What the WritingsTestify Concerning ThemseLves    A Compilation of Teachings   from the Theological Writings      of Emanu...
"And it came to pass, when Jesushad ended these sayings, the people wereastonished at His doctrine. For He taughtthem as o...
What the Writings Testify        Concerning Themselves    The following extracts from the theologicalWritings of Emanuel S...
relation of the internaI sense to the sense of the letter of the Word, and to describe certain states by which Swedenborg ...
1           Swedenborg received the Doctrine            of the New Church from the mouth            of the Lord alone.    ...
any angel, but f~e-,Lord_al2.Ue. The Lordalso said by the angel to John, Seal not the wordsof the prophecy of this book, b...
nor angel, but bl the Lord aloue from Whom iseverything true ana good.... "         .                                   Sp...
Swedenborg ascribed his theo-2                      logical Writings to the Lord.    "The Books which were written by the ...
"That our Savior has .y.isib1~~ealed Himself  before me and commanded [me] to do what l  have done and what is yet to be d...
"Read, if you please, the things which havebeen written in the latest published work, called"The True Christian Religion",...
"... That the internaI sense is such as has been set forth is plain from the singular things which have been explained, an...
alJ....UU;l;Qmission..into the spiritual world, and en­  lightenment there through immediâte liRht from  the Lor.d, in suc...
l    "The Most Ancient Church had immediatelrevelation from the Lord by consort with spiritsfand angels and by visions and...
revelations, yet not from perception,but by a liv­ing voice heard in them, and thus by angels fromthe Lord. This revelatio...
"The prophets of the ûld Testament. . . didnot have their understanding enlightened, but thewords which they were to say o...
indignant when they found that I was reflecting.Thus have I been instructed; consequently by nospirit, nor by any angel, b...
New Jerusalem, was seen to descend from Godout of heaven. But I will proceed to the Doctrineitself which is for the New Ch...
"The Divine truth in the Word and its quality            are described by the cherubs in Ezekiel i, ix, and            x; ...
C- e f"A.A-- ~"".    ~ 0 ~ 11"""o.? c;    £.-a---s.-.­   "This explanation of that chapter CZech. 4J as given me .by the L...
"Th-Doctrine itself the1nternal sense teach ­                _.-.-   --    ----- - -        ­  es, and he who knows this D...
"That the Word in the sense of the letter issignified by a "wall" (Rev. 21 :12), appears clear­ly from the things which fo...
was turned into a Babylonia, and with others    later into a Philistia, therefore it could not be seen    from the Word. F...
from the spiritual, but is an explanation in a sense   merely natural, in which a spiritual sense is con­   cealed, and th...
77   "As to what especially concerns the Doctrinewhich now follows, this also is from Heaven, be­cause it is from the spir...
... t;::. -.A J~            "j -rJ--.    W..-vI (~OD ~ ) )~~{                                     !   "->    Ii ~ <P-", I ...
8pl!it~s~....Jof      the                                   the Lord, is because         {,!,. ...l.#!t:-"~-t:lU.Uut:~Jq:u...
"But since these arcana have been revealed,and lie open to those who are in good, that is, whoare angelic minds, therefore...
the Decalogue (Amsterdam, 1763); for by theDoctrine all the truths of Doctrine are meant,because the Doctrine is their com...
"The Word is Divine Truth, and the internalor spiritual sense is interior Divine truth."                                Ap...
-I~ ( vv/J""d /, (   >.; 00 ~    )        r    re;-   1;-----: ~                                                         A...
..--. ~o..J"":;~---l,...-         l   7-t   At. .Sf  "r~ ~       ~s        /1..."t"O> ... I::: J                          ...
H •••  And the Lord is Doctrine itself, that is,the Word, not only as to the SI,lJ?!"~Ine sense there,but also as to the i...
" ... The Divine truth is the Lord Himself inheaven. For what proceeds from Him is He Him­self; from the Divine nothing el...
-,        "A~_t~ the Wor~, : .. it has existed at all times,    but not the Word which we have at this day. There    was a...
" ... When the end of a church is at hand,      then the interiors of the Word, of the church, and      of worship, are re...
lik&l the successive states of a man who is reformedand regenerated; namely, that he may become aspiritual man, he is at f...
Word, especially the things concerning Himself,  concerning love to Him and love towards the  neighbor, and concerning fai...
1     eaven and the church have now een reye~ledJ) by the L~, to be of serVice to the New C~ch   ~fch is meant in the Apoc...
"The way of the Divine Providence, in reveal­   ing Divine truths, can be seen from the churches   which have been success...
n mouth, or from His Word, and by means of Inspiration."                       Coronis 18     "In place of miracles, there...
"Besides these most evident testimonies [there   is the fact] that the BLiritual sense of the Word   has been disclosed ~h...
loosed the seven seals (Apoc. 5, 6), is meant the  Word. . . .Therefore by the little book (Apoc.  10 :2) in the hand of t...
indications that this is on account of the NewJI ~(ChUrCh which is the CrQwn of all the churches      and which is to endu...
11           By reason of its revealed Doctrine,                  the New Church is to become the                  Crown o...
fi                  );:,.. #:,.   /lA.Sf ,.   .<Ph..        -n   I   7.01     /.-; f~ ...... ~               .>   ~       ...
/           ~piritu.?-l                     and natural l.ight at the same time. By           this means it has been grant...
1            4   ­   I.--     "- W;o N>f          (>. () re> ~ )            .....s r     Q     vJ~ tf--. /       A~I ~ t.!...
the heavens and the hells, and also to speak with           angels and spirits, and this now for many years,             t...
"I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white          horse (Rev. xix.H) signifies the spiritual seIk,>e          of the Wo&<...
presence in <the Wor.d, and revelation.... Hence  it is manifest that -by these words of the Lord is  meant that at the en...
" ... Without the advent of the Lord into the  world, no one could have been saved. It is similar  at ihis day: wherefore ...
In the Writiljlgs.,-..     . ","_iD13                    His Sec      I.·                                      ........_"-...
, =s tiLillust:rauLand.instmct_in thegU_J"W:i U.!..J.¥Wi, and to come to them is to lead           - --                   ...
"What proceeds from the Lord is the Lord ... >.                                  , Arcana Coelestia 9407:12               ...
D.od~(J.. the Lord, the Sacred Scrip­     ture and Life (Amsterdam, 1763) .... For by the     Doctrine are meant all the t...
,J   V1f?~ ~ l )"Or8:~.J                                               1- 0j";. "-I~J ~     H~"."   7        "It is said [...
"The doctrinals of the church are to be learned,and then exploration is to be made from the Wordas to whether they are tru...
any thing spiritual or an eternal life. This followsfrom the principle which he lays down; and thisis to eat of the tree o...
"Those think . . . from the affirmative who    believe that things are true besause.the,LOl:d,.haS    said so in the Word,...
"In the other life such are readily distinguishedfrom other spirits by this, that on every subjectrelating to faith they r...
"Those who start with a negative never be­lieve, because the negative principle reigns uni­versally [with them], and when ...
they praise the Word and preach it. In the denial      lies concealed the blasphemy ... Therefore, with      th.vnaILo! th...
NOTES    The Internal Sense and the Sense of the Letter         "The internal sense ~the Word _ its~     (AC 1540). Yet "t...
.,.    >~   W:1",-p(   (>- .!j~~<:>   S)           s jop         ~H                                                   ,   ...
(-b1uz-       A. S~.         So.. c.,r.....e..,.{ H~                        I                     .j~~~                   ...
spirits whp Gaused slips and errors 3 , so that truths     were ~ixed with·· things nottrue 4 • He showed     hesitancy as...
" . . . It was not allowed me to tell anything  here of what was dictated to me orally by any  one of them. When this was ...
be understood from those words or from the mere sense of the words. I perceived also by a spiritual                   I  i...
obsessed,9 and how they had experienced various  types of visions. 10 Yet the things ordinarily "seen  and heard" by Swede...
SD 438, CL 166) Thus he always retained full use of his rational mind, acting as of himself (DP 290), even when, on occasi...
