year comprehensive spending plan with the Ministry of Finance. • Alignment on a performance scorecard built out of the CAADP results framework, to ensure a focus on results and accountability 6
  7. 7. A. How does mutual Accountability works within CAADP?
  8. 8. InputOutputOutcome CAADP-Malabo Result framework
  9. 9. 7 Performances Themes 22 Performances Categories 43 Performances Indicators Malabo Performance Structure
  10. 10. Multi-stakeholders coordination Body ACCOUNTABILTY PROCESS at National level… Government Ministry Technical departments Management Team Non- governmental special groups RegulatorDonors Populations/ Farmers
  11. 11. Actions taken AUC and NPCA • Developed technical materials to guide member states to collect and analyse their own data • Trained 156 national staff from 51 countries out of 55 AU Member States in collaboration with regional economic communities • Compiled a continental report based on 47 reports that were validated at country level and submitted by their respective regional economic communities • Presented the continental report to the Ministerial Specialized Technical Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Water and Environment in October 2017
  12. 12. Status of Report Submission  47 Member States submitted their reports
  13. 13. Content of the Report • Full CAADP biennial review report based on 43 indicators • Africa Agriculture Transformation Scorecard (AATS) • Individual country profiles showing: Performance against each of the seven Malabo commitments Highlights of 5 areas where the country performed particularly well Highlights of 5 areas where the country needs to pay particular attention Recommendations on what they country may consider to improve performance • Annexes: Country data by indicator
  14. 14. Benchmark: a standard or point of reference against which scores are compared. 2017 Benchmark: Minimum score in 2017 for a country to be able to achieve the Malabo Targets by 2025. On-Track: when the score of a country is equal or more than the Benchmark. Not On-Track: when the score of a country is less than the Benchmark. Key Concepts to read the Country Scorecard
  15. 15. 4.3 /10 and is On track 2017 Country Scorecard for implementing Malabo Declaration Country Name No. Item T-score out of 10 Minimum for 2017 T-progress No. Item C-score out of 10 Minimum for 2017 PC 1.1 Completing National CAADP Process 4.29 3.33 PC 1.2 Establishing CAADP based Cooperation, Partnership & Alliance 6.49 3.33 PC 1.3 Establishing CAADP based Policy & Institutional Review/ Setting/ Support 8.77 3.33 PC 2.1 Public Expenditures in Agriculture 9.79 10.00 PC 2.2 Domestic Private Sector Investment in Agriculture, Agribusiness, Agro-Ind. - - PC 2.3 Foreign Private Sector Investment in Agriculture, Agribusiness, Agro-Ind. - - PC 2.4 Enhancing access to finance 0.37 3.33 -1.1% -6.9% 7.7% 80% PC 3.1 Access to Agriculture inputs and technologies 4.84 5.53 PC 3.2 Doubling agricultural Productivity 0.00 1.00 PC 3.3 Reduction of Post-Harvest Loss 0.00 1.00 PC 3.4 Strengthening Social Protection 3.40 10.00 PC 3.5 Improving Food security and Nutrition 2.38 1.00 PC 4.1 Sustaining Agricultural GDP for Poverty Reduction 2.50 3.25 PC 4.2 Establishing Inclusive PPPs for commodity value chains 0.00 1.00 PC 4.3 Creating job for Youth in agricultural value chains 0.00 1.00 PC 4.4 Women participation in Agri-business 10.00 3.00 PC 5.1 Tripling Intra-African Trade for agriculture commodities and services 0.11 1.00 PC 5.2 Establishing Intra-African Trade Policies and institutional conditions 6.90 1.00 PC 6.1 Ensuring Resilience to climate related risks 3.78 2.00 PC 6.2 Investment in resilience building 10.00 10.00 PC 7.1 Increasing country capacity for evidence based planning, impl. and M&E 0.00 1.00 PC 7.2 Fostering Peer Review and Mutual Accountability 0.00 3.33 PC 7.3 Conducting a Biennial Agriculture Review Process 9.51 10.00 Overall ProgressOverall Country Score 4.34 On track The 2017 Benchmark is 3.94 which is the miminum overall SCORE for a country to be on track in 2017. - It is recommended for Country A to review its National Agriculture Investment Plan (NAIP) in a way to deliver on each specific target of the Malabo Declaration. - The country A has to strengthen its agricultural data management system to be able to report on missing indicators to fully report on Malabo Declaration, such as post-harvest loss (PHL); youth involvement in agriculture; households and vulnerable social group protected by resilience building initiatives; amongst others. - The Country A should develop and implement strategies that will increase agricultural inputs such as the use of fertilizer to boost agriculture productivity. 7 Mutual Accountability for Actions and Results 3.17 4.78 Not on track Not on track Not on track Not on track Not on track On track 6 Enhancing Resilience to Climate Variability 6.89 6.00 On track On track On track Recommendations 5 Boosting Intra- African Trade in Agriculture Commodities 3.51 1.00 On track Halving Poverty through Agriculture by 2025 3.13 2.06 On track Not on track Not on track Not on track On track growth rate of yields of priority agricultural commodities. growth rate of Intra-African trade of agricultural commodities and services. growth rate of the agricultural GDP. of agricultural land is placed under sustainable land management practice. of biennial review parameters have been reported, implying that some of the indicators could not be computed. Not on track Not on track Not on track On track 4 2.2% 3 Ending Hunger by 2025 2.12 3.71 Not on track Not on track 