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.., ~1.substanct        nub  OR MORALITY AND RELIGION    IN THEIR RELATION TO     LIFE: AN ESSAY UPON        THE PHYSICS O...
-             THE :: f.-I YORK                           PUBLIC LIBRARY                           5AaJR1~~ ~D             ...
TABLE OF CONTENTS.                                                  --+--                                                 ...
lV                        Table     of Contents.                             CHAPTER V.                                   ...
~able      of Contents.                              v                                                                    ...
VI                         ~able      of Contents.                             CHAPTER XIII.                              ...
fable of Contents.                             Vll                       CHAPTER XVII.                                    ...
VIll                           Table of Contents.                                                                         ...
fable of Contents.                                        IX                                                              ...
x                             crable of Contents.                                                                         ...
THE INTRODUCTION.   THE leading words of my title-page call fora precise definition, in order that the reader mayclearly d...
4              ~he   Introduflion.becomes pronounced either the one sort of manor the other could not be his action, and c...
[he Introduflion.          ,/ ismajority or manhood, what every man, as man,possesses in common with every other man.    B...
(he Introduf1j()l1.al ways understand me, then, as using the wordreligion in its strictly literal signification, to in-dic...
~he In/roduE/ion.                   7  duced by some body intercepting the light.  Thus the shadow of the tree upon the la...
~ ~~? ~t~r 1t,~jJ1P~-l t ~ t1<-.rl~,_                 4-;>   ~~~i~~k,~.       8                the lntrodllffion.       na...
the IntroduElion.              9few months hence, possibly, and it will be in-distinguishable from the dust of the earth. ...
10              lhe In/roduEfrol1.    mans social destiny. The three elements which    determine its constitution as a sha...
7he Introduflion.                11vivifying sap, and humbles its superb life to theground, in the interests of a spring t...
12              crhe IntrfJduElion.our men in office are to lend themselves to atro-cious jobbery; how incessantly public ...
tfhe Introduflion.thing can well be. The moral force was neveranything but a scaffolding for Gods spiritual·house in the s...
The Introduflion. the subject himself as finitely constituted or dif-ferenced from all other men, giving place to thehumbl...
The Introdultio1l.towards what is decidedly rococo In fashion, andnot seldom bestows a word of munificent Phari-saic patro...
VJv. ~~..ttl d.t" vfP~1 ~*~ wrJtI ft··Jc.6-.           H   J.~~." ~JI        ~ ~.,)H :..,!~ ~?ld                 k   l-rp-...
7he IntroduElion.               17Daily I visit this sepulchre in which the Lordlay buried. I find the spiced linen garmen...
18               ~he   Introdutlion.interests. Unquestionably. But how if He can-not deal directly with its spiritual inte...
~he   Introdutlion.be loved in such a way as to take captive myheart and understanding.         N ow as naturallyconstitut...
20               ~he   IntroduBion.the mighty, and base things and things whichmen despise, yea and things which are not, ...
~he   Introdllflion.           21duty to love Him. At this rate one could neverlove his fellow-man even, but would come at...
22                ~he   IntroduElion.  us - He may give them totally new and unex-  pected issues in harmony with His own ...
The Introduflr"on.the vulgarest private and sectarian pretension.It has so completely renounced its ancient andpurely typi...
Cfhe Introduffion.  ual impotence and self-distrust, but all simply to  jump from a grossly absurd fear of Gods per-  sona...
~e   Introdutlion.             25Gods sight, by which the subject is eternallydifferenced from other men; and the clergy a...
The IntroduElion. ever transgressed thy commandments, and yet thou hast never given me the slightest expres- sion of thy h...
[he Introduffion.             27eous, unexacting heart [I will say unto him,Father, I have sinned against heaven~ and befo...
the Introduflion.sacraments, with papacy or with prelacy, withCalvin or Socinus; but only with a heart in itssubject of un...
AN ESSAY        ON THEPHYSICS OF CREATION.
By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down; yea, we wept,when we remembered Zion.  We hanged our harps upon the willows i...
AN ESSAY                     ON THE        PHYSICS OF CREATION.                 CHAPTER I.   MANY of my friends have at va...
Relation of Swedenborg " pure God shows himself pure; to the froward he shows himself froward. "A man receives," says Swed...
to the Intellect.              33The good man has always been thought to begood in himself, absolutely good, and thus even...
34          HIS   Staunch rindicationone person as naturally constituted (say. theapostle John,) which He does not feel to...
of Human Equality.              3S   But he makes much more thorough work ofit than this. He maintains this uncompromis-in...
~he    Angels devoidsal."l "There is no will of good, nor any un-derstanding of truth, which attaches to the angelhimself,...
of Personal Worth.               37angels the most celestial will prove very disa-greeable persons to many who now aspire ...