New Jerusalem Church what-the-writings-testify-concerning-themselves-bryn athyn-1961
New Jerusalem Church what-the-writings-testify-concerning-themselves-bryn athyn-1961
New Jerusalem Church what-the-writings-testify-concerning-themselves-bryn athyn-1961
New Jerusalem Church what-the-writings-testify-concerning-themselves-bryn athyn-1961
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

New Jerusalem Church what-the-writings-testify-concerning-themselves-bryn athyn-1961

1,163 views

Published on

What the Writings Testify concerning Themselves, subtitle : A compilation of Teachings from the Theological Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,163
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

New Jerusalem Church what-the-writings-testify-concerning-themselves-bryn athyn-1961

  1. 1. What the WritingsTestify Concerning ThemseLves A Compilation of Teachings from the Theological Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg General Church Publication Committee Bryn Athyn, Pennsylvania 1961
  2. 2. "And it came to pass, when Jesushad ended these sayings, the people wereastonished at His doctrine. For He taughtthem as one having authority, and not asthe scribes." Matthew 7 :28, 29
  3. 3. What the Writings Testify Concerning Themselves The following extracts from the theologicalWritings of Emanuel Swedenborg are mostlyselections used by the late Rev. C. Th. üdhnerin the pamphlet, "Swedenborgs Testimony con­cerning His Writings", which was published in1902 and revised by a committee of three editorsin 1920. The object in the present compilation is topresent, simply and clearly, those teachings whichmost directly describe the nature of the revela­tions given through Swedenborg, who subscribedhimself "the Servant of the Lord Jesus Christ". The passages quoted in the body of the textare taken from the theological works written bySwedenborg after 1748. Two excerpts from the"Documents" have also been used. Repetition hasbeen avoided when possible, but sorne statementshave been used again under different headings.Headings, foot-notes, and sorne revisions of thetranslation. have been supplied by the compilerwho has also appended sorne NOTES to define the 1
  4. 4. relation of the internaI sense to the sense of the letter of the Word, and to describe certain states by which Swedenborg was prepared for his office. It is obvious that no selection of extracts can present the complete doctrine. The full meaning of any one passage can be gained only when it is read in its context. And the real testimQIlY to the ivine origin and authQrity of the Writing.s is the c1arity and power of their dock,inaJ message.( The doctrine of the New Church, "by truths from ) the sense of the letter of the Word and at the sam.e time by rational things from natural light",( YUI convince even the natural man "if he is willing to be convinced". (AR 544, compare SS 4) -~ Hugo Lj. üdhner Bryn Athyn Pennsylvania December 1, 1960 2
  5. 5. 1 Swedenborg received the Doctrine of the New Church from the mouth of the Lord alone. " ... That the Lo@ mani~ed Himself...bef~e~IDueCci~t, and sent me to this office, andthât He afterwards opened the sight of my spirit,and so has introduced me into the spiritual world,and has granted me to behold the heavens and thehells and to converse with angels and spirits, andthis now uninterruptedly for many years, l testifyin truth; likewise, that from the first day of thatcall ! have not received anything that pertains tothe doctrines of the Ne hurch from any angel,Qut from the Lord alone, while 1 read t e or." ---.. True Christian Religion 779 "Every one can see that the Apocalypse couldnever have been explained except by the Lordalone, for the several words there contain arcanawhich could never be known without a singularillustration and thus revelation; wherefore ij; leased the Lordand to teach. Do not believe, therefore, that 1have taken anything herein from myself, or from 3
  6. 6. any angel, but f~e-,Lord_al2.Ue. The Lordalso said by the angel to John, Seal not the wordsof the prophecy of this book, by which is meantthat they are to be manifested." The Apocalypse Revealed, Preface "1 have had discourse with spirits and withangels now for many years; but neither has aspirit dared, nor any angel wished, to tell meanything, still less to instruct, concerning any­thing in the Word, or concerning any doctrinefrom the Word; but t e Lord alone has taught u~ Who has been revealed 0 me an .as én­ 19htened me." Divine Providence 135 "It has been given me to see [the light ofheaven], and from it to perceive distinctly whathas come from the Lord, and what from theangels. What has come from the Lord has beenwritten, and what has come from angels has notbeen written." The Apocalypse Explained 1183 "The things which l have learned in repre­sentations, visions, and from speech with spiritsand angels are solely from the Lord.... Thus lhave been instructed, consequently by no spirit, 4
  7. 7. nor angel, but bl the Lord aloue from Whom iseverything true ana good.... " . Spiritual Diary 1647 " ... It was evident that even the things which1 have learned through evil spirits 1 have learned . -from the Lord alone, although the spirits spoke..." Spiritual Diary 4034 "As regards myself, it has not been allowedto take any thing from the mouth of any spirit,nor from the mouth of any angel, but from themouth of the Lor,1LalQne."• De Verbo XIII (29) "In order that the true Christian religionmight be disclosed, it could not he otherwise thanthat some one should he introduced into the spirit-ual world, and from the mout.h,oLth~derivethe genuine truths out of the Word." Invitation to the New Church 38 5
  8. 8. Swedenborg ascribed his theo-2 logical Writings to the Lord. "The Books which were written by the Lordby means of me ({CD-!Wkino-per_?lJ;i) from thebeginning to the present day, should be enum-erated." * Ecclesiastical History 3 "A certain Anglican bishop told how he es-pecially had insulted the five works concerningheaven and heIl and the rest which had beenpresented to aIl [the bishopsJ and to aIl the Prot-estant lords in the Parliament, vituperating andblaspheming them... Then it was told him thatthe work iUQ_t..mine but the Lords, who desiredto reveal the nature of heaven and hell and thequality of the life of man after death and con-cerning the last judgment... And 1 also told himthat ~el&tioJJ.J is the male-chilil...w.ho~tbe .21P-an brought forth and whom the dragonwished to devour... " [Rev. 12J Spiritual Diary 6101:2* Recenseantur - reviewed, enumerated. 6
  9. 9. "That our Savior has .y.isib1~~ealed Himself before me and commanded [me] to do what l have done and what is yet to be done, and that e thereupon allowed me to come into communion [samtal] vdih..angels and spirits, l have declared before the whole of Christendom.... That [the Chancellery of Justice now] relates that they still cannot believe it, l cannot take amiss, since l can- not put my state of sight and speech into the heads of others and so convince them, nor can l cause angels and spirits to talk with them; nor is it permitted that miracles should occur nowadays, but reason itself shall find it [true] when with refiection they read my writings in which much1 is found such as never before has been discovered nor can be discovered without actual sight and conversation with those who are in the spiritual worId... If there should he anx further doubt, l am( ready to testify with the most salemn oath that max be reguired of me. that ibis 1s [the] truth, c..Q..mplete and actual, without the least fallacy.IUlM Qur Savior causes Ihis to happeu to me isI-not at aIl for my sake, but from an urgency wliich concerns the et~WiiiejfU"e of aiiChristii"ns..." Swedenborgs letter to the king, May 25,-1770 1 1 Docu. 245 X. Compare AR 962. and Docu. 252 E. 7
  10. 10. "Read, if you please, the things which havebeen written in the latest published work, called"The True Christian Religion", concerning thearcana disclosed Wb.~ His ser ­vant... and afterwards draw a conclusion, butfrom reason, concerning my Revelation." Swedenborgs letter to Cuno in 1770 *3 Swedenborg enjoyed a complete Divine inspiration. "The Lord -fehovah derives and produces fromthis New Heaven ~ .~w Church on the earth,which is done by ~.$velation oLTruths from~lIisown mouth or from His Word, and by Inspiration:­ - Coronis 18 "... When 1 think of what 1 am about to write,and while 1 am writing, 1 enjoy a complete (full­komlig) inspiration, for otherwise it would be my ............. ~~own; but now 1 know for certain - . ............-OC"t ........... y ... ~ . that what 1 writeis the living trutn of God." Swedenborgs testimony as reported by Gjorwell, Doc. II, p. 404* New Church Life, 1912, page 197. 8
  11. 11. "... That the internaI sense is such as has been set forth is plain from the singular things which have been explained, and especially from this, that this has been dictated to me* ouLoLhe~n." Arcana Coelestia 6597 "T.he..llecond coming of the Lord is effected by means ôf a man bef6re whom He has· mamfêSfed rTimself in ~son: andwliom He has fil1ëd Wlth His Spirit to teach the doctrines of the New Church through the Word from Him." True Christian Religion 779, heading "That at this daX there exists such immediate revelation, is because this is meant by the Advent of the Lord." ..... - Heaven and HeU l "Tt has pleased.the Lord t!Lprel2.are me IDS. wlies.LXQJ,lth to perceive the Ward, ~d He has introduced me inta the spiritual world, and has enlightened me with the light af His Word more proximately. From this it is manifest that th~r.p,asses ~U miracles..." Invitation to the New Church 55If, "In place of miracles, there has, at this taken placejLmanifestatian of the.LQt.dJliru.>"ij­ * See the foUowing article, page 10. 9
  12. 12. alJ....UU;l;Qmission..into the spiritual world, and en­ lightenment there through immediâte liRht from the Lor.d, in such things as are the interior t~ of tÎÎe church; but chiefly, the opening of the spiritual sense in the Word, in which the Lord is in His own Divine lïght." Coronis: Miracles IV "That this (New] Church is not instituted and established through miracles, but through the re.velation of th.e spiritual sense, and th~ugh the introduction of my ,§,Pirit, and at the. §sme time1of JBY body, into the spiritual "";or!9-, so that l might know there what heaven and hell are, and in light might imbibe immediately from the Lord _~_ _..... ~~ ±nr the truths of faith whereby man is led to eternal life." Invitation to the New Church, VII The inspiration of Swedenborg differed 4 widely from that of the prophets. * " ... It is given me to behold the marvels of heaven, to be together with the angels as one of them, and at the same time draw forth truths in light, and thus to p~rceiye and teach them i con­ sequentlv to be led by the..Lg,rd." Invitation to the New Church 52 * See the NOTES, pages 64·67. 10