2 Enhancing Investment Finance in Agriculture 5.08 6.67 Not on track Not on track silent average of public agriculture expenditure as share of total public expenditure. prevalence of wasting (% of children under 5 old) from its 2015 value of 10.4%. rural women are empowered in agriculture. as trade facilitation Index (TFI), with 48 African countries having easy entry to Burkina Faso. On track On track On track Malabo Commitments Areas (T) Commitments Categories (C) C-Progress 1 Highlights of the 5 key areas that require the country's attention: silent Not on track of the supportive institutions are established for implementing existing NAIP. Country A scores in implementing the Malabo Declaration on Agriculture transformation in Africa … Highlights of the 5 key areas of strong performance of the Country: 100% 10.5% 7.6% 72.8% 38 out of 100 Country A Re-committing to CAADP Process 6.52 3.33 On track
  16. 16. 2017 Country Scorecard for implementing Malabo Declaration Country Name No. Item T-score out of 10 Minimum for 2017 T-progress No. Item C-score out of 10 Minimum for 2017 PC 1.1 Completing National CAADP Process 4.29 3.33 PC 1.2 Establishing CAADP based Cooperation, Partnership & Alliance 6.49 3.33 PC 1.3 Establishing CAADP based Policy & Institutional Review/ Setting/ Support 8.77 3.33 PC 2.1 Public Expenditures in Agriculture 9.79 10.00 PC 2.2 Domestic Private Sector Investment in Agriculture, Agribusiness, Agro-Ind. - - PC 2.3 Foreign Private Sector Investment in Agriculture, Agribusiness, Agro-Ind. - - PC 2.4 Enhancing access to finance 0.37 3.33 PC 3.1 Access to Agriculture inputs and technologies 4.84 5.53 PC 3.2 Doubling agricultural Productivity 0.00 1.00 PC 3.3 Reduction of Post-Harvest Loss 0.00 1.00 PC 3.4 Strengthening Social Protection 3.40 10.00 in implementing the Malabo Declaration on Agriculture transformation in Africa … Country A Re-committing to CAADP Process 6.52 3.33 On track On track On track On track Malabo Commitments Areas (T) Commitments Categories (C) C-Progress 1 silent Not on track 3 Ending Hunger by 2025 2.12 3.71 Not on track Not on track 2 Enhancing Investment Finance in Agriculture 5.08 6.67 Not on track Not on track silent x s a e Not on track Not on track Not on track
  17. 17. PC 3.3 Reduction of Post-Harvest Loss 0.00 1.00 PC 3.4 Strengthening Social Protection 3.40 10.00 PC 3.5 Improving Food security and Nutrition 2.38 1.00 PC 4.1 Sustaining Agricultural GDP for Poverty Reduction 2.50 3.25 PC 4.2 Establishing Inclusive PPPs for commodity value chains 0.00 1.00 PC 4.3 Creating job for Youth in agricultural value chains 0.00 1.00 PC 4.4 Women participation in Agri-business 10.00 3.00 PC 5.1 Tripling Intra-African Trade for agriculture commodities and services 0.11 1.00 PC 5.2 Establishing Intra-African Trade Policies and institutional conditions 6.90 1.00 PC 6.1 Ensuring Resilience to climate related risks 3.78 2.00 PC 6.2 Investment in resilience building 10.00 10.00 PC 7.1 Increasing country capacity for evidence based planning, impl. and M&E 0.00 1.00 PC 7.2 Fostering Peer Review and Mutual Accountability 0.00 3.33 PC 7.3 Conducting a Biennial Agriculture Review Process 9.51 10.00 Overall Progress 3 Ending Hunger by 2025 2.12 3.71 Not on track Not on track Not on track Not on track On track e Not on track Not on track On track 4 5 Boosting Intra- African Trade in Agriculture Commodities 3.51 1.00 On track Halving Poverty through Agriculture by 2025 3.13 2.06 On track 7 Mutual Accountability for Actions and Results 3.17 4.78 Not on track Not on track Not on track Not on track Not on track On track 6 Enhancing Resilience to Climate Variability 6.89 6.00 On track On track On track Overall Country Score 4.34 On track The 2017 Benchmark is 3.94 which is the miminum overall SCORE for a country to be on track in 2017. e -
  18. 18. 4.3 /10 and is On track 20 N -1.1% -6.9% 7.7% 80% Country A scores in imple Highlights of the 5 key areas of strong performance of the Country: 100% 10.5% 7.6% 72.8% 38 out of 100 Highlights of the 5 key areas that require the country's attention: 2.2% of the supportive institutions are established for implementing existing NAIP. average of public agriculture expenditure as share of total public expenditure. prevalence of wasting (% of children under 5 old) from its 2015 value of 10.4%. rural women are empowered in agriculture. as trade facilitation Index (TFI), with 48 African countries having easy entry to Burkina Faso. growth rate of yields of priority growth rate of Intra-African trade of growth rate of the agricultural GDP. of agricultural land is placed under of biennial review parameters have
  19. 19. -1.1% -6.9% 7.7% 80% Highlights of the 5 key areas that require the country's attention: 2.2% growth rate of yields of priority agricultural commodities. growth rate of Intra-African trade of agricultural commodities and services. growth rate of the agricultural GDP. of agricultural land is placed under sustainable land management practice. of biennial review parameters have been reported, implying that some of the indicators could not be computed. Recommendations - It is recommended for Country A to review its National Agriculture Investment Plan (NAIP) in a way to deliver on each specific target of the Malabo Declaration. - The country has to strengthen its agricultural data management system to be able to report on missing indicators to fully report on Malabo Declaration, such as post- harvest loss (PHL); youth involvement in agriculture; households and vulnerable social group protected by resilience building initiatives; amongst others.