~he    .Angels devDidnothing but evil and falsity, as is shown to thelife after death. The truth of this statement isdemon...
of   Personal Worth.             39showing no favor to any but those who shouldbecome his abject slaves. Such is the natur...
40       Swedenborgs Statements imply   Such is the fundamental postulate of this phi-losophy: but this would go but a lit...
a Profound Philosophy.and superior style of life. Morality is a purelyrational fact. It supposes its subject to be aratio,...
Its Fundamental Notion    Freedom or selfhood, then, is implied in Gods creature, just as the foundation of a house is im-...
the Dependence of Morality.          43to regard it. I may feel myself to be my ownmaster just as much as I please, and cl...
44           Its Fundamental Notion  tion as a purely physical exploit of Gods  power, an event in time and space; and hen...
the Dependence of Morality.          45that our conduct should be visibly self-moved,or date from ourselves exclusively, t...
Our Moral Forceresult very probable whenever the occaSiOn todecide shall arise.   N ow the popular theologian looking at t...
perpetually communicated.          47help appropriating it, or feeling it to be indeedbone of my bone and flesh of my fles...
Our Moral Forcebasis or foundation in the individual bosom, fora stupendous spiritual edifice which the Divinewisdom is as...
perpetually communicated.           49intellect thence engendered. The invinciblewitness of the heart towards God is, that...
CHAPTER II.   THE profoundest of our sensuous judgments,and the basis of the religious instinct in us, is,that our natural...
Moral Life in order to Spiritual.        51in aggravated form; that where we approvethe good man and condemn the evil one,...
52         Moral Life in order to Spiritual.pronounces us His children, redeemed from dis-tant creatureship into intimate ...
Kant and Swedenborg.               53that is to say, does not express the relation ofthe creature to the creator, but of t...
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr
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The Swedenborg moment and movement in America. Henry James 1811-1882. Religion and Philosophy united. (google books + OCR)

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Henry james-substance-and-shadow-or-morality-and-religion-in-their-relation-to-life-boston-1863 google books and ocr

  1. 1. .., ~1.substanct nub OR MORALITY AND RELIGION IN THEIR RELATION TO LIFE: AN ESSAY UPON THE PHYSICS OF CREATION. BY HENRY JAMES. + ....... BOSTON: TICKNOR AND FIELDS. J8~. t._ ~- L, Coogle
  2. 2. - THE :: f.-I YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 5AaJR1~~ ~D TILDEN }OuNOATIONS R 1932 L Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1863, by HENRY JAMES,In the Clerks Office of the District Court of the District of Rhode Island. I • • ~~ ~ ~ : : 1 ... ~.. • •• . . --~ RiUerside Press: Stereotyped and Printed by H. O. HOUGHTON. ..
  3. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS. --+-- PAG!! THE INTRODUCTION·································· 3 CHAPTER I. Relation of Swedenborg to the Intellect. - His staunch vin- dication of human equality. - The angels devoid of personal, I worth. - Swedenborgs statements imply a profound Philosophy. - Ita fundamental notion, the dependence of Morality. - Que moral force a perpetual communication •....•. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 31 CHAPTER II. Moral life in order to spiritual.-Kant and Swedenborg.- Swedenborgs doctrine of the origin of Evil. - His sincere tes- timony to the actuality of creation. - Infinite love necessarily " creative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . .. 50 CHAPTER III. How the letter of Revelation degrades its spiritual contents. - Time and Space constitutional conditions of our conscious- ness. - Natural Religion affronts the heart even more than the head. - The Divine perfection is eminently human· •..•••.. 65 CHAPTER IV. The Divine Humiliation. - The creature must necessarily antagonize the creative perfeetion. - Personality the true mar- vel of creation. - The creatures identity the prime interest of creation. - The practical obstacle to it in the nature of the creature. - Revelation alone competent to the question .•••. , 78
  4. 4. lV Table of Contents. CHAPTER V. PACK Philosophys true function. - Treachery of philosophers to it.- Sir William Hamilton makes scepticism the basis of faith.-Kant makes real things unintelligible, and intelligible things un-real. - Sir William Hamilton runs Kants doctrine into theground. - Between the two Philosophy is. reduced to a pioushiccup. - Philosophy is totally unharmed by the Positivists.-The total problem of Philosophy is to reconcile Freedom withDependence. - Swedenborg alone solves it honestly and with-out ostentation· .•..•.•..... , ........•••.•.. " .. .. .... . 89 CHAPTER VI. Swedenbor~s Doctrine of Nature.-Natures total subordi-nation to spinto - Discrimination of moral from spiritual life,largely illustrated···············.······· •••• •• ••••• ·.