  13. 13. l "The Most Ancient Church had immediatelrevelation from the Lord by consort with spiritsfand angels and by visions and dreams, whereby it was given them to have a general knowledge of what is good and true; and after they had [this], then these general principles were con­ firmed by innumerable things through percep­ tions..." Arcana Coelestia 597 ** "1 have been told how the Lord spoke with the prophets, through whom the Word was given. He did not speak to them as with the ancients, by an influx into their interiors, but through spirits who were sent to them, whom the Lord infilled with His aspect, and thus inspired the words which they dictated ta the prophets... The spirits them­ selves even called themselves Jehovah..." Heaven and HeU 254 "AlI revelation [is] either from speech with angels through whom the Lord speaks, or from perception... It is to be known that they who are in good and thence in truth, and especialIy those who are in the good of love to the Lord, have revelation from perception; whereas they who are not in good and thence in truth, can indeed have ** Compare AC 2896 and Inv. 52. Il
  14. 14. revelations, yet not from perception,but by a liv­ing voice heard in them, and thus by angels fromthe Lord. This revelation is external, but theformer is internaI. Angels, especially the celestial,have revelation from perception, as also had themen of the Most Ancient Church, and some alsoof the Ancient Church, but scarce any one has atthis day; whereas very many, even those whohave not been in good, have had revelations fromspeech without perception, and also by visions anddreams. Such were most of the revelations of theprophets in the J ewish Church. They heard a voice,they saw a vision, and they dreamed a dream;but as they had no perception, they were merelyverbal or visual revelations without perception ofwhat they signified. For genuine Dgçentio.n.ç;omesthrough heaven from the Lord, and affects theunderstanding spiritually, and leads it perceptive­ly to think as the thing really is, with an internaIassent, the source of which it is ignorant of. Itsupposes that it is in itself, and that it fiows fromthe connection of things; whereas it is a dictatethrough heaven from the Lord, infiowing into theinteriors of the thought, concerning such thingsas are above the natural and sensual, that is, con­cerning such things as are of the spiritual worldor of heaven." Arcana Coelestia 5121 12
  15. 15. "The prophets of the ûld Testament. . . didnot have their understanding enlightened, but thewords which they were to say or write they re-ceived merely by the hearing, and did not evenunderstand their interior sense, still less theirspiritual sense." Apocalypse Explained 624:15 "The prophets through whom the Word waswritten... wrote as the spirit from the Divine,dictated, for the very words which they wrotewere uttered in their ears. With them was thetruth which proceeds mediately from the Divine,that is, through heaven, but not the truth whichproceeds immediately; for they had not a percep-tion of what each thing signified..." Arcana CoelesLia 7055:3 " "That the things which l learned from repre-sentations, visions, and discourses with spirits .and angels were from the Lord alone. - "Whenever there was any representation,vision, and discourse, l was kept interiorly andintimately in refiection upon it, as to what thencewas useful and good, thus what l might learntherefrom; which refiection was not thus attendedto by those who presented the representations andvisions, and who spoke; yea, sometimes they were" Compare AC 5121:3. 13
  16. 16. indignant when they found that I was reflecting.Thus have I been instructed; consequently by nospirit, nor by any angel, but by the Lord alone,from Whom is all truth and good; yea, when theywished to instruct me concerning various things,there was scarcely anything but what was false:wherefore I was prohibited from believing any­thing that they said; nor was I permitted to inferany such thing as was proper to them. Besides,when they wished to persuade me, I perceived an interior or intimate persuasion that the thingwas so and so, and not as they wished; which theyalso wondered at. The perception was manifest,but cannot easily be described to the apprehensionof men. -1748, March 22." Spiritual Diary 1647 The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem5 is the same as~the Internal Sense of the Word. 7 ~ >..~~ s . . . . .", -P-o <;y--:...- t:::.-R (~c..~ 1~) .. ~ To.. t: tr­ "As for the ~ne_ in special which nowfollows, it als<:>Js~!l1 heav~r!,> because it is fromthe sPiritual sense ofthe-Wor"d;).nd the spiritualsense of the or iS1he same with the Doctrinewhich is in heaven... From these things it mayappear what is meant by this, that the holy city, 14
  17. 17. New Jerusalem, was seen to descend from Godout of heaven. But I will proceed to the Doctrineitself which is for the New Church; which, be­cause it is revealed to me out of heaven, is calledThe Heavenly Doctrine. . ." New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 7 ". . . It has nQw pleased the Lord to revealmany arcana of heaven, especially the internalor<@iritual sense of the W~r"d:which heretoforehad been entir-elyunknown, and therewith He has ~~------~~ ., ~taught th -genuine truths of doct ine whi reve­ on is un erstood by "the A<4reIi.Lotlb.e...-L_llrd"in Matthew xxiv. ; ." Apocalypse Explained 641 "r- .. To interpret thl(Spiritual sense, from~s of doctrine(opens E~v~n, because that isthe sense in which the angels are; and so manby means of it~t~tog~th_er }:Tith a~gcls," andthus conjoins them to himself in his intellectualmind..." , De Verbo VII (20) -T~ NI> JoiA " (>-;?re> sJ ...:.-.. 5r··.:·;r::. -4 Co- ~,. r_ ­ "Thatthec§pirit~~ense,of the Word is at -to 0­this ~ay tdiscloseq by the L~d, is because the we Qf~euuine-~~o~&.~d, and thisdoctrine-;-an1l-no-other, agrees with the(SPIrifiialsellSeOf the Word."------ Doctrine concerning the Sacred Scripture 25 15
  18. 18. "The Divine truth in the Word and its quality are described by the cherubs in Ezekiel i, ix, and x; and as no one can know what is signified by the particulars in their description but one to whom i th~~ritual s~)has been opened, it has for that. reason-been disclosed to me what is signified, in brief, by all the things which are told concerning the cherubs in the first chapter of Ezekiel. .. These summaries have also been collated with the Word in heaven, and are in conformity with it."-,. I .J" " Doctrine concerning the Sacred Scripture 97:5 vy (> ~l7 -- 1"..0 tS .. $ S.e.-c......... "At this day ©le spiritual s~ of the Word has been rev~eaonl1e-Lord, because the doctrine of genuine truth has now been revealed, which doctrine is partly contained in The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem, and now in the small works which are being given to the public; and because that doctrine and no other agrees with~ spiritual sense ofJhe WQi-Ct~there- fore that sense~ together"with the science of ( ~orrespondences,~has now forfu-eflrst time been disclosed. . . By many that sense will not be acknowledged for a long time." De Verbo VII (21) ----- "The truth of the internal se --. . of the Word is the same thing (idemr as he genuine trutIDof the Doctrine of faith of the C urch." Arcana Coelestia 9034 16
  19. 19. C- e f"A.A-- ~"". ~ 0 ~ 11"""o.? c; £.-a---s.-.­ "This explanation of that chapter CZech. 4J as given me .by the Lord through heaven" Apocalypse Revealed 43e "From this Doctrine, also{the internal se~~of the Word is known, since the fnternalS;meof the Word isC!.he Doetrme ItSclf of love to theLord and charity towards the neighbor. . ." Arcana Coelestia 9409:3 "It is to be known that the internal sens?)ofthe Word contains the~uine doctri""Iie) or-thechurch." - -Arcana -Coe1estia 9424:3 "TIlt Doctrine of faith)is the same thing asthe understanding of £fleWord as to its interiorsor its internal sense." - Arcana Coelestia 2762:2 ~ "The internal senseis itself the genuine doc­~..oftrine the church... They who understand the .-­Worq .according to the I~rnal sense, know thetrue Doctrine itself of the CIiurch~because the in­ternal sense contains it(AC 9025, 9430, 10401)." . ..::: White H!>rse 11 ~ lfr- 0.. n If-- ->-- €l Y a s jJz;--.Y--­ "Those who remainl in the literal sense- of the 8 f :Word alone and do not gather anything doctrinal ~thence, ... are separate from the internal sens-e ;" "J""for the internal sense is the doctrinal itself." Arcana Coelestia 9380 17~ -.1" ... ~ ~r- -- )..()P s~
  20. 20. "Th-Doctrine itself the1nternal sense teach ­ _.-.- -- ----- - - ­ es, and he who knows this Doctrine, has the in­ ternal sense of the Word." Arcana Coelestia 10276 "The Doctrine which should be for a lamp is that which thGnternal sens~ teaches, thus it is the internal sen~e ·itseff,- whi~h in sQme measure lies open to everyone . . . whoseClnternal mall is open..." Arcana Coelestia 10400:3 "The internal sense is not only that sense which lies concealed in the external sense . . . butJ is also that which I:B.s.ults...-from...a.n!illlb.e.r_Qf-Pa.s­ sages rightly collated, and which is discerned by t those who are enlightened by the Lord as to their intellectual. .." Arcana Coelestia 7233:3 "... The literal sense of the Word is for man while he is in thlworld,)whereas the internal sense is for man whelrhe comes intc:(~~ven;:Bfit it is to -bekDOwn that man while in the world is at the same time in the internal sense of the Word when he is in the genuine doctrine of the church as to faith and as to life; for through that doctrine the internal sense of the Word is then inscribed both on his understanding and on his will. .." Arcana Coelestia 9430 18
  21. 21. "That the Word in the sense of the letter issignified by a "wall" (Rev. 21 :12), appears clear­ly from the things which follow in this chapterwhich treats much of the wall, its gates, founda­tions, and measurement. The reason is becausethe Doctrine of the New Church, which is meantby the city, is solely (unice) out of the senseof the letter of the Word," Apocalypse Revealed 898 " And the wall of the city had twelve founda­ tions signifies that the Word in the sense of the(lette~)contains all things of the(doctrine of the New Church." Apocalypse Revealed 902 * "The true Doctrine of the Church is what ishere called the internal sense; for in the internalsense there are such truths as are with the angelsof heaven." Arcana Coelestia 9025 "It is said in the Apocalypse, a new heavenand a new earth, and afterwards, Behold, I makeall things new; by which nothing else is meantthan that in the church now to be established bythe Lord there will be a New Doctrine which wasnot in the former church.... This same doctrinewas indeed before given in the Word; but becausethe church not long after its first establishment <. See NOTES, pages 61·63. 19