  20. 20. Member States overall progress for reporting on Malabo Declaration 1.9 4.0 3.1 4.9 1.7 4.4 3.23.6 Zambia 2017 Benchmark Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia 3.9 4.8 5.0 5.5 4.1 4.1 3.5 3.4 6.1 n.a 4.8 3.7 0.9 n.a 2.1 4.3 4.4 4.64.7 4.2 2.1 2.4 2.2 n.a 2.8 3.5 1.4 3.2 3.4 4.9 5.6 Benin 3.6 n.a 5.3 2.9 3.1 3.9 3.3 1.5 3.8 4.0 1.5 n.a 4.1 n.a São Tomé & Príncipe Senegal Central African Rep. Equatorial Guinea Kenya Chad Eritrea Lesotho Comoros Ethiopia Liberia Congo Gabon Libya Algeria Burundi Côte d'Ivoire Gambia Madagascar Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Against the 2017 Benchmark of 3.9 out of 10 which is the minimum score for a country to be on track for implementing the Malabo Declaration, countries which score (out of 10 ) appears in ''green" are ON TRACK , and countries which score appears in "red" are NOT ON TRACK for the 2017 reporting exercise to the Jaunary 2018 AU Assembly. n.a n.a 3.1 Botswana Cabo Verde Egypt Guinea-Bissau Mauritania Rep. A. Saharawi South Africa Nigeria Angola Burkina Faso DR Congo Ghana Malawi Country overall progress for implementing the Malabo Declaration for Agriculture transformation in Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zimbabwe Cameroon Djibouti Guinea Mali Rwanda South Sudan
  21. 21. Summary of Country Progress Towards Achieving Malabo Commitments by 2025  20 Member States are On Track  27 Member States are Not On Track  8 did not report
  22. 22. Commitment 1: Recommitment to the Principles and Values of CAADP  36 Member States are On Track
  23. 23. Commitment 2: Enhancing Investment Finance in Agriculture On allocating at least 10% of annual public expenditures to agriculture:  10 Member States are On Track
  24. 24. Commitment 3: Ending Hunger by 2025 On bringing down undernourishment to 5% or less by the year 2025 :  09 Member States are On Track
  25. 25. Commitment 3: Ending Hunger by 2025 On doubling agriculture yields to boost productivity:  13 Member States are On Track
  26. 26. Commitment 4: Halving Poverty Through Agriculture by 2025 On achieving the 6% annual growth of the agricultural GDP :  18 Member States are On Track
  27. 27. Commitment 4: Halving Poverty Through Agriculture by 2025 On creating new job opportunities for at least 30% of the youth in agricultural value chains by 2025 :  19 Member States are On Track
  28. 28. Commitment 5: Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agriculture Commodities On tripling Intra- regional Trade in Agricultural Commodities and Services by 2025 :  03 Member States are On Track
  29. 29. Commitment 5: Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agriculture Commodities On creating enabling environment for Intra-regional Trade in Agricultural Commodities:  34 Member States are On Track
  30. 30. Commitment 6: Enhancing Resilience to climate variability In respect of the existence of government budget-lines on resilience building:  Only 01 Member State is On Track
  31. 31. Commitment 7: Enhancing Mutual Accountability for Actions and Results In existence of inclusive mechanisms for mutual accountability and peer review :  30 Member States are On Track
  32. 32. Strengthening country systems based on the BR findings  The BR to be integrated and fully in the country mutual accountability (planning, implementation, reporting, accounting) through ASWGs and JSRs.  Harmonizing the BR and ending hunger to equip MS with the right tools and methodologies and provide capacity building for data collection for all biennial review/ending hunger indicators  Strengthening advocacy and communication at all level for efficient use of the report. Develop communication material/policy briefs using the finding of the report to generate action  Experience capitalization and lessons sharing for collective efforts towards Malabo implementation
  33. 33. Biennial Review and expected CHANGE in the CAADP process … NAIP Strategy Plan Budgets Operation Feedback/ Monitoring
  34. 34. Asante ! Merci ! Thanks !Obrigado! Shukran !

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