• 106 CHAPTER VII. Incompetency of reason in spiritual things. - Nature is animplication of the spiritual world. - It is according to Swe-denborg the Hand of Gods Power. - Moral righteousness in.compatible with spiritual innocence. - The Law is intendedto minister death. - Moral force characterizes us only in theinfancy of our spiritual developmen t. - The Law alone givesa knowledge of sin. - Delight in ritual righteousness fatal tospiritual life. - Our spiritual creation contingent upon ournatural redemption. - We are born only to be reborn······· 118 CHAPTER VIII. Morality is a platform for our spiritual regeneration. - It isthe subject earth of spiritual existence. - Natural existencesforms of use. - SpiritUal existences forms of power. - Naturesdiscords harmonized in man. - Our moral discords harmonizedin the social development of the race. - Society or fellowshipamong men the proper outcome of the Divine redemption ofNature.- Thus the moral sentiment claims only a social glo-rification. - Individual regeneration is a fruit of our naturalredemption.- Church and Slate are mere factors of a perfectsociety. - The Divine benignity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • • • . . .• 137 CHAPTER IX. The letter of religion inversely serviceable to its sprnt.-Revelation implies a veiling of spiritual truth; i.~. a lowering
  5. 5. ~able of Contents. v PAGEof it to the capacity of carnal minds. - The Divine is prima-rily akin to our least reputable interests; or has chief regard towhat men esteem the least.- Hostility of the religious con-science to Gods humane perfection. - The fearful perversionwhich Orthodoxy makes of the Christian Atonement. - Rit-uality fatal to spirituality " 156 CHAPTERX. Testimony of experience. - The aim of all Gods dealingswith us is to undermine our virtue, or ollr conceit of our abilityto be better in ourselves than other people. - Redemption thesole secret of creation. - The conscience of sin. - It is theonly legitimate fruit of religious culture. - Is the conscience ofsin real or dramatic 1 - The sectarian view absurd. - Thejudgment is exclusively a spiritual one. - The philosophicmeaning of the judgment. - The true confession of sin isnever a ritual one. - Ones conscience of sin means inwardlyhis worship of Gods perfection. - It is a mere practical decla-ration that Gods goodness is ineffable· ••.•. , ..•••••••• " 168 CHAPTER XI. The Church affects a real sanctity. - She lives by adroitlyflattering our self-righteous instincts. - Moral righteousnesswhen regarded as a positive quantity, fatal to spiritual innocenceand peace. - The church embodies and authenticates our nat-ural sottishness in Divine things. - She is the refuge and cita_del of a frenzied egotism and unbelief. - There are very manyin the church who are not of it. - The church cannot conferboth a literal and a spiritual sanctity. - Which alternative doesshe see fit to adoptl- She adopts the latter · IS8 CHAPTER XII. Salvation and damnation, spiritually interpreted, mean sever-ally to love aud hate our kind.- The tap-root of character isones conception of God. - The unhandsome fruits of Catholicreligiosity. - The subtler but more harmful fruits of Protestantf.maticism. - When the son of man cometh, shall he find faithon the earth 1 - The Jew and the Christian are, respectively,carnal tlpe and spiritual substance. - Religion is now the idolof men s impure devotion. - The sole legitimate force of re-ligion cathartic not alimentative. - The true enemy of God isalways the saint, never the sinner. •• ••• • •• • . • • • . • • • . . . . .. a05 b
  6. 6. VI ~able of Contents. CHAPTER XIII. PAGI The kingdom of God to come on earth. - Man is a micro-cosm because the cosmos is 3 grand man.- The heart of menis much in advance of their head. - Regeneration impossiblesave through a redemption of Nature. - In Christ God is re-vealed as a glorified NATURAL man: hence Christianity por-tends a Divine innocence for man in the sphere of his naturallite. - Our religious life is a standing opprobrium to the Divinename. -The life which Christ inaugurates in human na.ture isnot post-mortem existence. - God is perfect Man· . . . • • • • •• 2.24 CHAPTER XIV. The thorough redemption of Nature in Christ. - Christ isnot a spirit but a Divine natural man. - Swedenborg scoutsthe notion of any arbitrary power in God, there being no infantwho has not more. - Angel and devil both involved in Man.- Inlluence of the Christian truth in the natural sphere ofthe mind. - In Divine order the First is last, and the Lastfirst. - Hell is glorified in conventional, Heaven in true, Man-hood·· ..•••••••••.....•••••.•...••....•...••.•...... 341 CHAPTER XV. Nature implied in Man. - Incompetency of the church tointerpret Revelation. Both Theology and Philosophy as atpresent administered only inllame our native Pharisaism.-There is but One Life, and we are His constant creatures.-The philosophic idea of creation. - It is the giving inwardsubstance to what in itself is pure form. - Our subjective historyinvolved in our objective creation. - A subject can never prop-erly be his own object. - Kant refutes creation by the fictionof noumenal existence. - Sir William Hamilton hereupon de-grades Philosophy into snivel· • • . . • . • . . . • • • • • • . . . • . . • . . •. 356 CHAPTER XVI. Constitution is not character, any more than heart and lungsare the body. - Kant habitually confounds the two things, orsupposes that you give being to things when you give themphenomenality. - Idealism the bane of Philosophy from thebeginning of time till now. - Swedenborg puts a stop to phil-osophic guessing. - Hamilton and Mansels testimony to Phi-losophy. - They make it an abject scepticism relieved byCant··············································· 274