  22. 22. was turned into a Babylonia, and with others later into a Philistia, therefore it could not be seen from the Word. For a church does not see the Word otherwise than from its principle of religion and its doctrine." Doctrine Concerning the Lord, 65 t-~ )! <> k L - - 1J1....-- A~. rs f A"I ~ ~ cr-L """e.-.., • ~ _ _ ___h . l ).. .:) y"" S ) 0...$ f" v J ~H ~ ~44...I1o.A::J~~ ~ -J r.-- fr- - vJ...... .A J Lv -:../f""- a...s ..,.,., v """LJLot r - J/ _ ,., 6 0.-:.. The explanations !n the Writings of 1J,;f~ the~iritual sense are not written "1 in a sense merelY natural, but are a natural sense from tb~-,spTriruar ), - which is called theeernal Seh~ - "This is the mind that hath wisdom [Rev. 17 :9-11J, ~ignifies the under~anding of these a: things in l)atural sense fro!.!!. ftb.e spirit~L .. In a sense abstracted from person, having wisdom means the explanation of the thing represented, in a natural sense from the spiritual, thus the explanation of what the seven mountains and the seven kings are, which are signified by the seven heads. For the explanation made by the angel ... is not an explanation in a natural sense 20
  23. 23. from the spiritual, but is an explanation in a sense merely natural, in which a spiritual sense is con­ cealed, and this sense must be unfolded; and it is unfolded when it is explained what is signified... "... The angel did not explain the vision in a natural sense from the spiritual, because the ex­ planation also makes the Word in the letter; and the Word in the letter must be natural, in the details of which a spiritual sense must be hidden. Otherwise the Word would not serve t ~ as a aSIS nor [wou I serve e church for its conJunc Ion WI " eavenJ-H-enee-tt is that also eiSewhere m the Word, as in David and the rest of the prophets where angels explain visions, they explain them in a sense merely natural, and not at all in a natural sense from the spiritual. Ihe natural sen§e from the spiritual is here (hie) when it is explained what "the seven mountains", then what "the seven kings", and what the other{ things si&Wfy; namely, that mountains signify the goods of the Word, and seven mountains those profaned; and that kings signify the truths of the Word, and seven kings those profaned. This is the natural sense from the spiritual, which is called the internal sense, as also the spiritual­ natural sense." Apocalypse Explained 1061 21
  24. 24. 77 "As to what especially concerns the Doctrinewhich now follows, this also is from Heaven, be­cause it is from the spiritual sense of the Word,and the spiritual sense of the Word is the samewith the Doctrine which is in Heaven... But I willproceed to the Doctrine itself, whicb is for theNew Church i which. because it ha~ been revealedto me out of Heaven, is called Heavenly Doctrine;for to give this Doctrine is the purpose of thiswork." I Heavenly Doctrine of the New Jerusalem 7 "ARCANA COELESTIA (Heavenly Secrets) whichare discovered (detecta) in the Sacred Scriptureor Word of the Lord, are contained in the Explica­tion which is th;Internal Sense of the Word...." Subtitle of Arcana Coelestia "The ApOCALYPSE EXPLAINED according to theSpiritual Sense, wherein are revealed arcanawhich are there predicted and have hitherto beenhidden." Title of Apocalypse Explained 22
  25. 25. ... t;::. -.A J~ "j -rJ--. W..-vI (~OD ~ ) )~~{ ! "-> Ii ~ <P-", I -:­~! f.Z. n-t ""-) l.J--1l_ "",-" {-(k u., SS -) "The ApOCALYPSE REVEALED, in which are dis­ closed the arcana which are there predicted and hitherto have lain hidden." Title of Apocalypse Revealed "That the Internal Sense is such as has been expounded, is evident from the particulars which have been explained, and especially from this, that that sense has been dictated to me out of heaven." Arcana Coelestia 6597 "This, now is the internal sense of the Word, its very essential life, which does not at all appear from the sense of the Letter." Arcana Coelestia 64 ".. fThe spiritual sens~"of the Word h iC? l!y;(!.1 disclosed by the Lord through me..." F- _",,-, -__ ,. Invitation to the New Church 44 "The doctrine of the church is that this* is the advent of the LQId and that thence it is that arcana have been opened by the Lord respecting heaven and hell, mans Me after death, the Word, the last judgment-which have all been written out in Latin and sent to all the archbishops and bishops of the kingdom [of Great Britain] and to the nobility..." Concerning the Athanasian Creed 2 * /lle. The context refers to Matthew 24, and to the phrase "immediate revelation" in Heaven and Hell, n. 1. 23
  26. 26. 8pl!it~s~....Jof the the Lord, is because {,!,. ...l.#!t:-"~-t:lU.Uut:~Jq:utn as now been . h revealed, whicn Doctrine is contained in The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem, and now in the [other] little works which are being given to the public; and because that Doctrine, and no other, agrees with the spiritual sense of the Word, therefore that sense, together with the science of correspondence£, has now for the first time been disclosed. This sense also is signified by the ap­ pearance of the Lord in the clouds of heaven with I glory and power, Matthew 24 :30, 31. .." De Verbo VII:7 (21) "The arcana of the internal sense are now revealed, because there is scarcely any faith, since there is no charity; thus because it is the con­,~ summation of the age; and when this is so they can be revealed without danger of profanation, because they are not interiorly acknowledged." Arcana C6elestia 3398:4 24
  27. 27. "But since these arcana have been revealed,and lie open to those who are in good, that is, whoare angelic minds, therefore, however obscurethey may appear to others, these arcana are tobe expounded, because they are in the internalsense." Arcana Coelestia 3128 "It has been granted me sometimes to beamong the angels of the middle and of the highestheaven, and to hear them conversing with oneanother; at which time I was in an interior nat­ural state. . . I heard things ineffable and in­expressible. . . Afterwards it was given me tounderstand that I could not utter nor describethem by any spiritual and celestial expression,but that nevertheless they could be described evento their rational comprehension by words of nat­ural langauge. And it was said that there. arejnot any Divine arcana which cannot be perceivedand expressed also naturally, although in a moregeneral (communius) and imperfect way..." De Verbo III:4 (6) /~ " And she brought forth{a male Son, signifies <. - --­1Qe Doctrine of the New Chu.!£h... The DoctrInew~n iH.et@ meant is The Dacm:n.g, of the NewJj}J:JI.$c j hed at London, 1758) ; -as alsoThe Doctrines concerning the Lor , the SacredScripture, and Life according to the Precepts of 25
  28. 28. the Decalogue (Amsterdam, 1763); for by theDoctrine all the truths of Doctrine are meant,because the Doctrine is their complex...." Apocalypse Revealed 543 8 The Internal Sense is the Word Itself. "That the internal sense is the Word itself,is manifest from the many things which havebeen revealed..." Arcana Coelestia 1540 * "... Because the case is thus in regard to theWord, viz., that its internal sense has become suc­cessively obliterated, and this at the present dayto such an extent that its very existence is un­known, - when yet this is the verimost W~d (W...§,issirnurn V er~!W!) in which the Divine is mostclosely present,- therefore the successive statesin respect to it are described in this chapter." Arcana Coelestia 3432 - H ••• Th.e-Lord. Word, not only as but also as to the the literal sense.~. is Doctrine itself, that is, the -3 -­ to the supreme sense therein, -----..,,­ internal-sense, and also as to ." Arcana Coelestia 3393 " Sce NOTES, page 6l. .... 26 ~"- ~ /;:;;.. _ OY>~ <:l.-­ AO O-s? -:> )~,p;>d-
  29. 29. "The Word is Divine Truth, and the internalor spiritual sense is interior Divine truth." Apocalypse Explained 948 "By the Holy Spirit is meant the Lord as tothe Divine truth such as it is in the heavens, thusthe Word such as it is in the spiritual sense, forthis is the Divine truth in heaven..." Apocalypse Explained 7n1:3 "What is the quality of the Word in theheavens, this is known only from the internalsense, for t,he internal sense- is the Word of theLord in the heavens." Arcana Coelestia 1887 "Moreover, these are the things which arecontained in the internal sense, and the internalsense is the Word of the Lord in the heavens:those who are in the heavens perceive it thus.When a man is in the truth, that is, in the internalsense, then he can make one as to thought withthose who are in heaven, even though the manbe respectively in a most general and obscureidea..." Arcana Coelestia 2094·* Compare AC 3316 :3. 27
  30. 30. -I~ ( vv/J""d /, ( >.; 00 ~ ) r re;- 1;-----: ~ A-C-~-t-. t;:lr-­ A!"j., (~O~"<,) <>1f Iv w--":"{f~ I t:...4- r.f (~If~5 ) 9 Every Divine revelation is the Word of the Lord. "In John we read: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word ... Few know what is here meant by ­ the Word: That it is the Lord is evident from the particulars involved. And the internal sense teaches that the Lord as to the Divine Human is) ~nt by the Wo.rd-:for it is said that the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us, and we be­ held His glory. And because the Divine Human is ~, therefore by the WQJ"_d-l§ underst~l -- Divine truth which is concerning Him and from) Him in his kingdom in the heavens and in His chur~IL~h. Hence it is said that in Him was life, and the life was the light of men, and the light appeared in the d,arkness. And because truth) is meant, therefore by the Word is meant every Revelation, thus also-the-Wordftseif or the HOly Scripture." Arcana Coelestia 2894 "Divine doctrine is Divine truth, and all Divine truth is the Word of the Lord (Divinu1n Veru1n est omne Verbum Domini). The Divine doctrine itself is the Word in the supreme sense, in which it treats of the Lord alone; thence the Divine Doc­ 28
  31. 31. ..--. ~o..J"":;~---l,...- l 7-t At. .Sf "r~ ~ ~s /1..."t"O> ... I::: J fA" ....J" (jJfc::~.~ trine is the Word in the internal sense, in which it treats of the Lords kingdom in the heavens and the earths; Divine doctrine is also the Word in the literal sense, in which it treats of the things which are in the world and on the earth ... For it is known that the Lord is the Word, that is, all~, Divine truth..." Arcana Coelestia S712 "As regards the Word, the case is this: In the lmost ancient time, when there was a~lest!il church, there was not a Word, for the men or that church had the Word inscribed upon tneir hearts. For the Lord taught them immed~tely through heaven what was good and thence what was true, and He gave them both to perceive from love and charity and to know from revelation. To them the Lord was the Word itself. After this church another succeeded which was not celestial, but spirituaL This, in the beginning, had no other oiathan what had been collected from (ab) the most ancient [people]. This was representative of the Lord as well as significative of His king­ dom; thus to them the internal sense was the Word itself. That they also had a written Word, <.historical as well as <fi~phetic~which is no longer extant, and that in it sImilarly there was an in­ ternal sense, ... may be seen above, n. 2686..." Arcana Coelestia 3432 29