  7. 7. fable of Contents. Vll CHAPTER XVII. PAGK Kants analysis of knowledge. - He makes knowledge afact of physical constitution, not of spiritual creation. - Sci-ence has to do with the constitution of things; Philosophy withtheir creation. - Science deals with the finite and relative; Philosophr with the infinite and absolute. - Facts of life knownfrom withm; facts of existence from without. - The consti-tution of a thing, or what makes it appear, is never what cre-ates it, or makes it he. - Life implies existence; soul body .. 286 CHAPTER XVIII. Life or consciousness unites what sense and reason disunite.- Sir William Hamiltons curious theory of the causal judg-ment. - He finds the cause of a thing in the things own en-trails. - Thus he thinks saltpetre is not merely constituted butcaused by K 0 and N 06. - Cause evoked only to explainsome breach of natural order. - We never ask the cause ofThin~s, but only of their mutations. - Sir W. Hamilton stul-tifies mtelligence by confounding Finiteness with Phenomenal-ity. - They are as distinct as sense and reason. - Cause isadduced to explain facts of phenomenal not of lixed existence.- It is not a sensible but a rational inquest. - Cause is a sci-entific rudiment of the philosophic idea of creation. - Theforce of the causal judgment is In its educating or disciplining the intellect •••••••••.•• • ••••• •··•• •••••• ·•·· ... , • . • •• :&99 CHAPTER XIX. John Mills broad human sympathies. - His failure never-theless to explain the causal instinct. - He also sinks thephilosopher in the man of science. - He restricts cause to amerely constitutive not creative import. - He makes it signifyonly what identifies, not what individualizes things. - Philoso-phy reverses this jud~ment, giving cause a creative efficacy, ormaking it an attestatton exclusively of the spiritual side of life,not of its material. - Cause invariably opens up the supernat-ural realm. - It is in this point of view solely that Philosophyenvisages it. - Men of mere thought, not of life, like Kant,Sir William Hamilton, and the rest, deny cause a spiritual im-plication, because they resolve spiritual being itself into physi- cal constitution. - Kant makes the dissecting.room the school of Philosophy. - He found life so dazzling a thing to contem-plate, that he betook himself, to the unspeakable comfort of
  8. 8. VIll Table of Contents. PAGEhis optics, to the contemplation of death instead: only unfor-tunately he misnamed that death life; and so, by his great au-thority over men cf thought, not of life, stirred up any amountof dreary sepulchral literature. - His pretension to be the Co-pernicus of Philosophy. - His German and Scotch disciples .. 322 CHAPTER XX. The fundamental misconception of the Critical Philosophy.- Kants dread of Philosophy, lest it plainly avouch creation.- Common sense affirms creation. - Pseudo Philosophy deniesit. - Kants fatal philosophic delinquency, in exterioratm~ ob- ject to subject. - The extraordinary performances of Flchte,Schelling, and Hegel thereupon. - The testimony of sense onething; that of consciousness another. - Kant confounds them.- He thought finite and relative to be one and the same con-ception. - Sense divorces what consciousness marries. - Kantreduces Philosophy to a requiem over deceased hopes. - Na-ture a correspondence of the things of the mind. - Man itssole unity. . . • . • . . . . • . . • . . . . • . . . . . . . • •• • . • • . • • • • • • • . •• 347 CHAPTER XXI. Alleged duality of Man and Nature in consciousness.-Their real unity there. - The objective sphere in life alwayscontrols the subjective sphere. - The ground of Kants mIS-take. - A re we properly active or passive in knowledge 1 -Noumenal existence fatal to creation. - Nature necessary toposit the creature, or give him identity. - Imp0rl of the dis-tinction between Identity and Individuality. - Philosophy mustaccept the guidance of Revelation. - Uncontrolled by Philoso-phy science is necessarily atheistic and logic pantheistic. . • • •• 371 CHAPTER XXII. God is not voluntarily but spontaneously creative. - He can-not create Life, but only communicate it. - Before life can becommunicated, a basis of communication must be organized.- Creation in order to be real exacts self hood in the creature;and hence claims to be a I?urely spiritual operation of God. -Orthodoxy turns creation mto a mere ph}Slcal exploit of God.- In truth, however, Nature is but a mask of Gods spiritualpresence. - The creatures identity the supreme care of thecreative Love. - This interest requires that he be an inverseimage of Gods perfection. - Community, the essence of Na-
  9. 9. fable of Contents. IX PAGEture, inversely images the Divine unity. - Natures sole func-ti~n. is to embody the spiritual creation. - She incorporatessplnt •••••••••••••..•.•••••••....••••...•••••.•..••• 395 CHAPTER XXIII. Natures part in creation is J?urely mediatorial. - It is im-plied in Man as body is implied In soul. - History is the vindi-cation of the human form in creation. - Adam a symbol ofthe Divine celestial, Eve of the Divine natural, mind. - Weknow ourselves at first only as sensuously defined. - Sweden-borg compels Nature into the limits of consciousness. - Ouridentity and our individuality equally abject masks of Godscreative presence in us· • • . • • • • . • . • • • • • . . • . • • . . • . . • • • . •• 419 CHAPTER XXIV. The problem of creation. - Insoluble to faith and sciencealike.- Atheism or Pantheism a necessary logical result.-God must give His creature moral conscIOusness as well asphysical being. - The inevitable implication of the finite con-sciousness. - Science is but a bridge between Religion andPhilosophy. - Formula of our intellectual progress: Religion,Science, Philosophy. - Natural religion is bound to give wayto science, while science herself however has no pretension tofinality. - Science is only a handmaid to Philosophy. - Phi-losophy alone has power hvingly to reinstate religion. - Relig-ion the heart, science the lungs, of the mind. - Science purgesFaith of its sensuous elements. - Philosophy is the brain ofthe mind· •••.••••••••••••••••••••••..•• , • • • . • • • • • • •• 434 CHAPTER XXV. History summed up in the interests of church, state, and so-ciety. - Its practical scope is to free Eve from the dominationof Adam; that is, invert the relation of subserviency whichthe principle of Individuality is under to that of Universality.-It transfigures our natural communism itself into the intensestindividuality. - Man by creation is perfectly imbecile in him-self. - Neither man angel nor devil has the least power in him-self. - Mans freedom utterly pliant to the Divine behests.-Marble is not so pliant to the hand of the sculptor. - Our na-tive evil a negative witness to the divinity of our ori~in. - Ourexperience of evil strictly constitutional or subjective. - Evilfor man means the domination of the individual by the common I
  10. 10. x crable of Contents. PAGElife. - Good on the other hand means the social subjection ofthe common to the individual life· .. ·· . . . . .. • • • • .. .. . • . .. 46 r CHAPTER XXVI. Spiritual import of the Gospel. - Creation means the givingnatural substance to spiritual form. - Nature means the princi-ple of community in all existence. - Philosophic bearing ofthe Christian truth. - Consciousness always identifies us withmaternal nature. - Why does the wifes personality merge inthat of the husband 1- The reason to be found only In the sym-bolism of marriage. - Marriage typifies the union of infiniteand finite in true manhood. - What has so long blinded us tothe spiritual contents of Revelation 1- The churchs supersti-tion. - Gloria i/l excelsis domino. . . . . • • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 484ApPENDIX. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• 509
  11. 11. THE INTRODUCTION. THE leading words of my title-page call fora precise definition, in order that the reader mayclearly discern the aim of the discussion to whichI invite his attention. tJ3y morality I mean that sentiment of self-hood or property which every man not an idiotfeels in his own bodyljIt is a state of consciousfreedom or rationality, exempting him from thefurther control of parents or guardians, and en-titling him in his own estimation and that ofhis fellows, to the undivided ownership of hiswords and deeds. It is the basis of consciencein man, or what enables him to appropriate goodand evil to himself, instead of ascribing the for-mer as he may one day learn to do exclusivelyto celestial, the latter exclusively to infernal in-fluence. The word is often viciously used as asynonyme of spiritual goodness, as when wegay, "A is a very moral man," meaning a justone; or, "B is a very immoral man," meaning an unjust one. No man can be either good or evil, either just or unjust, but by virtue of his morality; i. e. unless he have selfhood, or free- dom entitling him to own his action. This is a rondriio sine qua non. The action by which he
  12. 12. 4 ~he Introduflion.becomes pronounced either the one sort of manor the other could not be his action, and conse-quently could never afford a basis for his spirit-ual development, unless he possessed this origi-nal moral force, or strict neutrality with respectto heaven and hell; but would on the contrarybe an effect in every case of overpoweringspiritual influence. We should be very care-ful, therefore, not to confound the condition ofan event with the event itself, as we do whenwe call the good man moral, and deny moralityto the evil man. For if the good man alonebe moral, while the evil man is immoral, thenmorality ceases to be any longer the distinctivebadge of human nature itself, which separatesit from all lower natures (so furnishing a plat-form for Gods spiritual descent into it), andbecomes the mere arbitrary endowment of cer-tain persons. The error in question originatesin, at least is greatly promoted by, our habitof calling the decalogue" the moral law." As .the law is instinct with an ineffable Divine sanc-tity, we get at last to think that the word whichwe so commonly couple with it partakes ofright the same sanctity, and accordingly callonly the man who obeys it moral, while hewho disobeys it is immoral. In point of fact,however, morality means nothing more nor lessthan that state of natural neutrality or indiffer-ence to good and evil, to heaven and hell, whichdistinguishes man from all other existence, andendows him alone with selfhood or freedom.Thus the term properly designates our natural