  32. 32. H ••• And the Lord is Doctrine itself, that is,the Word, not only as to the SI,lJ?!"~Ine sense there,but also as to the int~!:-I)al sense, yea, even as tothe literal sense..." Arcana Coelestia 3393 H ••@-D~;trut~ in general is called theJWord, and the Lord Himself, from Whom is allDivine truth, is the Word in a supreme sense..." . Arcana Coelestia 5075 H ••• In regard to this word (Gen. 41 :28),a thing (res) is called a word in the originaltongue; thence also a Divine revelation is calledthe Word, and even, in the supreme sense, theLord. And by the Word, when it is predicatedof the Lord and also of a revelation from (ab)Him, in the proximate sense is meant the Divinetruth from which all things that are things (res)have their existence..." Arcana Coelestia 5272 " And God spake all these words, saying, thatthis means Divine truths for those in heaven andon earth, appears from the signification ofthe words which God spake, as meaning Divinetruths, for the things which God speaks are noth­ing but truths. Hence also the Divine truth iscalled the Word, and the Word is the Lord...." Arcana Coelestia 8861 30
  33. 33. " ... The Divine truth is the Lord Himself inheaven. For what proceeds from Him is He Him­self; from the Divine nothing else can proceedthan the Divine, and the Divine is one ... " Arcana Coelestia 10646 "Because the Lord is the Word, He is alsoDoctrine. For there is no other Doctrine which isitself Divine ... " Arcana Coelestia 2533:3 "From love toward the human race the Lordhas made such revelations as will ... conduce tomans salvation. What the Divine has revealed, iswith us the Word~ Arcana Coelestia 10320 There have been successive Divine10 ( revelations, of which the Writings a re the Iast a nd most excellent. " 31
  34. 34. -, "A~_t~ the Wor~, : .. it has existed at all times, but not the Word which we have at this day. There was another Word in the Most Ancient Church/ which was before the Flood; another Word in the<. Ancient Church which was after the -_.. - - - Flood. But in the Jewish Church there was the Word which ---._----­ was written through Moses and the Prophets; and,<., finally, iI!.-_ th~ --!!.ew TlblllGht-.!.he _Vi ord written through the Evangelists ... " Arcana Coelestia 2895 - ~ II!J (tn ~ t:~) / ~~ &-( ," vv~L }A_ /~ lA!~ "The Word in the Most Ancient Church was not a written Word, but was revealed to every one who was from the Church, for th~re celestiil men thus in t er e ti f the od an e true, as the angels with whom they con­ sorted; so that they had the Word written in their hearts ... "Thence came the representatives and signifi­ catives which, when communication with angels began to cease, were collected by those who are meant by Enoch... "From this source was the Word in the Ancient Church which was after the Flood ... They also had a written Word, which consisted of histories and prophecies, .like the Word of the Old Testa­ ment; but in process of time that Word was lost ... " Arcana Coelestia ?896, 2897 32
  35. 35. " ... When the end of a church is at hand, then the interiors of the Word, of the church, and of worship, are revealed and taught. The reason is that the good may be separated from the evil, for the interiors,Jjf the Word. of the chm:ch..and.Qf ( worship, which are celestial and spiritual, a~­ I ceived tiY...t.ru<--good but are reje_cted by the evil. Hence there is a separation. Moreover, th~mor things of the Word, which are revealed at the end of a church, are of service to the new ch;;;ch ,Vliich is also then established, for doctrine and 1 for life. That this is so is evident from the fact that when the end of the Jewish Church was at hand, the Lord Himself opened and taught the interior things of the Word ... "It has be in like manneraLthis da ; fpr it -has no~ pleased the Lor to rev al man arcana of heaven, espe...ctally tne internal or spirlt­ u~ s~!!.s~ Qf ~ Word, which hITherto has neen wholly unknown, and with it He has taught the genuine truths of doctrine; which revelation is meant-by the ad.v~ent. oLthe Lord in Matthew (24: 3, 30, 37)" . . . In both worlds there is a church. and revela..tiQn takes place in both, and through this separation, as also the establisnment of a new church ... "If the successive states of the churches on our! earth are considered, it is plain that they were~ 33
  36. 36. lik&l the successive states of a man who is reformedand regenerated; namely, that he may become aspiritual man, he is at first conceived, then born,then grows up, and afterwards iilid-further andfurthe:c into intelligence and wisWn. The church,-from most ancient times even to the end of theJewish church, increased as a man who is con­ceived, is born, and grows up, and is then instruct­ed and taught. But the sUCCfAAiye states of thectw~h after the end of the Jewish Church, orfrom the time of the Lord even to the present day,have been like a man who grows.jn intelligence;;nd wisdom, or is regenerated. For this purpose the interior things of the Word, of the church, andof worship, were revealed by the Lord when _He,was in the world; and now ag,a.in-~~re~r ; and so far as interior things are reve~led, so far man can become wiser, for to become interior is to grow wiser, and to grow wiser is to become interior." Apocmypse [xplamed 64i "At the end of a church, when there is no faithbecause no charity, the interior things of the Wordare manifested, which are to be of service to thetnew church for doctrine and life. This ;;s d;;;;eby the Lord Himself when the end of the JewishChurch was at hand. The Lord Himself then cameinto the world, and opened the interiors of the 34
  37. 37. Word, especially the things concerning Himself, concerning love to Him and love towards the neighbor, and concerning faith in Him, which things formerly had lain hidden in the interiors of the Word ... These....b :.llths wm:e interiorI tmths..an<Lin..themSeIY~Sspirity.al, which after­ wards were to serve the new church for doctrine and life . . . But still, these things were not received at once, but after a considerable course of time, as is known from ecclesiastical history. The reason was that they could not be received - until all things in the spiritual world had been reduced into order ... "A similar thing occurred when the Most Ancient Church, which was before the Flood, came to its end. The representatives of the celestial things which had been among the most ancients, were then collected into a o~ Q)[ those who wete called Enoch, and were preserved for the use of c e new church after the Flood ... With these the same things took place, viz., that t~ese th}ng_s we~e separated from the evil ones by -being taken up( into heaven, and thus guarded, and this even until the old churchhad cometo its last and when a new Church was about to be established. A similar thing is taking place today. This church, Yhich is called Christian. has at this day come to its end; on which account t~D.a..At 35
  38. 38. 1 eaven and the church have now een reye~ledJ) by the L~, to be of serVice to the New C~ch ~fch is meant in the Apocalypse by the New Jerusalem, for a doctrine of life and faith. T~!s Dg_ctrine, also, has been taken up into heaven, ( lest: b~iore fhe estabfishment of theNew Church, it should be hurt by the evil ... " Apocalypse Explained 670 ". . . That before the church is fully devas­ tated, the Word is interiorly revealed, Le., as to the spiritual sense, is because then the New Church is to be established, into which are invited those who are of the formercnurCh, a-no Jor this NeWCllurch -fne1Jiv--me-truth1s.Jntexiorl~­ - vealed.... It is done in the same way now as it w as done at the end of the Jewish Church. At its end, which was when the Lord came into the world, the Word was opened interiorly, for there were revealed by the Lord, when He was in the world, interior Divine truths which were to be of service and also did serve the new church which was established by Him. At the present day. al.§.o, on account of similar causes, the Word has been interiorly opened, and t~ence ther,e ha&e been re­ vEJI.led Diyine.Jl~,~ths-still mm:g ~x_wllicli.are to be of service for th~ New Church which is to be called the New Jerusalem. 36
  39. 39. "The way of the Divine Providence, in reveal­ ing Divine truths, can be seen from the churches which have been successively established ... In­ most Divine truths were revealed to those who were of the Most Ancient Church; but exterior Divine truths were revealed to those who were of the Ancient Church, and most external, or ultimate Divine truths to the Hebrew Church, and finally to the Israelitish, in which at last all Divine truth perished, for there was finally nothing in the Word which had not been adulter ­[ ated. But after the end of that church there were revealed by the Lord interior Divine truths for the ~Ch h CGiqw truths stIli more in­ he..cDming Chuich. These iriteriOl­ truths are those which are in the internal or spiritual sense of the Word. Fror;:;:- these things iCisman-ifest, that there has been a progression r of the Divine truth from inmosts to ultimates, thus fr:.om wisdom to mere ignorance, and that ~ there is taking place a progression of the DIvine truth from ultimates to }nteri~s, thus ( from ignorance again to wiscfom." , Apocalypse Explained 948 "The Lord Jehovah from the New Heaven derives and produces a New Church upon earth, which is done by a Reyelation of Truths from His 37
  40. 40. n mouth, or from His Word, and by means of Inspiration." Coronis 18 "In place of miracles, there has at this day taken place a..manifestation of the Lord Himsclf, an intromission into the spmfuaI world, and enlightenment there by..,mea.ll.Saof.,.Y.2.e1;J-im!!@ ~t....fJ;Otn .the Lo-W in such things as are -the interior things of the church. But chiefly, the opening of the spiritual sense in the Word, in which the Lord is in His own Divine light. Coronis, Mir. IV "The manifestation of the Lord in Person, and tmTJ4ntrodtretftfu~lieflord into -Hle spiritual world, both as to sight and as to hearing and speech, surpaSS!tU:.roiraCles; for we do not read anywher~ III ~tory tnif-such intercourse with angels and spirits nas been granted-from the creation of the world. For I am daily ""Im angels there, even as Cam in the world with men; and this now for twenty-seven years. Th.e.J;estimoni§s[ oLthis interc,Qurse are the books which have been published by me concerning heaven and hell, and also the memorable relations thence in the last work, called the True Christian Religion ... Tell me, who ever before has known anything about heaven and hell, about the state of man after death, about spirits and angels, etc., etc. 38
  41. 41. "Besides these most evident testimonies [there is the fact] that the BLiritual sense of the Word has been disclosed ~he.4~e, which has never before been reveale~since the Word was.( written amoQg the sOIls of}_sr~ael~ ani.EP is l/;~ is the very Sanctuar f th rd: T-he Lordl Himse IS in his [sense] witli~His Divine, a.nd in the natural sense with His Human. This, even as to an iota, cannot ~ opened ~1JlY the LQrd Himself. This surpasses all the revelations which .. aye been made,..s5n£© the creation of the world. Through this revelation there is opened a com­ munication of men with the angels of heaven, and a conjunction of the two worlds has been effected; since when man is in the natural sense, the angels are in the spiritual sense ... " Invitation to the New Church 43,44 ". . . To interpret the spiritual sense from truths of doctrine opens heaven, because that is t.he sense in which the angels are, and so man by means of that- sense thinks together with angels - and thus conjoins them to himself in his intellect­ ual mind ... " De Verbo VII:6 (20) >I< "... By the book which the Lamb took from Him that sat on the throne, and of which He * Compare AC 2094:3, 3316 :3. 39
  42. 42. loosed the seven seals (Apoc. 5, 6), is meant the Word. . . .Therefore by the little book (Apoc. 10 :2) in the hand of the angel, who also is the Lord ... nothing else is meant than the Word as to some essential therein ... This is that doctrine in the Word thatihe..Lm;d is the God of hea~en and)~jj;h and that His Human is Divine ... The little ook is said to be open because that doctrine appears manifestly in the Word, and is evident to everyone who reads it, if he attends . . . This subject is the very essential of the New Church ... "And when he cried, seven thunders uttered their voices, signifies that the Lord throuw.t -- the elltir.e heaven disclosed whit was in the Ilttle book ... But I will 0 en what was in the little book. In it were those things w . iC aTe con allled in The Doctrine 0 the New Jerusalem concerning & Lord, from beginning to en ..." Pocalypse Revealed 469, 472 " ... In order that the true Christian religion might be disclosed, it could n.atJle otherwise than that some one should be introduced into the spiritual wo.rld, and that he shoula derive from the mouth of the Lord the genuine truths from the Word ... "Such an intercourse, as far as I know, has -- not been granted by the Lord Jo anyone before: . 40
  43. 43. indications that this is on account of the NewJI ~(ChUrCh which is the CrQwn of all the churches and which is to endure to eternity ... " Invitation to the New Church, 38, 39 "In the New Church ... it is lawful to enter with the understanding and penetrate into all the secrets [ of faith] and also !l?.. confirm them by the ~. The reason is that its doctrinals are con- tinuous verities laid open by the Lord b means of t e or , an con rma IOns of them by rational things cause the understanding to be opened above more a~e, and thus to be elevated into the light in which the angels of heaven are ... " True Christian Religion 508 " And it was given to her that she should be arrayed in fine linen clean and bright, signifies that they who will be of the Lords New Church are instructed OX the Lord in genuine and pure truths through the Word." Apocalypse Revealed 814 - - - - - a;::; "The angels have told me , .. that when [they are turned] to those things which are in my thought from the heavenly doctrine, then they are in greater clarity than in any other case." Spiritual Diary 5610 41
  44. 44. 11 By reason of its revealed Doctrine, the New Church is to become the Crown of all the Churches. "The [first Christian] Church kun~ nothing whatever of this its consummatioD aDd end, nor can it know anything of it, before the Divine Truths vt;hich arttirom the ~rd in the work calledI The True Christian Religion are seen iri light and acknowledged." Coronis, Sum. xlix "That the New Church is the Crown of all the Churches that have hitherto been upon the earth, is because it will worship the one visible God, in whom is the invisible God like the soul in the body . . . That this Church is to succeed the churches which have existed since the beginning of the world; that it is to endure for a es of ages, a s thu e crown of al the churches that have gone before it, was prophesied by Daniel ... " True Christian Religion 787, 788 "Because we now have One God in the Church, who is God Man and Man God, therefore this [Church] is called the Crown of all the Churches." Invitation to the New Church 53 42
  45. 45. fi );:,.. #:,. /lA.Sf ,. .<Ph.. -n I 7.01 /.-; f~ ...... ~ .> ~ lV" ~ (>. ~T-o"$) 5 J-/I~ 10"7 "That the four churches of this earth haveundergone these changes of state, will be shownin what follows; and finally that the Church truly hris.tian which today succeeds these four, ~neyer unde.rgo consummation."~. .~ Coronis 24 "That this New Church, truly Christian, which is at this day being established by the Lord, is to endure to eteJ:P,ity, confirmed from the Worn both testaments-; and jP...2cLit_wasJ~r..~s"e~lLfr-mP ithe creation,Qf th.e :wo~ld. That it~~~become the rown of the four antecedent churches, because [there will be] true i~ithand true charity. "That in this New Church there will be ~Qirit­ ual peace, which is glory, a,nd internal ble~~s..Qf life, also confirmed from the Word of both testaments. "That these things will be in this New Church, or the sake of -conjunction,.;with th.e-.Lord and through Him with God the Father." Coronis, Sum. lii·liv "The manifestation of the Lord and intro­mission into the spiritual world, surWWil all ~cl~s. ...1..his..has,JJ,oLhee,.n.g.tall.te inc.e.the c.r.eation as it has besen to me. The menof the Golden Age indeed spoke withangels, butit was not granted them to be in any other thannatural light; but to me it is granted to be in both 43
  46. 46. / ~piritu.?-l and natural l.ight at the same time. By this means it has been granted me to see the wonderful things of heaven, to be together with the angels as one of them, and at the same time to draw forth (haurire) truths in light and thus to perceive and teach them; consequently .t2...12e led by the ;Lord." Invitation to the New Church 52 12 The Revelation of the Doctrines of the New Church constitutes the Second Advent of the Lord. • "The Coming of the Lord is not His coming to destroy the visible heaven and the habitable earth . . . " True Christian Religion 768 "Since His ascension into heaven (the Lord] is in the glorified Human; and in this He cannot appear to any man unless He first open the eyes of his spirit....It is a vain thing to believe that the Lord is to appearillflieClouds of neaven III il) p~; but He is to .appe.ar in the Word, wh~h(dJ }J is from H~m, thus is!IiJ:~~elf." . True Christian Religion 777 44
  47. 47. 1 4 ­ I.-- "- W;o N>f (>. () re> ~ ) .....s r Q vJ~ tf--. / A~I ~ t.!,-... , ....-t..H~;, (~. /JA .Ss) "[The coming of the Son of Man in the clouds of heaven" means] that when He comes to judg­ ment He will ap],:)£~thyens,e pf the.lettel.,QfAP+>,S3 ([the Word.~ And because He now has come, He has therefore appeared intheWorct1hrough this that He has revealed that there is a s irit al sense in every smgle thing of the sense of the letter of the J Word; and that in it He alone is treated of, and -=­ He alone is the God of heaven and earth. that I/These are the things meant by His advent in the Jl clou as of heaven";. Apocalypse Revealed 642 .::This Sec.Q.nd-Ady_euJ..-U.I_w..u by means of a man before w-h.OIrL~ .nas maDl­ rested Hi:r;nselUn,YersQU aP..LYho.mJi~ has filled :Vith His _Smrit, to teach the doctrines of the ~ew Church (hr.omili the:Woiil t¥onCBm. i< • • • It follQWS that He is to do it.by"means QLa_m~, who is able not only to receive the doctrines of this Church with his understanding, but also to publish them by the press. That the Lord has manifested Hi.rrJ.§.e,li_befoLe."" me Hi"s servant and sent me on this office, and that, af~r t.!:lis" He QD-elled the §.ight of muviri[a"llil thus iet me into the..spiritual world and gave me to see * Matt. 16:27,24:30,26:64, Mark 14:61,62, Luke 21:27,22:69. 45
  48. 48. the heavens and the hells, and also to speak with angels and spirits, and this now for many years, testity...i!Lt~th; and also that from the first day of that call, I have not received any thing which pertains to the doctrines of that Church from any angel, Q,1lU-ro m the I,o-tCLal<w..e»ile~eadC"t!le " True Christian Religion 779 " And they shall see the Son of Man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and reat gory, sIgnifies that then the or shall be re­M,S~JJ~as to its internal.. s~se, in which the Lord is. The Son of Man is the truth Divine which is therein." Arcana Coelestia 4.Q60:7 1 ;The A<4;,ept of the Lord is the revelation of "truth Divine at the end of the church." - Arcana Coelestia 9807.4 " ... It has now pleased the Lord to reveal manLarcana or h~ven, esPEtciallL_t,h~int~E.~al.0 t" s or spiritual sense of t~ WQrd, which hitherto has heen entirely unknown; and therewith He has taught th..Lg~!!..l!tne tru_th~ __of do~~rine; which revelation is meant by the Adygnt of thg LQjdin Matthew xxiv." Apocalypse Explained 641:3 j,. "That a new ecclesiastical history should beIJIj I[ predictedbecause now is the XXIV... the Lord, w!.!!kn, Advent of in Matthew, chap.•/IJ. 46 /JIJ., Sf! -tA..." viI) url r~;,")" ,,) . . . . ft-f7 ~ ( w_ jt............, ) Ac..<:. ~ l.v" ,," 0 D 0<:>5) .-.". f "
  49. 49. "I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse (Rev. xix.H) signifies the spiritual seIk,>e of the Wo&<1,..J:eyeale.d,.by the LOLd, and thereby the interior _understanding oirtlleWord disclosed, which is the advent of the Lord ... That tIiiSis QLtha Lord, is because by thaJ; sense - it m~ni.fe~!y appears that the_ Lor~ is~_Word, that~tll~ Word tr~ts of Him~e, that He is the 1 God of heaven and earth, and that the New Churcli exists from Him alone.... The spiritual J sens~ of~ Word is at this day revealed...." Apocalypse Revealed 820 * One of these two copies-of the Summaria Expositio-has been found and is on display in the Royal British Museum. The in· scription on the fly leaf reads: "Hie Liber est Adventus Domini, scriptum ex mandato" (This Book is the Advent of the Lord, ( written by command). Four references are added in Sweden· borgs hand: "2513, 4535, 6895, 8427, p. 19." 47 I....t. c.. c ~J ) Go-, 1:: J,;j I J ".