  13. 13. [he Introduflion. ,/ ismajority or manhood, what every man, as man,possesses in common with every other man. By religion I mean - what is invariablymeant by the term where the thing itself stillexists - such a conscience on mans part of ~forfeiture of the Divine favor, as perpetuallyurges him to make sacrifices of his ease, hisconvenience, his wealth, and if need be his life,in order to restore himself, if so it be possible,to that favor. This is religion in its literalform; natural religion; religion as it standsauthenticated by the universal instincts of therace, before it has undergone a spiritual con-version inJo life, and while claiming still apurely ritual embodiment. I t is however inthis gross form the germ of all humane cul-ture. Accordingly we sometimes use the termin an accommodated sense, I: e. to express thespiritual results with which religion is fraughtrather than the mere carnal embodiment it firstof all offers to such results. Thus the apostleJames says: Pure and undefiled religion (I. e.,religion viewed no longer as a letter, but as aspirit), is to visit the fatherless and the widow,and keep oneself unspotted from the world (I:e., has exclusive reference to the life).. Te alsosay proverbially, handsome is that handsomedoes; not meaning of course to stretch theword handsome out of its literal dimensions, butonly by an intelligible metonomy of body forsoul, or what is natural for what is spiritual, toexpress in a compendious way the superiorityof moral to physical beauty. My reader will
  14. 14. (he Introduf1j()l1.al ways understand me, then, as using the wordreligion in its strictly literal signification, to in-dicate our ritual or ceremonious homage to theDivine name. N ow morality and religion, thus interpreted.are regarded on my title-page as concurring topromote the evolution of mans spiritual destinyon earth. Mans destiny on earth, as I am led to con-ceive it, consists in the realization of a perfectsociety, fellowship, or brotherhood among men,proceeding upon such a complete Divine subju-gation in the bosom of the race, first of self·loveto brotherly love, and then of both loves to uni.versal love or the love of God, as will amountto a regenerate nature in man, by convertingfirst his metely natural consciousness, which isone of comparative isolation and impotence,into a social consciousness, which is one of com-parative omnipresence and omnipotence; andthen and thereby exalting his moral freedom,which is a purely negative one, into an restheticor positive form: so making spontaneity andnot will, delight and no longer obligation, thespring of his activity. But morality and religion are further regardedon the title-page as bearing, in the evolution ofthe spiritual destiny of man on earth, the rela-tion respectively of substance and shadow. Itonly remains that I explicate this point, in orderto put in the readers hands the clew to my entirethought. A shadow is a phenomenon of vision pro-
  15. 15. ~he In/roduE/ion. 7 duced by some body intercepting the light. Thus the shadow of the tree upon the lawn is an effect of the tree intercepting the suns rays. My shadow on the wall is an effect of my body intercepting the rays of the candle, and so forth. Evidently then three things concur to constitute a shadow: 1. a light; 2. an opaque body which drinks up or refuses to transmit its rays; 3. a background or suitable plane of projection on which such refusal becomes stamped. Thus the shadow which anything casts is strictly propor- tionate to its power of absorbing the light, or appropriating it to itself: which is only saying. in other words, that the shadow of a thing is the exact measure of its finiteness or imperfec-. tion. i. e. of its destitution of true being. And this remark prepares us to ask what purpose the shadow serves, what intellectual use it renders. Obviously the use or purpose of shadows is to attest finite substance, or separate between phenomenal and real existence. Real existence is that which exists in itself, being vitalized from within. Phenomenal existence is that which exists only by virtue of its implication in something not itself, being vitalized wholly from without. In short real existence is spir- . itual; phenomenal existence natural.J.. So far as J..;-. £. *,dkh<;. ( I am spiritual, that is, to all the extent of my resthetic or spontaneous life, I am a real exist- ence, possessing life in mysel£ So far as I am simply natural, that is, to all the extent of my instinctual and voluntary life, I am a phenome-