  50. 50. presence in <the Wor.d, and revelation.... Hence it is manifest that -by these words of the Lord is meant that at the end of the church, wE.~l1 J9_ve and thence faith would be no more, the Lord le wow<ropen ~ WO,L<{:as to-itS-Internal sense, and would revea he arcana of heaven. The arcana . revealed in the following pages are cQncerning eayen and hell and at the same time cQn¥-erning the life Qf man after death . . . That at this day ttheI:e-exists such an immediat.e_revelation. is be­) cause this is what is meant by the Advent Qf the ~." Heaven and Hell r "The dQctrine Qf the church is that this* is the Adyent Qf the Lord and that thence it is that ai=cana have been ~ ened by the Lord respecting heaven and hell, mans 11 e after eath, the Word, the last judgment-which have all heen written Qut in Latin and sent to all the archbishops and bishops of the kingdom [of Great Britain] and tor the nobility. And still not a wQrd has been heard, =- e Church, and that it is ow the very end Qf the church and indeed that he church nQ longer exists ... " Conce:ning the Athanasian Creed 2 • [lie-The context refers to Matthew 24 and to the phrase "jmmediate reyelation" in Heaven and Hell, n. 1. 48
  51. 51. " ... Without the advent of the Lord into the world, no one could have been saved. It is similar at ihis day: wherefore unless the Lord came againt!Uto( the world.in Pi¥ine trytg !Vji}~p ~s_th~ WoX d , not anyone can be saved." True Christian Religion 3 IlVL H,bE.YLVl,lUi+ llise "That a revelation has been made by the Lord concerning heaven and hell, concerning the last -- judgment (which has been accomplished), and I - concerning the:spiritual sense of pie Word. Thus the way to salvati,6h has been revealea~ and the state of man after death; and this fully and plainly, so that an:x;one ;wOO npdm;staMs the( Latin language can know ... " De Domino, Preface 52 49
  52. 52. In the Writiljlgs.,-.. . ","_iD13 His Sec I.· ........_"-~ t in His Divine Human, as to Divine Truth and Doctrine Itself. "To the end that the Lord might be constantlypresent, He ha.s..diSg1;Qsed.tO.JUe thE(spiritual §enseo~W~q, in which Divine truth is in itS light,and m-this He is constantly Present; for Hispresence in the Word is from nowhere else thanthrough the spiritual sense ... True Christian Religion 780 " ... The spiritual sense of the Word Das beendisclosed by the Lord through me; whicnh;snever before been revealed since the Word waswritten among the sons of Israel; and this [sense]is the very sanctuary of the Word; iheJ4rd Hjm­$elf is in thjs !;MPse] with His Divine and in thenatural sense with His Human ... " Invitation to the New Church 44 "By the Comforter (Paracletum) is meantthe Divine truth which the Lord was while in theworld, and which proceeds from the Lord after Heglorified His Human and went out of the world;therefore He said that He would send the Com­forter, and that He Himself would come. ;£0 send 50
  53. 53. , =s tiLillust:rauLand.instmct_in thegU_J"W:i U.!..J.¥Wi, and to come to them is to lead - -- Arcana Coelestia 9199 "Whether you say the Lord or the Divinetruth, it is the same, since all Divine truth is fromHim, and therefore He Himself is in it: whenceit is that iJw Lobd" is calle.d the...Word, for theWord is Divine truth." Apocalypse Explained 411:4 "Whether you say the Lords Divine Humanor the Divine truth, it is the same, since ~Lord when He was in the world~ e vinetru 1- se ,an w en e went out of the world- CHe made Himself Divine good, from which is theDivine truth." Arcana Coelestia 10258:4 "Nothing whatever of Doctrine can proceed]~m the Divin~ itself ex~eDt thrQugh the n~~e ~Human, that is, through the Word, which, in the ~A. ~supreme sense, is the Divine truth from the LordsDivine Human." Arcana Coelestia 5321:2 51
  54. 54. "What proceeds from the Lord is the Lord ... >. , Arcana Coelestia 9407:12 - --- "The interll:a) sense ... is the soul of the Wora, and is the Divine truth itself proceeding from the Lord; thus it is th~LQrd..lI~elf." . Arcana Coelestia 9349:2 "In order that it may be known how the case is with the doctrine of faith, viz., that it is ~rityal from a celestial or~n, it is to be observed thatl th~ Doctrine is Divine truth from the Divine good, consequently Divine throughout (in totum). What is Divine is incomprehensible . . . b~ll this Divine which is incomprehensible can inflow into mans rational u the Divine Human o e ord, and while it inflows into his rational iriS received there according to the trut,hs which are there. . . . As the Lord is the Divine good,J so also He is the Divine truth; thus He is the Doctrine itself." - Arcana Coelestfa. 2531 ....c---:: J-:,nasrouch. as the_L,ord is ~ ord, He also i~t~l?octrine, for there can be no other Doctrine( which is itself Divine." Arcana Coelestia 2533 ale SoUigpjfj~s ",vJ-:ww..J.,~h ... TheTIocfrine -the N7w (puorished in London, 1758) ; also the 52 --
  55. 55. D.od~(J.. the Lord, the Sacred Scrip­ ture and Life (Amsterdam, 1763) .... For by the Doctrine are meant all the truths of the Doctrine, because the Doctrine is their complex. When.th$WeJ11 s~~.und D..Qddnes.,w.ere being written, the Dragonists me, and combined with all their fury to devour, that is, to extinguish them...." Apocalypse Revealed 543 "It was also told [the bishop] that the work is 21. minebut the-L~ Who wished to reveJI the nature (quale) oflieaven and hell, [etc.] ... And I also told him that t1,lis-V.evelatLQIl...].J.~eJ , male child whom the woman brought forth and ~hom the oragon wi~hed to devour." , Spiritual Diary 6101:2 "Hence also it is that as<the Lord is the Wo";ct; so also is He~~of the Church; for all Doetfine is from the Word." Apocalypse Explained 19 53
  56. 56. ,J V1f?~ ~ l )"Or8:~.J 1- 0j";. "-I~J ~ H~"." 7 "It is said [in the title], The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem, and what is meant there is the Doctrine for the New Church which is at t is !lliy to be instaurated by the Lor ; or the old church has arrived at its end ... " Doctrine of the New Jerusalem concerning the Lord, preface.I 14 Divine authority belongs to the Lord alone. " ... It is the Divine which bears witness con- cerning the Divine, and not man from him- self ... " * Apocalypse Explained 635 "Lest man should be in doubt whether the Word is Divine and most holy, its internal sense ~as be~)].. revealed to me by .thrLo~d . .: Thit sense i~he s~ whic~ vivifie~ letter; ~~e:e­ fore thatsen-se can testIfy concermng the DIvImty and sanctity of the Word, and convince even the natural man, if he is willing to be convinced". True Christian Religion 192 "It is one thing to have faith in and believe in the Lord, and another to have faith in and believe any man. The difference shall be told below." Doctrine of Faith 7 • In three places, the Writings give a list of those books in the Bible which are the Word of God bec_aus~the1- c.~n a con- Jj.tinuous internal sense inspired by TheLorCl. See AC 10325. I WH 10,- and HD 266: 54
  57. 57. "The doctrinals of the church are to be learned,and then exploration is to be made from the Wordas to whether they are true; for they Are not true ecause the.hea.ds.Qf the.chuu:b ba:V:4saLd so andtheir followers confirm it, inasmuch as thus thedoctrinals of all churches and religions wouldhave to be called true, merely according to countryand birth . . . " Arcana Coelestita 6047 .. " . . . My friend, do not put trust in anycouncil, but have faith in the Word of the Lordwhich is above councils." True Christian Religion 489 "The worldly and corporeal man says in hisheart, Unless I am instructed concerning faithand everything relating to it, by sensual things, sothat I may see them, or by means of science, sothat I may understand them, I will not believe;and he confirms hiI!lself in his incredulity by thefact that natural things cannot be contrary tospiritual things. Thus he desires to he jpstructedin what is heavenly and Divine from wWt is sensual,...Y{hic.b 1Y¥eJ:,th~~ihle fl~it is for a cameJ.Jo go through the eye of a peedle;for the more he desires to grow wise by such a process, the more he blinds himself, till at lepR:1JJ he comes to believe nothing, not even that there is < -.. Compare AC 5402, 6822, 5432:5. 55
  58. 58. any thing spiritual or an eternal life. This followsfrom the principle which he lays down; and thisis to eat of the tree of the knowledge of goocfand .evil, of which, the.mo-re heeats..t.h*=nNte-deadhe becomes. But he who desires tQ grow wise fromthe Lord "and not from the world, ~ys in his heartthat the LOrd must he believed, that is, the thingswh!~jhE:l LorJ:tB?-~_~po~e~~~~~d!becausethey are truths, and from this principle he thinks.He confirms himself by rational considerations,by science, and by sensual and natural things, andthose which are not confirmatory, he separates." Arcana Coelestia 128 "There are two principles - one which leads to all folly and madness, and another which leads to all intelligence and wisdom. The former principle is to deny all things, as when a man says in his heart that he cannot believe such things until he is convinced by what he can grasp or feel; this principle is what leads to all foll~ and mad­ ness, and may be callAA..the negative principle. The other principle is to affirm those thmgs whicl1 ~.!.e ~doctrine from the Word? as when a man thinks and believes that t~ true becauseIthe Lord has said so; this principle is what leads to all intelligence and wisdom, and may be called the affirmative princi12le ... " Arcana Coelestia 2568 56
  59. 59. "Those think . . . from the affirmative who believe that things are true besause.the,LOl:d,.haS said so in the Word, thus those who have faith in fiie Lord. They who deny that what is in the Word is true, and who say in their hearts that they will believe when they are persuaded by things rational and scientific, are in such a state of mind that the;y will never believe, - no, not even when con­ vinced by the bodily senses, as by the sight, the hearing, and the touch; for they always frame new reasonings against such convictions, so as to finally altogether extinguish all faith, and at the same time turn the light of the rational into dark­ ness, because into falses. But those who are in the affirmative, that is, whg_heli~at tbingB..J!:re e because the Lord bas...ylj~o, are continually being confirmed through rational, scientific and even sensual things, and their ideas are enlight­ "1 ened, and tllfy are strengthened "MLith..:these,1 doctrine lives . " " - "They who incline to a life of evil fall into the $ative; but they who inclinetoal~eof g..90d are .... ­ led into.Jhe affirmative . . . "They who have ~blinded themselves by not be­ ing willing to believe anything which they do not grasp by the senses, until at length they have come r to believe nothing, were of old called serpents of L the tree of knowledge ... 57
  60. 60. "In the other life such are readily distinguishedfrom other spirits by this, that on every subjectrelating to faith they reason whether it be so ornot, and, though it be shown to them a thousandand thousand times to be so, still they raisenegative doubts in opposition to every confirma­tion, and this to eternity. They are thereforeblinded to such a degree that they are bereft ofcommon sense- that is, they cannot comprehendwhat is good and true ... " Arcana Coelestia 2588 :2, 3, 9 "With those who are in the negative-that is,those with whom the negative universally reigns­doubts can in no wise be removed, for with themone scruple avails more than a thousand confirma­tions; for one scruple is as a grain of sand placedclose before the pupil of the eye, which, althoughit is single and small, nevertheless takes away allsight. But they who are in the affirmative-thatis, those with whom the affirmative universallyreigns-reject the scruples that arise from falla ­cies which are contrary to truths; and if there areany which they do not comprehend, they r..ejectthem to th~s and say that they do not yetunderstand them, and so they remain still in thefaith of truth." Arcana Coelestia 6479 58