  16. 16. ~ ~~? ~t~r 1t,~jJ1P~-l t ~ t1<-.rl~,_ 4-;> ~~~i~~k,~. 8 the lntrodllffion. nal existence, deriving my life from without. My spiritual manhood consequently casts no shadowJWhatsoever I do spontaneously; what- soever I do in obedience to the inspiration of Beauty; whatsoever I do, in short, from individ- ual taste or attraction in opposition to the com- mon instinct of self-preservation; is good and beautiful in itself, is positively or infinitely good, as being without any contrast or oppugnancy of evil. But my physical and moral existence never fails to project a shadow. Let me be as beautiful physically as Venus or Apollo, still I am not really or positively, but only actually or apparently, so; as by contrast with some oppo- site ugliness. Let me be morally as good as all saints and angels, it is yet not a good which is positive or stands by itself, but one which stands in the opposition of evil. In short, my beauty in the one case, and my goodness in the other, is finite; and like all finite existence claims its attendant and attesting shadow. Clearly, then, the purpose of shadows is to attest finite or imperfect existence, existence which does not involve its own substance. The shadow which the tree casts upon the lawn, and that which my body projects upon the wall be- hind me, are a mute confession on the part of body and tree that they are purely finite and phenomenal existences: that while they sensibly appear to be in themselves. their being is yet in something very superior to themselves. Seek this tree a few years hence, and you will find no vestige of it remaining. Ask for this body a
  17. 17. the IntroduElion. 9few months hence, possibly, and it will be in-distinguishable from the dust of the earth. Thisis what the shadow invariably says: - that thesubstance which projects it is a mere appear-ance to the senses, not a reality to the philo-sophic understanding; and that if we wouldpenetrate the world of realities we must trans-cend the realm of sense, the finite realm, andenter that of mind or spirit. J... We now fairly discern the constitution ofthe shadow, and what is its rational scope andsignificance; and are thus prepared to interpretthe greatest of shadows which we call Religion,and which falls everywhere across the page ofhuman history darkening the face of day, turn-ing the fairest promise of nature to blight, un-dermining the most towering pride of moralityby a subtle conscience of sin, and forbidding man to content himself with a righteousness, apeace and a power which shall be anything less than Divine. The reader recalls the constitution of the shadow, namely, that it is always an effect of some opaque body intercepting the rays of light. Thus the shadow which the tree projects upon the lawn is an effect of the tree intercept- ing the suns rays; and the shadow of my per- son on the wall an effect of my body intercept- ing the rays of the lamp. In like manner precisely this stupendous shadow designated by the name of Religion, is an effect produced by our moral consciousness intercepting the rays of the Divine Truth as they shine forth from
  18. 18. 10 lhe In/roduEfrol1. mans social destiny. The three elements which determine its constitution as a shadow are thus distributed: History being the sole field of its projection; Morality the opaque substance which alone projects it; and the Social principle, the principle of a perfect society fellowship or broth- erhood among men, being the great Divine light, of whose obscuration by morality religion has always been at once the shadow and the scourge. So much definition seems due by way of pref- ace in vindication of the title of my book, or in order to apprise my reader that I regard Re- ligion and Morality as respectively shadow and substance in their relation to the social develop- ment of the race. Society-fellowship-equal-I ity- fraternity, whatever name you give it, is the central sun of human destiny, originating aU its motion, and determining the, pathway of its progress towards infinite Love and Wisdom. LMorality and Religion together constitute the subject-earth of self-love which revolves about this centre, now in light now in shade; morality being the illuminated side of that love, religion its obscured side; the one constituting the splen- dor of its day, the other the darkness of its night. Morality is the summer lustihood and luxuriance of self-love, clothing its mineral ribs with vege- table grace, permeating its rigid trunk with sap, decorating its gnarled limbs with foliage, glori- fying every reluctant virgin bud and every mod- est wifely blossom into rich ripe motherly fruit. Religion is the icy winter which blights this summer fertility, which arrests the ascent of its
  19. 19. 7he Introduflion. 11vivifying sap, and humbles its superb life to theground, in the interests of a spring that shall beperennial, and of autumns bursting with imperish-able fruit. In other words, religion has no sub-stantive force. Her sole errand on earth hasbeen to dog the footsteps of morality, to humblethe pride of selfhood which roan derives fromnature, and so soften his interiors to the recep-tion of Divine Truth, as that truth stands ful-.filled in the organization of human equality orfellowshiP.:.! The backbone of morality has long beenprovidentially broken. The moral force menonce had, the power of controlling natural ap-petite and passion, has abated, and in its placehas come a sense of Gods presence in Nature, andthe aspiration to realize in life the infinite Beauty which she reveals. Almost no one is now strong by himself, strong against the floods of natural arrogance and cupidity which are sure to assail him, but only by association with others. Scarce- ly anyone resists the temptation to which he is naturally prone on religious grounds, or from a sentiment of reverence to the Divine name, but only on social grounds or from a sentiment of what is due to good-fellowship. The failure to see this great change in human nature, and to organize it betimes in appropriate institutions, is what keeps us in this state of public and private demoralization, which has at last resulted in the downfall of our political edifice. See what thorough-paced unconscious scoundrels we have long had for politicians. Observe how apt
  20. 20. 12 crhe IntrfJduElion.our men in office are to lend themselves to atro-cious jobbery; how incessantly public and pri-vate trusts are betrayed; how our clergy in suchlarge numbers habitually emasculate and stultifythe gospel, in order to adapt it to the dainty earsof the fierce worldlings who underpin their ec-clesiastical consequence; how ostentation, un-bridled luxury of every sort, and the shamelessapery of foreign class-pretension, even down tothe decorating our imported servants withimported liveries, are corrupting us from ouroriginal democratic simplicity; how rapidlyimmodesty, dissipation, insolence, and the mostunblushing egotism are vulgarizing the man-ners, hardening the visages, and hopelessly blast-ing the hereditary remains of innocence of ourrich young men and women; - and who candoubt that Jeff Davis, Joe Smith, filibusterWalker, secretary Floyd, James Buchanan, andall the other dismal signs and portents of ourcurrent political, and religious life, have beenonly so many providential scourges sent todevastate and consume a world long ripe forthe Divine judgment ~ The only possible explanation of the existingcrisis in human affairs, everywhere indeed, com-patible with the Divine sovereignty, is, that themoral force in man no longer subserves thegreat spiritual uses which once sanctified andsweetened it; that the mission which was once Divinely given it of nurturing men for the skies has been revoked and put in more competent hands. This to my judgment is as plain as any-
  21. 21. tfhe Introduflion.thing can well be. The moral force was neveranything but a scaffolding for Gods spiritual·house in the soul; it was never designed to givepermanent substance but only temporary formto Gods finished work in human nature; andwhen accordingly it ceases to look upon itselfin this subordinate plight, and insists upon be-ing treated not as the scaffolding but as thehouse, not as the mould but as the substance tobe moulded, not as the matrix but as the gem,in short, not as an accessory but as a principal,it loses even this justification and becomes apositive nuisance. The social sentiment, thesense of a living organic unity among men, isaccordingly fast absorbing it or taking it upinto its own higher circulation, whence it willbe reproduced in every regenerate resthetic form.Art is the resurgent form of human activity. The artist or producer is the only regenerate im-age of God in nature, the only living revelationof the Lord on earth. Society itself will erelongrelease her every subject from that responsibilityto his own material interests which has hithertodegraded human life to the ground, and by provid- ing for his honest and orderfy physical subsistence, leave his heart and mind and hand free to the only inspiration they spontaneously acknowledge,-that of infinite Goodness, Truth, and Beauty. This· most profound and intimate life of God in our nature is groping its way to more and more vivid consciousness in us every day; and the consequence is that we see the proud old Pagan ideal of moral virtue, a virtue which inheres in
  22. 22. The Introduflion. the subject himself as finitely constituted or dif-ferenced from all other men, giving place to thehumble and harmless Christian ideal of a purelyspiritual virtue in man, a virtue which inheresin him only as he becomes infinitely constituted,or united with all other men, by the unlimitedindwelling of God in his nature. The Pagangoodness proceeds upon self-denial, and henceimplies merit. The Christian goodness proceedsupon the frankest and fullest possible self-asser-tion, and hence implies boundless humility orgratitude. "After those days, saith the Lord, Iwill put my law in their inward parts, and writeit in their hearts." As the shadow obeys the law of the substance,so religion is bound to undergo a proportionatemodification with that of morality. This is whyreligion in the old virile sense of the word hasdisappeared from sight, and become replaced bya feeble Unitarian sentimentality. The old re-ligion involved a conscience of the profoundestantagonism between God and the worshipper,which utterly refused to be placated by any-thing short of an unconditional pledge of theutmost Divine mercy. The ancient believer felthimself sheerly unable to love God, or do any-thing else towards his salvation, were it only thelifting of a finger. To un-love was his onlytrue loving, to un-learn his only true learning, toun-do his only true doing. The modern relig-ionist is at once amused and amazed at thesecurious archreological beginnings of his own his-tory. He feels towards them as a virtuoso does
  23. 23. The Introdultio1l.towards what is decidedly rococo In fashion, andnot seldom bestows a word of munificent Phari-saic patronage upon them, such as the opulentMr. Ruskin dispenses to uncouth specimens ofearly religio