  61. 61. "Those who start with a negative never be­lieve, because the negative principle reigns uni­versally [with them], and when it reigns univer­sally, those scientifics which deny inflow and arecollected together, but not those which confirm;those which confirm are thrown aside, or areexplained so as to favor the negative scientifics,and thus the negative is confirmed." Arcana Coelestia 6383 ths..spgkep ng the Lgr-d and concern­ing the Lord, are to be believed even though weare not able to penetrate them by reason. Towish to deny because we cannot penetrate by thereason, is therefQn~l jkg a desire to deny the rocreatioV5 pf trees from seeds and of animalsfrom eggs ... Hence it may be seen what kindof a faith a man has when he believes nothingbut what he sees, as is common at this day,especially among the learned of the world." Spiritual Diary 2727 "And the prince of thy people thou shalt notcurse (Exodus 22 :28). Hereby is signified thatneither ought the Doctrine of truth to be blas­:Rhemed . . . Divine truth is the Word, and is&trlne fr<!m~~ord. They who deny thesein""""heart, blaspheme, even though with the mouth 59
  62. 62. they praise the Word and preach it. In the denial lies concealed the blasphemy ... Therefore, with th.vnaILo! the,Chur.chJ;he.first of all principre; is to believe the Word ... " Arcana; Coelestia 9222t1 ~-~ vINo ,,01 /) ( ).. ~>-" S ) I .....s f 5 <J A> 0 e-t:::. 1~ r-: r::: --p I 0.. ~ 1.. c.. er---­ [~ W~ f:::. __ ) > ~ r-. . J~ ~ vJ,o~ (>-. ~yj) <:> ) Cc,", ff) vJ~H~ --t.h <f"j J.-. A......:. e:..-JZ. [1: ~f~d ( ~ A--fJ.. ~ ~ • I e:t.. .fa.---" A <IN.~_ 4-- f--,."", L;oJr-::.~ _ ~ f:. /.... ....., - _. --- J I1 ~L b1-~J­ 00 ~---) A D 1; . ~:l I/.I~<---- J 60
  63. 63. NOTES The Internal Sense and the Sense of the Letter "The internal sense ~the Word _ its~ (AC 1540). Yet "the Divine truth is in its ful­ ness in the sense of the letter of our~". (AElo-8f:2, ~mpare SS 39) HenceitTSalso taught that "the Word ... is not the Word until ) i~ is"in the sense of the letter.1 TEe ~ord notTn t~t ultimate would be like a temp~e in ~ir ) and not on earth, or like a man havmg flesh but without "bonesn: (AE 1087 :2, compare 1(j8~5, TCR 214e, De Verbo 25) "It is from the spiritual s~e that~-rdisD~~~n~IY inspired and holy in every, sentence (voce)." (TCR 200) But "in our natural Word are contained both the spiritual JWord and the celestial Word", while "in the spiritual and celestial Word the natural Word is not contained; wherefore the Word in our world 1is most full of Divine wisdom, and thence is more holy than the Words in the heavens". (De Verbo 35, compare 54, heading) When viewed spiritually the doctrine of the New Church presented in he Writings annot be separated in thought from t e ord given in itsIf liter.al sense in the Old and N~estaments; anyfL. more than the Tnte;;al sense can be separatedJ d­
  64. 64. .,. >~ W:1",-p( (>- .!j~~<:> S) s jop ~H , • ~ w";: ffA-­ <l.. ..../::;.IP...."" 4~ ----. from the sense of the letter. "For the sense of the letter is the basis into which the spiritual ideas, which are with the angels, close, much the same as words (voces) are the basis into which the meaning of the thought falls and is communi­ cated to another" (AE 356 :5). The doctrine of .( the New Church "Is....solely from" the s~~e) letter of the Word", and "the Word in the senseI of the }et~r contains all things of the doctrine of the New Church". (AR 898, 902) The statement that the doctrine is drawn "from the sense of the letter" where it is also "contained", does not contradict the further teach­ ings that it is "from the spiritual se~e" (HD 7), that "the internal sense contains it", and that it is )identical with the doctrine of genuine truth which is the syiritual sense appearing in t~e literal sense. (See WH 11 :3, AC 9030e, 7233 :3, 10400 :2-4, 9424, SS 25, et aI.) A similar paradox is presented in the teach­ ings, a) "that the Lord is present with man and . enlightens him, and teaches him the truths of the church", iI~ the sense of the letter of the Word ~ "and nowhere" else" (SS 53) ; b) that "elsewhere than in the WOJZd the Lord does not reveal Him­ self, nor there otherwise than tbrough the internal ~~e" (AE 36). These ideas make one in the light of the statements (in AC 7233:3) that 62
  65. 65. (-b1uz- A. S~. So.. c.,r.....e..,.{ H~ I .j~~~ 7 (doctrin_e should be_formed from the "internal --------- sense";; for "ethe internal sense is not only that ~nse which lies concea]ed In the ~nal sense, ... but is also that which results from a number of passages of the sense of the letter rightly collated, and which is discerned by those who are enlight- ened by the Lord in respect to their intellectual". $-5f.;., A~5t Swedenborgs States of Preparation The citations in the preceding collection are selected to illustrate the character of the Theo- lQgical Writings of Swedenborg and show theirI status as works of Divine revelation. We have not inCluded any statements whiCh Swedenborg made about his states of inspiration during the years of his preparatory studies of the Scripture, especially during his writing of the "Ad-V~9cia", which was not published until long after his death and which is now known by the English title, "The Word Explained". For in this interval (1745- 1747), before he began to write the Arcana Coelestia,h~g~diI!.<:l~d feel states of inspiration,l S but he also records states of .@~air when inspiI.:~­ l tion seemed to fail and he experienced uncertain- ties and obscurities 2 • He was then annoyed by l) WE 6884, 5587, 1409, 7006, 3323. 2) WE 2755 et seq. 63
  66. 66. spirits whp Gaused slips and errors 3 , so that truths were ~ixed with·· things nottrue 4 • He showed hesitancy as to whether to make changes in his statements 5 • States Experienced for the Sake of Instruction For the sake of learning the manner in which the Old Testament was "inspired as to every letter", Swedenborg was also permitted to ex­ perience certain states like those of the prophets. Thus spirits were occ~si_onany :Rermitted to di~te I to him and even ~eemingly to lead his hand: . "This[happened] ver~ely, and-.!2cly for the s~of info~_mation that revelations are effected in this way also. But these papers have been J destroyed (deletae 2 because G.?i Messiah was un­( willing tl)at it ;;bould_ he efte~t~~J~ this way. Nor has it been permitted that anything should be dictated viva voce . . . but while it was being written, the [spirits] were silent. 6 These matters, (God Messiah granting, will be spoken of more ) fully elsewhere, in ordErr.--that.:m.eD.--m.ay know how l re~ons took place formerly ..." 7 (WE 7006, written in 1746) 3) WE 2755, SD 2372. 4) WE 1526 notes, 1530, 475, 1711, 1712. !LWE _61~~,-et alii!. ­ 6) Compare SDm5e. 7) Compare WE 6884, 6885 and notes. 64
  67. 67. " . . . It was not allowed me to tell anything here of what was dictated to me orally by any one of them. When this was done, the writing had to be obliterated, it being allowed me to tell onl such things as flowed in from God Messiah alone, both mediately t roug them, an a so Im,. "inediately-which yet was manifest to me." (WE 1892)8 "When I was writing and was in a certain intermediate celestial perception, it was perceived and said that each and all the words and syllables, with their little curves, we!~ perceived b~e , celestials, and as it were spoke to them. This is effected from tl)e aff~~Eon in which the man(, then is, having been communicated to the hand,1 or being in the hand; for~..,...beipgno.~, I i§,.t!m ma,D himself. Hence it was evident in what manner the Word has been inspired, that it is so, as to every single jot and apex. Hence it is that the handwriting is according to the affection alliI"Obscurity of tEe animus with me."-rSt5482-0) "[The spirits] who now spoke to me said that the things which I had written are so crude and gross, that they judged that nothing interior could 8) One crossed-off passage reads: "The above was written only by my hand, not by my mind". (WE 1511 note, Compare WE 1526, 1530.) 65
  68. 68. be understood from those words or from the mere sense of the words. I perceived also by a spiritual I idea that this was so, that they were indeed very crude; wherefore it was given me to answer that hey ar~lyvesselsTntowhich purer, 15efter, and interlQr things can-be infused, as a literal s~e, and that there are many such vessels, as it were, of the senseof theletter fn the prophetical books . .. (SD 2185) "[The angels] especially observed what the inspiration is of those things which are written in the Word of the Lord. For now it has appeared to them in what way, and in what an abundance, there iDfi~Q. into those things which we.!],JVrit­ ,ten by me; and thisnot only Intothe several words and the ideas of the words; nay, it seemed to them as if certain ones were holding my hand and were writing, claiming that they were the( ones who were writing. It was also granted me to perceive by a spiritual idea, nay, as it were to feel beforehand, what was in the most minute singulars of each little letter which was being wr~. Hence IrIS as friclear light that the Word ( of the Lord is inspired as to ever letter. 1748, une O. 22 0; compare 557) Swedenborg also was shown "by living ex­ perience" how the prophets of Israel had been 66
  69. 69. obsessed,9 and how they had experienced various types of visions. 10 Yet the things ordinarily "seen and heard" by Swedenborg in the other life were not classed as "visions". He wrote, "I asseverate that these things are not visions, but sights in( complete wakefulness" (CLJ 35) or "in the high­ est wakefulness of the body" (AC 1885). .. .com­ ,,~ preface, AR 962, ..... . I I i 11 9) SD 2272 - 2282. 10) AC 6212, SD 2283. 67
  70. 70. SD 438, CL 166) Thus he always retained full use of his rational mind, acting as of himself (DP 290), even when, on occasions, for the sake of information, he was "obsessed" by spirits as were the prophets. (SD 2659,2665,3963, compare AC 6212) He gained his information about the spiritual world gradually and it increased with his ex­ periences, as is clearly revealed in his "Spiritual Diary". And while every indication shows that he was a regenerating man, who could on this account be a companion of angels, the Divine in­ spiration which he enjoyed was not dependent on the advancing states of his personal regeneration. Angels were sometimes present who aided his ( memory (CL 73e). Yet while wHip",4own the doctrine of the New Church). ~o spirit dared nor did any angel wish to introduce anything alien; nOr djiSWedenhQJ:g take-iWyj;biDg7tOm hplf. (AR, preface) The Heavenly Doctrine in the Spiritual World Since revelations take place in both worlds (AE 641 :3), the Writings were often seen and quoted by Swedenborg in the spiritual world (CL 416, AR 716). The five books published in 1758 were presented to certain African spirits 68

×